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Quarterback

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... of the throwing hand and position it in the crotch of the buttocks of the center. ... The hand cannot come loose from the buttocks. ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Quarterback


1
Quarterback Drills
2
Grip Drill
  • Equipment football
  • Objective Practice adjusting the hand to hold
    the football correctly.
  • Directions Have the player drop the ball on the
    ground, and then have them quickly pick it up and
    grip the ball correctly with both hands. The
    coach will walk around and check hand positions
  • Coaching Points Identify five things proper
    finger spacing, one to three fingers across the
    laces, thumb supplying leverage, forefinger rests
    at 45 degrees to the back point of the ball, and
    light between the palm and the ball

3
Grip Drill
COACH
Players line up in a semi-circle and drop the
ball in front of them. On coaches command, they
quickly pick up the ball and grip it with both
hands. The coach walks around to check grip.
4
QB Stance Line Drill
  • Equipment cones every 3 yards, football
  • Objective Evenly spread out QBs so coach can
    quickly walk around and check players stance.
  • Directions Spread out cones every 3 yards along
    a line. Start out by demonstrating the
    attributes of a good QB stance. Then ask them to
    take position and hold, while the coach walks
    around and critiques performance. The coach
    will then say to relax, and the players can drop
    their hands. This is repeated many times.
  • Coaching Points Check for these things Ball is
    chest high 1-3 inches from the breast bone,
    Elbows comfortably at your side, Shoulders always
    over hips, Push ball backward with front hand,
    Two hands on the ball and hold it like an egg,
    Keep back knee inside ankle, Chin over shoulder,
    Head and eyes up looking down field.

5
Line Drill
3 Yards
3 Yards
3 Yards
6
Fence Drill
  • Equipment Chain-linked fence, football, partner
  • Objective Learn to Keep ball above elbows and
    learn that the ball cannot extend beyond the back
    elbow.
  • Directions Properly grip the ball and walk up
    to a fence. Place the front point of the ball
    into a link opening, roughly 2-3 above ear
    height. Square the body around and stand so that
    throwing arm is at 90 degrees. On command, step
    with front foot and throw the ball.
  • Coaching Points Check for the following the
    body is perpendicular to the fence, the throwers
    big toe points directly at the target once he has
    thrown the ball, and the thrower ends up with
    100 of his weight on the front foot.

7
Fence Drill
Front Point of the Ball into the fence
Throw the ball forward
F E N C E
Step with front foot
8
Knee Drill
  • Equipment Football and Partner
  • Objective Improve the upper body motion of the
    passer.
  • Directions Have the players line up facing one
    another about 10 yards apart. Have them both get
    down on their right knee. Get them into proper
    upper-body throwing stance. On coachs command,
    they should rotate their torso towards throwing
    arm, and follow through with a pass. Repeat
    10-12 times, and then have them switch to their
    left knee. Again, repeat the rotation of the
    torso and throw for 10-12 times. Finally, have
    them kneel on both knees and repeat the same
    steps.
  • Coaching Points Things to watch the
    non-throwing shoulder should rotate 90 degrees,
    the front point of the ball should rotate 180
    degrees during torso rotation the ball should
    remain above elbows and shoulders, the ball
    should not extend beyond the back elbow (it
    should stay close to the back ear), the
    follow-through should be dramatic.

9
Knee Drill
Keep most of the ball inside back elbow
Keep ball above elbows and shoulders
Rotate 90 Degrees
Rotate 90 Degrees
Rotate 90 Degrees
Right knee down
Left knee down
Both knees down
10
Hitch Drill
  • Equipment Football, Partner
  • Objective Learn the Hitch step in the drop-back
    passing game.
  • Directions Start in a passing stance with feet
    shoulder width apart. In a steady motion, take
    the front foot and step it back to within a
    couple inches of the back foot. Then, take the
    back foot and step it back about a foot. In
    continuous rhythm, step forward with the back
    foot that was just planted to within a couple
    inches of the front foot. Now, open up the front
    foot and step about 18 24. As the front foot
    is stepping forward, the front shoulder and hips
    should begin to open up. Once the front foot has
    completely landed, a full weight transfer must
    occur to throw the ball.
  • Coaching Points things to watch start with a
    good stance and grip, take little steps to begin,
    dont rest on heels, keep it fluid, step towards
    target, dont open shoulders and hips too soon,
    and keep ball above elbows

11
Hitch Drill
Step One
Step Two
Step Three
Step Four
1st Step
2nd Step
4th Step
3rd Step
Starting Stance
Weight Transfer
12
Inside Triangle Drill
  • Equipment Football, Running Back, 4 cones
  • Objective Improve mesh during hand-off and
    consistency of footwork
  • Directions Set 4 cones according to diagram on
    next page. Align the QBs toes at the base of
    Cone 1. Align the RBs heels at the base of Cone
    3. Get them into ready positions. On coachs
    command, the QB will take one step with near side
    leg at 5 or 7 Oclock depending upon the
    direction of the handoff. The RB will take one
    lateral step with near side foot, about 6 inches.
    Next, the coach will command to take step two,
    the QB will continue with other foot in the same
    5 or 7 Oclock direction. The RB will now take a
    step with back foot directly at Cone 2. Next,
    the coach will command step three. The QB will
    take the inside leg and re-direct it to 6 OClock
    and extend the ball with outside arm. The RB
    continues towards cone and opens up his arms to
    receive the handoff. On command four, the QB
    hands the ball off and takes another step at 6
    OClock. The RB continues on his same path. On
    command five, the QB rolls around Cone 3 and
    sprints around and through Cone 4.
  • Coaching Points Things to watch start this
    drill very slowly. Take it one step at a time.
    On the first step, the QBs eyes and toes should
    be pointed in the same direction, and the QB
    should not be over extended with his step. The
    second step should square the QB around. The
    third step should initiate the handoff. And
    somwhere between the third and fourth step the
    hand-off should be made. The hand-off needs to
    take place delicately, yet deliberately. After
    the hand-off is made, the QB needs to re-direct
    the path and carry out the fake.

13
Inside Triangle Drill
Hand-off to the Left
Hand-off to the Right
1
1
5 Yards
1 Yard
QB
QB
Step 1
2.5 yards
2
2
Step 2
5 Yards
Step 3
4
4
Step 4
RB
RB
3
3
Step 5
14
Outside Triangle Drill
  • Equipment Football, Running Back, 4 cones
  • Objective Improve mesh during hand-off and
    consistency of footwork for the inside zone
    running play.
  • Directions Set 4 cones according to diagram on
    next page. Align the QBs toes at the base of
    Cone 1. Align the RBs heels at the base of Cone
    3. Get them into ready positions. On coachs
    command, the QB will take one step with near side
    leg at 5 or 7 Oclock depending upon the
    direction of the handoff. The RB will take one
    lateral step with near side foot, about 6 inches.
    Next, the coach will command to take step two,
    the QB will continue with other foot in the same
    5 or 7 Oclock direction. The RB will now take a
    step with back foot directly at Cone 2. Next,
    the coach will command step three. The QB will
    take the inside leg and re-direct it to 6 OClock
    and extend the ball with outside arm. The RB
    continues towards cone and opens up his arms to
    receive the handoff. On command four, the QB
    hands the ball off and takes another step at 6
    OClock. The RB continues on his same path. On
    command five, the QB rolls around Cone 3 and
    sprints around and through Cone 4.
  • Coaching Points Things to watch start this
    drill very slowly. Take it one step at a time.
    On the first step, the QBs eyes and toes should
    be pointed in the same direction, and the QB
    should not be over extended with his step. The
    second step should square the QB around. The
    third step should initiate the handoff. And
    somwhere between the third and fourth step the
    hand-off should be made. The hand-off needs to
    take place delicately, yet deliberately. After
    the hand-off is made, the QB needs to re-direct
    the path and carry out the fake.

15
Outside Triangle Drill
Hand-off to the Left
Hand-off to the Right
1
1
5 Yards
1.5 Yards
QB
QB
Step 1
2.5 yards
2
Step 2
5 Yards
Step 3
4
4
Step 4
RB
RB
3
3
Step 5
16
Drop Drill
  • Equipment Football, cones or white lines marking
    every 10 yards up to 20 yards
  • Objective to learn the First step, Crossover
    step and Lead step in the drop-back passing game
  • Directions Start with the players in an
    under-the-center stance. Direct them to take
    their first step back with their throwing arm
    leg. This should be a big step. When moving the
    foot back, it should not lift off the ground more
    than 3. It will appear to drag across the
    grass. The back foot should land directly behind
    the front foot about two shoulder widths apart.
    When the foot lands, the players weight should
    be balanced with knees bent. At this point, the
    front foot should not have moved at all. On the
    second command, they must take their second step,
    or cross over step, by crossing over the position
    of the back foot by no more than 6. To do this,
    have them throw their front leg back by pumping
    the knee high when they step. While the second
    step is landing the third step, or lead step,
    initiates, and is taken by the the back leg at a
    distance that measures just wider than shoulder
    width. This process is repeated until they pass
    the cone or line that stops them. The distance
    from start to finish should vary between 10 20
    yards. Start slow and gradually pick up speed.
  • Coaching Points Use this drill to critique not
    only the drop back foot work, but the under
    center stance and first step, as well. Once the
    stance and first step have been checked, initiate
    the the crossover and follow steps. The upper
    body of the player should remain facing sideways
    and still, while the hips do all the moving and
    turning. Really accentuate the front leg when it
    crosses over by pumping the knee high. Barely
    drag the back leg over the grass when stepping
    backward. Make sure the players move backward in
    a straight line.

17
Drop Drill
1st Step (First)
2nd Step (Crossover)
3rd Step (Lead)
Front leg lowers no more than 6 behind back leg
Continue backwards by dragging back leg slightly
over the grass
Big first step is taken with back leg
18
Still Drill
  • Equipment Football, four players/coaches, cone
  • Objective Practice throwing 3 and 5 step drops
  • Directions Start with one player standing
    behind a cone holding an under-the-center stance.
    The coach should face the QB about 5 yards away.
    Align the other players/coaches so that two of
    them occupy both flat zones, and the other two
    occupy the two curl zones. On the QBs own
    cadence, have him work his 3 step drop first by
    dropping and throwing the ball to whichever
    person the coach points too. Repeat the same
    procedure for the 5 step drop. The coach can
    slow this drill down, and count out each of the
    steps, if need be.
  • Coaching Points Start by checking the QBs
    stance. Once the ball has been snapped, first,
    check for a good First step, then good Crossover
    and Lead steps, and finally good Hitch steps.
    The QB should have his body under control when
    transitioning his weight during the Hitch step.
    His hips should be underneath his shoulders. The
    ball is held 1 3 from breast bone. Eyes
    forward. At this point critique the throwing
    mechanics. When throwing at the target, the big
    toe on the front foot and his chest should be
    pointed directly at the target. The ball should
    not drop below the elbows or extend beyond the
    back elbow. The follow through should have the
    player running directly at the target, as if
    there was a string on the ball. The ball should
    hit the chest of the target every time.

19
Still Drill
Curl zone
Curl zone
Coach
Flat zone
Flat zone
QB
3 Step
5 Step
20
Snap Drill
  • Equipment center, football
  • Objective practice center-quarterback exchange
  • Directions First, position center with ball on
    the ground. The thumb of the center should cross
    the laces near the top of the ball. Next, take
    the QBs index finger of the throwing hand and
    position it in the crotch of the buttocks of the
    center. Without the other hand involved, have
    the center snap the ball to the QBs hand, so the
    center can understand where the ball needs to get
    too. The QB will not secure the ball. After a
    few reps of that, take the QBs non-throwing hand
    and place the major thumb knuckle of the
    non-throwing hand along side the thumb knuckle of
    the throwing hand and loosely hang it to the
    side. On cadence, the center should snap the
    ball to the top hand and the QB should seek and
    secure the ball with non-throwing hand and seat
    the ball. Repeat this many times.
  • Coaching Points The QBs feet should be no
    wider than hips, his body comfortably bent at the
    knees and waist, shoulders slightly over hips,
    index finger of the throwing hand positioned in
    the crotch of the buttocks. Dont let the butt
    of the non-throwing hand meet the butt of the
    throwing hand. They should only touch at the
    thumbs. When the QB secures the ball, he should
    pull his hands and the ball towards stomach.

21
Snap Drill
Hand position snapping
Ball secure snapping
Use only throwing hand
Seek and secure ball and pull it in towards
stomach
Pre-snap Stance
Shoulders slightly over hips
Slight bend at waist
Slight bend in the knees
Feet no wider than hips
22
Cage Drill
  • Equipment center, football
  • Objective practice center-quarterback exchange
    when center is moving
  • Directions Position center with ball on the
    ground. The thumb of the center should cross the
    laces near the top of the ball. Next, take the
    QBs index finger of the throwing hand and
    position it in the crotch of the buttocks of the
    center. Take the QBs non-throwing hand and
    place the major thumb knuckle of the non-throwing
    hand along side the thumb knuckle of the throwing
    hand and loosely hang it to the side. On
    cadence, the center should snap the ball to the
    top hand, and take a 6 step to the right. The
    QB should seek and secure the ball with
    non-throwing hand and seat the ball while opening
    up to the right side to 180 degrees. Repeat this
    to the left.
  • Coaching Points the QB should keep his hand in
    the crotch of the center until the ball is
    secured, even if the center is moving all over
    the place. The hand cannot come loose from the
    buttocks. Once the ball is secured, the QB must
    seat the ball and pivot on the opposite foot at
    180 degrees. During the turn the QB can extend
    the ball backwards.

23
Cage Drill
180 Degree Turn
6 step by the center
Pivot Foot
24
Sneak Drill
  • Equipment center, football
  • Objective practice center-quarterback exchange
    for the QB sneak play
  • Directions Position center with ball on the
    ground. The thumb of the center should cross the
    laces near the top of the ball. Next, take the
    QBs index finger of the throwing hand and
    position it in the crotch of the buttocks of the
    center. Take the QBs non-throwing hand and
    place the major thumb knuckle of the non-throwing
    hand along side the thumb knuckle of the throwing
    hand and loosely hang it to the side. On
    cadence, the center should snap the ball to the
    top hand, and step forward with the playside
    foot. The center should continue forward for a
    few steps. The QB should seek and secure the
    ball with non-throwing hand. After securing the
    ball, the QB should tuck the ball with his
    throwing arm, take a short drop step with his
    opposite foot and follow the center, remembering
    to keep his shoulders low.
  • Coaching Points Secure the ball first. Both
    the center and the QB need to keep their
    shoulders down. The QBs drop step must remain
    quick and short. The distance between the hips
    of center and the QB should never exceed 1 foot.

25
Sneak Drill
26
Arch Drill
  • Equipment Ball, Partner and 2 lines 10 yards
    apart, and 50 yards long
  • Objective Improve roll out passing skills
  • Directions Start with two guys 10 yards apart.
    They should be standing on two lines that run
    parallel with each other, and facing down the
    line. Only one man has a ball. Have the man
    with the ball get into a passing stance. Next,
    have both men start jogging slowly. The man with
    the ball will jog for 3 yards and start an arch
    away from the other man. His arch will reach a
    maximum arch of 5 yards. As the arch starts to
    return towards the line, the man will rotate his
    torso and throw the ball to his partner when he
    reaches the line. The thrower resumes jogging on
    the line, and the pattern is repeated with the
    other man on the other line.
  • Coaching Points Things to watch the thrower
    should have the ball in throwing position during
    the arch, the throwers shoulders and hips need
    to be pointed straight at the receiver when
    approaching the line to throw, the non-throwing
    shoulder should rotate 90 degrees, the front
    point of the ball should rotate 180 degrees
    during torso rotation, the ball should remain
    above elbows and shoulders, the ball should not
    extend beyond the back elbow, the follow-through
    should be dramatic.

27
Arch Drill
10 Yards
Ball starts here
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