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Title:

Medical Botany

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Ancient China (Pun-tsao) Ancient India (Rig-Veda basis for ... First Apothecary Shops. Avicenna (Ibn Sina (980-1037 A.D.) Age of Herbals. Doctrine of Signatures ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Medical Botany


1
Medical Botany
  • Introduction History of Plant Use in Medicine

2
History
  • Prehistoric times
  • Recorded history
  • Sumerian clay tablets
  • Ancient Egypt
  • Edwin Smith Papyrus
  • Ebers Papyrus
  • Hearst Papyrus
  • Kahun Gynecological Papyrus

3
Portion of Ebers Papyrus
4
More History
  • Ancient China (Pun-tsao)
  • Ancient India (Rig-Veda basis for Ayurvedic
    medicine)
  • Foundations of Western Medicine -- Ancient Greece
    and Rome
  • Hippocrates
  • Theophastus
  • Dioscorides
  • Galen

5
Illustrations from De Materia Medica
6
Ancient Greek Coins with Silphium (or Silphion -
Ferula)
7
(No Transcript)
8
History continues
  • Fall of Rome 476 A.D.
  • Middle Ages
  • First Apothecary Shops
  • Avicenna (Ibn Sina (980-1037 A.D.)
  • Age of Herbals
  • Doctrine of Signatures

9
(No Transcript)
10
Path to modern medicine
  • Medicine and botany
  • 18th Century
  • William Withering
  • 19th Century
  • 20th Century
  • Early 21st Century

11
Growth of Alternative Medicine
  • Complementary and Alternative Medicine - CAM
  • aromatherapy, acupuncture, biofeedback,
    chiropractic manipulation, herbal medicine,
    hypnosis, massage therapy, and many others
  • Dietary Supplement Health Education Act (DSHEA)
    of 1994 expanded the category of dietary
    supplements to include other products such as
    herbs, other botanicals, amino acids, and
    metabolites

12
Traditional (herbal) medicine today
  • People's Republic of China
  • India
  • Other areas
  • Tropical rain forests
  • WHO interest
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