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Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training Module

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Title: Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training Module


1
Drug Possession, Use, and AbuseOnline Training
Module
  • HB 2639 RISK MANAGEMENT EDUCATION PROGRAM

Program Safety Education Services Office of the
Dean of Students Division of Student Affairs
The University of Texas at Austin
2
Learning Objectives
  • Review facts about drug problems on college
    campuses
  • Identify the drugs of concern on college campuses
  • Learn how to tell if someone may have a drug
    problem
  • Understand the consequences associated with drug
    possession, use, or abuse
  • Identify ways student leaders can help someone
    who may have a drug problem
  • Identify ways student organizations can prevent
    drug abuse and appropriately intervene
  • Identify the resources for prevention and
    intervention

3
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 1 RECENT NEWS STORIES INVOLVING DRUGS ON
    COLLEGE CAMPUSES

4
Recent News Stories InvolvingDrugs on College
Campuses
  • Southern Methodist University
  • From December 2006 to May 2007, three SMU
    students died from excessive use of alcohol or
    drugs. Subsequent investigations revealed a
    campus culture that condoned illegal drug use,
    possession, and distribution.
  • Oregon State University
  • In April 2008, six OSU students were arrested at
    their off-campus residences in connection with a
    drug trafficking ring that was distributing
    cocaine, Ecstasy, and marijuana on and near the
    main campus.

5
Recent News Stories InvolvingDrugs on College
Campuses
  • San Diego State University
  • On May 6, 2008, 33 SDSU students were arrested on
    a variety of drug-related charges including
    distribution of illegal narcotics through several
    fraternity houses.
  • Pennsylvania State University
  • In April 2009, four Penn State students and two
    former students were charged with distribution of
    more than 400 pounds of marijuana. Two of the
    students arrested were dealing drugs out of their
    fraternity houses.

6
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 2 IS THERE REALLY A DRUG PROBLEM ON
    COLLEGE CAMPUSES?

7
Facts About Drugs at UT
  • Past Year Use
  • 28 of UT students smoked marijuana during the
    last year
  • 31 of UT students used illicit drugs during the
    last year
  • Lifetime Use (at least once)
  • 44 of UT students have smoked marijuana
  • 7 of UT students have used cocaine
  • 7 of UT students have used amphetamines
  • 7 of UT students have used Ecstasy
  • 10 of UT students have used other illicit drugs

8
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 3 WHAT ARE THE DRUGS OF CONCERN ON
    COLLEGE CAMPUSES?

9
Illicit Drugs Used or Abusedon College Campuses
  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Heroin
  • Hallucinogens

10
Marijuana
  • Facts
  • Risks
  • Common Names Cannabis Pot Weed Grass Mary
    Jane
  • Marijuana (or cannabis) is a fast-growing plant
    with sticky flowers that produces the
    psychoactive substance THC.
  • The primary effects sought by those users are
    euphoria, relaxation, and changes in perception.
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Coughing, asthma, and other respiratory problems
  • Difficulty with short term memory
  • Racing heart or agitation
  • Anxiety or panic attacks
  • Headaches, dizziness, confusion
  • Possible physical and psychological dependence
  • Clumsiness, loss of coordination

11
Cocaine
  • Facts
  • Risks
  • Common Names Coke Crack Blow Snow Nose Candy
  • Cocaine is a stimulant extracted and refined from
    the Coca plant.
  • The primary effects sought by users include
    feelings of well-being, decreased appetite,
    heightened stimulation, sexual arousal, and
    increased focus.
  • Increased body temperature and heart rate
  • Agitation, anxiety, and paranoia
  • Dizziness, nausea, or vomiting
  • Violent behavior
  • Kidney failure
  • Seizure, stroke, or heart attack
  • Severe damage to the nose
  • Increased chances of miscarriage, premature
    labor, and stillbirth
  • High probability of dependence on cocaine

12
Ecstasy/MDMA
  • Facts
  • Risks
  • Common Names Ecstasy E X XTC Rolls Beans
    Adam
  • MDMA (or ecstasy) is an amphetamine that is
    closely tied to the underground rave and dance
    club scene.
  • The primary effects sought by users are emotional
    openness, euphoria, stimulation, and decrease of
    inhibitions.
  • Reduced inhibitions
  • Short-term memory scramble, confusion, or loss
  • Erectile dysfunction and difficulty reaching
    orgasm (in men)
  • Increase in body temperature, hyperthermia, and
    dehydration
  • Nausea, headaches, dizziness
  • Post-trip crashes or hangovers

13
Prescription Drugs Abused on College Campuses
  • Xanax
  • Ritalin
  • Adderall
  • Dexedrine
  • OxyContin
  • Vicodin
  • Fentanyl
  • Ambien
  • Valium

14
Adderall Ritalin
  • Facts
  • Risks (when abused)
  • Common Names for Adderall Brain food, smarts,
    little speedy, and Altoids
  • Common Names for Ritalin Poor mans cocaine, R
    pop, coke junior, study buddies, and vitamin R
  • The primary effects sought by users include
    staying awake, improving concentration, and
    losing weight.
  • Insomnia
  • Headaches
  • Fever
  • Increased heart rate
  • Lower GPA
  • Extremely high addictive potential

15
Xanax
  • Facts
  • Risks (when abused)
  • Common Names Xanax Niravam
  • Xanax is a sedative and depressant prescribed for
    anxiety disorder, panic attacks, and
    sleeplessness.
  • It is used recreationally (abused) to relax and
    relieve stress.
  • Headaches, drowsiness, dizziness, and amnesia
  • Clumsiness, loss of muscle coordination
  • Vivid dreams or hallucinations
  • Dry mouth
  • Changes in libido
  • Yellowing of the skin or eyes
  • Rash or an allergic reaction
  • Regular or excessive use can lead to dependence
    and addiction

16
OTC Drugs and Other Substances Abused on College
Campuses
  • Dramamine
  • Tylenol PM
  • Sominex
  • Cold Medicine/DXM
  • Salvia
  • Aspirin
  • Diet pills
  • Alcohol

17
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 4 WHY DO COLLEGE STUDENTS TAKE DRUGS?

18
Factors Affecting Drug Use or Abuse
  • Genetics and Family History
  • Parental Attitudes and Behaviors
  • Substance Abuse in High School
  • Perceived Expectations of Positive Effects
  • Mental Health Problems

19
Factors Affecting Drug Use or Abuse
  • Social Influences
  • Student Organization Membership
  • Religion and Spirituality
  • Student Engagement
  • Competitive Sport Participation

20
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 5 WHAT ARE THE SIGNS THAT SOMEONE HAS A
    DRUG PROBLEM?

21
Drug Problem Red Flags
  • Life problems related to the drug use
  • Setting and exceeding limits
  • Making promises about use and breaking those
    promises
  • Lying about or trying to hide the
    amount/frequency of drug use
  • Forgetting or denying things that happened while
    intoxicated
  • Behaving very differently when intoxicated than
    when sober
  • Avoiding social functions where drugs are not
    available.
  • Feeling guilty, embarrassed, or remorseful about
    things done/said while intoxicated
  • Very high tolerance

22
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 6 WHAT ARE THE CONSEQUENCES ASSOCIATED
    WITH A DRUG PROBLEM?

23
Drug Problems Potential Effects on Health and
Well-being
  • Greater risk for health problems including
    infection from blood-borne pathogens, lung
    disease, heart problems, brain damage, liver
    damage, and death from overdose.

24
Drug Problems Potential Effects on College
Education
  • College students who use or abuse illicit and
    prescription drugs do not perform well
    academically including having lower GPAs.
  • Federal and state laws bar certain students with
    past drug convictions from receiving financial
    aid.
  • Suspension is the recommended penalty for the
    illegal use, possession, and/or sale of a drug or
    drug paraphernalia.

25
Drug Problems Potential Effects on Graduate
School or Employment
  • Many companies have a zero tolerance policy for
    drug convictions regardless of the position.
  • Almost all professional schools including
    medicine and law conduct criminal background
    checks on applicants.
  • Most states require a criminal background check
    for those individuals seeking licensure in
    certain fields (e.g., teaching, law, and
    medicine).

26
Drug Problems Potential Effects on
Participation in Athletic Activities
  • Many professional sports leagues and amateur
    athletic associations have banned the use or
    possession of illegal drugs, steroids, and
    certain prescription drugs by athletes.
  • Athletes who test positive for prohibited drugs
    and steroids may be subject to sanctions
  • loss of recognition
  • removal of accomplishments from record books
  • Suspensions
  • Fines
  • lifetime bans.
  • Federal and state laws also make it illegal to
    possess or sell anabolic steroids without a valid
    prescription. Violations of these laws can
    include fines and jail time.

27
Drug Problems Potential Effects on Family,
Friends, and Peers
  • Drug abuse by a pregnant women can result in
    miscarriages, still births, underdevelopment, or
    risks to the developing babys health.
  • Family and domestic violence also occurs more
    frequently in households where one or more
    individuals is abusing or is addicted to drugs.
  • Abusing drugs (including the mixing of drugs and
    alcohol) can also lead to higher risk of injury
    or death as a result of car accidents.

28
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 7 WHAT CAN I DO TO HELP?

29
Intervening Deciding to Help
  • Why should I be the one who gets involved?
  • As an officer or authorized representative of
    your student organization, you bear an important
    responsibility for keeping your members safe.
  • How can one members actions affect my
    organization?
  • Use, possession, or distribution of illicit drugs
    or abuse of prescription drugs can expose your
    organization to university discipline, criminal
    charges, or lawsuits.

30
Intervening Deciding to Help
  • Am I just overreacting?
  • If you are noticing that a member of your
    organization is having problems you are not
    overreacting. Something is probably wrong.
  • Why get involved if they are not hurting anyone?
  • Dont wait for a friend or peer to bottom out,
    drop out of school, or hurt themselves or someone
    else before you decide to take action.

31
Intervening Taking Action
  • Talk with a Professional
  • University Health Services 512-475-8252
  • Student Emergency Services 512-471-5017
  • Counseling and Mental Health Center 512-471-2255
  • Confidentially Report Your Concerns
  • UT Behavioral Concerns Advice Line 232-5050
  • (24 hours a day, 7 days week, 365 days a year)
  • Conduct an Intervention
  • Help a peer or friend understand and accept the
    nature of their relationship with drugs, ask them
    to address the problem, and lead them to help.

32
How to Conduct an Intervention
  • Pay attention to specific behaviors that concern
    you
  • Share your concerns
  • Listen to what they say
  • Ask for what you want
  • Offer to find them help.

33
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 8 WHAT CAN MY ORGANIZATION DO TO HELP?

34
Prevention Risk Management Strategies
  • Engage in prevention and intervention dialogue
  • Talk with other officers, alumni, and parents
    about ways to maintain a drug-free culture.
  • Explain to all members the expectations for
    appropriate behavior and conduct at organization
    events.
  • Identify members who may be at risk
  • Make sure your organizations leaders know the
    signs associated with drug use or abuse.
  • Maintain good communication with the other
    leaders of your group to know when a member may
    be in trouble.

35
Prevention Risk Management Strategies
  • Understand the resources available
  • Review university and other resources that
    provide facts, risks, and prevention and
    intervention tools.
  • Attend a workshop or training session offered by
    the university or have someone come talk to your
    group.
  • Attend/host prevention programs and events
  • Conduct a fundraiser to support the UT Center for
    Students in Recovery.
  • Host an event, bring in a guest speaker, or table
    on the West Mall to increase awareness about drug
    abuse.

36
Prevention Risk Management Strategies
  • Develop policies and procedures
  • Include drug-free statements in important
    documents such as event flyers and recruitment
    materials.
  • Develop written steps for intervening if a member
    of your organization has a drug problem.

37
Drug Possession, Use, and Abuse Online Training
Module
  • SECTION 9 SUMMARY AND REVIEW OF YOUR KNOWLEDGE

38
Summary
  • As a student leader, you are responsible for the
    health and safety of all of the members of your
    organization as well as their conduct during
    events and activities.
  • Abuse of prescription drugs and over-the-counter
    medications is one of the biggest drug-related
    problems on college and university campuses.
  • Intervening to help a peer who has a drug problem
    requires someone to recognize the signs, make the
    choice to help, and then take action.
  • Illicit drugs include any drug for which it is
    unlawful to use, possess, or distribute by law
    and include cocaine, marijuana, and Ecstasy.

39
Summary
  • Prescription drug abuse is the use of
    prescription drugs such as Xanax, Ritalin, and
    Adderall in ways not intended by the
    prescribing doctor.
  • College students are more likely to abuse
    prescription drugs because they are widely
    available, free, and are not considered to be as
    harmful as illicit drugs.
  • There are signs physical, psychological, and
    behavioral that you can watch out for that tell
    you that a friend or peer has (or may have) a
    drug problem.
  • Peer pressure, desire to belong to a student
    organization, and previous drug use in high
    school are all factors contributing to drug use
    (or abuse) in college.

40
Summary
  • The illegal use, possession, or sale of drugs can
    result in severe consequences including loss of
    financial aid, suspension from school, lost job
    opportunities, physical harm, and criminal
    penalties.
  • Appropriate ways for a person to help someone
    with a drug problem include talking with a
    professional, calling BCAL at 512-232-5050, or
    conducting an intervention.

41
University Resources
  • Interventions, Referrals, and Treatment
  • UT 24-Hour CMHC Telephone Counseling Hotline
  • 512-471-2255
  • http//www.cmhc.utexas.edu/24hourcounseling.html
  • UT 24-Hour Behavior Concerns Advice Line
  • 512-232-5050
  • http//www.utexas.edu/safety/bcal/
  • UT Center for Students in Recovery
  • 512-475-8252
  • http//www.healthyhorns.utexas.edu/csr/index.html

42
University Resources
  • Educational Materials and Training
  • Office of the Vice President for Student Affairs
  • http//www.utexas.edu/student/vpsa/security/drugfr
    ee/index.html
  • UHS Health Promotions Resource Center
  • http//www.healthyhorns.utexas.edu/drugsandalcohol
    .html
  • Office of the Dean of Students
  • http//deanofstudents.utexas.edu/pses/

43
University Resources
  • University Discipline and Criminal Laws
  • UT Disciplinary Rules
  • http//www.utexas.edu/student/vpsa/security/drugfr
    ee/penalties_texas.html
  • Texas State Law
  • http//www.cc.utexas.edu/student/vpsa/security/dru
    gfree/penalties_texas.html
  • Federal Law
  • http//www.cc.utexas.edu/student/vpsa/security/dru
    gfree/penalties_federal.html

44
Additional Questions
  • Discuss with your organizations leadership
  • Faculty/staff advisor
  • Risk Management Officer (or other officer)
  • Alumni members/organization
  • Contact Program Safety Education Services (PSES)
    in the Office of the Dean of Students
  • Phone 512-471-5017
  • Email SafetyEducation_at_austin.utexas.edu
  • Web site http//deanofstudents.utexas.edu/pses/

45
HB 2639 Risk Management Education Program
  • A special thanks to the student, faculty, and
    staff members of the planning committee
  • Adrienne Mackenzie, Office of the Dean of
    Students (SALD)
  • Bobby Jenkins, U T Student Organization Safety
    Board
  • Chad McKenzie, Division of Recreational Sports
  • Christa Lopez, Office of the Dean of Students
    (SES)
  • David Cronk, Office of Campus Safety and Security
  • Diane Ginsburg, College of Pharmacy
  • Erik Malmberg, Office of the Dean of Students
    (PSES)
  • Heather Davies, Counseling and Mental Health
    Center
  • Kathy Chung, Office of the Dean of Students
    (PSES)
  • Kevin Prince, University Health Services
  • Linda Álvarez Alcántara, Office of the Dean of
    Students (SJS)
  • Marilyn Russell, Office of the Dean of Students
    (GLIE)
  • Manuel Gonzalez, Office of the Dean of Students
    (PSES)

46
Review Your Knowledge
  • This concludes our presentation on drug
    possession, use, and abuse.
  • Following are ten questions to review your
    knowledge of the information presented in the
    module.
  • You must answer 8 of the 10 questions correctly
    to receive credit for completing this module.
  • Just click the Go To Review button.
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