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RFID Implementation in IIT Madras: A Case Study

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Self Check Out Station: LCD Panel with Touch Screen, RFID Reader and Antenna, ... RFID tags contain antennae to enable them to receive and respond to radio ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: RFID Implementation in IIT Madras: A Case Study


1
RFID Implementation in IIT Madras A Case Study
  • Dr. Harish Chandra
  • Librarian
  • Indian Institute of Technology Madras
  • URL www.harishchandra.com

2
Challenges
  • Expanding Electronic Information Environ.
  • Development of Information Infrastructure
  • Need for Web based Services
  • Resource Generation
  • Diversified Users Information Thrust

3
Challenges
  • Explosive growth of Information
  • Resource Sharing and Collaboration
  • Industrial Interaction
  • Need for Quality based Services
  • Marketing of Library Information Products

4
Challenges
  • Standardization
  • E-Collections Building
  • Digital Rights Management
  • Digital Preservation
  • Security in Digital Libraries

5
Motivations
  • Effective Transactions
  • Matchless Speed
  • Integrated Digital Library Environment
  • Ensures Operational Excellence
  • High Level Users Satisfaction
  • Thefts Control
  • Effective and Integrated Workflow

6
Motivations
  • Effective Security Control Mechanism
  • Time Saving
  • Promotes World Class Facilities
  • Increase Productivity
  • Improve Materials Handling
  • Long life Tag
  • Ensure Autonomy to Users

7
Motivations
  • Zero Repetitive Work
  • Reduced Bureaucracy
  • Instant Updating
  • Effective Rectification
  • Quick Stocktaking
  • Multiple Items are Read Simultaneously
  • Read and Write Function
  • Reduction in Queuing

8
Items Identified
  • RFID Tags
  • Counter Station Controller with 15 Monitor,
    RFID Reader and Antenna, ELIMS Borrowing and
    Return Modules, ELIMS Tagging, Arm/Disarm
    Modules,
  • Library Security Gate EAS Pedestal Security
    Gate, Strobe light, Alarm and Traffic Counter,
    ELIMS Security Detection Module

9
Items Identified
  • Self Check Out Station LCD Panel with Touch
    Screen, RFID Reader and Antenna, Smart Card
    Reader, ELIMS Borrowing, Return and Sorting
    Modules, Self Receipt Generator
  • Book Drop Station LCD Panel with Touch Screen,
    RFID Reader and Antenna for Loan Cancellation,
    Full height Floor Standing Cabinet, Trolley,
    ELMIS Book Drop Module, Self Receipt Generator

10
Radio Frequency Identification
  • RFID is a method of remotely storing and
    retrieving data using devices called RFID tags.
    An RFID tag is a small object, such as an
    adhesive sticker, that can be attached to or
    incorporated into a product. RFID tags contain
    antennae to enable them to receive and respond to
    radio-frequency queries from an RFID transceiver

11
Types of RFID tags
  • Passive RFID tags do not have their own power
    supply the minute electrical current induced in
    the antenna by the incoming radio-frequency scan
    provides enough power for the tag to send a
    response. Due to power and cost concerns, the
    response of a passive RFID tag is necessarily
    brief. Lack of its own power supply makes the
    device quite small commercially available
    products exist that can be embedded under the
    skin. Passive tags have practical read ranges
    that vary from about 10 mm up to about 5 meters.

12
Types of RFID Tags
  • Active RFID tags, on the other hand, must have
    a power source, and may have longer ranges and
    larger memories than passive tags, as well as the
    ability to store additional information sent by
    the transceiver. At present, the smallest active
    tags are about the size of a coin. Many active
    tags have practical ranges of tens of metres, and
    a battery life of up to several years.

13
Categorization of Tags
  • Low Frequency (125 to 134 KHz)
  • High Frequency (13.56 MHz)
  • Ultra High Frequency (868 to 956 MHz)
  • Microwave (2.45 GHz)

14
Application Areas _at_ IIT Madras
  • Library Security
  • Transactions
  • Location of Publications
  • Users Autonomy
  • Users Dependent Services
  • Stock Management
  • Quality and Excellence in Services
  • Web-Interface

15
RFID Technology Advantages
  • It has the capability for multiple applications
  • It provides effective and efficient library
    detection system
  • It has provided full autonomy to users in library
    transactions. They can issue and return the books
    as and when they need irrespective of the
    availability of staff

16
RFID Technology Advantages
  • It has improved users satisfaction substantially
  • It has enhanced the security level of collections
  • It has removed various repetitive work carried
    out by the staff
  • It has enabled us to update the database in real
    time environment

17
RFID Technology Advantages
  • It offers very high security. Each tag is
    identified by a Unique Identification Number
    (UIN), which can be either factory or manually
    programmed and then password protected. The
    excellence of this tag is that the data on the
    chip that uses sophisticated algorithm techniques
    cannot be duplicated or manipulated. Hence making
    it the perfect tool for Secure Access Control.

18
RFID Technology Advantages
  • The potential problems associated with
    substandard print quality of barcodes, which in
    turn leads to scanning and reading problems
  • It has enabled self check in/Check out System

19
Implementation at IIT Madras
  • Installation of Tagging Station
  • Identification of central place with AC
  • Working Hours 09AM to 09 PM for
  • Identification Training of Staff
  • We tagged all returned books
  • Additionally from shelves
  • Work Register

20
Staff Engaged in RFID Tagging
21
Application Electronic Book Drop

22
Guidelines
  • Book for Return Should have RFID Tag
  • Place Only one Item at a Time on the Book
    Platform
  • On seeing the Message, Please Drop Item Now
  • Push the Book against the Flap Drop into the
    Bin
  • Once You have return all Items, Press Receipt
    Button on Right Hand Side and Collect your
    Receipt

23
Self Check in/Check Out System
24
Guidelines
  • Book for Self Borrowing should have RFID Tag
  • Touch the Borrow Icon on the Screen
  • Place and Hold your Smart Card Near the Reader
    markedScan Card here
  • You will see Your ID and Name on the Screen

25
Guidelines
  • Place the Books to be borrowed on Book Platform
  • Wait until the Loan is confirmed and you see a
    Message Item Checked Out
  • Remove the Book and put another Book if any to be
    borrowed
  • Touch the Print Receipt or Exit Icon to get a
    Receipt of the Transaction

26
RFID Gates
27
Self / Stock Management System
28
RFID Tag
29
Contact less Smartcard enabled Access Control
System
30
Capacity Building
  • Smart Card Preparation
  • Users Data base Creation
  • RFID Tagging
  • Revalidation of Data
  • Real-time Updatation

31
Capacity Building
  • Library Management Software
  • Integration
  • User Awareness Program
  • Site Preparation

32
Major Problems Faced
  • Lack of Trained Staff
  • Shortage of Staff
  • Leaving the Trained Staff
  • Removing Installed RFID Tags
  • Initial Activation problem in Tags
  • Training of Users and Staff

33
Our Strength
  • Pragmatic POSDCORB
  • Integrated Approach
  • Management Support
  • Technical Support
  • Staff Interest
  • Pilot Study
  • Machine Readable Database
  • Total Bar-coding

34
Conclusion
  • Integration of RFID with digital libraries
    will ensure considerable security and facilitate
    the librarians and information scientists to
    provide more value added services to users
    community in digital environment and work
    comfortably for digital future.

35
Thanks for Attention
  • Any Question ?
  • Or
  • Email to me
  • hchandra_at_iitm.ac.in
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