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IndiaUS Knowledge INITIATIVE On Agriculture And Drought Proofing


Drought proofing in the context of climate change and degradation of soil and ... Non-edible oil seed production in arid and semi-arid zones would only reduce ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: IndiaUS Knowledge INITIATIVE On Agriculture And Drought Proofing

India-US Knowledge INITIATIVE On Agriculture And
Drought Proofing
  • Drought proofing in the context of climate change
    and degradation of soil and water resources
    demands different strategies but not what is
    proposed under Indo-US collaboration on KIA.
    Climate change will worsen the agricultural
    situation not only in the arid and semi-arid
    zones of India, but also coastal zones. Under
    global/bilateral partnerships climate change and
    water management should be tackled in tandem.

  • USA is yet to commit itself to arrest climate
    change where as our country endorsed Kyoto
    protocol . Such being the situation, we should
    not have entered into an agreement with USA for
    drought proofing through KIA. Also KIA negates
    three important Dublin Rio principles.

  • Water development and management should be based
    on a participatory approach, involving users,
    planners and policy makers at all levels (KIA
    assigns no role for the users).
  • Women play a central part in the provision,
    management and safeguarding of water (Knowledge
    of rural women and men has no place in the scheme
    of KIA).
  • Contd

  • Unsustainable mining of ground water leads to
    food bubble economy.
  • Fresh water being a natural resource is a social
    and economic good (not commercial) (Rio-Agenda
    21, Section 18.8).

  • Collaboration with European Union for drought
    proofing would have made positive sense as their
    Water Framework Directive States, Water is not a
    commercial product like any other but, rather, a
    heritage which must be protected, defended and
    treated as such. How to look at water as a
    resource is thus no straightforward matter.

  • Agricultural Scientists and students who will be
    participating in KIA have nothing to do with the
    rural communities under any of the four
    identified themes. Mutual learning opportunities
    for the researchers/students and the farming
    communities, essential for drought proofing, are
    not built into KIA.

  • Biotechnology
  • Drought tolerant transgenic crops, if any, would
    add to the cost of cultivation. Farmers having
    spent quite a sum on GM seeds tend to use more
    agro-chemicals and even water. Water saving on
    account of GM crops is only a theoretical claim.
    Farmers in drought prone areas cant afford GM
  • Food-processing and Marketing talks about
    agri-business opportunities for Indian Corporates
    and US multi-nationals but not any off-farm and
    non-farm livelihood opportunities for farmers in
    drought prone areas.

  • Bio-fuels
  • Non-edible oil seed production in arid and
    semi-arid zones would only reduce fodder
    availability affecting the livestock economy of
    the drought hit farmers and also alienate the
    common property resource lands from the
    villagers. The effect of contract farming would
    exactly be the same as mentioned above.

  • Water scarcity crosses national boundaries via
    the international grain trade
  • Lester Brown

  • Water Management
  • There is no participatory element in the
    development of water technologies and management
    practices that improve water quality and water
    use efficiency. It is not clear how and who will
    be assessing the needs of the multiple
    stakeholders from lab to farm for developing
    technologies through research.
  • Contd.

  • Water quality management and remediation Mining
    and other industries and agro-chemicals and
    pesticides have been polluting our soil and water
    resources including rivers, reservoirs, tanks and
    ground water
  • Situation analysis in KIA proposal does not deal
    with the status of implementation of
    environmental laws. There is no recognition of
    the interdisciplinary nature of water quality
    management and remediation.
  • Contd

  • iii. Soil-water-plant interactions.
  • A study of innovations like SRI under
    soil-water-plant interactions would contribute a
    lot to improving the water use efficiency.
  • iv. Water policy decision support system
  • Information technology, remote sensing and GIS
    technologies will be used for water resources
    assessment and monitoring to eliminate time
    consuming, inefficient and costly manual
    techniques for data generation for information to
    the policy makers.
  • Contd

  • Community based organisations and their role in
    generating data on the following vital aspects of
    droughts and water resources are not recognised /
    given space in the scheme of things.
  • Early warning systems
  • Quantification of drought impacts
  • Strategies for minimizing impacts
  • Timely information services
  • Accurate spatial data on actual water use
  • Water demand
  • Allocation and distribution of water
  • Crop yields
  • Contd

  • SRI is a water saving technique and also
    efficient irrigation system which would enhance
    yields but not reduce yields. Only modern
    pressurized irrigation systems but not SRI are
    considered under KIA.
  • V. Ground water quantity and quality management.
  • - The situation analysis in the proposal does
    not deal with the existing legal framework in
    various states and status of implementation and
    does not analyse the positive and negative
    elements of the existing regulations governing
    ground water. It is as if the Agricultural
    Scientists need not bother about social
    regulations of Water Resource Management (WRM) as
    part of their research.
  • - Research on institutional innovations and
    participatory aspects of water management is not
    considered under KIA.

  • KIA does not deal with ongoing efforts at
    integrated water resources management and river
    basin management.
  • KIA orients the Agricultural Graduates and
    researchers towards Indian corporates and MNCs
    engaged in GM technologies and marketing of
    processed agro-produce and orients them away from
    the farmers.
  • Drought proofing under KIA does not benefit the
    drought hit farmers. On the contrary, Corporates
    interested in bio-fuel plantations and SEZs are
    likely to be given CPR lands.
  • Contd.

  • Alternative
  • Research on Integrated Water Resources
    Management, a process that promotes the
    coordinated development and management of water,
    land and related resources, in order to maximize
    the resultant economic and social welfare in an
    equitable manner without compromising the
    sustainability of vital ecosystems (Global Water
    Partnership 2000) is essential for arriving at
    possible solutions.

  • What India needs? . by doing a total rethink on
    appropriate river basin management, Indian can
    trade drought-proofing over vast areas by
    sacrificing irrigation of small areas.
  • Anil Agarwal