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Recreational Drugs

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Sedation, Euphoria, Increase Appetite, Mild Perceptual Disturbance, Anxiety/Panic ... Withdrawal = No, but coming down can suck. Abused = Yes, but difficult ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Recreational Drugs


1
Recreational Drugs
  • Use Misuse Abuse and Dependence

2
Too Many to Talk About
  • Focus on
  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Hallucinogens Ecstasy, LSD, Mushrooms
  • Heroin

3
(No Transcript)
4
Prevalence
  • Drug Past Year Last 30 Days
  • Marijuana 46.2 15.7
  • Cocaine 3.6 1.2
  • Amphetamines 3.6 1.5
  • Heroin .34 .10
  • LSD 3.7 .95
  • MDMA 4.7 - 24
  • 47 reported have used marijuana at least once

5
Marijuana Effects Consequences
  • Sedation, Euphoria, Increase Appetite, Mild
    Perceptual Disturbance, Anxiety/Panic
  • Dependence
  • Physiological No
  • Tolerance No
  • Withdrawal Equivocal
  • Abused Yes
  • Health Hazards Injury, Exacerbates Psychosis,
    Respiratory/Cancer??????
  • Medical Uses Cancer Tx., AIDS, MS

6
Cocaine Effects Consequences
  • Euphoria, Grandiosity, Energy, Stimulation,
    Increased Craving
  • Dependence
  • Physiological Yes ---Moderate
  • Tolerance Yes and No
  • Withdrawal Non-lethal Depression Fatigue
  • Abused Yes, easily
  • Health Hazards Injury, Exacerbates Psychosis,
    Cardio problems
  • Medical Uses Local anesthetic

7
Hallucinogens Effects and Consequences
  • Altered perception and mood, stimulation
  • Dependence
  • Physiological No
  • Tolerance No
  • Withdrawal No, but coming down can suck
  • Abused Yes, but difficult
  • Health Hazards Injury, Exacerbates Psychosis,
    Stroke
  • Medical Uses Parkinsons????

8
Heroin Effects and Consequences
  • Dependence
  • Physiological Yes, severe
  • Tolerance Yes, rapid
  • Withdrawal Yes, not lethal, but difficult
  • Abused Yes, easily
  • Health Hazards Injury,
  • Medical Uses Pain killer, but there are much
    safer ones

9
Use Misuse Abuse Dependence
  • The line between these relationships can be quite
    blurry
  • Marijuana
  • Cocaine
  • Hallucinogens
  • Heroin

10
Gateway Theory of Drug Use
  • What are the Gateway Drugs?
  • Alcohol Cigarettes
  • Marijuana
  • Difficult to tell if there are really GDs
  • Retrospective Studies
  • 1 in 1000 marjiuana users go on to use heroin
  • Host Factors Genetics Psychopathology
  • Environment Factors Access, Norms, Policy

11
In Sum
  • Everyone has a relationship w/ETOH Drugs
  • That relationship can be non-use use misuse abuse
    or dependence
  • The line can be difficult if not impossible for
    some drugs because of the DRUG
  • The line can be difficult if not impossible for
    some drugs because of the PERSON
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