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Title:

Microbial Genetics

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Products of Genetic Engineering: Proteins, Genetically modified organisms, Genes therapy ... Genetically modified organisms: Genetically modified foods, ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Microbial Genetics


1
Microbial Genetics
  • Basic Molecular Genetics Central Dogma
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Variability Mutations
  • Recombinations
  • Plasmids
  • Genetic Engineering Terminology and Technology
  • Products and Benefits

2
Microbial Genetics
  • Basic Molecular Genetics
  • -The Central Dogma
  • Replication, Transcription,Translation
  • -Gene Expression
  • Genotype and Phenotype
  • -The Structure of DNA
  • Nucleotides and nucleic acids
  • Genetic Variability
  • Mutations, Recombinations, Plasmids
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Terminology and Technology
  • Products/Benefits of Genetic Engineering

3
The Central Dogma
4
DNA Structure
5
3-Dimensional Model of DNA
6
DNA Replication
7
DNA Replication
8
Transcription of DNA
9
The Ribosome
10
Transfer RNA
11
Translation of mRNA
12
Translation Part 1
13
Translation Part 2
14
Transcription Translation
15
Microbial Genetics
  • Basic Molecular Genetics
  • Central Dogma
  • Genotype and Phenotype
  • Genetic Variability -Mutations
    -Recombinations Transformation,
    Conjugation, Transduction
  • -Plasmids
  • Conjugative, Resistance, Toxigenic,
    Metabolic
  • Genetic Engineering
  • Terminology and Technology
  • Products Benefits of Genetic Engineering

16
Griffith Experiment
17
Transformation
18
Transformation
19
Transformation
20
Conjugation
21
Transduction
22
Transduction
23
Microbial Genetics
  • Basic Molecular Genetics
  • Central Dogma
  • Gene Expression
  • Genetic Variability
  • Mutations, Recombinations, Plasmids
  • Genetic Engineering
  • -Terminology Genetic engineering, Gene
    cloning, Recombinant DNA technology,
    Restriction endonucleases, Vectors
  • -Products of Genetic Engineering Proteins,
    Genetically modified organisms, Genes therapy
  • -Process of Genetic Engineering Gene cloning,
    Gene characterization, Gene expression

24
Genetic Engineering Technology
25
The Benefits of Genetic Engineering
  • Genetically engineered proteins
  • Hormones (e.g.interferons, erythropoietin,
    insulin, growth factors), Vaccines (e.g.Hep B),
    others
  • Genetically modified organisms
  • Genetically modified foods,
  • herbicide and pesticide resistant plants
  • Genetically engineered genes
  • Genes for therapy

26
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