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Elize Delport

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The UN Global Compact is a strategic policy initiative for businesses that are ... Principle 3: Businesses should uphold the freedom of association and the ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elize Delport


1
The UN Global Compact
  • Elize Delport
  • 30 November 2009

2
Overview
  • The UN Global Compact is a strategic policy
    initiative for businesses that are committed to
    aligning their operations and strategies with ten
    universally accepted principles in the areas of
    human rights, labour, environment and
    anti-corruption. By doing so, business, as a
    primary agent driving globalization, can help
    ensure that markets, commerce, technology and
    finance advance in ways that benefit economies
    and societies everywhere.

3
Overview contd.
  • Never before have the objectives of the
    international community and the business world
    been so aligned. Common goals, such as building
    markets, combating corruption, safeguarding the
    environment and ensuring social inclusion, have
    resulted in unprecedented partnerships and
    openness among business, government, civil
    society, labour and the United Nations. Many
    businesses recognize the need to collaborate with
    international actors in the current global
    context where social, political and economic
    challenges (and opportunities) whether
    occurring at home or in other regions affect
    companies as never before.

4
Overview contd.
  • This ever-increasing understanding is reflected
    in the growth of the Global Compact, which today
    stands as the largest corporate citizenship and
    sustainability initiative in the world -- with
    over 4700 corporate participants and stakeholders
    from over 130 countries.

5
Overview contd.
  • The Global Compact is a leadership platform,
    endorsed by Chief Executive Officers, and
    offering a unique strategic platform for
    participants to advance their commitments to
    sustainability and corporate citizenship.
    Structured as a public-private initiative, the
    Global Compact is policy framework for the
    development, implementation, and disclosure of
    sustainability principles and practices and
    offering participants a wide spectrum of
    specialized workstreams, management tools and
    resources, and topical programs and projects --
    all designed to help advance sustainable business
    models and markets in order to contribute to the
    initiative's overarching mission of helping to
    build a more sustainable and inclusive global
    economy.

6
Objectives
  • The UN Global Compact has two objectives
  • Mainstream the ten principles in business
    activities around the world
  • Catalyze actions in support of broader UN goals,
    including the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)
  • With these twin and complementary objectives in
    mind, the Global Compact has shaped an initiative
    that provides collaborative solutions to the most
    fundamental challenges facing both business and
    society.

7
Objectives contd.
  • The Global Compact seeks to combine the best
    properties of the UN, such as moral authority and
    convening power, with the private sectors
    solution-finding strengths, and the expertise and
    capacities of a range of key stakeholders. The
    initiative is global and local private and
    public voluntary yet accountable. The Global
    Compacts has a unique constellation of
    participants and stakeholders -- bringing
    companies together with governments, civil
    society, labour, the United Nations, and other
    key interests.

8
Benefits of engagement
  • Adopting an established and globally recognized
    policy framework for the development,
    implementation, and disclosure of environmental,
    social, and governance policies and practices.
  • Sharing best and emerging practices to advance
    practical solutions and strategies to common
    challenges.
  • Advancing sustainability solutions in partnership
    with a range of stakeholders, including UN
    agencies, governments, civil society, labour, and
    other non-business interests

9
Benefits contd.
  • Linking business units and subsidiaries across
    the value chain with the Global Compact's Local
    Networks around the world -- many of these in
    developing and emerging markets.
  • Accessing the United Nations' extensive knowledge
    of and experience with sustainability and
    development issues.
  • Utilizing UN Global Compact management tools and
    resources, and the opportunity to engage in
    specialized workstreams in the environmental,
    social and governance realms.

10
In summary
  • In summary, the Global Compact exists to assist
    the private sector in the management of
    increasingly complex risks and opportunities in
    the environmental, social and governance realms.
    By partnering with companies in this way, and
    leveraging the expertise and capacities of a
    range of other stakeholders, the Global Compact
    seeks to embed markets and societies with
    universal principles and values for the benefit
    of all

11
UN Global Compact
  • The Ten Principles  
  • The Global Compact's ten principles in the areas
    of human rights, labour, the environment and
    anti-corruption enjoy universal consensus and are
    derived from
  • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights
  • The International Labour Organization's
    Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights
    at Work
  • The Rio Declaration on Environment and
    Development
  • The United Nations Convention Against Corruption
  • The Global Compact asks companies to embrace,
    support and enact, within their sphere of
    influence, a set of core values in the areas of
    human rights, labour standards, the environment,
    and anti-corruption

12
Ten Principles
  • Human Rights
  • Principle 1 Businesses should support and
    respect the protection of internationally
    proclaimed human rights and
  • Principle 2 make sure that they are not
    complicit in human rights abuses.  

13
Ten principles continued
  • Labour Standards
  • Principle 3 Businesses should uphold the freedom
    of association and the effective recognition of
    the right to collective bargaining
  • Principle 4 the elimination of all forms of
    forced and compulsory labour
  • Principle 5 the effective abolition of child
    labour and
  • Principle 6 the elimination of discrimination in
    respect of employment and occupation. 

14
Ten Principles continued
  • Environment
  • Principle 7 Businesses should support a
    precautionary approach to environmental
    challenges
  • Principle 8 undertake initiatives to promote
    greater environmental responsibility and
  • Principle 9 encourage the development and
    diffusion of environmentally friendly
    technologies   
  • Anti-Corruption
  • Principle 10 Businesses should work against
    corruption in all its forms, including extortion
    and bribery.

15
Principle 10 "Businesses should work against
corruption in all its forms, including extortion
and bribery."
  • Origin of the 10th principleOn 24 June 2004,
    during the UN Global Compact Leaders Summit it
    was announced that the UN Global Compact
    henceforth includes a tenth principle against
    corruption. This was adopted after extensive
    consultations and all participants yielded
    overwhelming expressions of support, sending a
    strong worldwide signal that the private sector
    shares responsibility for the challenges of
    eliminating corruption. It also demonstrated a
    new willingness in the business community to play
    its part in the fight against corruption.
  • Underlying legal instrumentWith the adoption of
    the United Nations Convention against Corruption
    in Merida, Mexico in December 2003, an important
    global tool to fight corruption was introduced.
    The Convention is the underlying legal instrument
    for the 10th principle against corruption and
    entered into force on 14 December 2005.

16
Principle 10 continued
  • Objectives of the 10th principle The adoption of
    the tenth principle commits UN Global Compact
    participants not only to avoid bribery, extortion
    and other forms of corruption, but also to
    develop policies and concrete programs to address
    corruption. Companies are challenged to join
    governments, UN agencies and civil society to
    realize a more transparent global economy.
  • How to define corruption? Corruption can take
    many forms that vary in degree from the minor use
    of influence to institutionalized bribery.
    Transparency International's definition of
    corruption is "the abuse of entrusted power for
    private gain". This can mean not only financial
    gain but also non-financial advantages.

17
Principle 10 continued
  • What is meant by extortion? The OECD Guidelines
    for Multinational Enterprises define extortion in
    the following way "The solicitation of bribes is
    the act of asking or enticing another to commit
    bribery. It becomes extortion when this demand is
    accompanied by threats that endanger the personal
    integrity or the life of the private actors
    involved."
  • ... and what about bribery? Transparency
    International's Business Principles for
    Countering Bribery define "bribery" in the
    following way "Bribery An offer or receipt of
    any gift, loan, fee, reward or other advantage to
    or from any person as an inducement to do
    something which is dishonest, illegal or a breach
    of trust, in the conduct of the enterprise's
    business

18
Principle 10 continued
  • Practical steps to fight corruptionThe UN Global
    Compact suggests to participants to consider the
    following three elements when fighting corruption
    and implementing the 10th principle.
  • InternalAs a first and basic step, introduce
    anti-corruption policies and programs within
    their organizations and their business
    operations
  • ExternalReport on the work against corruption in
    the annual Communication on Progress and share
    experiences and best practices through the
    submission of examples and case stories
  • CollectiveJoin forces with industry peers and
    with other stakeholders

19
United Nations Convention against Crime
  • Corruption poses a threat to the stability and
    security of societies, undermining the
    institutions and values of democracy, ethical
    values and justice and jeopardising sustainable
    development and rule of law
  • Corruption that involves assets constituting a
    substantial proportion of State resources, may
    threaten political stability and sustainable
    development
  • Links between corruption and organised, economic
    crime
  • No longer local matter, but trans-national
    phenomenon
  • Comprehensive and multi-disciplinary approach
    needed to prevent and combat
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