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Famine or Feast

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The Current System is Highly Inefficient. Despite Bono (or Geldoff if you are my ... Not a way to target capital to the base i.e. Ashoka Fellow Fabio Rosa ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Famine or Feast


1
Famine or Feast ?
Arthur Wood awood_at_ashoka.org
2
The Current Status Quo
  • The Current System is Highly Inefficient
  • Despite Bono (or Geldoff if you are my
    generation)
  • If things are left as they are it will get
    worse
  • Demographics and Aging Health in Western
    Countries
  • Compounded by Political Fudge i.e. Maastricht
    Criteria
  • Unfunded Pension Liabilities raise GNP/ Debt from
    110 to 300 in Italy or in Canada 300bngt
    2.2 trn
  • To maintain current system in Germany tax take
    must rise from 20 - 40 of total tax take in
    Germany

PEOPLE WE SERVE ARE AT THE BOTTOM OF THE FOOD
CHAIN
3
Population aging is a worldwide phenomenon that
will affect all G-7 countries
4
The projected decline in the employment-to-popula
tion ratio will gradually become a hindrance to
growth in living standards beyond 2010
5
Population aging will be a key challenge facing
the Canadian economy over the coming decades
6
How Bad is the Financing Structure?
  • Primary Pillars of Financing State and Market
  • State Model Picking winners in development
  • Developing world 2 trillion allocated 1955 -
    2004 (in 2004 Dollars) adding at 100bn
  • 50 of All African Govt Expenditure. Sub Saharan
    Africa - 80 of All Capital allocations gt Capital
    Flight in 1 year
  • Top Down Donor Model Government knows best
    Bretton Woods 1944
  • Not a way to target capital to the base i.e.
    Ashoka Fellow Fabio Rosa
  • So 20-80 of the Capital does not even arrive

7
Market System Any Better ?
  • System invented by Carnegie in 1888 and
    crystalised in the US tax system in 1921 /35
  • Market is Huge - Social Capital Market 1
    trillion in US alone 300bn funding gap
  • BUT
  • In US only 3.8 of C.O/NGO have revenues greater
    than 10 million
  • Only 0.1 of Entities Founded since 1973 have
    achieved 50m in Revs - Of which Foundations /
    Individuals account for 8 of the 0.1 in
    sustainable funding.

8
Market System Any Better ? (ctd)
  • Everybody Negotiates Bilaterally no aggregation
    systems. No Economies of Scale
  • Competitive Advantage in such a Capital market
    is about Innovation NOT Innovation in Scale nor
    collaborative
  • The process results in further Fragmentation
  • On the Funding side gtgtSmall band aid solutions or
    Large Foundation take up to 2 years to do due
    diligence
  • Cost of Capital Allocation 20-50 vs. 2-5
  • Irony for Donors 50 cents on the Dollar

9
Inefficiency of the Current Capital
MarketCompounds the Problem
  • Current allocation systems are taking 20-50
    off before usage
  • Indeed how efficient is the current Market
    allocation system even after it arrives with a
    huge number of small entities with limited
    Economies of Scale
  • Or on the Governmental side driving top down
    through the existing status quo.
  • Post 1980 is this how we now drive change ?

10
BUT Grounds for Optimism
  • Largest ever transfer of Human wealth - 41
    Trillion in US alone with 1 transferring 60
    of this wealth the Gates effect gtgt Private
    Banks
  • Growth of Philanthropy Values, Globalization
    I.T.
  • The Third Pillar - Growth of Market Allocation
  • Social Entrepreneurship 500m people impacted
  • Venture Philanthropy - 400 m
  • Investment / Asset Mgmt / Banking Engagement -
    6.5bn
  • Microfinance Yunus Estimated Market 3bn users
  • Growth of Citizens Organization and
    Entrepreneurship

11
THE SAME HISTORICAL FORCES ARE AT WORK INTHE
GERMAN HEART OF EUROPE
German Employment Indexed to 1960
Source McKinsey analysis of data from Johns
Hopkins Nonprofit Sector Series
12
CITIZEN SECTOR GROWTH IS ACCELERATING IN THE US
Number of Organizations Indexed to 1982
Source The Independent Sector The New
Non-Profit Almanac in Brief (2001), IRS (2002)
13
Providing capital to poor Farmers at LIBOR or
below
  • Currently Investors in the Social Sector
    primarily offered only two options Negative
    100 IRR or Plus 5 IRR
  • But conceptually Best Practice / Metrics /
    Investors in reality between these two Points
  • Reallocation of existing subsidies. A Capital
    market where two players already accept -100 -
    UHNWs Supra-nationals
  • The tools of 2008 not 1888 - Leverage Structured
    Risk Return / Derivative products
  • gtgt Improve the RISK Products - Credit structure
    CCCgtgtAA
  • gtgt Increase RETURN - provide High Contingent
    Returns
  • gtgt Risk Management Insurance models
  • gtgt TO BRING PRIVATE CAPITAL AND IDEAS IN SCALE
    INTO THE MARKET

14
Expanding the Product Range
Entry of banks with Capital Market Instruments
Social Investing Ventures
Breaking down legal structure CIC L3C
PRI / LLC
Plus 5 (and beyond) IRR
Minus 100 IRR
Not For profit Foundation Grant model
For Profit Iterations of Venture Capital models
THE IMPORTANCE OF COLLABORATION AND CHANGE To
solve the problems on a systemic basis
requires Collaboration from the social sector
Creation / Evolving of Intermediaries to create
Collaborative behaviour Foundations Leverage
Capital, Increase Innovation but HOW to draw in
more Private capital Governments to change
legislation Tax treatment and Legal structures
Banks to bring their skills to bear
15
Maritime Theme
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