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Title: Instrument Systems and Technology Division


1
Instrument Systems and Technology Division Code
550 Rich Barney Rich.Barney_at_nasa.gov 301-286-7256
June 20, 2006
2
Contents
  • Instrument Systems and Technology Division
  • Mission Vision
  • Organization
  • Branch Discussion (Emphasis is placed on Code 600
    partnerships)
  • Optics
  • Cryogenics and Fluids
  • Detector Systems
  • Lasers and Electro-Optics
  • Microwave Instrument Technology
  • Instrument Systems
  • Summary


3
Instrument Systems and Technology Division
Our Mission The Instrument Systems and
Technology Division (ISTD) provides advanced
technologies and discipline support to enable
advanced state-of-the-art Earth and space science
measurements. The ISTD collaborates closely with
the science community and other customers to
identify and implement new and emerging
instrument technologies for enabling future
science missions, reducing mission cost,
enhancing instrument performance, and/or
simplifying instrument design and
development. We are Unique What makes the
Instrument Systems and Technology Division unique
is the strong partnership with Earth and space
scientists. The ISTD team provides the
engineering expertise and facilities while the
scientists provide the science and application
know-how. Typically, these groups work shoulder
to shoulder to develop a new technology,
characterize critical instrument components, or
build a complete instrument. The products range
from subsystems such as detectors, coolers, or
optical elements to complete instruments such as
hyperspectral imagers, microwave radiometers and
LIDAR systems. Our Vision With our extensive
engineering/science partnerships, the ISTD is
striving to be a world class instrument
development division enabling major discoveries
in the exploration of the Moon, Mars, and Beyond.

4
ISTD Branches
Code 556 Provides technical leadership for the
full life cycle of instrument development.
Code 551 Provides optical engineering expertise
in the design, development and testing of
state-of-the-art optical instruments,
subsystems, and components.
Code 555 Provides engineering and technology
expertise enabling end-to-end conceptualization a
nd development of microwave instrument systems.
Code 554 has strong technical expertise in the
design and development of remote sensing LIDAR
components, subsystems and systems.
Code 552 Provides space flight cryogenic
Cooling systems from room temperature to as
close as possible to absolute zero
Code 553 Builds a wide range of products,
from custom detectors to entire turn-key systems
that span the electromagnetic spectrum.
5
Instrument Systems and Technology Division
Instrument Systems and Technology Division
Rich Barney, Chief Felicia Jones-Selden, Assoc.
Chief Pete Maymon, Assoc. Chief Howard Branch,
Assistant Chief Shelly Standiford, Administrative
Officer Becky Richardson, Secretary Tamika
Seaforth, Secretary
Division Staff
Mark Matsumura, Asst. Chief for Technology Dr.
Murzy Jhabvala, Chief Engineer Lee Feinberg,
Senior Staff Engineer (JWST OTE) Jay Smith,
Senior Staff Engineer for Instrument Systems Dr.
William Heaps, Senior Staff Engineer Art Maples,
IT Engineering Manager
Resource Management
Elaine Slaugh, 501 Assoc. Chief
(Instruments) Donna Drummond, Resource Analyst
501
Optics Branch
Cryogenics and Fluids Branch
Pete Maymon, Head Rene Boucarut, Assoc. Hd. Kim
Mehalick, Assoc. Hd.
Susan Breon, Head Judy Gibbon, Assoc. Hd.
551
552
Detector Systems Branch
Laser and Electro-Optics Branch
Microwave Instrument Technology Branch
Instrument Systems Branch
Peter Shu, Head Carl Stahle, Assoc. Hd. Laddawan
Miko, Assoc. Hd.
Mike Krainak, Head Antonio Seas, Assoc. Hd.
Cathy Long, Head Terry Doiron, Assoc. Hd.
John Leon, Head Juan Rivera, Assoc. Hd. Frank
Kirchman, Assoc. Hd.
553
554
555
556
6
Code 551 Optics Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
60 Civil Servants 14 On-Site Contractors
? Provide state-of-the-art optical engineering
expertise and products. The Branchs engineers
have experience in optical instruments,
subsystems, and components for missions in all
areas of Space and Earth science research that
are designed to detect photons, whether these are
X-ray astronomical spectrometers or far-infrared
Earth science satellites.
  • Need more in-house work to maintain Branch core
    competencies particularly in optical fabrication
    and thin films areas.

Optical Component 10 17 Development
Test Optical Materials Thin Films 6 10
Opto-Mechanical 6 10 Design
Fabrication Optical System 16 27 Alignment
Test Optical System 11 18 Design
Analysis Wavefront Sensing Control 5 8 Branch
Office / Senior Staff 6 10
What We Support
7
Code 551 Optics Branch
Optical System Design and Analysis Materials and
Thin Films Opto-Mechanical Design and
Fabrication Optical Component Development and
Test Optical System Alignment and Test Wavefront
Sensing and Control
Grazing Incidence Optics
Diffraction Grating Evaluation Facility
Optical Coatings
HST WFC 3
Sub mm Far-IR
IR VIS
UV X-RAY ?-RAY
Single Crystal Si Mirror
Cryogenic Optical Alignment and Testing
Diffractive Optics
Infrared Multi Object Spectrometer Observing
at Kit Peak National
Observatory
Wavefront Sensing and Control
8
Optics Branch (Code 551) Key Code 600
Partnerships
Mission/Instrument 600 contact/PI FKSI Bill
Danchi PICTURE Doug Rabin Doppler
LIDAR Bruce Gentry and separately with Bill
Farrell (695) Con-X Rob Petre, Will
Zhang RAISE, EUNIS Roger Thomas ACT Ed
Wollack TPF-C Sally Heap LISA Robin
Stebbins JWST John Mather WITT Dave
Leisawitz Stellar Imager Ken Carpenter, Rick
Lyon MODIS, VIIRS Wayne Esaias, Chuck
McClain COR1/STEREO Joe Davila ADEPT Bill
Ogerlie DESTINY Jon Morse FKSI Richard
Barry GISMO Dominic Benford MOO Chuck
Bowers (Bruce Woodgate?) ORCA Charles
Mclain MISTI John Sigwarth MOLSAM Jim
Garvin People we should know better AXP Keith
Jahoda (Advanced X-ray Polarimeter
mission) C-XRDF Keith Gendreau (Mars rover
x-ray diffraction/fluorescence instrument for
elemental/chemical analysis) x-ray CCD
detectors, x-ray optics. NEXT Rich Kelly, Rob
Petre, Will Zhang (x-ray astrophysics
microcalorimeter)
9
552 Cryogenics and Fluids Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
23 Civil Servants and 5 On-Site Contractors
  • ? Develop cryogenic systems to provide cooling at
    temperatures from 150K to 10 mK.
  • Mechanical Cryogenic Refrigerators for
    Spaceflight
  • Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerators,
    including the Advanced ADR
  • Advanced Liquid Helium and Hybrid Systems
  • Other Cryogenic Hardware
  • ? Limited new science and exploration missions on
    the immediate horizon.
  • Winning Internal IRD and Core Competency
    resources associated with Astrophysics
    applications of cryogenic technologies.
  • Adapting cryogenic technologies to Exploration
    priorities.

Cryogenic 8 35 Applications Low
Temperature 13 56 Research Branch Office
/ 2 9 Senior Staff
What We Support
10
552 Cryogenics and Fluids Branch
Cryogenic Research Cryogenic Applications
RHESSI Cryocooler
Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator
XRS-2 ADR
HAWC ADR
Adiabatic Demagnetization Refrigerator
4 - 10 K Cryocooler
Cryocooler
Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer Sunpower Cryo Cooler
Cryocooler
Temperature, Kelvin
11
Where are They Now?
Future Deputy Center Director
Future AETD Director
12
Cryogenics and Fluids Branch (Code 552) Key Code
600 Partnerships
  • PI Rich Kelley
  • Technology Continuous ADR for x-ray missions
    such as NEXT, Con-X
  • PI Al Kogut, Dominic Benford, Harvey Moseley
  • Technology Continuous ADR for IR missions such
    as ASP (mini-CMB Pol)
  • PI Dave Leisawitz, John Mather, and Al Kogut
  • Technology Actively-cooled shields and
    subscale testing of large IR telescopes for ASP,
    SAFIR, FIRST, SPECS
  • Future partnerships we would like to foster
  • Mini-cryocoolers for use on interplanetary
    missions and rovers for sample collection, cold
    sensors

13
553 Detector Systems Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
40 Civil Servants and 18 On-Site Contractors
? Build a wide range of products, from single
custom detectors to entire turn-key systems, for
NASA and other scientific organizations. ?
Fabricate and test particle detectors and Micro
Electro Mechanical Systems (MEMS). ? Operate the
Detector Development Laboratory which has a wide
range of capabilities for semiconductor
fabrication and micromachining.
? Establishing collaborations and partnerships
with external organizations (including
international governments) ? Shrinking
Technology Funding from traditional NASA
sources. ? Understanding and adapting to
Exploration driven technology needs in the area
of MEMS and nano technology.
Cryogenic Detectors 7 17.5 Solid State
Detectors 7 17.5 MEMS 6 15 Focal Plane
System 10 25 Multi-Project (Lab) 7 17.5 Branch
Office / 3 8 Senior Staff
What We Support
14
Code 553-Detector Systems Branch
Focal Plane Systems Cryogenic Detectors Solid
State Detectors MEMS Technology
MEMs Colloidal Thruster
Pop Up Detector
Transition Edge Sensor Calorimeters
CdZnTe Arrays
Sub mm Far-IR
IR VIS
UV X-RAY ?-RAY
Gallium Arsenide(GaAs) QWIP Detectors
GaN Detectors
MEMS-Micro Shutters
6x6 calorimeter
Detector Characterization Lab
15
Detector Systems Branch (Code 553) Key Code 600
Partnerships
  • Harvey Moseley Microshutter Array
  • Harvey Moseley, Dominic Benford, Ed Wollack, Bob
    Silverberg, Cryogenic FIR and mm bolometer arrays
  • Richard Kelley, Caroline Kilbourne, Scott Porter,
    Simon Bandler cryogenic x-ray microcalorimeter
    arrays
  • Paul Mahaffy, Jason Dworkin, Miniature mass
    spectrometer for planetary and astrobiology
  • Neil Gehrels, Jack Tueller, Scott Barthelmy,
    CdZnTe detector arrays for hard x-ray and
    gamma-ray astronomy
  • Jack Trombka, Ann Parsons, CdZnTe and SiC
    detectors for planetary x-ray instruments
  • Bernie Rauscher, Large Format IR detector arrays
  • Si-Chee Tsay, QWIP arrays, sun photometer for
    earth science remote sensing
  • Scott Janz, Joanna Joiner AlGaN UV detector
    array for earth science atmospheric sensing
  • Don Jennings, Dennis Reuter, linear etalon
    filter/detector array for IR spectrometers
  • Tom Moore, Mike Collier, SiC particle detectors
    and miniaturized spectrometers
  • Bruce Woodgate, Randy Kimble, UV detector arrays
  • Randy Kimble, Characterization of large format
    visible and NIR detector arrays
  • Roger Thomas, micromachined silicon slits for EUV
    spectrometers
  • Brook Lakew, High temperature superconducting IR
    detector arrays for planetary and earth science
    instruments
  • Michael King, Charles Gatebe, cloud absorption
    radiometer
  • Jim Spinhirne, visible hyperspectral instrument
    for earth science remote sensing
  • Patrick Colonado, Visible and sort wavelength IR
    hyperspectral instrument
  • Jeff Pedelty, Thermal IR Imaging for
    Astro-biological investigation.

16
554 Laser and Electro-Optics Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
21 Civil Servants and 4 In-House Contracotrs
  • Research, develop, design, build, integrate, and
    test laser and electro-optic components and
    systems for present and future space flight
    deployment or ground/air validation.
  • Provide Systems Engineering expertise in the
    Laser and Electro-Optics field.
  • ? Laser diode reliability for long term missions.
  • Securing near term laser communication
    demonstration opportunities.
  • Integrating NASA and GSFC vision for the
    development of space based lasers.

Solid State Lasers 5 23 Diode
Lasers 3 14 Fiber Lasers 1 5 Laser
Instruments 8 38 Photon Counting 1 5 Laser
Comm 1 5 Branch Office / 2 10 Senior Staff
What We Support
17
Code 554-Laser Electro Optics Branch
Power, Efficiency, Reliable Improved
Sampling Wavelength Control
Laser Risk Reduction Program Diode Array Test and
Qualification Wavelength Conversion 1 micron
Laser Testbed Effort
Fiber Laser
Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA)
Tropospheric Winds CO2, Ozone, Clouds Imaging
LIDAR
Diode pumped, NdYAG slab oscillator Laser
Transmitter (LTs)
Mercury Laser Altimeter
  • Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL)
  • Measures O3 concentration vs. altitude

18
Lasers and Electro-Optics Branch (Code 554) Key
Code 600 Partnerships
  • Mars Scout MOLSAM Jim Garvin, Bryan Blair
    w/Barry Coyle, Tony Seas
  • MPILE Judd Welton, Matt
    McGill w/Barry Coyle
  • TwiLITE wind lidar IIP Bruce Gentry with Steve
    Li
  • SHADOE holographic telescope Bruce Gentry with
    Tony Martino
  • LISA laser/optics Jordan Camp with Tony Martino
    and Tony Yu
  • Swath Mapper IIP Dave Harding, Jim Abshire,
    Chris Shumann, Phil Dabney with Mike Krainak,
    Tony Seas
  • CO2 Sounder IIP Randy Kawa, Jim Collatz, Jim
    Abshire, Haris Riris with Mike Krainak, Jeff
    Chen, Mark Stephen and Emily Wilson
  • Mars water vapor lidar PIDDP Jim Abshire with
    Mike Krainak
  • ATLAS laser Jay Zwally with Steve Li and Mark
    Stephen
  • BioMM Bryan Blair with Barry Coyle and Mark
    Stephen

19
555 Microwave Instrument Technology Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
22 Civil Servants and 4 On-Site Contractors
? All work is won through competitive efforts
no direct funding sources. ? Finding
opportunities related to space science and
exploration (current strategic emphasis on radar
proposals for exploration initiatives).
? The MITB focuses primarily on advanced
technologies to address the scientific needs for
new measurements in the microwave through
submillimeter-wave frequency range for future
remote sensing and radio astronomy missions.
Electrical and 8 36 Electronic Systems Remote
Sensing Technologies 4 18 Microwave
Systems 3 14 Systems Engineering 2 9 Electroma
gnetics 2 9 Mechanical 1 5 Branch Office /
Senior Staff 2 9
What We Support
20
Code 555-Microwave Instrument Technology Branch
Deployables Low Power Components High Speed Data
Systems Wavefront Correction
Deployable Antenna for Radiometry
The Cloud Radar System
Aquarius L-Band Microwave Radiometer
Salinity Ultrastable Radiometer Testbed
Conically Scanning MMW Imaging Radiometer
Low Power Components for Radiometry
L-Band Imaging Scatterometer
21
Microwave Instrument Technology Branch (Code 555)
Key Code 600 Partnerships
  • Gary Lagerloef PI, David Levine 614.2 - Co-I -
    Aquarius 1.4 GHz radiometer for the measurement
    of the oceans surface salinity.
  • Steven Ackerman UWisconsin - PI, David Star 613.1
    - Co-I - Submillimeter and Infrared Ice Cloud
    Experiment -
  • Submillimeter/Millimeter Radiometer instrument -
    A submillimeter conical scanning radiometer.
  • Jim Wang 614.6 - PI for conical scanning
    millimeter-wave and submillimeter-wave (COSMIR
    and COSSIR) aircraft demonstration of atmospheric
    water vapor and cloud ice particle measurements.
    This work is the basis for the SIRICE proposal.
  • Harvey Moseley 665.0 - Technology development to
    enable the measurement of the polarization of the
    CMB.
  • Peggy O'Neill 614.3 - Proposal development
    activities for the development of a future soil
    moisture measurement.
  • Peter Hildebrand 614 - RadSTAR - A 1.2 GHz cross
    track electronically scanning aircraft radar
    designed to operate in
  • conjunction with ESTAR 1.4 GHz aircraft passive
    radiometer. These two instruments make up an
    active/passive L-band
  • instrument that can simulate much of the
    performance of Aquarius and a future soil
    moisture insturment.
  • Gerry M Heymsfield 613.1 - UAV Radar (URAD) a
    rain radar compatible with a Global Hawk UAV.
  • Michael VanSteenberg 601.0 - In Situ
    electromagnetic sensor for the detection of
    buried frozen water.

22
556 Instrument Systems Branch
What We Do
Challenges
Disciplines
40 Civil Servants and 4 On-Site Contractors
? Provide technical leadership and vision in
conducting instrument management and instrument
systems engineering through innovation in
instrument conceptualization, science proposal
generation, instrument feasibility, definition,
design, and implementation for the full life
cycle of instrument development.
  • ? Functions such as Configuration Management,
    Scheduling, and Project Support are essential to
    Instrument Management but difficult to secure in
    todays Full Cost environment.
  • Mitigating Steps
  • Utilize training, mentorship, proposal review,
    and resource sharing to better support instrument
    development.

Instrument Managers 18 45 Instrument
Systems 19 48 Engineers Branch Office / 3 7
Senior Staff
What We Support
23
Code 556 Staffing Customer List
24
Code 556 Staffing Customer List
25
Summary
  • The ISTD (AETD) continues to partner with Code
    600 scientists to bring new in- house instrument
    development work to NASA/GSFC.
  • New initiatives co-led by the ISTD and SED such
    as the Engineering Portal and Laser Working
    Group will positively impact our win rate. We
    need to get the word out!
  • Planning of the upcoming GSFC Integrated
    Research Development opportunity has been
    closely coordinated between the ISTD and SED
    Divisions.
  • Future collaborations between ISTD (AETD) and
    SED are extremely critical to developing
    technology that will win new in-house instrument
    work and enable GSFC scientists to answer
    compelling science questions. We will initiate
    Quarterly Tag Ups with SED Divisions to discuss
    current and strategic collaborations and
    opportunities to propose and win new instruments
    and technologies.
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