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Environmental Health Policy Boonam Shin Director General International Cooperation Office Ministry of Environment Republic of Korea

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Asthma, atopic dermatitis, PM-related respiratory diseases, etc. ... Asthma, atopic dermatitis, etc.) Autism, delayed growth, etc. 13. 3.Projects : ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Environmental Health Policy Boonam Shin Director General International Cooperation Office Ministry of Environment Republic of Korea


1
Environmental Health Policy Boonam Shin
Director General International Cooperation
Office Ministry of EnvironmentRepublic of Korea
  • 2007.8.8

2
Contents
3
1.Paradigm Shift Background
  • Rapid economic growth high population density
  • Environmental burden use of chemicals have
    increased exceeding environmental capacity
  • Public awareness on environmental health issues
  • LOHAS Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability
  • Better understanding on env.-health relationship
  • Asthma, atopic dermatitis, PM-related respiratory
    diseases, etc.

New strategy should be developed
4
1.Paradigm shift Environmental Health
Medium-based
Receptor-based
  • Traditional approach
  • command and control
  • Media of concern
  • Air, water, soil, etc
  • Limits
  • - Environmental capacity
  • Relevance to human/eco health
  • New approach
  • Exposure and Effects
  • Receptors of concern
  • - Human and Ecosystem
  • Tools
  • Risk Assessment
  • Surveillance of environmentally
  • related diseases

5
1.Paradigm Shift Trends of Environmental Health
related Projects
1980s
1990s
2000s
  • Risk assessment
  • system for envt
  • pollutants (9800)
  • Occurrence of EDCs
  • their impact on ecosys.
  • (9908)
  • Risk-assessment
  • strategy on hazardous
  • chemicals (02 )
  • Symptoms similar to Cd poisoning
  • (Ulsan, 85)
  • Noise-induced health symptoms (Kimpo airport
    area, 89)
  • Phenol-release
  • accident (Nakdong-
  • river, 93)
  • Glass-fiber exposure
  • (Incheon, 95)

Strategic approach
Case by case
6
1.Paradigm Shift Roadmap of Environmental
Health Policies in Korea
  • 2004 Environmental Health Policy Division newly
    established in MOE
  • 2005 Environmental Health policies reported to
    the President
  • One of the 4 major objectives in Environment
  • Prepared the 10-yr National EH Action Plan
    (06-15)
  • 2006 Adopted implemented Environmental Health
    Action Plan
  • Declared the First Year of Environmental Health
    (Feb.)
  • Opened National Center for Environmental Health
    (Feb.)
  • Established a forum on Environmental Health
    involving all relevant stakeholders (April)

7
1.Paradigm ShiftForum on Environmental Health
Policy
  • 150 Participants from academia, government,
    research institutes, media, and NGOs
  • Biweekly meetings
  • Areas being/to be discussed
  • Environment Law
  • Linkage between media-control policies and EH
    policies
  • Environmental Health Index
  • Promoting RD and training
  • Population at risk
  • Network among experts
  • Risk communication

8
2.Major EH Plans (1)
  • Building foundation for effective EH measures
  • Legal framework
  • Preparing enactment of Environmental Health Act
  • Incorporating Health Impact Assessment into EIA
  • Imposing Environmental disease burden on
    polluters
  • Research Capacity Building
  • Environmental health research centers at national
    and local community levels
  • Supporting research funds for developing
    Environmental health-related technologies

9
2.Major EH Plans (2)
  • Minimizing population at risk
  • Exposure assessment Risk assessment of various
    environmental hazards
  • Providing media-integrated environmental
    standards
  • Surveillance, Monitoring, and Management of
    Environmentally-related diseases
  • Investigating linkage between pollutants and
    disease
  • Introducing monitoring/early-warning systems (eg.
    O3, DSS)
  • Implementing Supporting System for public
    suffering from environmentally-related disease

10
3.Projects Environmentallyrelated disease
surveillance
  • Health assessment for contaminated sites
  • Health assessment for residents in abandoned mine
    areas, industrial complex areas
  • Abandoned mine areas 26 sites (69 sites/year)
  • Industrial complex areas
  • Six sites for 1520 years
  • Four cohort studies Ulsan (since 2003),
    Sihwa/Banwol (since 2005), Pohang (since 2006),
    Gwangyang (since 2006)

11
3.Projects Plan for Children
  • Security of children's activity areas such as
    playgrounds, class rooms, etc.
  • Survey and research of hazardous substance
    exposure
  • Health protection from childrens goods
  • Survey hazardous substance exposure
  • Introduce enterprise's voluntary hazardous
    substance reduction program
  • Environmental health education and public
    information for children
  • Introduce classified notification system at
    childrens level
  • Make guidelines for environmental health
    protection

12
3.Projects Environmentallyrelated disease
surveillance for Children
  • Environmental health status surveillance for
    children in cities, industrial complexes, and
    rural areas
  • Population a total of 2,700 children (lt10 years
    old)
  • Period 6-year (since 2004)
  • Exposure
  • Environmental monitoring data of typical air
    pollutants (PM10, O3, NO2, SO2)
  • Environmental biological monitoring for VOCs
    heavy metals
  • Outcomes
  • Environmentally-related diseases (eg. Asthma,
    atopic dermatitis, etc.)
  • Autism, delayed growth, etc

13
3.Projects MOE MOHW Coordination
  • National Assessment of Background Level of
    Exposure to Environmental Chemicals (2005)
  • MOE-CDC (Ministry of Health and Welfare) Contract
  • Performed as part of National Survey on Health
    and Nutritional Status
  • Performed by CDC, Ministry of Health and Welfare
  • Every three years
  • Levels of Lead, Mercury, and Cadmium in blood
  • 2,000 individuals (gt 20 years old)
  • 200,000 this year
  • Will be expanded to POPs

14
4.Direction
  • Enforcing Environmental Health Act
  • Starting Media-Integrated Risk Assessment, Health
    Impact Assessment, etc.
  • Imposing Environmental disease burden on
    polluters
  • Making detailed policies with linkages between
    Environment and Health
  • Researching the linkages at the Environmental
    health center (06) and the Research Center on
    Environmentally-related disease (07)
  • Innovating Environmental Policy for receptors

15
4.Direction
  • Active roles in international cooperation for
    addressing Environmental health issues, esp. in
    Asia-Pacific
  • Hosting the Conference of Environment Health
    in Asia (May.7, 2007)
  • Topics Air, Water quality, Waste, Hazardous
    chemicals, Climate change, Environmental health
    emergency, etc
  • Scientific recommendations will be developed to
    be presented at the Ministers Forum
  • Active role at "The First Asian Environment and
    Health Ministers Meeting" ( Thailand, Bangkok,
    August, 2007)
  • Participating countries the ASEAN (10
    countries) Korea, Japan, China and Mongolia

16
4.Direction
  • Contribute to solving the Environmental health
    problems our Region is suffering
  • Policy/System on Air, Water quality, Waste,
    Hazardous chemicals, etc.
  • ODA fund-raising
  • Monitoring situations in each country and
    conducting a feasibility study on each field
  • Training and Sending human resources
  • Annual Ministerial Meeting, etc.

17
Thank You !
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