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Title: Anthropology 1


1
  • Anthropology 1
  • Physical Anthropology
  • David Midyette

2
Primate Family Tree
3
(No Transcript)
4
Primates Tree
Strepsirhini (Prosimians or lower primates)
Haplorhini
Anthropoids (Apes monkeys)
Tarsidae (Tarsiers)
Platyrrhini (New World) South Central America
Catarrhini (Old World) Africa Asia
Callitrichidae (Tamarins Marmosets)  
Cebidae (Monkeys)  
Cercopithecoidea (Old World monkeys)  
Hominoidea (Apes)
Tamarins Marmosets Pygmy marmosets Lion
Tamarin Goeldis Marmoset
Squirrel Monkeys Night Monkeys Owl
Monkeys Titi Jamaican Monkeys Howler
Monkeys Sakis Bearded Sakis Uakaris Capuchin
Monkeys Woolly Monkeys Spider Monkeys Woolly
Spider Monkeys
cercopithecinae
Colobinae
Hylobatidae (Gibbons)
Pongidae (Great Apes)
Hominidae (Humans)
Langurs Leaf Monkeys Douc Monkeys Snub-nosed
Langurs Proboscis Monkeys Pig-tailed
Langurs Colobus Monkeys
Talapoin Monkeys Guenons Patas Monkeys Mangabeys M
acaques Baboons Mandrills Allens Swamp
Monkey Rhesus Monkeys
Orang-u-tans
Gorillas
Chimpanzees
5
Diversity
6
Distribution
7
Evolution
8
Strategies
  • Diurnal
  • Nocturnal
  • Crepuscular

9
Food
  • Insectivore
  • Gumnivore
  • Gramnivore
  • Fructivore
  • Florivore
  • Folivore
  • Herbivore
  • Carnivore
  • Omnivore

10
Locomotion
  • Vertical Clinging and Leaping
  • Arboreal Quadruped
  • Terrestrial Quadruped
  • Brachiation
  • Bi-pedal

11
SEX!
  • Monogamous
  • Polygamous
  • Same-sex

12
Home Ranges
13
Prosimians
14
  • Cheirogaleidae
  • Allocebus trichotis -- Hairy-eared Dwarf Lemur --
    wisc fr cz (at right) sgd
  • Cheirogaleus adipicaudatus -- n. sp. Lemur --
    Cheirogaleus crossleyi -- n. sp. Lemur
    Cheirogaleus major -- Greater Dwarf Lemur --
    wisc ummz rnp dutch fr Cheirogaleus
    medius -- Fat-tailed Dwarf Lemur -- duke
    lwa szg pgal krs Cheirogaleus
    minusculus -- n. sp. Lemur Cheirogaleus ravus
    -- n. sp. Lemur Cheirogaleus sibreei -- n. sp.
    Lemur
  • Several beautiful drawings from a Czechoslovakian
    primatological research website appear on this
    page. Larger versions of this artwork, as well as
    drawings of additional species, may be seen from
    one page of that website at the University of
    Karlovy Vary by clicking here. Click on the
    images themselves to see them in larger size.
  • Microcebus berthae -- Berthe's Mouse Lemur --
    wisc ens germ Microcebus griseorufus
    -- n. sp. 1999 -- Microcebus murinus -- Gray
    Mouse Lemur -- duke wisc braz dutch
    krs Microcebus myoxinus -- Pygmy Mouse Lemur
    -- wisc lwa fr krs Microcebus
    ravelobensis -- Golden-brown Mouse Lemur --
    wisc fr Microcebus rufus -- Russet Mouse
    Lemur -- wisc rnp fr cz1 cz2
    Microcebus sambiranensis -- Sambirano Mouse
    Lemur -- wisc Microcebus tavaratra --
    Northern Rufous Mouse Lemur -- wisc saga
    Illustration from publication announcing the
    discovery of new species of Mouse Lemurs in
    Madagascar.  Click on image to see larger picture
    at a German website.
  • Mirza coquereli -- Coquerel's Mouse Lemur --
    duke wisc ummz dutch expz krs
  • Phaner furcifer -- Fork-crowned or Fork-marked
    Lemur -- wisc ummz krs
  • P. f. electromontis -- Amber Mountain Fork-marked
    Lemur P. f. pallescens -- Pale Fork-marked Lemur
    P. f. parienti -- Pariente's Fork-marked Lemur
  • Lemuridae -- (Eulemur includes Petterus)
  • Eulemur coronatus -- Crowned Lemur -- duke
    Knight uhzoo cz1 cz2 cz3 Eulemur
    fulvus -- Brown Lemur -- duke ummz tmort1
    tmort2 baha cz krs
  • E. f. albifrons -- White-fronted Brown Lemur --
    duke lwa gww uhzoo E. f.
    albocollaris -- White-collared Brown Lemur E. f.
    collaris -- Collared Lemur -- duke gww
    pcom1 pcom2 bran E. f. mayottensis --
    Mayotte Island Lemur, doubtful taxon E. f.
    rufus -- Red-fronted Lemur -- duke lwa
    Knight rnp gww E. f. sanfordi --
    Sanford's Lemur -- duke gww
  • Eulemur macaco -- Black Lemur -- duke lwa
    wisc ummz webs
  • E. m. flavifrons -- Blue-eyed or Sclater's Black
    Lemur -- duke gww pcom
  • Eulemur mongoz -- Mongoose Lemur -- duke
    wisc pgal aza Eulemur rubriventer --
    Red-bellied Lemur -- duke wisc rnp
    gww baha cz1 cz2
  • Hapalemur aureus -- Golden Bamboo Lemur -- rnp
    ummz gww acom kids cz (below)
    Hapalemur griseus -- Gray Gentle or Lesser
    Bamboo Lemur -- duke wisc dupc baha
    cz
  • H. g. alaotrensis -- Lac Alaotra Bamboo Lemur --
    duke gww smh kids H. g.
    meridionalis -- (doubtful subspecies) H. g.
    occidentalis -- Western Lesser Bamboo Lemur
  • Hapalemur simus -- Greater or Broad-nosed Gentle
    Lemur -- rnp wisc dupc
  • Lemur catta -- Ring-tailed Lemur -- duke
    Knight gww pgal cites
  • Varecia variegata -- B.W. Ruffed Lemur --
    duke lwa Knight cites baha

15
Prosimians - Lemurs
16
Prosimians - Lemurs
17
Prosimians Lorises Pottos
18
Tarsiers
19
New World Monkeys
20
  • Callitrichidae -- Mico was, until recently,
    within Callithrix.
  • Callimico goeldii -- Goeldi's Marmoset -- zorg
    szg ctp baha lisb vzoo Mico
    chrysoleucus -- Golden-white Tassel-ear Marmoset
    -- wisc CI Mico leucippe -- Golden-white
    Bare-ear Marmoset -- CI Mico marcai --
    Marca's Marmoset -- CI Mico nigriceps --
    Black-headed Marmoset -- wisc CI
  • Sixteen species of Callithrix and Cebuella,
    shown in beutiful thumbnail illustrations by the
    artist Stephen D. Nash, display their
    distribution along tributaries of the Amazon
    system on this page at Conservation
    International. Callithrix acariensis -- Acari
    Marmoset -- CI acom fox Callithrix
    argentata -- Silvery Marmoset -- wisc braz
    CI lisb vzoo Callithrix aurita --
    Buffy Tufted-ear Marmoset -- wisc ummz
    braz Callithrix coimbrai -- n. sp. Brazil
    1999 Callithrix emiliae -- Snethlage's Marmoset
    -- wisc CI
  • Callithrix flaviceps -- White-eared or
    Buffy-headed Marmoset -- wisc wpin1 wpin2
    Callithrix geoffroyi -- Geoffroy's Tufted-ear
    Marmoset -- wisc lpz wpin vzoo
    Callithrix humeralifer -- Sanarem or B--W
    Tassel-ear Marmoset -- wisc CI wpin
    Callithrix humilis -- Dwarf Marmoset -- CI
    Callithrix intermedia -- Tassel-ear Marmoset --
    CI Callithrix jacchus -- Common Marmoset --
    ummz ussr umo theo ecob
    Callithrix kuhli -- Wied's Marmoset -- wisc
    ufsc ross Callithrix manicorensis --
    Manicore Marmoset -- CI acom Callithrix
    mauesi -- Rio Maues Marmoset -- wisc CI
    Callithrix melanura -- Black-tailed Marmoset --
    wisc CI braz Callithrix penicillata --
    White-headed or Black Tufted-ear Marmoset --
    wisc braz wpin lisb Callithrix
    satarei -- Sataré Maues Marmoset CI pbs
  • Cebuella pygmaea (Callithrix) -- Pygmy Marmoset
    -- wisc lpzoo dupc CI ctp apa
  • C. p. niveiventris -- Pygmy Marmoset -- CI
    urfr
  • Leontopithecus caissara -- Black-faced/headed
    Lion Tamarin -- wisc aniz kids two
    Leontopithecus chrysomelas -- Golden-headed Lion
    Tamarin -- wisc dupc lpzoo apa
    Leontopithecus chrysopygus -- Golden-rumped Lion
    Tamarin -- wisc braz kids
    Leontopithecus rosalia -- Golden Lion Tamarin --
    wisc dupc uhzoo apa vzoo
  • Saguinus bicolor -- Bare-faced or Pied Tamarin --
    wisc braz braz mana Saguinus
    fuscicollis -- Saddle-back Tamarin -- wisc
    ummz umo rcf peru czen
  • S. f. acrensis -- S. f. avilapiresi -- Avila
    Pires Saddleback Tamarin -- urfr S. f.
    melanoleucus -- pgal S. f. weddelli --
    pgal
  • Saguinus geoffroyi -- Rufous-naped or Geoffroy's
    Tamarin -- wisc fsu wpin prsp
    Saguinus imperator -- Emperor Tamarin -- wisc
    ummz lpzoo dupc ctp Bloom
    Saguinus inustus -- Mottle-face Tamarin --
    wisc Saguinus labiatus -- Red-bellied
    Moustached Tamarin -- wisc wpin1 wpin2
    peru Saguinus leucopus -- White-footed
    Tamarin -- wisc wpin Saguinus midas (S.
    tamarin) -- Red-handed/footed Tamarin -- wisc
    wpin iwok peru ozoo Saguinus
    mystax -- Spix's or Black-chested Moustached
    Tamarin -- wisc braz peru
  • S. m. pileatus -- Pileated Tamarin -- wpin
    urfr
  • Saguinus nigricollis -- Black-and-red or
    Black-mantle Tamarin -- wisc wpin peru
  • S. n. hernandezi -- Hernández-Camacho's Black
    Mantle Tamarin
  • Saguinus oedipus -- Cotton-top Tamarin --
    Knight braz uhzoo lisb uaf
    Saguinus tripartitus -- Golden-mantle
    Saddle-back Tamarin -- wisc nyu peru
    Cebidae
  • Alouattinae
  • Alouatta belzebul -- Black-and-Red Howler --
    wisc aniz para braz
  • A. b. ululata -- Red-handed Howler
  • Alouatta caraya -- Black Howler -- wisc cfz
    uhzoo braz braz vzoo czen pcom
    pgal (juv. f.) Alouatta coibensis -- Coiba
    Island Howler -- wisc
  • A. c. trabeata -- Azuero Howler

21
New World Monkeys Tamarins Marmosets
22
New World Monkeys The Rest
23
New World Monkeys The Rest
24
Old World Monkeys
25
Cercopithecidae Cercopithecinae Allenopithecus
nigroviridis -- Allen's Swamp Monkey -- wisc
amd vzoo ozoo Cercocebus agilis -- Tana
River Mangabey -- amd pgal C. a. sp. nova
(not yet described) -- Tanzania, Uzungwa Mtns.
Cercocebus galeritus -- Agile Mangabey -- wisc
amd C. g. sanjei -- Sanje Mangabey -- smh
kids Cercocebus torquatus -- Red-capped or
Wh.-collared Mangabey -- amd cerc bmat
braz C. t. atys (atys lunulatus) -- Sooty
Mangabey -- cites Lophocebus albigena --
White- or Gray-cheeked Mangabey -- wisc amd
cites L. a johnstoni -- wpin Lophocebus
aterrimus -- Black Mangabey -- wisc zell
vzoo                                        
                               Chlorocebus --
Taxonomic notes from amd reference below Placed
in Cercopithecus by many authors, Chlorocebus
aethiops is referred here to a separate genus, in
accordance with several authorities. This species
has often been involved in taxonomic debates,
which have split it into as many as four species
and 21 subspecies. It includes pygerythrus,
sabaeus and tantalus, and also djiamdjiamensis
(Djam-djam monkey) from the Ethiopian Bale
Massif. Photographs of the species and subspecies
listed here have been collected on one page for
comparison purposes. Click here to see The
Chlorocebus Species Problem. Chlorocebus
aethiops -- Grivet or Vervet Monkey-- afcam
amd zoorg dutch vzoo momm C a.
djiamdjiamensis -- Djam-djam Monkey C a.
helvescens -- cites C a. rufoviridis --
cites -- Black Vervet ? -- sshow
Chlorocebus pygerythrus -- Vervet Monkey --
djuma szg encm momm C. p. cynosurus
-- Angolan doubtful species Chlorocebus sabaeus
-- Green Monkey -- wpin1 mlab
Chlorocebus tantalus -- Savanna Vervet --
momm Cercopithecus albogularis -- Sykes'
Monkey -- pware Cercopithecus ascanius --
Redtail Monkey -- wisc amd wpin sshow
C. a. schmidti -- Spot-nosed Guenon -- uhzoo
vzoo Cercopithecus campbelli -- Campbell's
Monkey -- wisc amd C. c. lowei -- tbzoo
Cercopithecus cephus -- Moustached Monkey --
wisc amd braz szg wpin C. c.
ngottoensis -- Ngotto Guenon Cercopithecus diana
-- Guenon or Diana Monkey -- wisc amd
dutch ussr wpin C. d. roloway --
Roloway Monkey -- Cercopithecus dryas -- Dryas
Monkey -- wisc C. d. solongo -- Zaire Diana
Monkey -- amd wisc Cercopithecus
erythrogaster -- Red-bellied or Wh.-throat Guenon
-- wisc amd szg wpin C. e. pococki
-- Nigerian White-throated Guenon Cercopithecus
erythrotis -- Red- or Russet-eared Guenon --
wisc amd bbpp cerc Cercopithecus
hamlyni -- Owl-faced or Hamlyn's Monkey -- wisc
amd bbpp szg C. h. kahuziensis --
Kahuzi Owl-faced Monkey -- bbpp
Cercopithecus lhoesti -- L'hoest's Monkey --
wisc amd Knight orez bbpp
Cercopithecus mitis -- Diademed or Blue or
Samango Monkey -- wisc amd braz szg
sshow C. m. albogularis -- wpin C. m.
kandti -- Golden Guenon C. m. kolbi -- wpin
C. m. maesi -- Lake Ki Blue Monkey
Cercopithecus mona -- Mona Monkey -- wisc
amd cerc Cercopithecus neglectus --
DeBrazza's Monkey -- wisc amd pgal
dupc cites apa Cercopithecus nictitans
-- Greater White-nosed Monkey -- wisc amd
cerc wpin C. n. martini -- Putty-nosed
Guenon -- bbpp Cercopithecus petaurista --
Lesser White-nosed Guenon -- wisc amd cfz
szg baha apa Cercopithecus pogonias
-- Crowned Monkey or Guenon -- wisc amd
bbpp Cercopithecus preussi -- Preuss's Monkey
-- wisc amd wpin (yng. fem.) cites
C. p. insularis -- Bioko Preuss' Guenon --
bbpp cerc Cercopithecus sclateri --
Sclater's Monkey -- amd cerc kids
Cercopithecus solatus -- Sun-tailed Monkey --
amd Cercopithecus wolfi -- Wolf's Monkey --
wisc amd Erythrocebus patas -- Patas Monkey
-- wisc amd dutch braz cites vzoo
E. p. pyrrhonotus -- Nisnas -- Macaca
arctoides (M. speciosa) -- Bear or Stumptailed
Macaque -- wisc wpin1 wpin2 Macaca
assamensis -- Assamese Macaque -- wisc
Macaca brunnescens -- Muna-Butung Macaque --
wisc Macaca cyclopis -- Formosan Rock Macaque
-- wisc wpin1 wpin2 Macaca
fascicularis -- Crab-eating Macaque -- wisc
psic ummz wpin baha apa Macaca
fuscata -- Jap. Macaque or Snow Monkey -- wisc
umo mnzoo apa1 apa2 Bloom Bloom
M. f. yakui -- Yakushima Island Macaque --
mkoi Macaca hecki -- Heck's Macaque -- wisc
Macaca maura -- Moor Macaque -- wisc
wpin Macaca mulatta -- Rhesus Macaque --
wisc ummz braz szg M. m. tcheliensis
-- China, Taihang Mtns. Macaca nemestrina --
Pigtailed Macaque -- wisc braz szg
zell juv. M. n. leonina -- Northern Pigtail
Macaque -- Macaca nigra -- Crested Black or
Celebes Macaque -- wisc ummz dutch
szg tqj Macaca nigrescens -- Black Ape or
Gorontalo Macaque -- wisc Macaca ochreata --
Ochre Macaque -- wisc Macaca pagensis --
Mentawai Macaque Macaca radiata -- Bonnet
Macaque -- wisc wpin pgal Macaca
silenus -- Lion-tailed Macaque -- szg ussr
zell apa vzoo Macaca sinica -- Toque
Macaque -- wisc wpin1 wpin2 M. s.
opisthomelas -- Sri Lanka Macaca sylvanus --
Barbary Ape or Macaque -- wisc amd braz
dutch Macaca thibetana -- Pere David's or
Tibetan Stump-tailed Macaque -- wisc wpin1
wpin2 Macaca tonkeana -- Tonkean Macaque --
wisc wpin Mandrillus leucophaeus --
Mainland Drill -- wisc amd dutch cites
baha Cercopithecidae Cercopithecinae
Allenopithecus nigroviridis -- Allen's Swamp
Monkey -- wisc amd vzoo ozoo
Cercocebus agilis -- Tana River Mangabey -- amd
pgal C. a. sp. nova (not yet described) --
Tanzania, Uzungwa Mtns. Cercocebus galeritus --
Agile Mangabey -- wisc amd C. g. sanjei --
Sanje Mangabey -- smh kids Cercocebus
torquatus -- Red-capped or Wh.-collared Mangabey
-- amd cerc bmat braz C. t. atys
(atys lunulatus) -- Sooty Mangabey -- cites
Lophocebus albigena -- White- or Gray-cheeked
Mangabey -- wisc amd cites L. a
johnstoni -- wpin Lophocebus aterrimus --
Black Mangabey -- wisc zell vzoo
Chlorocebus -- Taxonomic notes from amd reference
below Placed in Cercopithecus by many authors,
Chlorocebus aethiops is referred here to a
separate genus, in accordance with several
authorities. This species has often been involved
in taxonomic debates, which have split it into as
many as four species and 21 subspecies. It
includes pygerythrus, sabaeus and tantalus, and
also djiamdjiamensis (Djam-djam monkey) from the
Ethiopian Bale Massif. Photographs of the species
and subspecies listed here have been collected on
one page for comparison purposes. Click here to
see The Chlorocebus Species Problem. Chlorocebus
aethiops -- Grivet or Vervet Monkey-- afcam
amd zoorg dutch vzoo momm C a.
djiamdjiamensis -- Djam-djam Monkey C a.
helvescens -- cites C a. rufoviridis --
cites -- Black Vervet ? -- sshow
Chlorocebus pygerythrus -- Vervet Monkey --
djuma szg encm momm C. p. cynosurus
-- Angolan doubtful species Chlorocebus sabaeus
-- Green Monkey -- wpin1 mlab
Chlorocebus tantalus -- Savanna Vervet --
momm Cercopithecus albogularis -- Sykes'
Monkey -- pware Cercopithecus ascanius --
Redtail Monkey -- wisc amd wpin sshow
C. a. schmidti -- Spot-nosed Guenon -- uhzoo
vzoo Cercopithecus campbelli -- Campbell's
Monkey -- wisc amd C. c. lowei -- tbzoo
Cercopithecus cephus -- Moustached Monkey --
wisc amd braz szg wpin C. c.
ngottoensis -- Ngotto Guenon Cercopithecus diana
-- Guenon or Diana Monkey -- wisc amd
dutch ussr wpin C. d. roloway --
Roloway Monkey -- Cercopithecus dryas -- Dryas
Monkey -- wisc C. d. solongo -- Zaire Diana
Monkey -- amd wisc Cercopithecus
erythrogaster -- Red-bellied or Wh.-throat Guenon
-- wisc amd szg wpin C. e. pococki
-- Nigerian White-throated Guenon Cercopithecus
erythrotis -- Red- or Russet-eared Guenon --
wisc amd bbpp cerc Cercopithecus
hamlyni -- Owl-faced or Hamlyn's Monkey -- wisc
amd bbpp szg C. h. kahuziensis --
Kahuzi Owl-faced Monkey -- bbpp
Cercopithecus lhoesti -- L'hoest's Monkey --
wisc amd Knight orez bbpp
Cercopithecus mitis -- Diademed or Blue or
Samango Monkey -- wisc amd braz szg
sshow C. m. albogularis -- wpin C. m.
kandti -- Golden Guenon C. m. kolbi -- wpin
C. m. maesi -- Lake Ki Blue Monkey
Cercopithecus mona -- Mona Monkey -- wisc
amd cerc Cercopithecus neglectus --
DeBrazza's Monkey -- wisc amd pgal
dupc cites apa Cercopithecus nictitans
-- Greater White-nosed Monkey -- wisc amd
cerc wpin C. n. martini -- Putty-nosed
Guenon -- bbpp Cercopithecus petaurista --
Lesser White-nosed Guenon -- wisc amd cfz
szg baha apa Cercopithecus pogonias
-- Crowned Monkey or Guenon -- wisc amd
bbpp Cercopithecus preussi -- Preuss's Monkey
-- wisc amd wpin (yng. fem.) cites
C. p. insularis -- Bioko Preuss' Guenon --
bbpp cerc Cercopithecus sclateri --
Sclater's Monkey -- amd cerc kids
Cercopithecus solatus -- Sun-tailed Monkey --
amd Cercopithecus wolfi -- Wolf's Monkey --
wisc amd Erythrocebus patas -- Patas Monkey
-- wisc amd dutch braz cites vzoo
E. p. pyrrhonotus -- Nisnas -- Macaca
arctoides (M. speciosa) -- Bear or Stumptailed
Macaque -- wisc wpin1 wpin2 Macaca
assamensis -- Assamese Macaque -- wisc
Macaca brunnescens -- Muna-Butung Macaque --
wisc Macaca cyclopis -- Formosan Rock Macaque
-- wisc wpin1 wpin2 Macaca
fascicularis -- Crab-eating Macaque -- wisc
psic ummz wpin baha apa Macaca
fuscata -- Jap. Macaque or Snow Monkey -- wisc
umo mnzoo apa1 apa2 Bloom Bloom
M. f. yakui -- Yakushima Island Macaque --
mkoi Macaca hecki -- Heck's Macaque -- wisc
Macaca maura -- Moor Macaque -- wisc
wpin Macaca mulatta -- Rhesus Macaque --
wisc ummz braz szg M. m. tcheliensis
-- China, Taihang Mtns. Macaca nemestrina --
Pigtailed Macaque -- wisc braz szg
zell juv. M. n. leonina -- Northern Pigtail
Macaque -- Macaca nigra -- Crested Black or
Celebes Macaque -- wisc ummz dutch
szg tqj Macaca nigrescens -- Black Ape or
Gorontalo Macaque -- wisc Macaca ochreata --
Ochre Macaque -- wisc Macaca pagensis --
Mentawai Macaque Macaca radiata -- Bonnet
Macaque -- wisc wpin pgal Macaca
silenus -- Lion-tailed Macaque -- szg ussr
zell apa vzoo Macaca sinica -- Toque
Macaque -- wisc wpin1 wpin2 M. s.
opisthomelas -- Sri Lanka Macaca sylvanus --
Barbary Ape or Macaque -- wisc amd braz
dutch Macaca thibetana -- Pere David's or
Tibetan Stump-tailed Macaque -- wisc wpin1
wpin2 Macaca tonkeana -- Tonkean Macaque --
wisc wpin Mandrillus leucophaeus --
Mainland Drill -- wisc amd dutch cites
baha M. l. poensis -- Bioko Drill --
bbpp Mandrillus sphinx -- Mandrill --
lpzoo amd lpz dupc uhzoo baha
Miopithecus ogouensis -- n. sp. Gabon 1997
Miopithecus talapoin -- Talapoin Monkey --
wisc amd wpin zell Papio anubis --
Olive Baboon -- wisc ummz dutch wpin
Bloom sshow Papio cynocephalus -- Yellow
Baboon -- wisc dutch braz sshow
Papio hamadryas -- Savanna or Hamadryas Baboon
-- wisc amd umo dutch ozoo Papio
papio -- Western or Guinea Baboon -- wisc
dutch wpin Papio ursinus -- Chacma Baboon
-- wisc dutch neil encm cites
sshow Theropithecus gelada -- Gelada Baboon
-- wisc amd umo dutch braz cites
webs Colobinae (Semnopithecus and
Trachypithecus were Presbytis Rhinopithecus
Pygathrix) There is considerable disagreement
over taxonomic arrangements of Colobus,
Piliocolobus and Procolobus. Piliocolobus is
often treated as a subgenus of one or the other
genera. Some authors regard Piliocolobus badius
the only valid species of that genus, according
the other taxa subspecific status. The
arrangement of Nowak in Walker is followed here.
Most of the subspecies listed are considered to
be endangered. Colobus angolensis -- Angolan
Colobus -- wisc amd lpz wpin C. a.
ruwenzorii -- Rwenzori Black-and-white Colobus
Colobus guereza -- Guereza or Abyssinian Colobus
-- wisc amd pgal acg C. g. caudatus
-- Northern Black Colobus -- vzoo ozoo
C. g. kikuyuensis -- Colobus -- uhzoo wpin
Colobus polykomos -- Kings or Western Colobus
-- wisc amd wpin1 wpin2 Colobus
satanas -- Black Colobus -- wisc amd bbpp
Colobus vellerosus -- Geoffroy's Colobus
Monkey -- amd C. dollmani -- is a hybrid
swarm of vellerosus/polykomos Nasalis larvatus
-- Proboscis Monkey -- wisc ummz dupc
braz szg cites Bloom Piliocolobus
badius -- Red Colobus Monkey -- wisc amd
umo dutch P. b. temmincki -- Temminck's
Red Colobus P. b. waldroni -- Miss Waldron's Red
Colobis extinct -- Nash ens
Piliocolobus gordonorum -- Udzungwa Red Colobus
Piliocolobus kirkii -- Kirk's Colobus -- photo
at right wpin Piliocolobus pennantii --
bbpp -- Red Colobus P. p. bouvieri --
Bouvier's Red Colobus extinct P. p. epieni --
Niger Delta Red Colobus P. p. preussi --
Preuss's Red Colobus Piliocolobus rufomitratus
-- Tana River Red Colobus P. r. tholloni --
Presbytis comata -- Sunda or Banded Leaf-monkey
-- wisc howl Presbytis fredericae --
Javan Fuscous Langur -- Presbytis frontata --
White Fronted Leaf-monkey -- wisc Presbytis
hosei -- Grizzled Leaf-monkey P. h. canicrus --
Millers Grizzled Langur -- extinct Presbytis
melalophos -- Mitered Leaf-monkey -- wisc
howl pgal P. m. femoralis -- Raffles
Banded Langur Presbytis potenziani -- Mentawai
Island Leaf-monkey -- wisc Presbytis
rubicunda -- Maroon Leaf-monkey -- wisc P.
senex -- Purple-faced Langur (see Trachpithecus
vetulus) Presbytis thomasi -- Ebony Leaf-monkey
-- ummz wpin Procolobus verus -- Olive
Colobus Monkey -- wisc amd Pygathrix
nemaeus -- Douc Langur -- szg eprc dupc
porg vna1 vna2 P. n. cinerea --
Gray-shanked Douc -- eprc pci smh P.
n. nigripes -- Black-shanked Douc -- eprc
Ten Vietnamese endangered species (the three
Doucs, plus Langurs and Leaf Monkeys) are
featured on this Special Page. Artwork from the
Endangered Primate Research Center at Cuc Phuong
National Park, Ninh Binh Province, Vietnam.  See
individual species links. Rhinopithecus
avunculus -- Tonkin Snub-nosed Langur -- wisc
eprc kids smh germ Rhinopithecus
bieti -- Black Snub-nosed Langur -- wisc
Rhinopithecus brelichi -- Brelich's Snub-nosed
Langur -- wisc Rhinopithecus roxellana --
Golden/Chinese Snub-nosed Langur - wisc ummz
pgal cites Semnopithecus entellus --
Entellus or Hanuman Langur -- wisc ummz
braz umo wpin hzoo S. e. thersites
-- Southern Gray Langur -- uhzoo Simias
(Nasalis) concolor -- Pig-tailed Langur -- wisc
Trachypithecus auratus -- Ebony Leaf Monkey --
pgal howl Trachypithecus cristatus --
Silvered Leaf-monkey -- wisc eprc wpin1
wpin2 sara chuck wcs
Trachypithecus francoisi -- Francois'
Leaf-monkey -- wisc eprc ummz orez
T. f. delacouri -- White-rumped Black Langur --
eprc smh kids T. f. leucocephalus --
White-Head Black Langur T. f. poliocephalus --
Tonkin Hooded Black Langur -- eprc smh
kids Trachypithecus geei -- Golden Langur or
Leaf-monkey -- wisc wpin Trachypithecus
johnii -- Nilgiri Langur -- wisc
Trachypithecus laotum -- White-browed Black
Langur -- eprc Trachypithecus obscurus --
Dusky Leaf-monkey -- wisc ummz wpin
zell howl pzoo Trachypithecus phayrei
-- Phayre's Leaf-monkey -- wisc eprc
Trachypithecus pileatus -- Capped Langur or
Leaf-monkey -- wisc Trachypithecus villosus
-- Silver Langur -- Trachypithecus vetulus --
Purple-faced Langur or Leaf-monkey -- wisc
wpin cites T. senex is a synonym of T.
vetulus, sometimes placed in Presbytis. M. l.
poensis -- Bioko Drill -- bbpp Mandrillus
sphinx -- Mandrill -- lpzoo amd lpz
dupc uhzoo baha Miopithecus ogouensis
-- n. sp. Gabon 1997 Miopithecus talapoin --
Talapoin Monkey -- wisc amd wpin zell
Papio anubis -- Olive Baboon -- wisc ummz
dutch wpin Bloom sshow Papio
cynocephalus -- Yellow Baboon -- wisc dutch
braz sshow Papio hamadryas -- Savanna or
Hamadryas Baboon -- wisc amd umo dutch
ozoo Papio papio -- Western or Guinea
Baboon -- wisc dutch wpin Papio
ursinus -- Chacma Baboon -- wisc dutch
neil encm cites sshow Theropithecus
gelada -- Gelada Baboon -- wisc amd umo
dutch braz cites webs Colobinae
(Semnopithecus and Trachypithecus were Presbytis
Rhinopithecus Pygathrix)
Colobus angolensis -- Angolan Colobus -- wisc
amd lpz wpin C. a. ruwenzorii --
Rwenzori Black-and-white Colobus Colobus guereza
-- Guereza or Abyssinian Colobus -- wisc amd
pgal acg C. g. caudatus -- Northern
Black Colobus -- vzoo ozoo C. g.
kikuyuensis -- Colobus -- uhzoo wpin
Colobus polykomos -- Kings or Western Colobus --
wisc amd wpin1 wpin2 Colobus satanas
-- Black Colobus -- wisc amd bbpp
Colobus vellerosus -- Geoffroy's Colobus Monkey
-- amd C. dollmani -- is a hybrid swarm of
vellerosus/polykomos Nasalis larvatus --
Proboscis Monkey -- wisc ummz dupc
braz szg cites Bloom
Presbytis comata -- Sunda or Banded Leaf-monkey
-- wisc howl Presbytis fredericae --
Javan Fuscous Langur -- Presbytis frontata --
White Fronted Leaf-monkey -- wisc Presbytis
hosei -- Grizzled Leaf-monkey P. h. canicrus --
Millers Grizzled Langur -- extinct Presbytis
melalophos -- Mitered Leaf-monkey -- wisc
howl pgal P. m. femoralis -- Raffles
Banded Langur Presbytis potenziani -- Mentawai
Island Leaf-monkey -- wisc Presbytis
rubicunda -- Maroon Leaf-monkey -- wisc P.
senex -- Purple-faced Langur (see Trachpithecus
vetulus) Presbytis thomasi -- Ebony Leaf-monkey
-- ummz wpin Procolobus verus -- Olive
Colobus Monkey -- wisc amd Pygathrix
nemaeus -- Douc Langur -- szg eprc dupc
porg vna1 vna2 P. n. cinerea --
Gray-shanked Douc -- eprc pci smh P.
n. nigripes -- Black-shanked Douc -- eprc
Rhinopithecus avunculus -- Tonkin Snub-nosed
Langur -- wisc eprc kids smh germ
Rhinopithecus bieti -- Black Snub-nosed Langur
-- wisc Rhinopithecus brelichi -- Brelich's
Snub-nosed Langur -- wisc Rhinopithecus
roxellana -- Golden/Chinese Snub-nosed Langur -
wisc ummz pgal cites Semnopithecus
entellus -- Entellus or Hanuman Langur -- wisc
ummz braz umo wpin hzoo S. e.
thersites -- Southern Gray Langur -- uhzoo
Simias (Nasalis) concolor -- Pig-tailed Langur
-- wisc Trachypithecus auratus -- Ebony Leaf
Monkey -- pgal howl Trachypithecus
cristatus -- Silvered Leaf-monkey -- wisc
eprc wpin1 wpin2 sara chuck wcs
Trachypithecus francoisi -- Francois'
Leaf-monkey -- wisc eprc ummz orez
T. f. delacouri -- White-rumped Black Langur --
eprc smh kids T. f. leucocephalus --
White-Head Black Langur T. f. poliocephalus --
Tonkin Hooded Black Langur -- eprc smh
kids Trachypithecus geei -- Golden Langur or
Leaf-monkey -- wisc wpin Trachypithecus
johnii -- Nilgiri Langur -- wisc
Trachypithecus laotum -- White-browed Black
Langur -- eprc Trachypithecus obscurus --
Dusky Leaf-monkey -- wisc ummz wpin
zell howl pzoo Trachypithecus phayrei
-- Phayre's Leaf-monkey -- wisc eprc
Trachypithecus pileatus -- Capped Langur or
Leaf-monkey -- wisc Trachypithecus villosus
-- Silver Langur -- Trachypithecus vetulus --
Purple-faced Langur or Leaf-monkey -- wisc
wpin cites T. senex is a synonym of T.
vetulus, sometimes placed in Presbytis.
26
African Monkeys
27
Baboons
28
Asian Monkeys
29
Apes
30
"Hylobates" Hylobates agilis -- Agile or
Black-handed Gibbon -- grc wisc ummz
porg icgs Bloom Hylobates lar -- Lar or
White-handed Gibbon -- grc Knight dupc
braz uhzoo Bloom Hylobates muelleri --
Gray, Bornean or Mueller's Gibbon -- grc
wisc ummz fr H. m. funereus -- Northern
Gray Gibbon -- wpin Hylobates klossii --
Kloss' Gibbon -- grc wisc Hylobates
moloch -- Silvery, Javan or Moloch Gibbon --
grc pzoo pgal acom icgs Hylobates
pileatus -- Pileated or Capped Gibbon -- grc
wisc icgs "Nomascus" Hylobates gabriellae
-- Yellow-cheeked Crested Gibbon -- grc
ussr wpin Hylobates leucogenys --
White-cheeked Crested Gibbon -- grc lpzoo
porg icgs Hylobates concolor -- W.
Black-crested Gibbon -- grc wisc dupc
mnzoo vna m/f H. c. hainanus -- Hainan
Island N. sp. cf. nasutus -- E. Black-crested
Gibbon -- grc "Bunopithecus" Hylobates
hoolock -- Hoolock -- grc wisc ummz H.
h. leuconedys -- wpin "Symphalangus"
Hylobates syndactylus -- Siamang -- grc
Knight afs apa ozoo Hominidae
(Pongidae) Pongo pygmaeus -- Bornean Orangutan
-- wisc dupc cites apa1 apa2
apa3 Pongo abelii -- Sumatran Orangutan --
smh Bloom webs webs Gorilla gorilla
-- Western Gorilla -- wisc amd Knight
cites G. g. gorilla -- Western Lowland
Gorilla -- dupc uhzoo Mason wcs G.
g. diehli -- Cross River Gorilla -- Gorilla
beringei -- Eastern Gorilla -- Knight wisc
ummz dupc G. b. beringei -- Mountain
Gorilla -- G. b. graueri -- Eastern Lowland
Gorilla -- G. b. n. ssp. -- Bwindi Forest
Gorilla -- gbinp rcf Pan paniscus --
Pygmy Chimpanzee (Bonobo) -- wisc amd umo
Pan troglodytes -- Common Chimpanzee --
wisc amd orez umo ozoo cites (juv.
m.) P. t. schweinfurthi -- Eastern Chimpanzee
-- P. t. verus -- Western Chimpanzee -- P. t.
vellerosus -- Nigerian Chimpanzee -- Homo
sapiens -- Mankind -- Adults and Young
Transitional Fossils
31
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