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Reading/Lecture 1 Studying Texas Politics and Government

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Nation King or Aristocracy. State. Nation-State Republican Democracy ... Oligarchy/Aristocracy. Democracy. Theocracy. Democracy Classic to Republican ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Reading/Lecture 1 Studying Texas Politics and Government


1
Reading/Lecture 1 Studying Texas Politics and
Government
  • Topical Scenario On Campus
  • Political Vocabulary
  • Politics and Government
  • Political Values
  • Individualism
  • Liberty
  • Equality
  • Democracy
  • Constitutionalism

2
Topical Scenario
  • Why do I have to take Texas Government?
  • 41st Texas Legislature made courses in the Texas
    and US Constitutions a law in 1929.
  • Applies only to state schools.
  • Differing interpretations.

3
The Political Society
  • No rules or laws are needed in the state of
    nature. (As society developed so did politics and
    government.)
  • Family Egalitarian
  • Clan
  • Tribe Chief or
    Elders
  • Nation King or
    Aristocracy
  • State
  • Nation-State Republican Democracy
  • The political systems created to impose rules
    have varied throughout history.

4
Politics
  • Politics is the authoritative allocation of
    values for a society.
  • Values are both material and non material in
    nature.
  • Values are limited which creates a competitive
    distribution system.
  • Sociology definition - the social institution
    that distributes power, sets a societys agenda,
    and makes decisions.

5
Government
  • Government is the institutions and processes that
    make public policy for a society.
  • Institutions are the structures making the
    decisions and rules.
  • Process is how the decisions are made.
  • Policy is a decision made by a government.
  • Sociology definition - a formal organization that
    directs the political life of a society.

6
Forms of Government
  • Autocracy
  • Oligarchy/Aristocracy
  • Democracy
  • Theocracy

7
Democracy Classic to Republican
  • The concept of self-government was discussed by
    the ancient Greeks but fell out of favor.
  • The Roman Republic
  • Democratic theory was revived in the United
    States in the 1780s.
  • Representative democracy was believed to be the
    only viable form of democracy for the United
    States.
  • The presidential campaign is democracy in action.

8
Democracy
  • Democracy is how a government makes decision.
  • Who participates and with how much weight is also
    critical.
  • Conditions for Democracy
  • Political Equality
  • Fundamental Rights (Nontyranny)
  • Participation - Available and used
  • Deliberation - Open discussion

9
(No Transcript)
10
Models of Democracy
  • Classical - individual citizens participates in
    process.
  • Republican a representative selected to speak
    for selected constituency within government.
  • Majoritarian - Majority rules. There is political
    equality, centralize power in a single executive.
  • Pluralistic - emphasis on minority rights. Power
    is dispersed in groups with decentralized
    authority and processes.
  • Elitism a small group of wealthy individuals or
    organizations control politics and government.

11
How Do Governments Govern?
  • Constitutional
  • Authoritarian
  • Totalitarian

12
Core Ideals American Creed and Texas Creed
  • Individualism
  • Liberty
  • Equality
  • Constitutionalism
  • Democracy

13
Liberty
  • Freedom to pursue personal goals without undo
    government restrictions.
  • The regulation of individual activity and
    taxation are often cited as violations of
    individual liberty.
  • These were rights that the defenders of the Alamo
    gave their lives to protect.

14
Equality
  • Political, economic and social equality.
  • Slavery, segregation, racial and ethnic
    discrimination, and poverty demonstrate our lack
    of success in achieving equality.
  • Equal opportunity or regulated equality?

15
Democracy
  • Rule by the citizens of a state.
  • American political knowledge and activity is
    surprisingly low, despite the fact that more
    Americans are permitted to vote and political
    activity is encouraged.

16
Constitutionalism
  • The fundamental law of the land.
  • Cannot be easily changed.
  • Has consent of governed.
  • Provides structure for power distribution and
    policy discussion.

17
InteractionCore Ideals - Institutions
  • Individualism
    Politics
  • Liberty
  • Equality
  • Constitutionalism Government
  • Democracy
  • Other Family Religion
  • Types of Institutions Education
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