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Title: NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE


1
NATIONAL CONFERENCE ON AGRICULTURE FOR RABI
CAMPAIGN - 2008
M I Z O R A M
2

Area 21,087
Sqkm Population 8.88,573
(2001 census) Population density
42 person/Sq Km No of Administrative
District 8 Nos No of Jhumia families
94,633Nos Agril Labour
27,494 Nos No of Cultivators
2,45,161Nos Cropping Intensity
125 Potential WRC Area Available 50,476Ha
Area under Rice 34,965
Ha Fertilizers consumption
70.031kg/Ha Pesticides consumption
0.07 Kg/Ha ( a.i ) Principal Crops
Rice, Maize, Rice bean Soybean
, Sesamum
MIZORAM AT A GLANCE
3
AGROCLIMATIC ZONE ISOHYTALS MAP
HUMID SUB- TROPICAL HILL
HUMID TEMP SUB-ALPINE
HUMID MILD TROPICAL ZONE
RAINFALL
3000 - 3500mm
2500 - 3000mm
2000 - 2500mm
4
I. KHARIF ASSESMENT OF AREA AND PRODUCTION.
Sl No Name of crops Kharif Kharif Kharif Kharif
Sl No Name of crops 2007-2008 (Actual) 2007-2008 (Actual) 2008-2009 (Targetted) 2008-2009 (Targetted)
Sl No Name of crops Area( 000 Ha) Production ( 000 MT) Area( 000 Ha) Production( 000 MT)
I CEREALS
Rice 54,541 10,850 49.00 75.46
Maize 7,153 0.506 10.55 19.85
Total Cereals 45.464 23.763 59.55 95.31
II PULSES
Tur (Arhar) 0.195 0.073 0.060 0.068
Rice Bean 1,346 0.338 0.071 0.074
Other Pulses 2.480 0.800 2.00 2.604
Total Food grains 47.732 27.056 2.131 2.746
III OILSEEDS
Sesamum 1.719 0.336 0.674 0.540
Soybean 1.679 0.336 2.01 2.00
IV COMMERCIAL CROPS
Sugarcane 0.883 0.828 2.16 4.75
Cotton (in bale) 0.87 11.00 0.98 13.00
  • A shortfall of cultivation areas and production
    of foodgrains over last year is anticipated due
    to rodent
  • outbreak under the influence of gregarious
    bamboo flowering.

5
RABI PROSPECTS OF AREA AND PRODUCTION.
Sl No Name of crops Rabi Rabi Rabi Rabi
Sl No Name of crops 2007-2008 (Actual) 2007-2008 (Actual) 2008-2009 (Targetted) 2008-2009 (Targetted)
Sl No Name of crops Area( 000 Ha) Production ( 000 MT) Area( 000 Ha) Production( 000 MT)
I CEREALS
Rice 5.159 8.404 2.230 3.791
Maize 1.749 4.669 0.950 2.470
Total Cereals 6.908 13.073 3.180 6.261
II PULSES
Other Pulses 1.49 4.667 1.55 4.340
Total Pulses 1.49 4.667 1.55 4.340
Total Food grains 8.398 17.74 4.730 10.601
III OILSEEDS
Rape and Mustard 1.579 0.868 1.485 0.861
Sesamum 0.338 0.327 0.450 0.427
Total Oilseeds 1.917 1.195 1.935 1.288
Grand Total 10.315 18.935 6.665 11.880
6
II. National Food Security Mission.
The Mission aims at increasing production of
rice, wheat and pulses through area expansion
and productivity enhancement restoring soil
fertility and productivity Creating employment
opportunities and enhancing farm level economy to
restore Confidence of farmers of targetted
districts
  • Mizoram where the stable food is rice is being
    excluded, and Government may
  • reconsider inclusion of atleast two districts
    of the major rice growing in Mizoram
  • such as Kolasib and Serchhip under NFSM
    Rice.
  • Pulses cultivation in winter is encouraging
    for providing not only additional income
  • but also provide food security to small and
    marginal farmers. Moreover, Mizoram
  • is excluded on pulses programme of ISOPOM,
    at least two districts of the pulses
  • growing viz Champhai and Mamit may be
    included under NFSM-Pulses.

7
III. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yogana ( RKVY )
Percentage share of agriculture allied sector
in a State Plan since 2003-04 to 2008-09.
A percentage share of expenditure by agri.
allied sector in a State Plan was 10.13 in
2003-04, 10.99 in 2004-05, 10.61 in 2005-06,
10.01 in 2006-07, 9.18 in 2007-08 (revised)
and 7.84 sectoral allocation during 2008-09.
State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC).
A State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC)
was constituted on the 5th Deccember, 2007 under
the Chairmanship of Chief Secretary and the
Director of Agriculture as a Member Secretary
vide No.23015/1/2007-AGR, Dt. 5.12.07
  • District Agriculture Plan (DAP).

ATMA Districts were identified as a
District Level Agency to formulate the District
Agriculture Plan (DAP) vide No.23015/1/2007-AGR,
Dt 21.2.08. All District Agril Officers attend
training programme on District Agricultural
Planning under RKVY at National Institute of
Rural Development, Hyderabad.
8
Yearwise share of expenditure and allocation in
Agri. Allied Sector in a State Plan
Year Total expenditure Total expenditure expenditure in Agri. allied sectors
Year Agri. allied sectors State plan expenditure in Agri. allied sectors
Year Agri. allied sectors State plan expenditure in Agri. allied sectors
2003-04 5584.25 55099.72 10.13
2004-05 6047.09 55034.01 10.99
2005-06 7346.24 69264.44 10.61
2006-07 7238.90 (revised) 75800.00 9.55
2007-08 7800.00 (revised) 85000.00 9.18  
2008-09 7842.00 100000.00 7.84
2008-09 10300.00 100000.00 10.3
  • Notional allocation of 4.29 crores for Mizoram,
    Govrnment of Mizoram is requested to
  • increase plan allocation to make up 10.3

9
(No Transcript)
10
IV. Extension
  • Identified Nodal Officer (ATMA)
    Director of Agriculture
  • Identified ATMA District 8 Nos (viz. Aizawl ,
    Kolasib, Lunglei
  • Champhai, Mamit, Saiha, Lawngtlai
    Serchhip.)
  • Formation of Committee i. Inter Department
    Working Group
  • and Notification ii. ATMA Governing Body
  • iii. ATMA Management Committee.
  • Mizoram Agricultural Management and Extension
    Training Society.(SAMETI)
  • have been registered under Society Act on
    6.12.2005 bearing No.SR/MZ-113
  • of 2005-06.
  • During 2007-08 additional four numbers of ATMA
    districts were approved
  • ( viz Lawngtlai, Saiha, Mamit Serchhip)and
    SEWPS for new ATMA district submitted
  • Approve allocation for 2007-08 as per SEWP
    Rs.177.23 lacs and sanction amount is
  • Rs.36.75 lacs.
  • Farmers- to- farmers extension support within the
    village would be promoted.

11
Promoting/Strengthening Agricultural Information
System
AGRISNET
  • Rs. 127.00 lacs have been sanctioned for
    four ATMA districts
  • System Software, Hardware and Networking
  • being implemented for four ATMA
    districts. viz. Aizawl , Kolasib, Lunglei
  • Champhai)
  • Application Software development in
    progress by NIC Mizoram.
  • Proposal for covering the other four ATMA
    districts Mamit, Saiha, Lawngtlai
  • Serchhip submitted to Government.

12
ACTION PLAN FOR KHARIF 2008
Preplementing Agency Training Training Training Demonstration Demonstration Exposure visit Exposure visit Exposure visit Framers Scientist interaction Exhibition/ Melas Remarks
Inter state Within state Within District Agric- Allied Inter state Within state Within District Framers Scientist interaction Exhibition/ Melas Remarks
Aizawl District 3 4 4 30 43 3 3 4 1 1
Lunglei District 2 3 3 50 65 2 2 2 1 1
Kolasib District - 2 4 15 30 1 1 1 1 1
Champhai District 2 2 3 30 80 2 2 3 1 1
Mamit District - 2 3 45 60 2 2 2 1 -
Serchhip District 1 2 2 20 50 1 - 2 1 1
Lawngtlai District 1 1 1 20 40 1 2 2 - -
Saiha District 2 3 3 40 65 - 2 2 - -
TOTAL 11 19 23 250 435 12 14 18 6 5
13
Implementation of SEWP 2007 2008
Sl.No Activities Aizawl Aizawl Lunglei Lunglei Champhai Champhai Kolasib Kolasib
Phy achievement Financial achievement Physical achieve- ment Financial achievement Physical achieve- ment Fin achieve- ment Physical achievement Fin achieve- ment
B.2 Training of Farmers
a) Inter-state
b) Within state 6 96,000 5 Nos 80,000 2 Nos 32,250
c) Within district 30 20.00 43 3,65,500 46 Nos 3,91,000 63 Nos 5,34,375
B.3 Organizing Demonstrations 100 1.00 16 2,80,000 74 Units 2,04,000
B.4 Exposure visits of farmers with maximum duration of ten days travel time.
Inter state 2 1,00,000 2 80,000 1 27,960
Within state 3 0.75 1 15,000 2 30,000 1 50,000
Within District 2 50,000
14
B.5 Mobilization of Farmers Groups FIG /WIG/FOs/COs/FCs 10 50,000
Their Capacity building, skill development and support services 2,30,000 2.00
Seed money/revolving funds 1,00,000 10 1,00,000 2.50
B.6 Rewards/ incentives to best organized groups representing different enterprises (5 groups) 5 1,00,000 1.00
B.7 Farmer Awards- best farmers representing different enterprises. Block level 40 1,00,000 1.50
15
B.8 District level exhibition/ kisan melas/ fruit/ vegetable shows 1 1,00,000 2 2,36,000 2 2,00,000 1 2,36,425
B.9 Farm Information Dissemination through printed leaflets, etc. and advertisement LS 1.20 LS 36,000 LS 1,40,000
B10 Development of technology package on electronic form to be shared through IT network LS 1,00,000
B11 Farmer-Scientist Interaction at Dist. level (25 farmers for 2 days) 2 30,000
B.12 Organization of Field Days and Kisan Goshties (1per block) 2 30,000 1 1,20,100
B.13 Assessment, Refinement, Validation and Adoption of Frontline Technologies Researchable issues through KVKs and other local Research Centres
16
B.14 Establishment of ATMA like Institutions
Recurring
TA/DA 56000 1,00,000 80,000
Operational Expenses for district level 73500 1,54,000 1,40,000 27,000
Operational expenses exclusively for block level
Hiring of vehicle/POL 58,000 1,00,000 21,000
Non-Recurring
Equipment 1,70,000
Civil works and refurnishing of ATMA Office
B.15 Establishment of Block level farm Information and Advisory Centres
Providing IT application for effective connectivity
17
V. SEEDS
  • Seed Replacement Rate 2007-08
    2008 - 2009
  • Paddy 11.62 12.87
  • Maize 51.44 28.82
  • Mustard 48.55 85
  • Availability during Rabi 2008- 09
  • Paddy 1600 Qtls
  • Maize 2750 Qtls
  • Mustard(M-27) 150 Qtls
  • Field Pea 80 Qtls
  • Rajmah 28 Qtls
  • Treatments 4765 Qtls of certified seeds ( 85)
    will be procure from NSC and
  • other state seed firms and remaining 465
    Qtls will be from farm saved seeds.
  • Treatment for farm saved seeds will be initiated
    from MMA or state effort.
  • State initiated for self sufficiency in certified
    seed production Notification of

18
VI. Agriculture Marketing
The Mizoram APMC Acts passed by Mizoram Assembly
on last budget session ( ie March 2008) .
19
VII. Fertilizers
  • Due to hilly terrain, cultivation area is
    limited and consumption of fertilizers
  • is 70.031Kg/Ha.
  • Total Cultivation area 71,792 Ha ( all crops)
  • Jhum Area 44,947 Ha
  • WRC Area 9,594 Ha
  • Area Under Fertilizers consumption (71,793
    44,947) 26,845 Ha
  • Fertilizers (NPK) consumption during Kharif
    2007-08 1880 MT
  • Average Fertilizer consumption 70.031 kg/Ha.


20
  • Fertilizers requirement will be met by
    strengthening outlets in each districts .
    Retailed outlet at village level will be open
    through Private firms.
  • 24 Nos of Vermiculture Hatchery Units will be
    established to strengthen production of
    Vermi-Compost
  • Strengthening of Testing
    Laboratories up to Micro nutrients.
  • Bio-Fertilizers unit with 50 Ton per
    annum capacity have been established

21
VIII. Best Practices Adopted by the State
Oil Palm Cultivation in Mizoram
  • In order to decrease the area under jhum
    cultivation, major thrust is given on
  • Oil Palm cultivation under ISOPOM where the
    net revenue returns per hectares
  • tends to be higher
  • A high Level Working Group constituted by
    government of India under the
  • Chairmanship of Dr. K.L. Chadha have
    identified 61,000 Ha. (approx) potential
  • area for Oil Palm cultivation in Mizoram.
  • At present, the seven District are selected
    for cultivation of Oil Palm.
  • During the Xth Plan, about 850 Ha have been
    put under cultivation out of the
  • targetted 1350 Ha.
  • During XIth Plan, 29,650 Ha have been
    targetted.
  • Rs. 721.9745 lacs including Rs. 560.179 lacs
    of central share and
  • Rs. 161.7955 lacs as state share have been
    approved for 2007-08 with
  • a target area of 3500 Ha.

22
Allocation of funds
YEAR CENTRAL STATE TOTAL
2004-05 107.00 - 107.00
2005-06 90.00 87.39 177.39
2006-07 102.87 45.00 147.87
2007-08 560.179 161.7955 721.9745
Present Position of Seedling and Area to be
Covered 2008-09
Sl.No Name of Companies District No of Seedling at Nursery for 2008-09 (Nos) Area to be covered (Ha)
1 Godrej Agrovet Ltd Kolasib, Mamit 3,41,000 2,000
2 Ruchi Soya Industries Ltd Lunglei 50,000 300
3. Food Fats Fertilizer Serchhip 47,000 300
4 Eco-First Lawngtlai ---- ------
TOTAL 4,38,000 2,600
23
Projected Year Wise Phasing of Oil Palm
cultivation during XIth Plan in Mizoram
Year Proposed Area to be Covered (Ha)
2007-08 3500 Ha. 29,650 Ha during 11th Plan
2008-09 6500 Ha. 29,650 Ha during 11th Plan
2009-10 6500 Ha. 29,650 Ha during 11th Plan
2010-11 6500 Ha. 29,650 Ha during 11th Plan
2011-12 6500 Ha. 29,650 Ha during 11th Plan
MoU have been made for promotion, development and
buy back with the following firms/ Companies
Sl. No Name of companies Area of operation
1 Ruchi Soya Industries Lunglei District
2 Foods Fats Fertilisers Ltd. Aizawl, Serchhip Saiha
3 Ecofirst Agro India Pvt. Ltd. Lawngtlai District
4. Godrej Agrovet Ltd. Kolasib Mamit Districts
TOTAL TOTAL 3380 Ha.
24
ORGANIC FARMING IN MIZORAM
  • ACHIEVEMENTS-
  • 1. State level Committee on Organic Farming was
    formed during June 2007.
  • 2. Organic Cell was formed at Directorate of
    Agriculture Ground Floor during Nov. 2006.
  • All the Departmental Farms have been converted
    into model Organic Farms.
  • Field demonstrations
  • Certifying Agency SGS India Ltd. (Certifying
    Agency), Gurgoan, Haryana have been
  • engaged for MOF Certification.
  • The Dept. participated in India Organic 2006
    organised by ICCOA at Bangalore
  • during November, 2006.
  • Farmers Training cum Method Demonstration on
    BD/EM Composting were conducted
  • SERVICE PROVIDERS Seven (7) nos. of Service
    Providers are being engaged to look after
  • Internal Control System (ICS) of various
    Organic Farmers Groups.
  • 9. VERMICULTURE The Department have
    established 25 Nos. of Vermiculture Hatcheries
  • 10. ORGANIC MARKET DEVELOPMENT To motivate and
    encourage the organic farmers,
  • and also to arouse awareness, Market Outlet
    have been established.
  • 11. FRUITS/VEGETABLES WASTES COMPOST UNITS For
    Composting of Fruits and
  • Vegetables Wastes, Composting Units have
    been established
  • 12. INCENTIVE PURCHASE OF ORGANIC
    MANURES/VERMI-COMPOST FROM THE ASSISTED

25
Production of Vermi-Compost
Training on Vermi-Composting
Training on Azolla
26
IX. Any other issues of Importance
RODENT CONTROL IN MIZORAM
    The problem of rodents in Mizoram
is not new. A periodic rodent outbreak,
which coincides with bamboo flowering is being
experienced in Mizoram since 1881. The
bamboo species that involves in rodent
outbreak were Mautak ( Melocanna baccifera )
and Rawthing (Bambusa tulda).   Based upon the
relevant facts, the experts in Indian
Council of Agricultural Research ( ICAR ),
New Delhi had forewarned that in 2006 -
2008 AD, the gregarious flowering of Melocanna
baccifera i.e. Mautam, is expected again.
The Government of Mizoram set up a State
Level Committee on Rodent Control under the
chairmanship of the Secretary of
Agriculture , Government of Mizoram. The
Directorate of Agriculture , Mizoram is
appointed as the State Nodal Agency for
Rodent Control.
27
The State Level Committee on Rodent Control
undertake the following components to combat the
coming expected rodent outbreaks, and it is being
implemented in the State.
  • 1. Survey of bamboo flowering areas.
  • 2. Survey of rodent incidence and their
    population.
  • 3. Publicity, awareness campaign and training.
  • 4. Eradication by local rattraps.
  •  5. Purchase of rodenticides and free
    distribution to the needy farmers.
  • State Level Committee on Rodent control
    recommended to form
  • District level , Sub-Division level, Circle
    level and up to village level committee, which is
    in progress.


28
DAMAGE BY RODENT FOR 2008 (AS ON 24TH JULY,
2008)
Sl.No. Name of District Actual cultivated area Actual cultivated area Estimated of damage done by rodents/insect pests Estimated of damage done by rodents/insect pests No. of affected farmers No. of affected farmers
Sl.No. Name of District WRC JHUM WRC JHUM WRC JHUM
1. Aizawl 535 ha. 8758 ha. 1 20 1 No. 4865 nos.
2. Lunglei 405 ha. 7467 ha. 58.68 51.86 198 nos. 7558 nos.
3. Mamit 868 ha. 7837 ha. Nil 5 Nil 7614 nos.
4. Kolasib 3450 ha. 3842 ha. 5 10 Nil 614 nos.
5. Saiha 579 ha. 2419 ha. Nil 45 Nil 2326 nos.
6. Champhai 1102.3 ha. 5589 ha. 0.8 16.3 20 nos. 2975 nos.
7. Serchhip 1485 ha. 4608 ha. Nil 25 Nil 3490 nos.
8. Lawngtlai 724 ha. 5980 ha. Nil 18.2 Nil 950 nos.
Total 9148.3 ha. 46500 ha. 219 nos. 30392 nos.
29
REQUIREMENT OF RODENTICIDES FOR 2008-2009.
(MIZORAM) ------
Sl. No Name of District Requirement of Rodenticides (in kg) Requirement of Rodenticides (in kg) Requirement of Rodenticides (in kg) Requirement of Rodenticides (in kg)
Sl. No Name of District Zinc Phosphide Bromodiolone Cake Bromodiolone Concentrate Celphos
1. Aizawl 200 50 150 150
2. Lunglei 100 100 100 100
3. Mamit 1,114 3,525 - 30
4. Kolasib 100 200 100 50
5. Saiha - - 25 -
6. Champhai 500 200 100 60
7. Serchhip 81.98 1,543 79.14 155
8. Lawngtlai 30 50 - -
TOTAL 2125.98 5668.0 554.14 545.0
Financial Involvement _at_ Rs. 1,100/- per kg Rs.23,38,578/- _at_ Rs. 200/- per kg Rs.11,33,600/- _at_ Rs. 1,400/- per kg Rs.7,75,196/- _at_ Rs. 1,400/- per kg Rs.7,63,000/-
30
linear trap barrier fencing
Sl.No. Name of District Area to be covered Rate Amount
1 Aizawl 7 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 52,500.00
2 Lunglei 7 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 52,500.00
3 Mamit 7 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 52,500.00
4 Kolasib 7 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 52,500.00
5 Champhai 5 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 37,500.00
6 Lawngtlai 6 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 45,000.00
7 Serchhip 6 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 45,000.00
8 Saiha 5 ha. Rs. 7,500/- per ha Rs. 37,500.00
TOTAL 50 Ha Rs.3,75,000.00
31
MAP OF RODENT INCIDENCE DURING 2007-08 IN MIZORAM
Incidence of Rodents measure in scale of
Low - 0-25 Borrows/Ha Moderate -
25-50 Borrows/Ha Severe - above 50
Barrows/Ha
LOW MODERATE SEVERE
32
SPORADIC FLOWERING OF MELOCANNA BACCIFERA DURING
2006 2007
SPORADIC FLOWERING AREA 2006
SPORADIC FLOWERING AREA 2007
33
Training on preparation of poison baits
34
Follow up of 53rd NDC resolution on Agriculture
  • Areas identified for RKVY - ACA in Crop Husbandry
    sector are outlined as under
  • Provision for Agriculture census
    Socio-Economics land holding etc.
  • Village level resource mapping through GIS
    techniques
  • Provision for infrastructure creations - On
    farm development viz land leveling, shaping,
  • drainage, field channel etc.
  • Enhancement of food grain production and
    productivity by area expansion and judicious
  • use of Agricultural chemicals, bio - agents
    etc.
  • Creation of more irrigation potential.
  • Extensive Seed production programme through
    Registered Producers/ Private
  • Producers, etc.
  • Provision for strengthening of Seed testing
    laboratory, establishment of Seed Processing
  • Unit and storage facilities in each of the
    eight Districts.

35
  • Farm mechanization and post harvest
    technology.
  • Amelioration of Acid soils, fertility mapping
    and improvement of soil health.
  • Cash crop development with special focus on
    Sugarcane, Potato, Ginger and
  • Turmeric.
  • Strengthening of existing of Soil testing
    laboratory for providing Micro nutrient
  • testing facilities, establishment of
    Bio-Control Laboratory in each of the eight
    Districts.
  • Provision for construction and Improvement of
    rural connectivity (major crop growing
  • areas to be connected with all weather
    metalled roads) for smooth movement of
  • marketable surpluses and agricultural inputs.
  • Promotion of Integrated farming system
    approach such as Horticulture, Livestock
  • and Fishery sector in the farming operation.
  • Revitalization of Extension services with
    focus on market led extension
  • Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) in
    production to processing/packaging and marketing.

36
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