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LEPROSY

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eprosy is a chronic granulomatous diseases caused by Mycobacterium Leprae.It is ... Lepra in Spanish and as. Mafung Chinese and as. Raibyo in Japanese and as ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: LEPROSY


1

??? ???? ?????? ?????? Leprosy in Saudi Arabia
Supercourse
Presented by
Dr Khalid Al-Aboud Medical Director and
Consultant Dermatologist
King Faisal Hospital, Makkah,Saudi Arabia. E-mail
amoa65_at_hotmail.com
2
Background
L
eprosy is a chronic granulomatous diseases
caused by Mycobacterium Leprae.It is regarded as
public health problem because of its capacity to
cause permanent disabilities with their social
consequences of discrimination and stigma It is
of 3main types Tuberculosis, Borderline and
the Lepromatous.However, there is a neural type
which affect the nerves only.
3
Leprosy
It is also known as Hansen disease after the
scientist who discoverer the M Leprae
4
M Leprae
It is similar to M tuberculosis but
resistant to culture. It is an obligate
intracellular microbe that multiplies slowly. It
has a predilection for cooler areas of human body
(skin, peripheral nerves, nose, anterior chamber
of the eyes). It has 3 main targets peripheral
neural tissues (Schwann cells), small vessels,
and monocytes.The skin and nerves are the most
commonly affected organs.
5
Animals that may harbor the M Leprae in nature
6
Leprosy
It is known in Germany as ,Aussatz and as
Prokaza in Russia and as Lepre in French and
as Lepra in Spanish and as Mafung Chinese and
as Raibyo in Japanese and as Kushtha In Hindi
and in most Sengalese languages , it is known as
The great disease

7
Leprosy
Ways of Infection
8
Main Types of leprosy
Borderline

Tuberculoid
Lepromatous
9
Few morphologies for leprosy
Hypopigmented patches
Nerve enlargment
Nodules on the ears
Neurological deficits
10
Diagnosis of Leprosy
11
Leprosy

Approximately 83 of the leprosy cases live in 6
countries Nepal, Madagascar, Manamar, Indonesia,
and especially,India and Brazil.
12
Leprosy
in Saudi Arabia
It is known to exist in the Saudi Arabia for long
time. But, it is not a public health
problem. Ministry of Health has established the
Ibn Sina Hospital in 1963 , a specialized
hospital for leprosy, in Hada area, around 35 KM
from Jeddah.
13
Leprosy in Saudi Arabia
The prevalence of the disease decrease from 3.27
for each 100,000 in population in 1984 to 0.14
for each 100,000 in 2004. Most of the cases are
from expatriates coming from endemic areas.
14
Registered leprosy cases in Saudi Arabia from
1978-2005
Total 2542
15
Leprosy in Saudi Arabia
?
Northern boundaries
?Aljoof
Tabouk
Madinah
Riyadh
Makkah
Eastern province
Albaha
Najran
Assir
Gazan
Most affected region
16
?Reported cases of leprosy in Saudi Arabia
1984-2005
17
Reported cases of Leprosy in Saudi Arabia
1979-2005
18
Reported cases of Leprosy in Saudi Arabia from
1978-2005
19
Reported cases of leprosy in Saudi Arabia from
1995-2005 according to the nationality
20
Reported cases of leprosy in Saudis from
1995-2005 according to the sex
21
Reported cases of leprosy for non-Saudis
according to the sex
22
Reported cases of leprosy in Saudi Arabia from
1995-2005 according to the sex
23
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the
nationality
Number of cases
24
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the sex
Number of cases
25
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the
region
Number of cases
26
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the age
Number of cases
27
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the
city
28
Distribution of registered leprosy cases in
Saudi Arabia from 1995-2005 according to the age
29
Thank you
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