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Dr. David Fitzpatrick

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Dr' David Fitzpatrick – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Dr. David Fitzpatrick


1
Dr. David Fitzpatrick
Research Interests
2
Presentation Outline
  • Introductory Comments
  • Academic Qualifications
  • Academic Work Experience
  • Personal Information
  • Overview of Early Eclectic Studies
  • Major Research Focus
  • Questions/Comments

3
Academic QualificationsGraduate/Undergraduate
Degrees
  • Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) University of
    Alberta
  • Master of Education (M.Ed.) University of
    Manitoba
  • Educational Administration
  • Master of Education (M.Ed.) University of
    Manitoba
  • Curriculum and Instruction
  • Special Education Certificate - Manitoba
    Education
  • Bachelor of Education (B.Ed.) University of
    Manitoba
  • Certificate in Education (Ed. Cert) University of
    Manitoba
  • Bachelor of Physical Education (BPE) University
    of Manitoba

4
ACADEMIC EMPLOYMENT HISTORY
  • Teacher, Winnipeg School Division (1973 -1990)
  • Consultant, Manitoba Dept. of Education (1976
    -1977)
  • Instructor, Physical Activity and Sport Studies
    (1990 - 01)
  • Associate Professor, Kinesiology (2001 - present)
  • Coordinator, Physical Activity and Sport Studies
    (2001-02)
  • Chair, Kinesiology and Applied Health (2002 -
    2005)
  • Interim Associate Dean, Social Science (2005)
  • Acting Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts (2005 -
    2006)
  • Associate Dean, Faculty of Arts (July, 2006)
  • Acting Dean, Faculty of Arts (Oct. 2006 - June
    2007)

5
Recent External Grants
  • 2005 - Goodwin, Connelly, Hall, C. Fitzpatrick,
    (Collaborator), The Other Adult in Inclusive
    Physical Education Settings Helping or
    Hindering? Social Sciences Humanities Research
    Council (SSHRC) (116,800) - In progress
  • 2004 - Watkinson Fitzpatrick (Co-investigator),
    Childrens Affective Memories of Recess,
    University of Alberta, Humanities, Fine Arts and
    Social Sciences Research Operating Grant.
    (6,000.00) - In progress
  • 2003 - Goodwin, Fitzpatrick, (Co-investigator)
    Hall, The Meaning of Special Olympics
    Participation to the Families of Children with
    Mental Disabilities, Canadian Special Olympics
    (10,000) Published (Adapted Physical Activity
    Quarterly - 2006)

6
Recent Internal Grants
  • 2006 - UW Travel Grant (1000)
  • 2006 - Canada Work Study Grant (932)
  • 2006 - UW Special Research Grant (2000)
  • 2005 - UW International Travel Grant (2000)
  • 2004 - UW Major Research Grant (2500)
  • 2004 - Canada Work Study Grant (800)
  • 2003 - UW Travel Grant (1000)
  • 2003 - Canada Work Study Grant (712)
  • 2002 - Canada Work Study Grant (694)
  • 2002 - UW Discretionary Grant (600)
  • 2002 - UW Travel Grant (500)
  • 2001 - UW International Travel Grant (1500)
  • 2001 - Canada Work Study Grant (700)

7
Significant Creative Accomplishment
8
Motor Behaviour
Motor Development
9
Manitoba SchoolsPhysical Fitness Survey
  • Studied selected fitness, performance, and
    anthropometric measures of 10,000 K-12 public
    school students in a geographic random sample of
    700 Manitoba schools
  • Largest survey of it type worldwide
  • Established Manitoba norms and percentiles
  • Established Minimal Performance Standards
  • Evidence of low fitness among Manitoba Students
  • Member of research team of five who designed,
    conducted, and analyzed results

10
Basic Movement Skills (BMS)Assessment Instrument
  • Developed BMS Observation Profile
  • Developed Group Screening Protocol
  • Developed Individual Test Protocol
  • Confirmed test validation
  • Established Inter-rater reliability
  • Efficacy of teacher administering profile
  • Remedial program development
  • Part of Early Identification Program (EIP)
  • 25,000 observations on 8,000 students

11
Other Early Studies
  • Daily Physical Education Project
  • Pre - Post intervention with control
  • Experimental school showed favourable gains
  • Families Play to Grow
  • Enhancing participation for children with
    disability
  • Families were more active one year following
    program
  • Active Living Alliance for Canadians With a
    Disability (Research Sub-Committee)
  • PE participation of Students with Disability
  • High percentage of SWD have a negative PE
    Experience

12
Moving To Inclusion
  • Series of 10 disability specific curriculum
    resources distributed to 15,000 Canadian schools
    and over 25 countries.
  • Among the most comprehensive and practical
    adapted physical education resources developed
    (Dr. Julien Stein)

13
Report of the AnalysisOctober 1999
Survey of Selected Physical Education and Health
Teaching Variables in Manitoba Schools
In cooperation with The Manitoba Physical
Education Supervisors Association The Manitoba
Physical Education Teachers Association
David FitzpatrickUniversity of Winnipeg
14
Recommended Minutes of PE per Cycle above150
Below 150-
  • Gr.1 29.9 70.1
  • Gr. 2 29.9 70.1
  • Gr.3 30.6 69.4
  • Gr. 4 30.6 69.4
  • Gr.5 35.4 64.6
  • Gr. 6 35.4 64.6
  • Gr.7 44.6 55.4
  • Gr.8 44.6 55.4

15
Minutes of PE by Grade
Minutes
Grade
Mean Minutes of PE per cycle by Grade
16
Positive and Negative Experiences In Physical
Education Class What Students Say
A Presentation to the Western Canadian Physical
Education Supervisors Conference Winnipeg,
Manitoba February 9, 2000
David Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg
17
Physical Education ExperiencesDescriptive
Writing Exercise
  • 1. Describe a positive or rewarding
    incident from your school

    physical education
    experience.
  • 2. Describe a negative or disappointing
    incident from your school

    physical education
    experience.

18
The Lived Experience of Physical Awkwardness
Views From Various Perspectives
Major Research Path
Dr. David Fitzpatrick
19
Physical Awkwardness or DCD
  • Physical awkwardness, also known as
    Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), is an
    unexplained impairment in the development of
    motor coordination.

20
Awkward Research Questions
  • What is it like to be physical awkward?
  • How do students who are physically awkward cope
    with their awkwardness?
  • What is it like to teach PE to students who are
    physically awkward?
  • How do those who are physically awkward view
    their bodies?

21
Heuristic Benefits
  • Not all may fully appreciate what it is like to
    experience awkwardness
  • Others may benefit from personal insight
  • Need for more tactful teaching/coaching
  • Research has not identified a definitive
    instructional intervention for DCD

22
Qualitative Methodology
  • Hermeneutic Phenomenology
  • A qualitative research method, that seeks to
    describe, explain, and understand the meaning of
    human experiences.

23
The Lived Experience ofPhysical
AwkwardnessAdults Retrospective Views
  • International Symposium on
  • Adapted Physical Activity (ISAPA)
  • Vienna, Austria
  • July 3, 2001
  • David A. Fitzpatrick
  • University of Winnipeg
  • Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

24
Describing Awkwardness
  • When other people say they can't play, it
    means they can't play very well. If I say I
    can't play, it really means, I can't play!
  • There are people who are athletes, and people
    who are non-athletes, and then there is me.
  • Baseball I couldnt throw. I couldnt catch. I
    couldnt bat. That doesnt leave much.

25
Invariant or Essential Themesof Experiencing
Awkwardness
  • Failing and Falling
  • Hurt and Humiliation
  • Worrying and Wondering
  • Avoiding Awkwardness

26
Telling Quotes
  • I was on the ground more than I was standing.
  • I had to take my turn at serving. I was totally
    humiliated, being so unskilled.
  • Why cant I throw a ball like a regular human
    being?
  • I took three Sciences, three Maths, two English
    and Russian History so there wasn't room for PE.

27
Avoiding AwkwardnessA Subversive Activity
Adults Reflections of Childhood Coping Strategies
  • Presentation to the
  • NAFAPA 2002 Conference
  • Corvallis, Oregon
  • September 27, 2002
  • David Fitzpatrick
  • University of Winnipeg

28
Physical Education is Public
  • The child is in a position of being acclaimed or
    humiliated by an authority from whose decision
    there is no recourse and in a group from which
    there is no escape (Wood, 1983, p. 220).

29
Cognition and Avoidance
  • I was a klutz, but I was a thinking klutz, so I
    learned how to hide most of it.

30
Avoiding AwkwardnessVaried Involvement
Uninvolved
Involved
  • Compliance/Trying hard
  • Supportive others
  • Selective participation
  • Pseudo participation
  • Hiding within activity 
  • Humour
  • Emotional Response
  • Illness
  • Misrepresentation
  • Doing other things
  • Actively avoiding PE
  • Refused/Rebelled
  • Gave Up/Did not try
  • Didnt care/Accept it

31
Pseudo-Participation, Substitution,Teacher
Criticism
  • Just run around and as long as you don't get the
    ball, you don't worry about getting swacked.
  • I did a school history compilation. I missed a
    lot of PE.
  • No one ever taught me I had no help from my
    teachers.

32
The Experience of Teaching Students Who are
Physically Awkward
SCAPPS 2003 - Hamilton
David A. Fitzpatrick University of
Winnipeg October 18, 2003
33
Invariant Themes
  • Recognizing Students who are Awkward
  • Empathic Awareness
  • Answering the Challenge
  • Hopeful Expectations
  • Frustrations
  • Occasional Success

34
Strategies Employed
  • Peer Teaching
  • Groups/Partners
  • Volunteers
  • Pull out programs
  • Practice
  • Mass participation
  • Gradual competition
  • Promoting success
  • Encouragement
  • Choice
  • Individual attention
  • Physical guidance
  • Modifications
  • Individual activities

35
Effective Instruction Guidelines
  • Warm and Orderly Environment
  • Realistic, High, Achievable Outcomes
  • Promote Student Choice and Control
  • Structured Instruction
  • Demonstrate Expectations
  • Group Students and Use Stations
  • Ask and Encourage Questions
  • Maximize Practice and Success
  • Circulate and Monitor Progress
  • Provide Feedback

(Vogel Seefeldt 1988)
36
Experiencing Physical Awkwardness Conflicting
Accounts of Teachers and Students
  • International Symposium on
  • Adapted Physical Activity (ISAPA)
  • Verona, Italy
  • July 5, 2005

David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg,
Canada
37
Societal Disaffection with Unskillfulness
Atypical Physical Performance and the Imperfect
Body
  • Presentation at the Biannual Symposium of the
    North American Federation of Adapted Physical
    Activity (NAFAPA)
  • University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
  • October 14, 2006

David A. Fitzpatrick University of Winnipeg,
Canada
38
Work Study in Progress
Naturalistic Observations of Voluntary,
Self-generated, Incidental Physical Activity at
Selected Sites on the University of Winnipeg
Campus
  • Only 10 of the University of Winnipeg
  • Community opt to take stairs when an
  • elevator or and escalator is available.

39
The Beginning
With thanks Questions/Comments?
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