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Airport Surface Wireless Communications System Update

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Develop airport surface system based on IEEE 802.16e standard ... Develop detailed system designs based on IEEE 802.16 standards ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Airport Surface Wireless Communications System Update


1
Airport Surface Wireless Communications System
Update
Presented to ACP WG-M By Brent Phillips/FAA
Systems Engineering and Safety Office Date
Nov 16, 2009
2
Outline of Topics
  • FY05-07 Background
  • AP17 Future Communications Study
  • WRC-07 New Spectrum Allocations for A/G Comms
  • FY08-09 Activities
  • NextGen Planning with FAA and Eurocontrol
    coordination
  • NAS Enterprise Architecture Communications
    Roadmap
  • Project Level Agreement Future Communications
  • C-band Airport Surface Wireless Communications
  • FY10 Activities
  • New RTCA Special Committee SC-223
  • Pending AP30 Future Communications
    Infrastructure
  • Research Program Status
  • Mobile and Fixed Applications
  • Test Bed and Hardware Implementation
  • Next Steps

2
3
ICAO Endorsed Common FCS Technology
Recommendations
ICAO ACP R1 Develop a new system based on the
IEEE 802.16e standard operating in the C-band and
supporting the airport surface environment.
4
Airport Surface Communications
  • Highest concentration of users in NAS
  • Air traffic control, airport operations, airline
    operations, safety
  • Mobile and fixed assets
  • Mobile access to SWIM

5
C-band Datalink Recommendations
  • Develop airport surface system based on IEEE
    802.16e standard
  • A1.1 Identify the portions of the IEEE standard
    best suited for airport surface wireless
    communications, identify and develop any missing
    functionality and propose an aviation specific
    standard to appropriate standardisation bodies
  • A1.2 Evaluate and validate the performance of
    the aviation specific standard to support
    wireless mobile communications networks operating
    in the relevant airport surface environments
    through trials and test bed development
  • A1.3 Propose a channelization methodology for
    allocation of safety and regularity of flight
    services in the band to accommodate a range of
    airport classes, configurations and operational
    requirements
  • A0.4 Complete business analysis in relation to
    the FCI components and implementation from the
    perspective of the ground infrastructure and the
    airlines.

6
2007 World Radiocommunications Conference
Decision
  • The WRC-07 approved adding an AM(R)S allocation
    for 5091-5150 MHz to the International Table of
    Frequency Allocations
  • Removed prior limitation in so-called MLS
    Extension Band for support of navigation/surveill
    ance functions
  • AM(R)S designation for safety and regularity of
    flight applications
  • No interference allowed with other occupants in
    the band non-GEO satellite feeder links and
    aeronautical telemetry
  • Protected allocation enables ICAO to develop
    international standards for airport mobile (i.e.,
    wheels in contact) surface wireless
    communications networks that include fixed assets
  • Ideal for airport surface wireless network with
    short range (10 km or less sector coverage) and
    high data throughput (10s of Mb/s)
  • The WRC-11 will consider adding an AM(R)S
    allocation in the 5000-5030 MHz band

7
NextGen Implementation Plan 2009
  • Contributed to FAA planning and content of
    NextGen Implementation Plan
  • Improve Collaborative Air Traffic Management
  • New ATM Requirements Future Communications
  • FY09 Milestones
  • Concepts of use, preliminary requirements, and
    architecture for C-band airport surface wireless
    communication system
  • Test bed infrastructure to enable validation of
    aviation profile of IEEE 802.16e standard

8
NextGen Implementation Plan 2009
9
PLA and SAA Tasks
  • Governing FAA Project Level Agreement
  • G1M 02-02_SysDev_09PLA signed on 27 February 2009
  • Space Act Agreement (SAA3-978 Mod 1)
  • Defined GRCs responsibilities signed on 6 May
    2009
  • FAA FY09 Funding
  • 700k in May 2009 1.4M in September 2009
  • ITT Task Order Task 7
  • L-band and C-band ConUse, Requirements Architectur
    e, Prototypes, Test Bed Upgrade
  • GRC Tasks
  • FAA Planning and RTCA Support
  • C-band Interference Assessment and
    Channelization Methodology
  • Wireless Network Security Assessment
  • NASA-CLE Test Bed Management

10
C-Band/L-Band Research Budget
Proposed elements of research plan for AP-30
Future Comms Infrastructure
11
Communications Roadmap (1 of 4)
SWIM Segmt. 3
SWIM Segmt.1
SWIM Segmt. 2
SWIM
SWIMCore Services
214
Telecom
X
LDRCL
X
RCL
215
X
BWM
102
X
DMN
X
NADIN PSN
X.25 Service Discontinued Users transferred to
FTI IP
X
FTI-1
130
491
FID 74
FTI-2
FID 129
ANICS
ASTI
216
NMR
NADIN MSN
Airport Wireless Communication System
IID 497
CRD 217
IARD 496
FID 498
Note Fixed User Ground Communications as a
component of a Mobile User
Communications Network
Supporting Activities
Airport Wireless Communications System (RD
Effort)
RTCA 802.16e Aviation Standard Development
12
C-Band Research Description FY09-10
  • Develop ConUse, requirements, and architecture
    for the C-Band airport surface wireless
    communications system
  • Conduct supporting system analyses (e.g.
    high-level safety, interference, wireless
    security, risk assessment) 
  • Develop detailed system designs based on IEEE
    802.16 standards
  • Establish an operational capability in NextGen
    CNS Test Bed to characterize the performance and
    conduct services demos/trials
  • Develop test and demo plans and execute those
    plans to establish baseline performance as point
    of departure for proposed aeronautical services
    modifications
  • Develop initial recommendations for joint
    RTCA/EUROCAE standards activities and provide
    support to new RTCA SC, and propose methods to
    validate standards in follow-on tasks
  • Provide subtask related support to
    FAA-EUROCONTROL and ICAO working group meetings
    as required

13
RTCA SC for AeroMAX
  • RTCA Program Management Council approved new
    Special Committee to develop an airport surface
    wireless communications standard
  • Established RTCA SC-223 in July 2009
  • Engaged industry participation from their
    perspectives
  • Honeywell (Co-Lead) and Rockwell Collins,
    avionics providers
  • ITT (Co-Lead) and Sensis, service providers
  • Boeing, aircraft manufacturer
  • Drafted Terms of Reference basing the proposed
    aviation standard on a profile of the IEEE
    802.16e WiMAX standard
  • Plan to coordinate with EUROCAE WG-82
  • Kickoff meeting planned for 2-3 November 2009 in
    DC

14
Pending Action Plan 30 FCI
  • AP-30 Future Communications Infrastructure
  • On 30 July 2009, the FAA-Eurocontrol Coordinating
    Committee (CCOM) approved the AP-30
  • Eurocontrol/Jacky Pouzet and FAA/Brent Phillips
    to develop a work programme for the agreed new
    Action Plan to cover Communication Infrastructure
    that will focus on WiMAX at terminal areas. TOR
    and AWP2010 to be proposed at CCOM 11.
  • Conduct the research and technology development
    for the FCI based on the ICAO endorsed findings
    and recommendations of AP-17 Future
    Communications Study (FCS)
  • FAA/Steve Bradford endorsed NASAs co-signatory
    role on AP-30 as on AP-17
  • FAA-NASA to focus on airport surface AeroWiMAX
  • FAA to allow Eurocontrol to lead on L-band
    enroute
  • NASA-funded research on SatCom FCI for FAA is
    preferred

15
Why Airport Surface Wireless
Communications?
  • Existing airport communications infrastructure
    lacks flexibility and underground cabling is
    expensive to deploy
  • Aging infrastructure, costly to maintain,
    vulnerable
  • Existing cabling infrastructure not available at
    all airports
  • Limited comms integration, lack of network
    connectivity
  • Current NAS modernization and anticipated
    NextGen Air Traffic System increase demands for
    CNS information sharing stakeholders
  • ASDE-X sensors, runway incursion prevention,
    weather wake sensors…
  • Controllers, pilots, airlines, ramp, de-icing,
    service emergency dispatch…
  • Wireless mobile airport surface communications
    network benefits
  • Reliable, secure integration of voice/video/data
    at all airport locations
  • Enables SWIM networked integration of data
    sources and users
  • Allows flexible, expandable, affordable
    deployment at airports of all sizes
  • Reduces VHF spectrum congestion

16
Cable Cuts During Runway Refurbishment
17
Potential Airport Surface Communications Network
Applications
Vendor Network
Vehicle
Vehicle
ATCT
WAN
WiMax
Vehicle
Vehicle
VOR
ASR
C-Band Airport Surface Communications and NASA
GRC CNS Testbed Plans
17
18
Potential Mobile Applications
  • ATC Comm with any aircraft (A/C-to-fixed,
    A/C-to-A/C) anywhere
  • ATC comm with any vehicle in the airport movement
    area (runway and taxiways, but not ramp area
    where airlines control)
  • Tower datalink system (TDLS) for flight
    clearances
  • Loading FMS via CMU with 4D trajectories and
    modifications
  • Aeronautical information services updates and
    graphical weather
  • AOC and non-ATS voice and data between airlines
    and pilot
  • Surface management, gate control, de-icing state
  • GPS and AIS updates (e.g., moving maps for taxi
    routes)
  • Mobile SWIM
  • A/C access/send information (e.g. tactical Wx)
    Other vehicles, receive only
  • Fire, safety, snow removal, de-icing (in movement
    area)
  • Airport operations security security video from
    cockpit and cabin
  • Hazards advisories and NOTAMS

19
Potential Fixed Applications
  • Sensor data collection/dissemination for
    situational awareness
  • MLAT/ASDE-X
  • ADS-B
  • Airport Surface Radar (ASR) data
  • Network enabled Weather Data (ASOS, LLWAS, TDWR,
    ITWS, icing conditions)
  • Cable/Telco replacement/augmentation
  • Backup/primary alternative to wired connections
  • Extend cable loop infrastructure to remote
    surface assets
  • Temporary connection of fixed assets during
    surface construction or service
    restoration

20
GRC Bldg 500 CPE RU08
GRC Bldg 500 CPE RU08
Installation Completed 9-10-09
Bldg 4 BS, CPE, Backhaul RU07
Pri Hanger CPE RU01
Pri Hanger CPE RU01
Bldg 110 Core Server Backhaul
Bldg 110 Core Server Backhaul
Term C CPE RU02
Term C CPE RU02
CMF Bldg CPE RU06
CMF Bldg CPE RU06
ARFF BS, Backhaul RU05
ARFF BS, Backhaul RU09
Snow Barn CPE RU04
Snow Barn CPE RU04
ALSF CPE RU05
ALSF CPE RU05
Glycol Tanks CPE RU03
CPE and Backhaul Radio Antenna Pointing
21
Alvarion BreezeMax Extreme C-Band BTS ODUs
22
Alvarion BreezeMax Extreme C-Band Subscriber
Station ODU
.
23
BTS, GPS and Backhaul ODUs at B4
GPS ODU
GPS ODU
BTS 1-1 ODU
BTS 1-2 ODU
11 GHz Backhaul ODU
24
Subscriber Station ODU and Enclosure on B4 Roof
Subscriber Station ODU
SS Electronics Enclosure
25
C-Band Research Description FY10
  • Conduct supporting system analyses e.g.
    high-level safety and risk assessment (ITT) and
    interference and wireless security (NASA) 
  • Develop test and demo plans and execute those
    plans in the NASA CNS Test Bed to establish
    baseline AirMAX network and channel performance
    as point of departure for proposed aeronautical
    services modifications to the IEEE 802.16e
    standards
  • Develop AirMAX network and system designs based
    on the proposed aviation profile of the IEEE
    802.16e standards
  • Develop recommended channelization methodology
    and channel plans for 5091-5150 MHz allocation
  • Develop recommendations to joint RTCA/EUROCAE
    standards committees and provide support to RTCA
    SC-223, and validate standards in the NASA-CLE
    CNS Test Bed

26
Thank You
26
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