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Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards

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Title: Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and Health Hazards


1
Auto Salvage Yard Occupational Safety and
Health Hazards

Sumit K Ghosh Safety Consultant, Bureau of
Safety Education and Training, Department of Labor
2
Topics
  • Introduction to IOSHA
  • Introduction to BuSET
  • Occupational Safety and Health Hazards at Auto
    Salvage Yard

3
IOSHA and BuSET
  • Indiana Occupational Safety and Health
    Administration (IOSHA)
  • Enforcement of safety and health standards
  • Bureau of Safety Education and Training (BuSET)
  • Consultations/On site visit and training

4
Indiana OSHA
  • Indiana - A state plan state
  • IOSHA enforce Federal standard 29CFR 1910.
  • All penalties collected go to the state general
    fund
  • Mission To save lives, prevent injuries and
    ensure the safety and health of Indianas
    workers.

5
  • IOSHA Comprised four divisions
  • Industrial Hygiene
  • Industrial Safety
  • Construction Safety
  • Bureau of Mines

6
IOSHA Inspections
  • Complaint
  • Referral
  • Fatality/Catastrophe
  • One fatality
  • 3 hospitalized injuries
  • General Schedule
  • Randomly computer generated
  • Emphasis Programs

7
The IOSHA Inspection
  • Compliance officer presents credentials
  • Purpose of visit
  • A fat/cat, complaint, referral, or emphasis
    program results in a focused inspection
  • A general schedule inspection covers the entire
    worksite
  • Opening Conference

8
IOSHA Inspection (continued)
  • Walkaround
  • Point out hazards
  • Interview employees
  • Closing Conference
  • Safety Orders (Citations)
  • Provide abatement, and pay fine, if any
  • Informal conference
  • Contest

9
The Informal Conference
  • 15 working day period
  • An informal conference is conducted by phone or
    in person
  • May result in a settlement agreement

10
BuSET
  • Bureau of Safety Education and Training
  • Greater level of safety and health in the
    workplace
  • Employee involvement
  • FREE
  • NO FINES
  • EDUCATION -- prior to injuries or accidents

11
BuSETs Activities
  • Safety and health consultations, on site visit of
    facilities in general industry and construction
  • Training Programs
  • OSHA 10-Hour courses, 30-Hour courses, short
    seminars
  • Technical Assistance
  • Voluntary Protection Program
  • INSHARP
  • Governors Workplace Safety Awards

12
Consultations
  • Similar to how IOSHA inspections are conducted
  • Opening conference
  • Walkaround
  • Closing conference
  • Report of Hazards
  • Confidential and comprehensive written report
  • Abatement assistance

13
Training
  • Types of courses
  • OSHA 10-Hour courses
  • OSHA 20-Hour courses
  • Short seminars/Half a day program
  • Partner with companies/organizations/ entities
  • Written request

14
BuSET Training Programs
  • Accident Investigation
  • Cranes, Hoists, Slings
  • Electrical Safety
  • Emergency Action Plan
  • Hazard Recognition
  • How to Survive an IOSHA Inspection
  • Internet Based Safety
  • IOSHA Top-50 Cited Industrial Violations
  • Lockout/Tagout Safety
  • Machine Guarding
  • Powered Industrial Trucks
  • OSHA 300
  • Safety-Related Work Practices
  • Workplace Violence
  • Power Press Training

15
Voluntary Protection Program
  • Indiana VPP is designed to recognize and promote
    safety and health management programs.
  • Management, labor, and IDOL establish a
    cooperative relationship at a workplace that has
    implemented a strong program.

16
INSHARP
  • INSHARP is another recognition program
  • incentives and support to smaller, high-hazard
    employers
  • work with their employees to develop, implement
    and continuously improve the effectiveness of
    their workplace safety and health programs
  • also includes larger employers who are willing to
    develop exemplary safety and health programs and
    mentor others to achieve similar results.

17
Workers and Employers Rights and
Responsibilities
18
What are workers responsibilities?
  • Read the OSHA poster
  • Follow the employers safety and health rules and
    wear or use all required gear and equipment
  • Follow safe work practices for your job, as
    directed by your employer
  • Report hazardous conditions to a supervisor or
    safety committee
  • Report hazardous conditions to OSHA, if employers
    do not fix them
  • Cooperate with OSHA inspectors

(see OSHAs Workers web page for more
information)
19
What are workers rights?
  • Workers have a vital role to play in identifying
    and correcting problems in their workplaces,
    working with their employers whenever possible
  • Workers can complain to OSHA about workplace
    conditions threatening their health or safety in
    person, by telephone, by fax, by mail or
    electronically through OSHAs web site
  • Section 11(c) of the OSH Act gives workers the
    right to seek safe and healthful conditions on
    the job without being disciplined or fired
  • (see OSHAs Workers web page for more
    information)

20
What are employers rightsand responsibilities?
  • Employers must provide a safe and healthful
    workplace free of recognized hazards and follow
    the OSHA standards
  • The OSH Act grants employers important rights,
    particularly during and after an OSHA inspection
  • Employers also provide training, medical
    examinations and recordkeeping

21
Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health Hazards
22
Auto Salvage Yard Safety/Health
Hazards
  • Emergency Action Plan
  • Hazard Communication
  • Bloodborne Pathogens (BBP)
  • Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)
  • Machine Guarding
  • Medical/First Aid
  • Electrical Safety
  • Welding, Cutting, and Brazing
  • Compressed Gases
  • Confined Spaces
  • Noise

23
Emergency Action Plan
  • 29 CFR 1910.36- 1910.38
  • 29 CFR 1910 Subpart L (Fire)

24
Emergency Action Plan
  • Purpose To protect the employees from serious
    injury, property loss or life in the event of
    major disaster like
  • Fire
  • Tornado
  • Earthquake
  • Workplace violation
  • Bomb threat
  • Hazardous chemical spill

25
Emergency Action Plan Requirements
  • Emergency escape
  • Evacuation diagram
  • Fire prevention plan
  • Means of egress
  • Alarm system
  • Emergency telephone lists

26
Hazard Communication
  • 29 CFR 1910.1200

27
Hazard Communication Standard 29 CFR
1910.1200
Ensures that employers and employees know about
work hazards and how to protect themselves so
that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due
to hazardous chemicals is reduced.
Hazard Communication Program
Container Labeling
Material Safety Data Sheet
MSDS
Program
Label
28
HazCom Requirements
  • Identify and list hazardous chemicals in
    workplaces
  • Obtain Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDSs) and
    labels for each hazardous chemical
  • Implement a written HazCom program, including
    labels, MSDSs, employee training, and methods
    employer will use to inform employees of hazards
    of non-routine tasks (i.e. spills)
  • Train employees on chemical hazards in workplaces

29
Material Safety Data Sheets
  • Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion
  • Health hazards, such as signs of exposure
  • Routes of exposure
  • Precautions for safe handling and use
  • Emergency and first-aid procedures
  • Control measures

30
Chemicals in Salvage Yards
  • Oil
  • Grease
  • Gasoline/diesel fuel
  • Antifreeze fluid
  • Brake fluid
  • Hydraulic fluid
  • Battery acid
  • Transmission fluid
  • Mercury
  • Solvents
  • Lead
  • Sodium azide in air bag detonators

31
Bloodborne Pathogens
29 CFR 1910.1030
32
Introduction to BBP
  • Approximately 5.6 million workers are at risk
  • human immunodeficiency virus (HIV the virus
    that causes AIDS)
  • hepatitis B virus (HBV)
  • hepatitis C virus (HCV)
  • OSHAs Bloodborne Pathogens standard prescribes
    safeguards to protect workers against the health
    hazards from exposure to blood and other
    potentially infectious materials, and to reduce
    their risk from this exposure

33
Who is covered by the standard
  • All employees who could be reasonably
    anticipated as the result of performing their
    job duties to face contact with blood and other
    potentially infectious materials

34
How does exposure occur
  • Most common needlesticks
  • Cuts from other contaminated sharps (scalpels,
    broken glass, sharp metal, etc.)
  • Contact of mucous membranes (for example, the
    eye, nose, mouth) or broken (cut or abraded) skin
    with contaminated blood

35
BBP Requirements
  • Hazard assessment
  • Written BBP exposure control plan
  • Employee involvement in selection of safer
    medical devices
  • Training

36
Personal Protective Equipment 29 CFR
1910.132-.138
  • Eye, face, body, hands, feet, airways
  • Hazard Assessment
  • Equipment Selection
  • Training

37
Eye/Face Protection
  • When employees are exposed to
  • Flying particles
  • Molten metal
  • Liquid chemical,
  • gas, acid, vapors
  • Injurious light radiation

38
Welding Face/Eye Protection
  • UV protection

Radiation Protection
39
Protection of Feet/Toes
  • Steel-toe boots, metatarsals
  • Falling objects
  • Rolling objects
  • Objects that can pierce sole of foot
  • Electrical

Lawnmower accident part of steel toe is beside
shoe foot owners toes were only bruised.
40
Protection of Hands/Arms
  • Gloves appropriate for the work being done
  • Chemicals
  • Lacerations
  • Abrasions
  • Punctures
  • Electrical
  • Thermal
  • Arm protection

41
Head and Body Protection
  • Hard hat
  • Apron

42
Respiratory Protection
  • To control occupational diseases cased by
    contaminated air, harmful dusts, fogs, fumes,
    mists, gases, smocks, sprays, or vapors.
  • Respirator shall be provided by employers.
  • Written respiratory protection program by
    employer.
  • Respirator selection and evaluation.
  • Medical evaluation
  • Training
  • Fit test
  • Recordkeeping

43
Respirator Cartridges
44
PPE Training
  • Employer shall provide training.
  • Training must cover
  • When PPE is necessary
  • What PPE is necessary
  • Proper wear, adjustment, care, disposal,
    maintenance etc.

45
Machine Guarding
  • 29 CFR 1910.211 Subpart O

46
NO TONGUE GUARD
2 on IOSHAs Top-10 Hazards Cited list
(2)
47
Work rest 1/8 ?
(8)
48
Pulley guarding. 1910.219(d)(1)
(11)
49
(No Transcript)
50
Lockout/Tagout 29 CFR 1910.147
  • Control of hazardous energy
  • Electrical
  • Chemical
  • Hydraulic
  • Pneumatic

51
LO/TO Requirements
  • Energy Control Program
  • Energy Control Procedures for each piece of
    equipment
  • Devices used for locking out equipment
  • Training of all employees

52
Medical and First Aid
29 CFR 1910.151
  • Availability of eyes and body wash facility
    within the work area for emergency use
  • Caustic/corrosive chemicals

53
(No Transcript)
54
Electrical Hazards 29 CFR 1910
Subpart S
  • An average of one worker is electrocuted on the
    job every day
  • There are four main types of electrical injuries
  • Electrocution (death due to electrical shock)
  • Electrical shock
  • Burns
  • Falls
  • LOW VOLTAGE DOES NOT MEAN LOW HAZARD

55
Electrical Burns
  • Most common shock-related, nonfatal injury
  • Occurs when you touch electrical wiring or
    equipment that is improperly used or maintained
  • Typically occurs on the hands
  • Very serious injury that needs immediate attention

Electrical burn immediately after accident
Same hand 72 hrs. later
56
Grounding Path
  • The path to ground from circuits, equipment, and
    enclosures must be permanent and continuous
  • Violation shown here is an extension cord with a
    missing grounding prong

57
Clues that Electrical Hazards Exist
  • Tripped circuit breakers or blown fuses
  • Tools, wires, cords, connections, or junction
    boxes
  • GFCI that shuts off a circuit
  • Worn or frayed insulation around wire or
    connection
  • Too many cords plugged into a circuit
  • Conductor is too small to carry the current
  • Electrical cords wrapped around metal objects
    (ladder)
  • Overhead power lines when working at heights
  • Open junction boxes/cabinets

58
Electrical Training
Train employees working with electric equipment
in safe work practices, including
  • Deenergizing electric equipment before inspecting
    or making repairs
  • Using electric tools that are in good repair
  • Using good judgment when working near energized
    lines
  • Using appropriate protective equipment

59
Welding, Cutting, and Brazing 29 CFR 1910
Subpart Q
  • Oxygen-fuel gas welding and cutting
  • Arc welding and cutting
  • Resistance welding

60
Welding/Cutting/Brazing Hazards
  • Fire hazards
  • Combustibles
  • Eye and face protection
  • Respiratory protection
  • Lead, other metals, emissions, byproducts
  • Ventilation
  • Protective clothing (including body and hands)
  • Confined spaces
  • Cylinders

61
Compressed Gases
  • Safety relief devices
  • Protected from falling or machinery
  • Legibly marked contents hazard identification
  • Valve protection cap
  • Oxygen stored away from fuel gases
  • Limited amount than can be stored indoors
  • Transportation of cylinders

62
Confined Spaces(29 CFR 1910.146)
  • Is large enough and so configured that an
    employee can bodily enter and perform assigned
    work and
  • Has limited or restricted means for entry or
    exit and
  • Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy.

63
Permit Required Confined Spaces
  • Hazardous atmosphere
  • Engulfment hazard
  • Internal configuration
  • Contains any other recognized serious hazard.

64
Noise(29 CFR 1910.95)
  • More than 85 dBA needs hearing conservation
    program
  • Audiometric testing
  • Hearing protection
  • Training
  • Access to information on noise standard

65
Additional Hazards
  • Cranes overhead, gantry
  • 29 CFR 1910.179
  • Slings used for cranes
  • 29 CFR 1910.184
  • Forklifts and other powered industrial trucks
  • 29 CFR 1910.178
  • Materials handling
  • 29 CFR 1910.176
  • Aisles clear, secure stacking, housekeeping

66
Referrals to IOSHA and Fatality Notification to
IOSHA
  • (317) 232-2693
  • (317)-232-6300

67
More Information on Safety and Health Hazards
Osha website www.osha.gov
  • BuSET
  • (317) 232-2688
  • sghosh_at_dol.state.in.us
  • (317)-233-9561
  • www.buset.info

IDOL Web http//www.in.gov/labor/
Osha Phone 1800-321-6742
68
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