EC5200 Research Methods Lecture 3 Data for Research - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: EC5200 Research Methods Lecture 3 Data for Research


1
EC5200 Research MethodsLecture 3Data for
Research
  • Prof Peter Dolton
  • Room H309
  • Office hours Wed 1200-1300, Thurs 1500-1600
  • ? peter.dolton_at_rhul.ac.uk ? 01784 443378

Slides and handouts available at
http//moodle.rhul.ac.uk/
2
Data Types
  • Cross Section different units (households,
    countries, states etc) at the same point in time.
  • Time Series same unit over time (years,
    quarters, months etc)
  • Longitudinal/Panel same obs at different points
    in time at least 2.
  • May involve admin data merging
  • Main feature of (prospective) Longitudinal data
    is that allows us to track change and development.

3
What is a Good Data set?
  • Depends on
  • Question you want to answer.
  • Types of data cross section, time series,
    panel data.
  • Availability of Sources
  • Econometric considerations sample size issues
    min of 40 obs for time series to test
    stationarity. min of 200 or so for cross
    section.
  • Availability of Controls/Regressors

4
How do I get Data?
  • Either
  • Electronically from source.
  • Input it from available published data books
  • Courtesy of Advisor?!?!?! LUCKY YOU
  • Own Survey Be very careful with this!!!!

5
I will focus on Electronic Sources in this
lecture.
6
Useful general sources of data
  • These slides are best to start you off.
  • The WWW is the best place to look
  • Best one-stop site for links
  • Economics Learning and Teaching Support Network
    (LTSN)
  • Am Stat Assoc Data-Links
  • Bill Goffes Resources for Economists on the
    Internet
  • provides good links to US data and many other
    things besides.
  • Use Google

7
Sources of data MetaLib
  • Library resources
  • MetaLib website gives good advice and guidance
    on accessing electronic databases. To use you
    will need your library barcode number and your
    library PIN. Through this service you can get
    access to LOADS of data and downloads for free.
    E.g. ATHENS
  • MetaLib demo on finding resources also drop-in
    sessions and information sheet.

8
Understanding data
  • You will be expected to show an understanding of
    the limitations and weaknesses of the data.
  • An excellent book on survey data use is A.S.
    Deaton
  • development (especially World Bank's own LSMS
    data)
  • Always find out your data has been constructed
  • See ONS for guides, themes, and Virtual
    bookshelf
  • Check the questionnaire and the question
    routing
  • READ THE DOCUMENTATION
  • But the best way to understand your data is to
  • Graph it .graph x
  • Tab it .tab x
  • Crosstab it .tab x y

9
UK data - look here first
  • ONS
  • try their NAVIData facility for simple time
    series data series (guide)
  • or visit the ESDS (Data Archive) for a bespoke
    service.
  • Neighbourhood Statistics and lots more
  • Question Bank
  • Surrey search engine for survey datasets
  • Data Archive
  • has a great engine for searching their extensive
    archives
  • DA and MIMAS now merged into ESDS
  • NESSTAR service
  • Some datasets can be accessed directly on-line
  • allows you to browse through the contents of the
    main surveys
  • download your own customised datasets in your
    chosen format.
  • CASWEB service
  • Census Area Statistics on the WEB

10
UK data - look here first
  • The Labour Force Survey
  • UK Data Archive

11
Registering on UKDA/ESDS
  • You dont have to login or register to browse
  • Athens usually works at ESDS. Use the link that
    appears in the purple box right on every ESDS
    page
  • If yours doesnt work see Athens help on the ESDS
    web site.

12
Using UKDA/ESDS
  • You can find datasets using
  • Search catalogue
  • Major studies
  • Geographic focus.
  • Download/order to add the datasets to your
    shopping basket
  • At this point you HAVE to login to Athens via
    MetaLib
  • Register a new use of data.
  • Give a brief description of how you intend to use
    the data
  • Download, request for download, request on CD.

13
UK government sources
  • Government departments
  • Here are just a few
  • DWP (ASD)
  • Lots of admin statistics caseloads of JSA etc
  • Tax credits (and child benefit) has transferred
    to HMRC)
  • FRS - Family Resources Survey
  • FaCS - Family and Children Survey
  • Dept for Children Schools and Families/
    Department for Innovation, Universities and
    Skills (Statistics)
  • League tables, absences, free school meals,
    HEFCE, etc
  • Home Office (RDS)
  • Motoring offences, firearm use, immigration,
    British Crime Survey.
  • Digest 4
  • One hundred years of crime

14
US data look here first
  • Freedom of Information Act
  • "public use" datasets available without
    restriction just click
  • make sure its what you want,
  • that you have somewhere to store it
  • and that you're not paying for the connection
    before you click!
  • The US Data Archive is ICPSR
  • DAS - their equivalent to the NESSTAR
  • Does data analysis (including quite sophisticated
    stuff) on-line.
  • Fed Stats gateway to US government statistics
  • US government agencies
  • usually have a www.xxxx.gov address where xxxx is
    something obvious - like FBI.
  • RFE

15
US data look here first
  • NBER
  • http//www.nber.org/data/
  • STERN Business School
  • University of Michigan Library

16
US Census Bureau
  • The Census Bureau is the best place to find links
    to US statistics.
  • Survey datasets can be downloaded
  • go for public use files since these are freely
    available without registration procedures

17
EU data look here first
  • A clickable map of data archives around the EU
    and elsewhere can be found at the Data Archive.
  • A number of EU wide (and beyond) datasets can be
    found here too.
  • ECB where their Monthly Bulletin data can be
    downloaded
  • in old-fashioned .csv format that Excel and some
    statistics packages can read
  • EUROSTAT official EU statistics agency
  • Much improved
  • Check out the EU DGs for specific topics
  • Start with Europa

18
Anywhere else look here first
  • A worldwide guide to data archives can be found
    in Norway
  • CESSDA (the Council of Europe Social Science Data
    Archives).
  • Most foreign archive sites have (sometimes
    limited) English language versions.
  • ESDS is on the case
  • Besides UK time-series
  • OECD Main Economic Indicators, Eurobarometer,
    European Social Survey, ISSP, and many many more

19
International agencies
  • International agencies often have data in the own
    specialised areas
  • World Bank - LSMS surveys of poverty and more.
  • IMF hosts the World Economic Outlook databases
    and much much more.
  • OECD has lots of cross country data on education,
    health and several other subjects.
  • UNESCO has a huge site
  • ILO specialises in labour issues .
  • IZA Labour market data

20
Warning
  • Almost all data is available electronically
  • But putting together your own data from the
    original sample surveys can be very hard work
  • STATA format selected datasets for illustrative
    purposes can be accessed via your N drive
  • highly selected datasets that have only a subset
    of the variables and cases available so they may
    not be directly suitable for your problem
  • Moreover, even if the data is nicely rectangular
    it will still need lots of understanding
  • Even simple time series data will require some
    understanding
  • Rebasing, definition changes ..
  • Work methodically
  • keep log and command files
  • Keep backups

21
Many time series available
  • General UK from ESDS and ONS
  • Get Search NS information first
  • ONS
  • See Contents of Time Series Data
  • Download NAVIDATA
  • Or download text files
  • Attend the hands-on training session
  • Monetary data from Bank of England
  • Online Statistical Interactive Database and links
  • OECD data from ESDS
  • Get OECD MEI information first
  • then access via ESDSs Beyond 20/20 interface
  • Attend the hands-on training session

22
Many time series available
  • Macroeconomics Data for many countries
  • eco5 - Research for Business and Economics -
    Historical Economic Data

23
Many survey datasets
  • We next examine some example data on themes
  • General, Labour market, Finance, Travel, Health,
    Crime .
  • Much of this data is freely available at the Data
    Archive and elsewhere
  • See Question Bank at Surrey
  • WARNING Most survey datasets are large.
  • Make sure you have space to store it.
  • See me if you need large temporary diskspace
  • Make sure you have the memory to load it into RAM
    for analysis
  • Many campus PCs have CD writers
  • Only XP PCs have USB support
  • Most are 256mb or higher
  • It MAY be better to download a subset of the data
  • Think VERY CAREFULLY about what data you need
    before you act

24
Replication Studies.
  • Journal of Econometrics Website
  • Economic Journal Data Website
  • Journal of Applied Econometrics.
  • Other link websites JAE

25
GHS - General Household Survey
  • Annual (since the early 60s except 96 and 99) .
  • Details of content at ONS and QB at Surrey
  • Many official uses.
  • Around 10k households a year.
  • Revamped in 2000
  • Income, labour market status, education and much
    more every year.
  • Some questions rotate alternate years smoking,
    health, etc.
  • Each year also features a specific topic
  • caring for the elderly, contraceptive practice,
    leisure activities, social capital, etc. feature
    only now and again.
  • Annual report (Living in Britain) downloadable
    from ONS
  • See Appendix (G) to Annual Reports (Library or
    online) for variables list
  • NI version called CHS (it includes religion as
    well as the usual GHS questions).

26
FES - Family Expenditure Surveys
  • Annual (since the early 60s) but most easily
    obtainable (and mostly comparable) since 1978.
  • Details at ONS . Data Archive keep the data.
  • Around 7k households a year.
  • Data is UK. Covers incomes, labour market status,
    and extremely detailed expenditure patterns.
  • Internet shopping, use of credit cards
  • Very stable over time (but take care with the
    definitions of a few variables like marital
    status).
  • Reinvented as Expenditure and Food Survey in 2001
  • FES annual reports (most recently that have been
    called Family Spending in Britain).
  • There is a Northern Ireland FES (called NIFES)
    from which ONS draws a small subset to add to the
    GB FES to make it UK.

27
FRS - Family Resources Survey
  • Annual since 1993.
  • Managed by DWP. Details at QB at Surrey
  • Around 25k households a year.
  • Data is UK since 02/3, GB before that.
  • Covers very detailed incomes, labour market
    status.
  • Wealth and savings information OK.
  • Also covers childcare.
  • Used by DWP/HMT for tax/welfare modelling
  • See also IFS for history of tax/welfare system
  • Annual reports and HBAI at DWP website

28
FACS Families and children survey
  • Maintained by DWP
  • Originally the WFTC evaluation dataset
  • Before and after labour supply etc
  • All lone parents plus poor couples
  • Continued since WFTCs demise
  • Now includes non-poor couples too
  • Panel of about 8000 familiess
  • Now 5 waves available
  • Lots of work, wage, family background info
  • Plus deprivation, childcare, attitudes and
    awareness

29
LFS - Labour Force Surveys
  • Managed by ONS. See QB.
  • Every 2 years from 1984, annual since 1991, and
    rotating 5-wave quarterly panel design from 1993
  • Earnings in wave 1 collected from 1993
  • Earnings in waves 1 and 5 from 97.
  • Data is GB. Also contains education (even
    including type of degree) and employment
    information.
  • Enormous size so good for looking at minority
    groups like economics graduates, or black
    women, etc. compared to other groups like
    sociology students and white women.
  • ESDS for more details.

30
BSA - British Social Attitudes
  • Small but long running annual survey on peoples
    values
  • Brief details at ONS and QB
  • core set of questions on income (in bands),
    education etc.
  • vast variety of attitudinal questions that
    differs across years.
  • Attitudes to public good provision for example
  • BSA is the UK contribution to the ISSP (subset is
    on your N drive)
  • similar data is available for many other
    countries.
  • Possible to order all the data for many years
    from ESDS.

31
BHPS - British Household Panel Study
  • Panel data of 5000 households followed over
    time (13 years)
  • control for endogeneity - unobservable fixed
    effects .
  • extensive information about economic variables
  • lots of social background information.
  • booster samples for recent Scots and Welsh.
  • Details at QB
  • Maintained by the ISER at Essex
  • extensive details of work already carried out
    using the data.
  • 70mb of docs !
  • Data available at Data Archive
  • Also bundled by Cornell into CNEFs with GSOEP and
    the US PSID

32
NCDS National Child Development StudyBCS70
British Cohort Study 1970
  • Longitudinal study that follows people over
    their lives
  • 17k children born in a particular week in 1958
    (in 1970 for the BCS cohort)
  • interviewed at 7, 11, 16, 23, 33 (29 for BCS) and
    42 (not yet for BCS)
  • parents and teachers interviewed
  • followed up NCDS childrens own children.
  • Enormous detail on family background, education
    (including special test scores), health and the
    labour market. See QB-ncds and QB-bcs.
  • CLS at the Institute of Education have docs and
    refs -
  • and an interactive manual or pdfs you can
    download
  • Combined NCDS and BCS data is available at ESDS

33
NCDS Follow-ups
34
BCS70 Follow-ups
35
US CPS Current Population Survey
  • LFS lookalike
  • employment, unemployment, earnings, hours of
    work, age, sex, race, marital status, and
    educational attainment.
  • But monthly and goes back to 50s
  • much bigger around 50k households p.a.
  • Has range of extra variables added
  • Child support, household income, previous work
    experience, health, employee benefits, and work
    schedules
  • Available from BLS
  • Construct your own queries
  • Get the lot by FTP or use Ferret for on-line
    selection
  • Use LABSTAT on-line for time series formed from
    the CPS
  • CPS also from NBER with docs and programmes for
    merging etc
  • And for easy-peasy-CPS
  • go for MORG s on CD for 115 from NBER
  • 25k households per month for 25 years in STATA
    format

36
LSMS - Living Standard Measurement
  • World Bank poverty data
  • Many countries
  • Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Ecuador, Peru
  • Many years
  • Look very closely at documentation
  • Fill in on-line Data Agreement Form
  • Wait for email with links and password
  • Click on links to download data
  • Unzip
  • Analyse

37
Data from Books Examples
  • Anthony King British Political Opinion
    1938-2000
  • Layard, Nickell Jackman Unemployment has
    appendix of all their data.
  • Reitlinger Economics of Taste Art prices from
    1750.
  • OECD Education at a Glance
  • World Bank World Development Report Human
    Development Report

38
Data format
  • Many programmes can import non-native formats
  • xls, csv, ascii (text in free format), SAS, SPSS
  • STAT-TRANSFER
  • converts (nearly) anything to anything else
  • including PC Give and Excel - but not Eviews!
  • Programmes usually expect datasets to be
    rectangular
  • May have to use merge facilities for complex
    data - STATA
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EC5200 Research Methods Lecture 3 Data for Research

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Title: EC5200 Research Methods Lecture 3 Data for Research


1
EC5200 Research MethodsLecture 3Data for
Research
  • Prof Peter Dolton
  • Room H309
  • Office hours Wed 1200-1300, Thurs 1500-1600
  • ? peter.dolton_at_rhul.ac.uk ? 01784 443378

Slides and handouts available at
http//moodle.rhul.ac.uk/
2
Data Types
  • Cross Section different units (households,
    countries, states etc) at the same point in time.
  • Time Series same unit over time (years,
    quarters, months etc)
  • Longitudinal/Panel same obs at different points
    in time at least 2.
  • May involve admin data merging
  • Main feature of (prospective) Longitudinal data
    is that allows us to track change and development.

3
What is a Good Data set?
  • Depends on
  • Question you want to answer.
  • Types of data cross section, time series,
    panel data.
  • Availability of Sources
  • Econometric considerations sample size issues
    min of 40 obs for time series to test
    stationarity. min of 200 or so for cross
    section.
  • Availability of Controls/Regressors

4
How do I get Data?
  • Either
  • Electronically from source.
  • Input it from available published data books
  • Courtesy of Advisor?!?!?! LUCKY YOU
  • Own Survey Be very careful with this!!!!

5
I will focus on Electronic Sources in this
lecture.
6
Useful general sources of data
  • These slides are best to start you off.
  • The WWW is the best place to look
  • Best one-stop site for links
  • Economics Learning and Teaching Support Network
    (LTSN)
  • Am Stat Assoc Data-Links
  • Bill Goffes Resources for Economists on the
    Internet
  • provides good links to US data and many other
    things besides.
  • Use Google

7
Sources of data MetaLib
  • Library resources
  • MetaLib website gives good advice and guidance
    on accessing electronic databases. To use you
    will need your library barcode number and your
    library PIN. Through this service you can get
    access to LOADS of data and downloads for free.
    E.g. ATHENS
  • MetaLib demo on finding resources also drop-in
    sessions and information sheet.

8
Understanding data
  • You will be expected to show an understanding of
    the limitations and weaknesses of the data.
  • An excellent book on survey data use is A.S.
    Deaton
  • development (especially World Bank's own LSMS
    data)
  • Always find out your data has been constructed
  • See ONS for guides, themes, and Virtual
    bookshelf
  • Check the questionnaire and the question
    routing
  • READ THE DOCUMENTATION
  • But the best way to understand your data is to
  • Graph it .graph x
  • Tab it .tab x
  • Crosstab it .tab x y

9
UK data - look here first
  • ONS
  • try their NAVIData facility for simple time
    series data series (guide)
  • or visit the ESDS (Data Archive) for a bespoke
    service.
  • Neighbourhood Statistics and lots more
  • Question Bank
  • Surrey search engine for survey datasets
  • Data Archive
  • has a great engine for searching their extensive
    archives
  • DA and MIMAS now merged into ESDS
  • NESSTAR service
  • Some datasets can be accessed directly on-line
  • allows you to browse through the contents of the
    main surveys
  • download your own customised datasets in your
    chosen format.
  • CASWEB service
  • Census Area Statistics on the WEB

10
UK data - look here first
  • The Labour Force Survey
  • UK Data Archive

11
Registering on UKDA/ESDS
  • You dont have to login or register to browse
  • Athens usually works at ESDS. Use the link that
    appears in the purple box right on every ESDS
    page
  • If yours doesnt work see Athens help on the ESDS
    web site.

12
Using UKDA/ESDS
  • You can find datasets using
  • Search catalogue
  • Major studies
  • Geographic focus.
  • Download/order to add the datasets to your
    shopping basket
  • At this point you HAVE to login to Athens via
    MetaLib
  • Register a new use of data.
  • Give a brief description of how you intend to use
    the data
  • Download, request for download, request on CD.

13
UK government sources
  • Government departments
  • Here are just a few
  • DWP (ASD)
  • Lots of admin statistics caseloads of JSA etc
  • Tax credits (and child benefit) has transferred
    to HMRC)
  • FRS - Family Resources Survey
  • FaCS - Family and Children Survey
  • Dept for Children Schools and Families/
    Department for Innovation, Universities and
    Skills (Statistics)
  • League tables, absences, free school meals,
    HEFCE, etc
  • Home Office (RDS)
  • Motoring offences, firearm use, immigration,
    British Crime Survey.
  • Digest 4
  • One hundred years of crime

14
US data look here first
  • Freedom of Information Act
  • "public use" datasets available without
    restriction just click
  • make sure its what you want,
  • that you have somewhere to store it
  • and that you're not paying for the connection
    before you click!
  • The US Data Archive is ICPSR
  • DAS - their equivalent to the NESSTAR
  • Does data analysis (including quite sophisticated
    stuff) on-line.
  • Fed Stats gateway to US government statistics
  • US government agencies
  • usually have a www.xxxx.gov address where xxxx is
    something obvious - like FBI.
  • RFE

15
US data look here first
  • NBER
  • http//www.nber.org/data/
  • STERN Business School
  • University of Michigan Library

16
US Census Bureau
  • The Census Bureau is the best place to find links
    to US statistics.
  • Survey datasets can be downloaded
  • go for public use files since these are freely
    available without registration procedures

17
EU data look here first
  • A clickable map of data archives around the EU
    and elsewhere can be found at the Data Archive.
  • A number of EU wide (and beyond) datasets can be
    found here too.
  • ECB where their Monthly Bulletin data can be
    downloaded
  • in old-fashioned .csv format that Excel and some
    statistics packages can read
  • EUROSTAT official EU statistics agency
  • Much improved
  • Check out the EU DGs for specific topics
  • Start with Europa

18
Anywhere else look here first
  • A worldwide guide to data archives can be found
    in Norway
  • CESSDA (the Council of Europe Social Science Data
    Archives).
  • Most foreign archive sites have (sometimes
    limited) English language versions.
  • ESDS is on the case
  • Besides UK time-series
  • OECD Main Economic Indicators, Eurobarometer,
    European Social Survey, ISSP, and many many more

19
International agencies
  • International agencies often have data in the own
    specialised areas
  • World Bank - LSMS surveys of poverty and more.
  • IMF hosts the World Economic Outlook databases
    and much much more.
  • OECD has lots of cross country data on education,
    health and several other subjects.
  • UNESCO has a huge site
  • ILO specialises in labour issues .
  • IZA Labour market data

20
Warning
  • Almost all data is available electronically
  • But putting together your own data from the
    original sample surveys can be very hard work
  • STATA format selected datasets for illustrative
    purposes can be accessed via your N drive
  • highly selected datasets that have only a subset
    of the variables and cases available so they may
    not be directly suitable for your problem
  • Moreover, even if the data is nicely rectangular
    it will still need lots of understanding
  • Even simple time series data will require some
    understanding
  • Rebasing, definition changes ..
  • Work methodically
  • keep log and command files
  • Keep backups

21
Many time series available
  • General UK from ESDS and ONS
  • Get Search NS information first
  • ONS
  • See Contents of Time Series Data
  • Download NAVIDATA
  • Or download text files
  • Attend the hands-on training session
  • Monetary data from Bank of England
  • Online Statistical Interactive Database and links
  • OECD data from ESDS
  • Get OECD MEI information first
  • then access via ESDSs Beyond 20/20 interface
  • Attend the hands-on training session

22
Many time series available
  • Macroeconomics Data for many countries
  • eco5 - Research for Business and Economics -
    Historical Economic Data

23
Many survey datasets
  • We next examine some example data on themes
  • General, Labour market, Finance, Travel, Health,
    Crime .
  • Much of this data is freely available at the Data
    Archive and elsewhere
  • See Question Bank at Surrey
  • WARNING Most survey datasets are large.
  • Make sure you have space to store it.
  • See me if you need large temporary diskspace
  • Make sure you have the memory to load it into RAM
    for analysis
  • Many campus PCs have CD writers
  • Only XP PCs have USB support
  • Most are 256mb or higher
  • It MAY be better to download a subset of the data
  • Think VERY CAREFULLY about what data you need
    before you act

24
Replication Studies.
  • Journal of Econometrics Website
  • Economic Journal Data Website
  • Journal of Applied Econometrics.
  • Other link websites JAE

25
GHS - General Household Survey
  • Annual (since the early 60s except 96 and 99) .
  • Details of content at ONS and QB at Surrey
  • Many official uses.
  • Around 10k households a year.
  • Revamped in 2000
  • Income, labour market status, education and much
    more every year.
  • Some questions rotate alternate years smoking,
    health, etc.
  • Each year also features a specific topic
  • caring for the elderly, contraceptive practice,
    leisure activities, social capital, etc. feature
    only now and again.
  • Annual report (Living in Britain) downloadable
    from ONS
  • See Appendix (G) to Annual Reports (Library or
    online) for variables list
  • NI version called CHS (it includes religion as
    well as the usual GHS questions).

26
FES - Family Expenditure Surveys
  • Annual (since the early 60s) but most easily
    obtainable (and mostly comparable) since 1978.
  • Details at ONS . Data Archive keep the data.
  • Around 7k households a year.
  • Data is UK. Covers incomes, labour market status,
    and extremely detailed expenditure patterns.
  • Internet shopping, use of credit cards
  • Very stable over time (but take care with the
    definitions of a few variables like marital
    status).
  • Reinvented as Expenditure and Food Survey in 2001
  • FES annual reports (most recently that have been
    called Family Spending in Britain).
  • There is a Northern Ireland FES (called NIFES)
    from which ONS draws a small subset to add to the
    GB FES to make it UK.

27
FRS - Family Resources Survey
  • Annual since 1993.
  • Managed by DWP. Details at QB at Surrey
  • Around 25k households a year.
  • Data is UK since 02/3, GB before that.
  • Covers very detailed incomes, labour market
    status.
  • Wealth and savings information OK.
  • Also covers childcare.
  • Used by DWP/HMT for tax/welfare modelling
  • See also IFS for history of tax/welfare system
  • Annual reports and HBAI at DWP website

28
FACS Families and children survey
  • Maintained by DWP
  • Originally the WFTC evaluation dataset
  • Before and after labour supply etc
  • All lone parents plus poor couples
  • Continued since WFTCs demise
  • Now includes non-poor couples too
  • Panel of about 8000 familiess
  • Now 5 waves available
  • Lots of work, wage, family background info
  • Plus deprivation, childcare, attitudes and
    awareness

29
LFS - Labour Force Surveys
  • Managed by ONS. See QB.
  • Every 2 years from 1984, annual since 1991, and
    rotating 5-wave quarterly panel design from 1993
  • Earnings in wave 1 collected from 1993
  • Earnings in waves 1 and 5 from 97.
  • Data is GB. Also contains education (even
    including type of degree) and employment
    information.
  • Enormous size so good for looking at minority
    groups like economics graduates, or black
    women, etc. compared to other groups like
    sociology students and white women.
  • ESDS for more details.

30
BSA - British Social Attitudes
  • Small but long running annual survey on peoples
    values
  • Brief details at ONS and QB
  • core set of questions on income (in bands),
    education etc.
  • vast variety of attitudinal questions that
    differs across years.
  • Attitudes to public good provision for example
  • BSA is the UK contribution to the ISSP (subset is
    on your N drive)
  • similar data is available for many other
    countries.
  • Possible to order all the data for many years
    from ESDS.

31
BHPS - British Household Panel Study
  • Panel data of 5000 households followed over
    time (13 years)
  • control for endogeneity - unobservable fixed
    effects .
  • extensive information about economic variables
  • lots of social background information.
  • booster samples for recent Scots and Welsh.
  • Details at QB
  • Maintained by the ISER at Essex
  • extensive details of work already carried out
    using the data.
  • 70mb of docs !
  • Data available at Data Archive
  • Also bundled by Cornell into CNEFs with GSOEP and
    the US PSID

32
NCDS National Child Development StudyBCS70
British Cohort Study 1970
  • Longitudinal study that follows people over
    their lives
  • 17k children born in a particular week in 1958
    (in 1970 for the BCS cohort)
  • interviewed at 7, 11, 16, 23, 33 (29 for BCS) and
    42 (not yet for BCS)
  • parents and teachers interviewed
  • followed up NCDS childrens own children.
  • Enormous detail on family background, education
    (including special test scores), health and the
    labour market. See QB-ncds and QB-bcs.
  • CLS at the Institute of Education have docs and
    refs -
  • and an interactive manual or pdfs you can
    download
  • Combined NCDS and BCS data is available at ESDS

33
NCDS Follow-ups
34
BCS70 Follow-ups
35
US CPS Current Population Survey
  • LFS lookalike
  • employment, unemployment, earnings, hours of
    work, age, sex, race, marital status, and
    educational attainment.
  • But monthly and goes back to 50s
  • much bigger around 50k households p.a.
  • Has range of extra variables added
  • Child support, household income, previous work
    experience, health, employee benefits, and work
    schedules
  • Available from BLS
  • Construct your own queries
  • Get the lot by FTP or use Ferret for on-line
    selection
  • Use LABSTAT on-line for time series formed from
    the CPS
  • CPS also from NBER with docs and programmes for
    merging etc
  • And for easy-peasy-CPS
  • go for MORG s on CD for 115 from NBER
  • 25k households per month for 25 years in STATA
    format

36
LSMS - Living Standard Measurement
  • World Bank poverty data
  • Many countries
  • Cote dIvoire, Ghana, Ecuador, Peru
  • Many years
  • Look very closely at documentation
  • Fill in on-line Data Agreement Form
  • Wait for email with links and password
  • Click on links to download data
  • Unzip
  • Analyse

37
Data from Books Examples
  • Anthony King British Political Opinion
    1938-2000
  • Layard, Nickell Jackman Unemployment has
    appendix of all their data.
  • Reitlinger Economics of Taste Art prices from
    1750.
  • OECD Education at a Glance
  • World Bank World Development Report Human
    Development Report

38
Data format
  • Many programmes can import non-native formats
  • xls, csv, ascii (text in free format), SAS, SPSS
  • STAT-TRANSFER
  • converts (nearly) anything to anything else
  • including PC Give and Excel - but not Eviews!
  • Programmes usually expect datasets to be
    rectangular
  • May have to use merge facilities for complex
    data - STATA
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