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DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE

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Title: DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE


1
DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GOVT. OF BIHAR
2
AGRICULTURE PROFILE LAND USE CLASSIFICATION
Category Area in lakh hect.
Total Geographical Area 93.60
Net area sown 56.38
Area sown more than once 23.58
Gross Cropped Area 79.96
Forest 6.16
Barren and non-cultivable land 4.37
Land put to non-agricultural uses 16.35
Culturable Waste land 0.48
Permanent pasture grazing land 0.18
Miscellaneous crops and groves 2.30
Other fallow (2 to 5 years) 1.41
Current fallow 5.95
3
Crop performance during Rabi 2005-2006
Name of Crop Area (000 hect.) Area (000 hect.) Production (000 MT) Production (000 MT)
Name of Crop Normal Achievement Normal Anticipated Achievement
Wheat 2062 2335 4107.6 5352
Maize 165 415 498.0 934
Pulses 614 616 479.2 647
Total Food grains 2841 3366 5084.8 6933
Oilseeds 149.5 285 121.3 230
Coverage under wheat, pulses oilseeds has been
highest in last 10 years. There has been less
incidence of disease pest. There has been an
increase in area of oilseed ,pulses in low
rainfall areas of S. Bihar.
4
Crop performance during Kharif 2005
Name of Crop Area (000 hect.) Production (000 M.T.)
Rice 3165 5622
Maize 340 516
Other Coarse Cereals 39 40
Pulses 168 153
Total Food grains 3712 6331
Oilseeds 15 11.2
5
Proposed targets for Kharif 2006
Name of crop Area (000 hect.) Production (000 MT) Percentage increase in production over Kharif 2005
Rice 3700 6800 20.95
Maize 400 695 34.69
Other Coarse Cereals 75 75 87.50
Pulses 250 230 50.33
Total Food grains 4425 7800 23.20
Oilseeds 25 18 60.71
Other coarse cereals include Ragi, Jowar, Bajra,
Cheena etc. Pulses include Arhar, Moong, Urad,
Kulthi Oilseed include Til, Castor, Sunflower etc.
6
Proposed targets for Horticultural Crops
Name of Fruits/ Vegetables Area (000 hect.) Production (000 MT) Percentage proposed increase in production 2005-06
Mango 150.0 1700.0 10.38
Litchi 29.3 359.05 5.90
Banana 28.7 465.5 4.96
Guava 28.6 345.1 4.23
Other fruit crop 67.78 717.0 2.87
Cauliflower 61.0 995.6 4.19
Cabbage 37.5 608.1 4.11
Onion 50.3 957.9 4.36
Tomato 47.0 630.4 7.14
Brinjal 56.1 1181.9 9.24
Other vegetable crop 221.3 3155.2 3.61
Potato 265.3 10791 5.89
Growth rate for fruits and vegetables production
over 2005-06 is proposed to be 7.04 and 4.93
respectively.
7
Proposed target for Rabi 2006-2007
Name of crop Area (000 hect.) Production (000 MT)
Boro Rice 125 350
Summer Rice 125 250
Wheat 2400 5800
Maize 600 1900
Other Coarse Cereals 50 50
Pulses 850 900
Total Foodgrain 4150 9250
Oilseeds 356 290
Other coarse cereal include Barley, Oat Pulses
include gram, lentil, pea etc. Oilseeds include
Rai/sarson, Linseed etc
8
Strategy for enhancement of crop production and
productivity
  • Promotion of High Yielding Varieties
  • Efforts to ensure optimum dose of fertilizers
  • Measures to fight out the short dry spell
  • Integrated Pest Management
  • Ensuring quality standards for seeds, fertilizers
    pesticides through enhanced facility for
    testing
  • Strengthening and integration of existing
    extension system.
  • Co-ordination among (a) KVK (b) ATMA (c) RAU (d)
    Mass media (e) Kisan call centre
  • 5735 calls from farmers were received during
    05-06 upto Dec.2005. Making Kisan Call Centre
    more accessible to farmers, regional centre of
    KCC may be shifted to Patna from Kolkata.
  • 40,000 Kisan Diary 3 lakh pamphlets on latest
    package of practices of important crops have
    been distributed in all the panchayats of the
    state. More Kisan dairy will be distributed in
    coming months.

9
  • Agriculture development programmes (Soil test,
    seed minikits, package of practises of crops)
    have been included in Hon'ble Chief Minister
    campaign Aapki Sarkar, Aapke Dwar specially
    organized in the naxal affected districts.
  • Identification of districts for different crops
    having great potential for increase in production
    productivity.
  • Kisan mela (no.150), Crop seminar (farmers
    participated 1000), Farmers training (benefited
    farmers 40000), officers trained
    (no.1000)Exposure visit (no.215)of farmers
    organized.
  • Mechanization of Agriculture promotion of
    agriculture implements
  • Increasing credit flow to farmers
  • Increase in procurement of food grains at Minimum
    Support Price to ensure remunerative prices to
    farmers through PACS, Biscomaun, BSFC FCI.

10
Regionally differentiated strategy for
enhancement of crop production productivity of
different crops.
Name of crop Paddy
Area- 000 Ha., Production -000 M.T.,
Productivity Qt./Ha.
Name of district HYV HYV HYV Hybrid Hybrid Hybrid Total Rice Production Total Rice Production Total Rice Production
Name of district Area Produ ction Produc tivity Area Produ ction Produc tivity Area Produ ction Produc tivity
Patna 133.50 307.00 23.00 1.50 4.00 26.67 135.00 311.00 23.04
Nalanda 125.00 262.00 20.96 5.00 10.00 20.00 130.00 272.00 20.92
Bhojpur 121.00 314.00 25.95 1.00 3.00 30.00 122.00 317.00 25.98
Buxar 78.50 259.00 32.99 1.50 5.00 33.33 80.00 264.00 33.00
Sasaram 198.50 595.00 29.97 1.50 5.00 33.33 200.00 600.00 30.00
Kaimur 116.00 278.00 23.97 1.00 2.00 20.00 117.00 280.00 23.93
Jehanabad 107.00 203.00 18.97 1.00 2.00 20.00 108.00 205.00 18.98
Aurangabad 143.50 358.00 24.95 1.50 4.00 26.67 145.00 362.00 24.97
Total 1023.00 2576.00 25.18 14.00 35.00 25.00 1037.00 2611.00 25.18
11
Regionally differentiated strategy for
enhancement of crop production productivity of
different crops.
Area- Hect., Production -M.T., Productivity
Kg./Hect.
Name of crop Wheat
Name ofDistrict Area Production Productivitiy Supply of HYV seed considering 15 SRR (Kg.)
Patna 105000 275000 2619 15750
Nalanda 100000 215000 2150 15000
Bhojpur 95000 265000 2789 14250
Rohtas 160000 385000 2406 24000
Bhabhua 65000 165000 2538 9750
Saran 109000 255000 2339 16350
Siwan 110000 250000 2273 16500
Gopalganj 98000 245000 2500 14700
Muzzafarpur 95000 215000 2263 14250
E. Champaran 130000 290000 2231 19500
W. Champaran 110000 290000 2636 16500
Total 1282000 3125000 2416 192300
12
Regionally differentiated strategy for
enhancement of crop production productivity of
different crops.
Area- Hect., Production -M.T., Productivity
Qtls./Hect.
Name of crop Maize
Name ofDistrict Area Production Productivitiy Supply of hybrid HYV seed considering 50 SRR (kg.)
Saran 9768 23904 24.47 4500
Siwan 8073 18782 23.27 2700
Darbhanga 8250 19180 23.25 2300
Samastipur 29800 87705 29.43 5050
Begusarai 21350 54670 25.61 4050
Saharsa 20933 73616 35.17 2800
Gopalganj 7903 20160 25.51 1600
E. Champaran 11980 34190 28.54 2600
W. Champaran 12260 34693 28.30 1200
Muzaffarpur 23130 64500 27.89 2700
Vaishali 13325 53130 39.87 2900
Madhepura 32050 127750 39.86 3300
Purnea 30105 82000 27.24 2600
Khagaria 32670 109210 33.43 4250
Bhagalpur 16950 44220 26.09 3250
Total 278547 847710 30.43 45800
13
Regionally differentiated strategy for
enhancement of crop production productivity of
different crops.
Name of crop Pulses
Area- Hect., Production -M.T., Productivity
kg./Hect.
Name of District Area Production Productivity Supply of improved seed considering 15 SRR
Patna 65000 81050 1247 9750
Nalanda 59500 62450 1050 8925
Bhojpur 29900 33200 1110 4485
Buxar 27200 29100 1070 4080
Rohtas 32500 30100 926 4875
Bhabhua 36500 33150 908 5475
Saran 68000 63500 934 10200
Siwan 23200 24000 1034 3480
Gopalganj 21000 18800 895 3150
Muzaffarpur 58200 64100 1101 8730
Total 421000 439450 1044 63150
14
Regionally differentiated strategy for
enhancement of crop production productivity of
different crops.
Name of crop Oilseed
Area- Hect., Production -M.T., Productivity
Kg./Hect.
Name ofDistrict Area Production Productivitiy Supply of improved seed considering 10 SRR
Patna 12500 13125 1050 1250
Nalanda 6500 8450 1300 650
Rohtas 11500 12075 1050 1150
Buxar 4500 3600 800 450
Bhojpur 4500 3600 800 450
Gaya 22500 23625 1050 2250
Nawada 8000 6400 800 800
W. Champaran 14000 14700 1050 1400
Samastipur 8000 10400 1300 800
15
Suitable varieties of Paddy for different
situations prevailing in Bihar A) Upland 75-120
days varieties
Variety Av. yield (qt/ha)
Prabhat
35-40

Saket-4
35-40
Pusa 834
35-40 Pant-dhan
35-40 IR-36 35-40 Turanta
20-30 (75-80 days)
16
(B) Medium land 125-140 days varieties
Variety Av. Yield
(qt/ha) Sita 40-50 Sujata 40-50






Kanak 50-55 Rajendra
Suwashni 35-40



Rajendra
Sweta 40-45




Sugandha-3 40-45




17
(C) Lowland 140-160 days
Variety Av. yield (qt/ha) Rajendra
Mahsuri-1 50-60 Rajshree 40-45 Satyam 40-45
Shakuntla 40-45 Sugandha 30-35 Katarni/Kamini
25-30 MTU 7029 50-60 BPT 5204 40-45
18
D. Deep water (Chaur land) Long duration
photoperiod sensitive varieties are grown.
Variety Av. yield (qt/ha )
Vaidehi 30-35
Sudha 20-30 Janki
20-30 TCA-77 20-30
19
Maize varieties suitable for Bihar
Hybrid/OPV Yield q/ha Yield q/ha
Hybrid/OPV Kharif Rabi
Devaki Comp. 45 65
Rajendra Hybrid Maize-2 - 70
Pusa Early Hybrid-2 40 -
Pusa Early Hybrid-3 40 -
Lakshmi Comp. - 60
Rajendra Hybrid Maize 1 - 65
Suwan Comp. 40 55
20
Quality Protein Maize (QPM) varieties for Bihar
Hybrid/ OPV Grain yield potential q/ha Grain yield potential q/ha
Kharif Rabi
Shaktiman-1 60 80
Shaktiman-2 65 85
Shaktiman-3 70 90
Shaktiman-4 75 95
Shakti-1 OPV 40 60
21
Requirement and availability of certified seed
for Kharif 2006
(Quantity in quintals)
Crop Require ment Source of Availability Source of Availability Source of Availability Source of Availability Source of Availability Source of Availability Source of Availability Total
Crop Require ment SCADA RAU Other State Agencies TDC NSC SFCI Total PVT Total
Paddy 207200 5557 3500 10000 12186 22734 53977 150000 203977
Maize 20000 - 80 - 440 440 960 20000 20960
Arhar 3500 - 214 - - - 214 500 714
Urad 1400 - - - 50 1402 1452 500 1952
Moong 420 - 12 - 450 3124 3586 600 4186
22
Strategy for increasing availability of high
yielding varieties of different crops
  • Revival of Bihar Rajya Beej Nigam.
  • Strengthening of State Seed Multiplication Farms.
  • Strengthening of seed production by RAU.
  • Krishi Vigyan Kendra to adopt villages for seed
    production.
  • Strengthening of seed testing laboratories.

23
Integrated Nutrient Management
  • Fertilizers consumption and requirement for
    Kharif 2006

(In lakh M.T.)
Fertilizers Kharif 2005 Rabi 2005-06 (Tent.) Total (Tent.) Kharif-06 (Requirement)
Urea 6.47 7.20 13.67 9.78
A/S 0.02 0.04 0.06 0.20
DAP 0.62 1.00 1.62 3.00
SSP 0.06 0.20 0.26 1.00
MOP 0.43 0.90 1.33 1.50
Complex Mixture CAN 0.43 1.00 1.43 2.00
Total 8.03 10.34 18.37 17.48
For Kharif, 06 requirement of Urea is 9.78 lakh
MT, draft ECA allocation has been made for 6.01
lakh MT only.
24
Strategy for increasing of balanced integrated
use of fertilizer
  • Number of soil testing lab. working 23
  • Number of soil samples analyzed (2005-06)
    40,000
  • Number of soil health card issued (2005-06)
    40,000
  • Findings of soil test analysis
  • pH
  • a. Acidic 10, b. Neutral 72, c. Saline
    18
  • Status of Nitrogen (Organic Carbon)
  • a. Low 28, b. Medium 54, c. High 18
  • Status of Phosphorus
  • a. Low 43, b. Medium 51, c. High 06

  • Strengthening of existing labs. setting up of
    new soil testing laboratories to cover all the
    districts.
  • Every village will be covered in soil testing
    programme during Kharif 2006.
  • Soil Health Card to be issued to farmers covering
    every village before start of monsoon.
  • Larger allocation under Macromode Management.

25
Progress under Farm Mechanization
  • Tractor/ Power tiller 115672
  • Thresher 300000
  • Stationary engine 250000
  • MB plough/ Cultivator/ seed drill 131128
  • Sprayer 29000
  • Larger allocation for farm mechanization under
    Macromode.
  • Year Amount
  • 2005-06 607.321 lakh
  • 2006-07 1000.00 lakh (proposed)

26
  • States initiative to promote investment in
    Agriculture
  • Setting up of State Investment Promotion Board.
  • Small Farmers Agri-Business Consortium. (State
    Government has released 25 lakh as corpus fund,
    National SFAC is yet to release corpus of 25.00
    lakhs).
  • APMC act being amended to bring in private
    investment in marketing.
  • Sugar industries have shown keen interest in
    reviving sugar industries. 14 industries have
    shown keen interest in reviving sugar mills.

27
Crop Diversification
Programmes aimed at promoting crop
diversification currently implemented in Bihar
  • National Horticulture Mission
  • Integrated scheme of Oilseed, Pulses Maize
    (ISOPOM)
  • Special Jute Development Programme (SJDP)
  • Sustainable development of sugarcane based
    cropping system (SUBACS).

28
NATIONAL HORTICULTURE MISSIONIDENTIFIED
DISTRICTS (No.-16)
  • CLUSTER 1 (6 districts)
  • W. CHAMPARAN, E. CHAMPARAN, VAISHALI,
    SAMASTIPUR, DARBHANGA, MUZAFFARPUR
  • CLUSTER 2 (4 districts)
  • ARARIA, PURNEA, KISHANGANJ, KATIHAR
  • CLUSTER 3 (3 districts)
  • BHAGALPUR, BANKA, MUNGER
  • CLUSTER 4 (3 districts)
  • PATNA, NALANDA, GAYA

29
  • Implementation Arrangements
  • State level executive committee under Agriculture
    Production Commissioner
    Constituted
  • Horticulture Development Society - A registered
    Society
    Registered
  • District horticulture mission committee with DM
    as chairman
    Constituted

30
  • Progress under NHM
  • 10 progeny and 70 Block nurseries identified for
    strengthening during 2005-06
  • Emphasis on infrastructure development during
    2005-06
  • Rs. 3.5 crore released to District Mission
    Committees as the first installment
  • Planting material of Mango graft 35000, Guava
    layers 5000, Litchi gooty (graft) 50000, Citrus
    graft 25000 will be available for plantation in
    the rainy season.
  • Rest of the 22 districts may either be included
    under NHM or old schemes under Macro- Management
    should be restored

31
Market reforms
  • Amendment in Bihar Agriculture Produce Market
    Act, 1960 providing for
  • Establishment of private market yards and
    specialty market
  • Direct purchase, contract farming
  • Amendment proposals have already been prepared
  • Construction of market yards development of
    market area has also been planned.

32
Strengthening of agriculture extension network
Progress of ATMA scheme
ISSUES PROGRESS Identification of districts 15
districts identified (Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Munger,
Madhubani, Saran, W. Champaran, Begusarai,
Vaishali, Purnea, Saharsa, Katihar, Bhagalpur,
Patna, Bhojpur Rohtas) Notification of State
Nodal Officer Notified Constitution of
IDWG Constituted Registration of
SAMETI Registered Registration of ATMA Registered
in 4 districts, 11 proposals submitted to
Registration Dept. Preparation of SREP Prepared
in 4 districts, others in progress
33
Risk Management
  • State Agriculture is prone to risk arising out of
    Flood Drought.
  • Strategy to mitigate risk,
  • Implementation of crop insurance scheme
  • No. of Farmers insured 411532
  • Sum insured 47800.89 Lakh
  • Total claims paid 2398720 Lakh
  • Total no. of farmers benefited 323145
  • Popularization of contingent crop plan
  • Relief measures
  • MSP MIS operations

34
Status of task force
  • As suggested by Government of India, task force
    has been constituted under the chairmanship of
    Agriculture Production Commissioner.
  • Task force held regular meetings on 1st Monday
    of every month.
  • Regular monitoring of coverage, condition of the
    crops, weather scenario and cropping pattern and
    coordination among different departments and
    input suppliers is made.
  • Corrective measures are suggested in time.
  • Input dealers Viz., fertilizer companies, seed
    companies are also invited.

35
Thrust area identified for immediate attention
Items Infrastructure (No.) Infrastructure (No.) Amount (In Crore Rs.)
Items Existing Proposed Amount (In Crore Rs.)
Quality Seed Production - - 50.000
Seed Testing Laboratory 7 30 2.026
Fertilizer Testing Laboratory 1 7 2.480
Soil Testing Laboratory 23 78 24.505
Pesticide testing Laboratory 0 1 1.130
Farm Machinery Tools Testing Institute 0 1 8.560
Multi Purpose Training Centre 0 1 2.000
Total 90.701
Note This is part of memorandum submitted to
Honble Union Agriculture Minister by the State
Government of Bihar.
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Thank you....
41
Summary of proposal for seed production under
Seed Village Programme
Name of Crop No. of district No. of farmers identified seed village Variety Quantity of seed (Qtls.) Area (Acre) Cost (In Rs.) Cost (In Rs.) Cost (In Rs.) Total Demand (In Rs.)
Name of Crop No. of district No. of farmers identified seed village Variety Quantity of seed (Qtls.) Area (Acre) Seed (50) Train ing Storage Bin Total Demand (In Rs.)
Wheat 13 1363 HD 2733, PBW 373 1342 859 1140678 774560 1902867 395715
Paddy 8 9923 Rajendra Masuri, Sweta 723 213 291136 615000 1190867 2097003
Potato 4 328 K. Ashoka, K. Lalima 175 1875 1512500 83400 - 1595900
Pea 1 400 Indra 25 8 14000 15000 100000 129000
Gram 3 224 Pusa, 372, Pusa 256, PL 639 112 31 60750 60000 448000 568750
Mustard 1 102 Pusa, Jaikisan 102 2.04 8160 61200 102000 171360
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