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Italian Nationalism

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The Kingdom of Italy was ruled by Napoleon, Naples by his brother-in-law and ... failed: The French restored Pope Pius IX; Austria regained Lombardy and Venetia ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Italian Nationalism


1
ITALIAN NATIONALISM and the creation of
united ITALY
2
The Kingdom of Italy was ruled by Napoleon,
Naples by his brother-in-law and Rome by the Pope
3
The Congress of Vienna restored the states and
old monarchies in 1815
4
Nationalism began to rise with groups like the
secret Carbonari
5
Three ideas for unification emerged Republic,
Monarchy, The Pope
6
Giuseppe Mazzini formed the Young Italy movement
in 1831 to drive out foreign rule and create a
Republic of Italy
7
King Victor Emmanuel I
The Kingdom of Sardinia became the hope of
monarchists
8
The Neo-Guelphs favored unification under the
Pope
Vincenzo Gioberti
Pope Pius IX
9
1848 Italian Nationalists rose in revolt against
state governments
10
Mazzini and Garibaldi declared the Republic of
Italy in Rome, 1848
11
The Revolutions of 1848-49 failed The French
restored Pope Pius IX Austria regained Lombardy
and Venetia
12
Count Camilo di Cavour, Prime Minister of
Sardinia, became the leader of the pragmatic
movement to unite Italy
13
Cavours goal Unite Italy under the
Constitutional Monarchy of Sardinia
14
Cavour and Sardinia allied with Napoleon III and
France to drive Austria out of Italy
15
1859 France and Sardinia drove Austria out of
Lombardy
16
Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was crowned King
of Italy, March 1861
17
Garibaldi and his Red Shirts conquered Sicily and
Naples
18
Garibaldi met Victor Emmanuel II Naples was
annexed to Italy
19
British cartoon showing the roles of Garibaldi
and King Victor Emmanuel II in uniting Italy
Right foot in the boot this time.
20
After the Seven Weeks War, 1866, Italy gained
Venetia as the ally of victorious Prussia
21
The French army remained in Italy until France
declared war on Prussia, July 1870
22
When the French withdrew, the Papal States were
annexed to the Kingdom of Italy, September 1870
23
Pope Pius IX refused to recognize the annexation
of the Papal States. He became the Prisoner of
the Vatican.
I must surrender the sword, my son, but I keep
the keys!
24
Italia Irredenta added after World War I
Italia Irredenta
Italia Irredenta
25
Italia Irredenta
Gained in World War I
Italia Irredenta
Italia Irredenta
26
Italy and the Vatican settled their differences
in the Lateran Pact of 1929.
27
Italian Nationalist Heroes
Cavour The Head
Garibaldi The Sword
MazziniThe Soul
Victor Emmanuel IIThe Sovereign
28
Summary of Italian Unification
  • Nationalism was set in motion by Napoleonic Wars
  • Congress of Vienna re-established separate
    states Austria became the dominant power
  • Piedmont-Sardinia emerged as the state to lead
    Italian unification
  • Giuseppe Mazzini was the inspiring leader of
    Italian Nationalism
  • Giuseppe Garibaldi was the untiring, dedicated
    creator of the force that created Italy
  • Camilo Benso di Cavour was the practitioner of
    realpolitik who made the practical moves
    necessary for unification Constitutional
    monarchy was the compromise
  • Uprisings, revolutions and wars in 1820, 1830,
    1848, 1859-60, 1866, 1870 and 1915-18 created the
    nation
  • Not until 1929 were Italy and the Catholic Church
    reconciled

29
The End
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