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Effective PowerPoint Presentations: Instructional Design Strategies

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Title: Effective PowerPoint Presentations: Instructional Design Strategies


1
Effective PowerPoint Presentations Instructional
Design Strategies
  • Anna Story, RN, MS, MSN
  • Online Instructional Designer

2
What is Instructional Design? ( ID)
  • "the systematic development of instructional
    specifications using learning and instructional
    theory to ensure the quality of instruction."
  • Seels, B. and Glasgow,Z. (1990).

3
Nursing Process and ID Different?
  • Subjective
  • Objective
  • Assessment
  • Plan
  • Intervention
  • Evaluation
  • Assess Needs
  • Analyze Learners
  • Create Objectives
  • Develop Materials
  • Implement
  • Evaluate
  • Revise

4
The Keys in PPT
  • Educational Objectives Always Drive the
    Technology Not Vice Versa.
  • PPT should supplement not replace lecture while
    in-class.

5
In Class?
  • Designing to use a PPT in-class may be different
    from one put on the Web.
  • Brief notes and bullets
  • Talking Points

6
Online
  • determine why.
  • Study guide? Include blanks?
  • Could make speaker notes available if online.
  • If save the PPT presentation as an html, save for
    Netscape and Internet Explorer.
  • Can also save as a PPT and post online, but.
    Student must have the viewer

7
Benefits of Using PPT (Cleland, 2001)
  • Multimedia Animation, video and sound
  • Links to the WWW Simple access to other
    resources.
  • Editing Can easily update
  • Distribution Printing or exporting to WWW
  • Cost Low cost, assuming projection facilities
    are available
  • Non-linear Have capability of breaking away from
    linear presentation of materials to non-linear
    organization models.

8
Disadvantages
  • Lack of interactivity Teacher no longer
    interacts with the media. Promotes passive
    learning.
  • Resolution Best resolution is 1024 X 768 but 35
    mm slides are 4000 X 3000.
  • Brightness Room lights must be dimmed which
    promotes sleeping and reduced interaction
  • Pacing PPT slides can be displayed very quickly,
    leaves illusion that the pace is too quick.
  • Distractions Some get too carried away with
    bells and whistles and forget the educational
    objectives of the presentation.
  • Linear straight jacket Although have the ability
    to do non-linear presentation, can get locked
    into linear mind-set.

9
Twelve Tips for Effective PPT Presentations
  • Develop a visual story board or representation
    for your presentation, keep it in front of you
    throughout development.
  • Use sound and video only for educational
    purposes.
  • Look for relevant ways to provide learning cues,
    such as color and icons.
  • Use the same color when discussing the same
    topic.
  • Use icons that represent a topic or step.

10
Serif or San Serif?
  • 4. Pre-select a standard sans-serif font for
    clarity and readability
  • Serif is the little tail added at the end of
    letters, for example in Times New Roman.
  • This is Times New Roman. See the little tails?
  • Sans serif means without the tails, Arial.
  • This is Arial. Notice the plain block type
    lettering.

11
  • 5. Consider the size of the room when choosing
    font size.
  • gt 200 seats Headings 42 point Main text 36
    point
  • lt 200 seats Headings 36 point Main text 28
    point
  • lt 50 seats Headings 32 point Main text 24
    point

12
  • 6.For maximum effect choose predominantly lower
    case letters.
  • 7. Preview the effect of your chosen colors
  • Have no more than 4 regions of color
  • Be consistent with your colors

13
  • 8. Consider the cultural significance of color
  • Text color should complement and be
    distinguishable from background color
  • If you grade colors (light to dark) the intensity
    should increase as you move to the bottom of the
    frame.

14
  • 9. Consider the psychological effect of color.
  • Bright colors project energy.
  • Pastels are more delicate than bright colors.
  • Reds, oranges are "hot".
  • Blues, greens are "cool".

15
  • 10.When choosing build (movement within a slide)
    and transition (movement between slides) effects,
    consider effect on audience learning.
  • 1 sec. Transition between slides.

Skin Ulcer
16
  • 11. Choose pictures and clip art that enhance
    your presentation message.
  • 12.Know what version of PPT is on the machine
    where you will be doing the presentation.
  • Always have a back-up transparencies, handouts,
    web-site
  • Practice.

17
Audio and Video
  • Carefully consider when you would want to insert
    audio and video. Make sure the files enhance the
    content of the presentation, rather than simply
    provide glitz.
  • Here is a handout on how to insert audio and
    video.
  • You will need to have Acrobat Reader on your
    machine. Click this button to go to Adobe

18
Narrating a Presentation
  • Consider when you would want to narrate a slide
    show.
  • Sight impaired audience
  • Literacy concerns
  • Automated presentation
  • Here is a handout on how to narrate a PPT
    presentation. This is a Word file.

19
Enhance Learning in Class with PPT
  • Fill-in-the-blank Provide print-outs or have
    them bring print-out to class if online.
  • Dont provide every little detail in the
    presentation-require that students actively
    listen, take notes.
  • Mix other activities in with PPT.
  • Emphasize points on a "real" Blackboard.
  • Switch to the virtual Blackboard (the online
    course management system).
  • Small groups to discuss a point written on a PPT
    slide.
  • Can ask questions and list answers in PPT

20
Other Sources
  • http//www.uwlax.edu/itlc/PPT/intermed/sld001.htm
  • http//www.irvingisd.net/technology/powerpoint/Def
    ault.htm
  • Cleland, C. (Fall, 2001). Why I dislike
    PowerPoint. Biology Newsletter. p.3.
  • Holzl, J. (1997). Twelve tips for effective
    PowerPoint presentations for the technologically
    challenged. Medical Teacher, 19 (3) 175-179.
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