The%20Age%20of%20Jackson - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

The%20Age%20of%20Jackson

Description:

The period from 1800-1860 saw the massive expansion of modes and means of ... John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and Protest. The Nullification Crisis ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:61
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 48
Provided by: chuckf4
Learn more at: http://isite.lps.org
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: The%20Age%20of%20Jackson


1
The Age of Jackson
  • Industrial Revolution in America
  • Transportation Revolution
  • Market Revolution
  • The Indian Question
  • Mass Immigration (1840s)
  • Irish
  • German
  • Scandinavian(Northern and Western Europe)
  • More democratic (small d) politics
  • Revolution of 1828
  • Jacksonian democracy
  • Religious revival and expansion
  • 2nd Great Awakening
  • Mormonism
  • Universalism - Unitarianism
  • Reform movements
  • Temperance
  • Abolition
  • Education
  • Womens Rights
  • Insane asylums
  • Health care/practices
  • Utopian communities

2
Transportation Revolution
  • The period from 1800-1860 saw the massive
    expansion of modes and means of transportation
  • Included
  • Roads (National or Cumberland Road)
  • Canals (Erie, etc.)
  • Railroads

3
  • Map 10.3 The Transportation Revolution Roads and
    Canals, 18201850 (p. 298)

4
Canals
  • Canal building boom
  • Erie Canal built to connect western farmers and
    their products with eastern markets in New York

5
Steamboats and Robert Fulton
  • Development of a commercial steamboat for shallow
    river travel
  • Transformed commerce along riverways
  • Fueled growth of major river cities (Cincinnati,
    Columbus, Louisville, Pittsburgh, St. Louis, etc.)

6
  • Map 10.5 Railroads of the North and South,
    18501860 (p. 301)

7
  • Map 10.4 The Speed of News in 1817 and 1841 (p.
    300)

8
Transportation Revolution
9
The Industrial Revolution
  • The Industrial Revolution was an ongoing effort,
    over many decades, to increase production by
    using machines powered by sources other than
    humans or animals.
  • In the North
  • Eli Whitneys idea of interchangeable parts
  • Samuel Slaters introduction of the model factory
  • Lowell system of labor (Lowell Textile mills)
  • In the South,
  • Whitneys cotton gin
  • Increased production of cotton dramatically (King
    Cotton)
  • Increased need for slaves entrenches slavery in
    the southern economy

10
  • Technology Celebrated (p. 284)

11
  • Samuel Slaters Spinning Frame (p. 289)

12
  • Mill Girl, c. 1850 (p. 290)

13
  • Map 10.6 The Nations Major Cities in 1840 (p.
    302)

14
Women and Immigration provide Labor
15
Immigration
16
  • Figure 11.2 The Surge in Immigration, 18421855
    (p. 338)

17
German, Irish, and Total Immigration, 1830 1860
18
Antebellum Immigration
19
Market Revolution - Change from local to
regional to national economies
  • Expanding Economy - combination
  • Industrial
  • Transportation
  • Labor force (Immigration, Urbanization)
  • Surplus
  • Manufacturing - from New England to other
    Northern states and territories
  • Economic changes early 1800s - free enterprise
    system - rewarded better, faster, more efficient
    ways of doing businesses.
  • Banks lent capital for investment
  • Banks printed bank notes - value fluctuated
    depending on the time and place that they were
    cashed.

20
Election of 1824 A Corrupt Bargain?
  • John Quincy Adams
  • Fewer popular votes than Jackson
  • Clay threw support to Adams
  • House of Reps chose J. Q. Adams
  • Clay became Adams Secretary of State
  • Andrew Jackson
  • Most popular votes
  • Most electoral votes
  • Accused Adams, Clay, and Congress of a Corrupt
    Bargain
  • Fueled campaign for 1828 election

21
  • Map 11.1 Presidential Election of 1824 (p. 318)

22
Jackson enters National Politics Election of 1824
23
  • Map 11.2 Presidential Election of 1828 (p. 321)

24
Andrew Jackson
  • President from 1828-1836
  • Old Hickory
  • Democratic-Republican (shortened to Democrats)
  • First non-notable to be elected president

25
Jacksonian Democracy
  • More power to the common man.
  • Gave the common man (western farmers, southern
    yeoman, etc. a feeling of franchisement.
  • Key state-level democratic reforms
  • -Universal male suffrage
  • -King Caucus
  • -Popular campaigning
  • -More elected offices
  • -Rotation in office

26
Revolution of 1828 Jacksonian Democracy
  • A more democratic society - small d democratic
  • Common people felt they had a representative in
    the White House
  • Spoils System

27
Two-Party System
  • Effectively ended the One party system of
    Democratic-Republicans.
  • Opposition party formed called the Whigs

28
Whigs and Democrats
29
  • Figure 11.1 Changes in Voting Patterns, 18241840
    (p. 320)

30
Andrew Jackson Issues
  • Nationalism vs. States Rights
  • Nullification and Federal Authority
  • Bank of the United States
  • Indian Removal

31
The Nullification Crisis
  • Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt
    southern cotton producers
  • Perceived as a sectional law favoring
    manufacturing interests in the NE.
  • John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and
    Protest

32
The Nullification Crisis
  • Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt
    southern cotton producers
  • Perceived as a sectional law favoring
    manufacturing interests in the NE.
  • John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and
    Protest

33
Nullification Crisis of 1833
  • Tariff of 1832 passed.
  • South Carolina convention nullified them both
  • Jackson threatened force (Force Bill of 1833) if
    SC didnt abide by federal law
  • Jackson despised nullification calling it
    unconstitutional
  • 1833 - Compromise tariff engineered by.. (drum
    roll) Henry Clay.

34
Sectionalism vs. Nationalism Tariff of 1832
(Abominations)
  • Maysville Road Veto
  • Webster-Hayne Debate
  • Nullification
  • States Rights?

35
The Bank of the United States (BUS)
  • Jackson hated the 2nd BUS manager, Nicholas
    Biddle
  • 1832 - Jackson vetoed the re-charter of the Bank
    Bill
  • Jackson saw the Bank as harmful to the western
    farmers with its tight money policies
  • Viewed Bank as favoring privilege and industry

36
Jacksons View of the Bank of the United States
(BUS)
37
  • Jackson Destroys the Bank (p. 326)

38
King Andrew the First
  • Jackson re-defined the executive power of the
    presidency
  • Critics depicted him as depicted him as a tyrant
    and maverick

39
Jackson and the Bank of the United States
40
The Panic of 1837
  • Jackson withdrew all federal funds from the BUS
    and deposited them in pet banks
  • Spawned a speculative land fever on western lands
    massive inflation of land values (overvalued)
  • 1836 - Jackson issued the Specie Circular
    ordering all land purchases be made in gold and
    silver.
  • Paper banknotes lost their value and land sales
    plummeted
  • Panic of 1837 - led to an economic depression
    until the early 1840s.

41
US Indian Policy 1820-1850
42
U. S. Federal Indian Policy
  • 1810-20 - War of 1812, death of Tecumseh and
    pan-Indian alliance, Creek Wars, Indian Springs
    Treaty of 1825, Seminole Wars
  • 1830 - Indian Removal Act - Gave President
    authority to trade SE tribes for their land in
    east for land in west. Provided money for land
    transfer and relocation
  • Black Hawks War (1832)

43
  • Black Hawk (17671838) (p. 328)

44
Indian Policy and the Cherokee Nation
  • Supreme Court decisions
  • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) - Marshall
    denied Cherokee claim as a separate republic.
    Rather, they were a domestic dependent nation. -
    ward of the US
  • Worcester v. Georgia (1832) - Marshall held that
    Cherokees were a distinct political community and
    entitled to federal protection from state
    interference (from Georgia)
  • Jacksons response was John Marshall has made
    his decision, now let him enforce it.
  • 1838 - Forced removal of remaining Cherokee to
    Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) - along
    the Trail of Tears

45
Indian Removal in the 1830s
46
  • Map 11.3 The Removal of Native Americans,
    18201843 (p. 327)
  • file///Users/jcorn/Desktop/APUSH20PPTS/Animatio
    ns/Indian20Removal.htm

47
Andrew Jacksons Legacy
  • Still debated. Admired by some, hated by others.
  • Strong influence on his generation both
    politically and economically.
  • Defined an era
About PowerShow.com