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## Weighing and Measuring: An Anthropometric Training Module

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Title: Weighing and Measuring: An Anthropometric Training Module

1
Weighing and MeasuringAn Anthropometric
Training Module
• Virginia Department of Health,
• Division of WIC and Community Nutrition Services

2
Weighing and MeasuringPrecision is key
Small differences in measurements can mean large
differences in the way the measurements are
interpreted.
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3
Weighing and Measuring
Proper technique and equipment improves accuracy
of measurements.
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4
Common Errors when measuring weight
• Outer clothing not removed
• Child weighed with a wet or soiled diaper
• Scale not adjusted to zero before weighing
• Child moving

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5
Common Errors when measuring height
• Incorrect measuring instrument used
• Shoes and/or hat not removed
• Feet not straight or flat on the floor
• Knees bent
• Body arched
• Shoulders not straight

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6
Infant Measurements
• Length
• Weight

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7
Measuring Length
• For infants lt24 months or infants 24-36 months
who have trouble standing
• Use an infant measuring board

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8
How to measure length
• Two people needed
• As few clothes as practical

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9
How to measure length
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10
Recording measurements of length
• Read and record measurement to nearest 1/8 inch.
• Repeat until two measurements agree within 1/4
inch.
• When length is taken, as opposed to height, the
letter R is used to note that the measurement
was taken in a recumbent position.

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11
For additional information on taking measurements
of length in children, please visit the following
Anthro.htmLength
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12
Practice QuestionTo what interval should you
record a measurement of length?
• 1/10 inch
• 1/8 inch
• 1/4 inch
• 1/2 inch

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13
Practice QuestionIf measurements do not agree,
how do you determine what measurements to use?
• Average the first three measurements.
• Repeat until measurements agree.
• Estimate correct measurement.
• Repeat until measurements agree within 1/4 inch.

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14
Practice Question You should measure children
lying down until they are at least
• 18 months old and able to stand alone
• 24 months old and able to stand alone
• 36 months old and able to stand alone
• Able to stand alone

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15
Measuring Weight
• Use a pan-type pediatric or double-beam balance
scale.
• The infant should be wearing as few clothes as
possible and a clean, dry diaper.

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16
How to measure weight
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17
Recording measurements of weight
• Read and record to the nearest ounce.
• Repeat until two measurements agree.
• If needed, weight may be obtained in the mothers
arms. This must be noted.

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18
• For additional information on taking measurements
of weight in children, please visit the following
• http//depts.washington.edu/growing/Assess/Anthro.
htmWeight

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19
Practice QuestionTo what interval should you
record a measurement of an infants weight?
• 1/4 oz
• 1 oz
• 8 oz (1/2 pound)
• 16 oz (1 pound)

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20
Practice QuestionIf a child is uncooperative or
fussy, what is the correct approach to obtain an
accurate weight?
• Do not obtain the measurement unless the child is
completely still.
• Simply note the situation in the chart and
estimate weight to the best of your ability.
• Weigh mother and child together and subtract
mothers weight.
• Ask mother for the childs weight.

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21
Practice QuestionWhich of the following is
important to consider when measuring weight?
• If the infants hands and feet are inside the
weighing tray
• If the infant is on the center of the weighing
tray
• If the infant has a wet or soiled diaper
• If the scale is on a solid surface
• All of the above

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22
Child Measurements
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23
Measuring Height
• Used for children 2 years of age and older who
can stand without assistance

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24
How to Measure Height
• Child should remove hat and shoes.
• Shoulder blades, buttocks, and heels should touch
the measuring board.

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25
Recording Measurements of Height
• Read and record to the nearest 1/8 inch.
• Repeat until two measurements agree within 1/4
inch.
• May use pencil through hair if necessary

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26
Practice Question Height measurements, using the
wall-mounted measuring board, should be read at
_____.
• sea level
• eye level
• from above, looking down
• an angle using a level

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27
Practice Question When measuring the height of a
person greater than 2 years old, the following
should be in contact with the wall

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28
Practice Question If a child has a hairstyle
that prevents an accurate height measurement,
what should be done?
• Estimate approximate height and note situation in
chart.
• Ask parent childs usual height.
• Slide headboard against hairstyle until firm
• Slide a pencil through hairstyle and record where
the pencil touches the measuring tape.

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29
Practice Question What type of equipment is
best suited for measuring height?
• Measuring tape and pencil
• Measuring rod attached to balance beam scale
• Measuring board with headboard and movable foot
piece

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30
Measuring Weight
• Use balance beam scale on non-carpeted floor.
• Have child remove all heavy clothing.

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31
How to Measure Weight
• Be sure to zero the scale.
• Repeat measurements until two agree within 1/4
pound.
• Read and record measurements to nearest 1/4 pound
(nearest 4 oz).

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32
Converting Measurements of Weight from Pounds to
Ounces
• Weight is read to the nearest 1/4 pound, but can
easily be converted to ounces. The table at the
right shows the correct conversion from quarter
pounds to ounces.
• Example If a child weighs 22 and 3/4 pounds,
you can record the weight as 22 pounds and 12 oz.

Weight in pounds Weight in ounces
1/4 pound 4 oz
1/2 pound 8 oz
3/4 pound 12 oz
33
Conversion for Digital Scales
Weight in pounds Ounces
.1 2
.2 3
.3 5
.4 6
.5 8
.6 10
.7 11
.8 13
.9 14
• Some clinics may use a digital scale instead of a
balance-beam scale. If this is the case, it is
necessary to convert the numbers from decimal
form to ounces.

34
more accurate when you weigh and measure
• A. Repeat each procedure until two measurements
agree within the appropriate range.
• B. Weigh yourself on the scale to check its
accuracy.
• C. Make sure that the client removes shoes and
outer clothing.
• Both A and C

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35
Practice Question To what interval should you
read and record measurements of weight?
• Pound/ 16 oz
• 1/2 pound/ 8 oz
• 1/4 pound/ 4 oz
• 1/2 ounce

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36
Practice Question Which of the following would
lead to an inaccurate measurement of weight?
• A. Scale not adjusted to zero before weighing
• B. Childs body is arched and improperly aligned
• C. Outer clothing is not removed
• Both A and C
• All of the above

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37
Equipment
• The Virginia Department of Health, Division of
WIC Community Nutrition Services has published
an Equipment Manual with information on choosing
the correct height and weight equipment,
purchasing equipment, and a list of vendors. To
• http//www.vahealth.org/wic/WICequipmanual.pdf
• http//depts.washington.edu/growth/module4/text/in
tro.htm

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38
Growth Charts
Growth charts are used to track height, length,
and weight data over time.
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39
How to Plot on a Growth Chart
• Select appropriate chart.
• Record measurements.
• Mark where lines meet and interpret results.

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40
Anatomy of a Growth Chart
• Different growth charts available for different
ages
• Growth percentile lines used for comparisons

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41
Charts from Birth to 36 months
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42
Charts for children 2 to 20 years of age
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43
Use of Growth Charts
• Can identify children
• Overweight
• Underweight
• Average weight

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44
Interpreting Growth Patterns from the Growth
Charts
• Consider a childs particular growth pattern.
• Look for shifts between percentiles.

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45
• For additional training modules on the use
and interpretation of growth charts, visit the
• CDC Growth Chart Training Modules
http//www.cdc.gov/nccdphp/dnpa/growthcharts/train
ing/modules/module1/text/mainmodules.htm
• How to use the CDC Growth Charts for children
with special needs http//www.depts.washington.ed
u/growth/cshcn/text/intro.htm

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46
Practice Question Why are growth charts used?
• To help identify goals for change
• To track growth in children over time
• To assist in signaling potential development
problems
• All of the above

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47
Practice Question Sally is 22 months old and 29
inches tall. What growth chart should Sally be
plotted on?
• Girls birth-36 months
• Girls 2-20 years
• WICs 2-5 years of age
• Not enough information given

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48
Practice Question Look at the pattern of growth
on this chart. What does it indicate?
• This child is gaining weight at a reasonable
rate.
• This child is getting older.
• This child is gaining weight too quickly.
• This child is not gaining enough weight.

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49
Practice Question The growth chart below
represents a female that is 16 months old and 18
pounds. At what percentile is this child?
• Above the 97th
• The 97th
• The 20th
• The 5th
• Below the 3rd

X
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50
childs size in relation to other girls her age?
• A. She is larger than 97 of all girls her age.
• B. She is smaller than 97 of all girls her age.
• C. She is smaller than 3 of girls her age.
• D. She is larger than 3 of girls her age.
• B and D

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51
Calculating Exact Age
• A common source of error
• Exact Age (measurement date) (date of birth)
• Borrowing days or months may be necessary

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52
How to Calculate Exact Age
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53
Calculating Corrected Age
• Used for babies born prematurely
• Corrected age chronological age weeks or
months born premature

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54
Rounding to the Nearest Month
• From birth to 2 years of age, round to the
nearest 1/2 month
• Over 2, round to the nearest month.

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55
Practice Question Sams date of birth was May
12, 2005. If you are calculating his age on
April 7, 2006, how old is Sam?
• 14 months and 4 days
• 12 months and 26 days
• 10 months and 26 days
• 10 months and 4 days

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56
Practice Question How would you record Sams
age?
• 1 year
• 10 and 1/2 months
• 11 months
• 10 months and three weeks

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57
Practice Question After the age of two years, to
what interval should you round age?
• Half year
• Year
• Month
• Half month

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58
Practice Question Bill was born on August 11,
2003. If you are calculating his age on
September 21, 2006, how old is Bill?
• 2 years 20 days
• 3 years 10 days
• 3 years 20 days
• 3 years 1 month and 10 days

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59
Practice Question How would you record Bills
age?
• 3 years
• 3 years 1 month
• 3 years 1 and 1/2 months
• 3 years 1 month and 1 week

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60
Practice Question If Susan was born on October
28, 2006, but was 3 months premature, what would
her corrected age be on December 28, 2007?
• 9 months
• 11 months
• 14 months
• 17 months

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61
Conclusion
Since measurements of length, height, and weight
are important in identifying children who may be
at risk, it is essential that you follow the
correct procedures in recording and interpreting
these measurements.
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62
Video Credits
Lauren Taylor, UVA Dietetic Intern Barbara H.
Yager, RD, M.Ed Thomas Jefferson Health District
End of Show
63
Correct!