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Incineration: An Unacceptable Practice in the 21st Century

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Title: Incineration: An Unacceptable Practice in the 21st Century


1
Incineration An Unacceptable Practice in the
21st Century
  • Dr Paul Connett
  • Emeritus Professor of Environmental Chemistry
  • Director
  • Zero Waste for Sustainability Project (AEHSP)
  • www.AmericanHealthStudies.org
  • Paul_at_fluorideALERT.org
  • Shrewsbury, March 27, 2009

2
Outline
  • 1. Waste managment and the BIG PICTURE
  • 2. The Arguments against incineration
  • 3. The Zero waste 2020 strategy
  • 4. Incineration air emissions
  • 5. Concluding remarks
  • 6. Postscript

3
Introduction. Waste management and the Big
Picture
4
DIFFERENT TIMES DEMAND DIFFERENT QUESTIONS
21st CENTURY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT How do we
handle our discarded resources in ways which do
not deprive future generations of some, if not
all, of their value ?
20th CENTURY WASTE MANAGEMENT How do we get
rid of our waste efficiently with minimum damage
to our health and the environment ?
5
DIFFERENT TIMES DEMAND DIFFERENT QUESTIONS
21st CENTURY RESOURCE MANAGEMENT How do we
handle our discarded resources in ways which do
not deprive future generations of some, if not
all, of their value ?
20th CENTURY WASTE MANAGEMENT How do we get
rid of our waste efficiently with minimum damage
to our health and the environment ?
The key issue is SUSTAINABILIY
The key issue was SAFETY
6
We are living on this planet as if we had
another one to go to
7
We are living on this planet as if we had
another one to go to
8
(No Transcript)
9
  • We cannot run a throwaway society on a finite
    planet
  • Waste is the evidence that we are doing something
    wrong
  • Landfills BURY the evidence
  • Incinerators BURN the evidence
  • We need to face the real problem…

10
Our task is to fight over-consumption
11
Not only is over-consumption giving us a local
waste crisis but also…
12
… a Global crisis
13
The Global Crisis Since the Industrial
Revolution we have imposed a linear society on a
planet that functions in circles
14
A LINEAR SOCIETY
15
A LINEAR SOCIETY
Extraction
16
A LINEAR SOCIETY
Extraction
Production
17
A LINEAR SOCIETY
Extraction
Production
Consumption
18
A LINEAR SOCIETY
Extraction
Production
Consumption
Waste
19
A LINEAR SOCIETY See www.StoryofStuff.org
Extraction
Production
Consumption
Waste
20
Advertising/TV
Extraction
Production
Consumption
Waste
21
Over-advertising produces Over-consumption
22
By the time a high school student leaves school,
he or she will have watched over 350,000 TV
commercials. Paul Hawken The Ecology of
Commerce.
23
Myth versus Reality
  • THE MYTH
  • The more you consume the happier you become
  • THE REALITY
  • The more you consume the fatter you become!
  • The more waste you produce!

24
From Ape to...
25
Modern man!
26
The world has enough for everyones need but not
for everyones greed Mahatma Gandhi
27
A LINEAR SOCIETY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Waste
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
28
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
29
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
30
How do waste management practices affect this
picture?
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
31
LANDFILLS
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
32
INCINERATION
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
33
RECYCLING OF MATERIALS
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
34
REUSE OF OBJECTS
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
35
COMPOSTING
ENERGY
ENERGY
Extraction of Virgin Materials
Production of Manufactured items
Consumption
Discarded Materials
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
Solid waste Air pollution Water pollution Carbon
dioxide
GLOBAL WARMING
36
COMPOST
37
Kg Greenhouse gas/tonne Municipal Waste
Waste Management Options and Climate Change. AEA
2001
38
Kg Greenhouse gas/tonne Municipal Waste
Waste Management Options and Climate Change. AEA
2001
39
Kg Greenhouse gas/tonne Municipal Waste
Waste Management Options and Climate Change. AEA
2001
40
Incineration is a waste of energy!
  • About 4 X more energy saved by reusing, recycling
    and composting the various components in the
    discard stream
  • Contact Dr. Jeffrey Morris, jeff.morris_at_zerowaste
    .com

41
Energy Comparison Recycling versus incineration
(ICF consulting, 2005)
42
Energy Comparison Recycling versus incineration
(ICF consulting, 2005)
43
2. The Arguments Against Incineration
44
Arguments against incineration
  • It is a bad economic investment and very bad for
    the local economy
  • It wastes valuable material resources
  • It wastes energy
  • It wastes the opportunity to really fight global
    warming
  • It produces a toxic ash
  • It produces toxic air emissions
  • It is extremely unpopular with the public
  • It is not sustainable
  • It is very, very BORING

45
Incineration is a poor investment
  • Most of the money spent on incinerators goes into
    complicated machinery and leaves the community,
    whereas
  • The money spent on the alternatives goes into
    JOBS and stays in the community.

46
Incinerator in Brescia, Italy
The incinerator cost 400,000,000 and only
produced 80 jobs!
47
Nova Scotia
  • 50 diversion in 5 years (Halifax 60)
  • 1000 jobs created collecting and treating
    discarded materials
  • Another 2000 jobs created in the industries
    handling the collected material
  • Nearly all the separated materials are re-used in
    Nova Scotias own industries.

48
Incineration is extremely unpopular
  • In the US over 300 incinerator proposals defeated
    between 1985 and 1995
  • US has not permitted a new trash incinerator
    since 1995.

49
Think of an incinerator as three boxes
1. The Furnace which Converts 100s of Tons of
trash into Trillions of tiny particles and gases.
50

1. The Furnace which converts 100s of tons of
trash into trillions of tiny particles and gases.
2. The Air Pollution control devices which
attempt to capture the tiny particles and some
of the gases
51

1. The Furnace which Converts 100s of Tons of
trash into Trillions of tiny particles and gases.
2. The Air Pollution control devices Which
attempt to capture the tiny particles and some
of the gases
52
1. The Furnace which Converts 100s of Tons of
trash into Trillions of tiny particles and gases.
3. A depository for the tiny particles captured
(the fly ash) and the bottom ash
2. The Air Pollution control devices which
attempt to capture the tiny particles and some
of the gases
53
Incinerators dont get rid of Landfills
1. The Furnace which Converts 100s of Tons of
trash into Trillions of tiny particles and gases.
3. A depository for the tiny particles captured
(the fly ash) and the bottom ash
2. The Air Pollution control devices which
attempt to capture the tiny particles and some
of the gases
54
1. The Furnace which Converts 100s of Tons of
trash into Trillions of tiny particles and gases.
3. A depository for the tiny particles captured
(the fly ash) and the bottom ash
2. The Air Pollution control devices which
attempt to capture the tiny particles and some
of the gases
For every three - four tons of trash you get one
ton of toxic ash!
55
For every 3-4 tons of trash you get about one ton
of ash
ELECTRICITY
TURBINE
WET SCRUBBER
SECONDARY CHAMBER
DE-NOX
STEAM
FABRIC FILTER
TEMP lt 200oC
CHUTE
BOILER
SEMI- DRY SCRUBBER
Ca(OH) 2
SUSPENSION
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL
GRATES
AMMONIA INJECTION
90
10
TRASH
FLY ASH
BOTTOM ASH
56
Ash management
  • In Germany Switzerland fly ash put into nylon
    bags and placed in salt mines
  • In Japan some incinerators vitrify the ash
  • In Denmark…
  • They send all the ash to Norway!
  • In the US the bottom ash and fly ash are mixed
    together (before testing!) and sometimes used as
    landfill cover

57
Incinerators put many highly toxic and persistent
substances into the air
58
Incinerators put many highly toxic and persistent
substances into the air
To be discussed later
59
Even if we made incineration safe we would never
make it sensible -
60
Even if we made incineration safe we would never
make it sensible - It simply does not make sense
to spend so much money destroying resources we
should be sharing with the future. (PC)
61
The modern incinerator is attempting to perfect a
bad idea
  • Our task in the 21st Century is not to find
    better ways to destroy discarded materials
  • But to stop making packaging and products that
    have to be destroyed!

62
Waste is not a technical problem but
  • a problem of
  • organization,
  • education,
  • industrial design

63
3. The Zero waste 2020 strategy
64
The Zero Waste 2020 strategy
  • Says NO to incineration and
  • NO to mega-landfills

65
To move towards zero waste sustainability
  • We need three things
  • INDUSTRIAL RESPONSIBILITY (at the front end)
  • COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY (at the back end)
  • 3) GOOD LEADERSHIP (to link the two together)

66
COMMUNITY RESPONSIBILITY
  • Community responsibility begins with Source
    Separation

67
Source Separation
68
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
69
The Fantastic 3
The San Francisco system
70
1
2
3
71
1
2
3
Composting Facility
72
Composting Facility
Near San Francisco
73
1
2
3
Composting Facility
Materials Recovery Facility
74
Materials Recovery Facility
75
(No Transcript)
76
1
2
3
Composting Facility
Materials Recovery Facility
77
1
2
3
Composting Facility
Materials Recovery Facility
We have to minimize the quantity of the
residuals going into the third container
78
Three ways to minimize the residual fraction
  • 1) Waste reduction initiatives
  • 2) Reuse, repair deconstruction
  • 3) Economic incentives

79
Waste Reduction Initiatives
80
Ireland
  • Government put a 15 cent tax on plastic shopping
    bags -
  • This reduced use by 92 in one year

81
Italy
  • A supermarket chain near Florence is providing
    dispensers which allow customers to refill
    shampoo and detergent bottles…
  • Others wine, water and milk

82
  • Un pizzico di creatività a monte può far
    risparmiare milioni a valle

83
Reuse, Repair and Deconstruction
84
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction
85
reuse
86
VIDEOS
  • On the Road to Zero Waste
  • Part 1 Nova Scotia
  • Part 2 Burlington, Vermont
  • Part 3 Canberra, Australia
  • Part 4 San Francisco
  • Zero Waste Idealistic Dream or Realistic Goal?
  • Pieces of Zero Creativity versus Waste
  • www.AmericanHealthStudies.org

87
Economic Incentives
88
The pay by bag system
89
The pay by bag system
1
Free
90
The pay by bag system
1
2
Free
Free
91
The pay by bag system
1
2

The more you make The more you Pay!
Free
Free
92
1
2

Waste Reduction initiatives
Composting Facility
Recycling Facility
?
Reuse and Repair Centers
Deconstruction
93
1
2
3
Waste Reduction initiatives
Composting Facility
Materials Recovery Facility
Residuals Our Current Failures
Reuse Repair
Deconstruction
94
Landfills Incinerators attempt to make the
residuals disappear
95
To move towards zero waste sustainability we
need to make the remaining residuals very
visible
96
Residual Separation Facility
97
Residuals must not go directly to a landfill
  • but to a residual separation facility built
  • in front of the landfill

98
RESIDUAL SEPARATION FACILITY
Built in front of landfill
DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION
MORE TOXICS
MORE RECYCLABLES
Operating in Nova Scotia
BIOLOGICAL STABILIZATION
INTERIM LANDFILL
99
Two improvements on the Nova Scotia system
100
DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION
METHANE
PLASTICS
DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION
HYDRO PULPER
ANAEROBIC DIGESTION
HEAVY ITEMS
SOLID RESIDUE
INTERIM LANDFILL
101
RESIDUAL SEPARATION RESEARCH FACILITY
DIRTY ORGANIC FRACTION
MORE TOXICS
MORE RECYCLABLES
NON-TOXIC, NON-BIODEGRADABLE FRACTION
HYDROPULPER
RESEARCH CENTER
INTERIM LANDFILL
102
RESIDUAL SCREENING RESEARCH FACILITY
NON-RECYCABLE MATERIALS
RESEARCH CENTER
Local University
Or Technical College
103
RESEARCH CENTER
  • Maximize capture rate
  • Research and promote waste reduction initiatives
  • Look for local uses of some material
  • Recommend better industrial design to industry

104
The Message to Industry
  • If we cant reuse it, recycle it or compost it,
  • Industry shouldnt be making it!
  • We need better industrial design for the 21st
    Century

105
Summary of the Zero Waste 2020 strategy
106
Source Separation
107
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
108
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
109
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Recycling
110
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
111
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
112
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
Economic Incentives
113
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
Residual Separation, Research Center
Economic Incentives
114
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
Better Industrial Design
Residual Separation, Research Center
Economic Incentives
115
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
Better Industrial Design
Residual Separation, Research Center
Economic Incentives
Temporary Landfill
116
Composting
Source Separation
Door to Door Collection
Waste Reduction Initiatives
Recycling
Reuse, Repair Deconstruction Center
Better Industrial Design
Residual Separation, Research Center
Economic Incentives
2020
Temporary Landfill
117
Zero Waste 2020 is an idealistic goal which can
be approached through a series of simple and
practical steps
118
San Francisco
  • Population 850,000
  • Very little space
  • 50 waste diverted by 2000
  • 63 waste diverted by 2004
  • 70 waste diverted by 2008
  • GOAL 75 waste diverted by 2010
  • GOAL 100 waste diverted by 2020
  • Zero Waste or darn close!

119
Italy
  • 2000 communities have achieved over 50 diversion
    using porta a porta collection systems
  • Treviso (pop. 860,000) gt 66 diversion
  • Novarra (pop. 100,000) 70 diversion in 18
    months.
  • Villafranca dAsti (pop. 30,000) 85 diversion

120
To go from 70 diversion to close to 100
diversion we are going to need more industrial
responsibility
121
Industrial Responsibility
  • 1. Design for sustainability
  • 2. Clean production
  • 3. Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

122
EPR - packaging
  • The Ontario Beer industry has been using
    refillable glass bottles for over 50 years
  • 98 recovered
  • Each bottle reused 18 times
  • It saves the company money
  • 2000 jobs in collection and cleaning
  • No cost to municipality

123
EPR - products
  • XEROX CORPORATION EUROPE
  • Recovers copying machines from 16 different
    countries
  • Takes them to huge warehouses in the Netherlands,
    where the machines are stripped down for parts
    and materials
  • 95 of materials recovered for reuse or
    recycling!
  • This is saving Xerox 76 millions a year!!

124
The Research Center is thelaboratory for
sustainability
125
Research centers
Institute for Zero Waste Sustainability
126
Institute for Zero Waste Sustainability
1) Research for better industrial design 2) Link
Zero Waste with other aspects of sustainability
127
Zero Waste Sustainability
  • Too important to be left to waste experts
  • We need all sectors involved if we are to move
    towards a sustainable society
  • As far as sustainability is concerned the waste
    problem is a fabulous place to start

128
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
129
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
130
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
131
Research Center
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
132
Research Center
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Deconstruction
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
133
Research Center
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Deconstruction
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Anaerobic Digestion
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
134
Research Center
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Deconstruction
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Anaerobic Digestion
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
100s of green boxes
135
Research Center
Composting
Education For Sustainability
Sustainable Agriculture
Better Industrial Design
Deconstruction
Sustainable Architecture
Zero Waste 2020
Sustainable industries Jobs
Anaerobic Digestion
Sustainable Energy
Sustainable Community development
Sustainable Economic development
Reuse Repair Centers
100s of green boxes
136
Our task is to fight over-consumption
137
The antidote to over-consumption (a life built
around the accumulation of objects)…
138
Is community development (a life built around the
expansion of human relationships).
139
Make Friends, Not Waste
140
Reuse Repair Center
141
Reuse, Repair Community Center
142
Current Situation
Material consumption
Standard of Living
143
Change 1
Solar Power
Material consumption
Standard of Living
144
Change 2
Solar Power
Zero Waste
Standard of Living
145
Change 3
Solar Power
Zero Waste
Quality of life
146
We have decouple quality of life from material
consumption
Material consumption
Quality of life
147
4. Incinerator Air Emissions
148
AIR EMISSIONS
CO2 H2O
ACID GASES HCI, HF, SO2 NOx
TOXIC METALS Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc
NEW COMPOUNDS PCBs PCDDs (DIOXINS) PCDFs
(FURANS) ETC
149
AIR EMISSIONS
CO2 H2O
ACID GASES HCI, HF, SO2 NOx
TOXIC METALS Pb, Cd, Hg, As, Cr etc
NEW COMPOUNDS PCBs PCDDs (DIOXINS) PCDFs
(FURANS) ETC
NANO PARTICLES
150
Size of Particle regulated in
incinerator emissions
NANOPARTICLES
151
(No Transcript)
152
Catalytic oxidizers
Brominated/chlorinated dioxins and furans
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons
Chlorinated hydrocarbons
153
Incineration and nanoparticles
  • The nanoparticles produced by incinerators are
    more dangerous than those from other combustion
    sources.
  • They contain
  • Neurotoxic metals
  • Stabilized free radicals
  • Dioxins and furans

154
Incineration and nanoparticles
  • Nanoparticles are not efficiently captured by air
    pollution control devices
  • Travel long distances
  • Remain suspended for long periods of time
    (especially during air inversions over cities)
  • Penetrate deep into the lungs

155
Nano particles are so small they can easily
cross the lung membrane
BLOOD
156
Nano Pathology
  • Once nanoparticles have entered the bloodstream
    they can easily cross the membranes of every
    tissue in the body.

157
RESPIRATORY PROBLEMS related to air particulate
PM 10
  • Allergies
  • Asthma
  • Acute and chronic bronchitis
  • Emphysemia
  • lung Cancer

PM 2,5
Slide from Dr. Ferninando Largi
158
Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence
of Cardiovascular Events in Women
  • This study examined 65,893 postmenopausal women
    from 36 U.S. metropolitan areas from 1994 to
    1998 . The authors found

159
Long-Term Exposure to Air Pollution and Incidence
of Cardiovascular Events in Women
  • This study examined 65,893 postmenopausal women
    from 36 U.S. metropolitan areas from 1994 to
    1998 . The authors found
  • High levels of particulate pollution increases
    the risk of dying from heart disease or stroke,
    having a heart attack or stroke, or requiring a
    bypass.
  • N Engl J Med 2007356447-58.

160
Dioxins and Incineration
161
Dioxins - major concerns
  • Dioxins accumulate in animal fat.
  • One liter of cows milk gives the same dose of
    dioxin as breathing air next to the cows for
    EIGHT MONTHS (Connett and Webster, 1987).
  • Dioxins steadily accumulate in human body fat.
    The man cannot get rid of them BUT A woman can…
  • …by having a baby!
  • Thus the highest dose of dioxin goes to the fetus
    and then to the new born infant via breastfeeding…

162
Dioxins the highest dose goes to the fetus
  • In nine months much of the dioxin which has
    accumulated in the mothers fat for 20-30 years
    goes to the fetus

163
Dioxins can disrupt fetal and infant development
  • Dioxins act like fat soluble hormones
  • Disrupt at least 6 different hormonal systems
  • male and female sex hormones
  • thyroid hormones
  • insulin gastrin and gluocorticoid.

164
Developmental Effects of Dioxins
  • Linda S. Birnbaum Health Effects Research
    Laboratory, US EPA
  • Environmental Health Perspectives,
  • 103 89-94, 1995

165
Our Stolen Future How Man-made Chemicals are
Threatening our Fertility, Intelligence and
Survival
  • Theo Colborn
  • John Peterson Myers
  • Dianne Dumanoski
  • 1994

166
The most worrying environmental pollutants are
those which cause a subtle shift in the whole
population
167
IQ and population
Number of Kids With a Specific IQ
100
IQ
168
IQ and population
Number of Kids With a Specific IQ
95 100
IQ
169
IQ and population
Number of Kids With a Specific IQ
Very Bright
100
IQ
Mentally handicapped
170
IQ and population
Number of Kids With a Specific IQ
Very Bright
95 100
IQ
Mentally handicapped
171
WE WANT DIOXIN
OUT OF OUR BABIES!
172
Institute of Medicine, 2003
  • Dioxins and Dioxin-like Compounds in the Food
    Supply
  • Strategies to Decrease Exposure
  • July 1, 2003

173
Institute of Medicine, 2003
  • Fetuses and breastfeeding infants may be at
    particular risk from exposure to dioxin like
    compounds (DLCs) due to their potential to cause
    adverse neurodevelopmental, neurobehavioral, and
    immune system effects in developing systems…

174
Institute of Medicine, 2003
  • …The committee recommends that the government
    place a high public health priority on reducing
    DLC intakes by girls and young women in the years
    well before pregnancy is likely to occur.
  • (by) Substituting low-fat or skim milk, for
    whole milk, (and)… foods lower in animal fat…

175
WE WANT DIOXIN
OUT OF OUR FOOD!
176
Even if we made incineration safe we would never
make it sensible.
177
Even if we made incineration safe we would never
make it sensible. It simply does not make sense
to spend so much money destroying resources we
should be sharing with the future. (PC)
178
The modern incinerator is attempting to perfect a
bad idea
  • Our task in the 21st Century is not to find
    better ways to destroy discarded materials
  • But to stop making packaging and products that
    have to be destroyed!

179
WITH INCINERATION
  • WE CONVERT 3 TONS OF TRASH
  • into
  • 1 ton of ASH
  • That nobody wants!

180
WITH THE ZERO WASTE 2020 STRATEGY
  • WE CONVERT 3 TONS OF TRASH
  • into
  • 1 ton of compostables
  • 1 ton of recyclables
  • and
  • 1 ton of EDUCATION!

181
Compare
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
182
Compare
Incinerator
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
183
Compare
Incinerator
Ash landfill
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
184
Compare
Incinerator
Ash landfill
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
Residual Separation Facility
185
Compare
Incinerator
Ash landfill
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
Research Facility
Residual Separation Facility
186
Compare
Incinerator
Ash landfill
?
Residuals
Compost Recycle Reuse Repair Reduce
Research Facility
Residual Separation Facility
Biologically Stabilized Landfill
187
5. Concluding Remarks
188
Moving towards sustainability is going to be the
greatest challenge of the 21 St Century and it is
going to take good leadership
189
GOOD LEADERSHIP
  • We need leaders who have
  • A big vision
  • Imagination
  • Creativity
  • Dont treat citizens as the enemy
  • and
  • WHO ARE NOT BORING!

190
HUMAN BORINGS
  • Have no vision
  • Have no imagination
  • Have no sense of humor
  • Are obsessively tidy
  • Confuse being clever with being wise
  • Think that technology can solve every problem
  • Think that man is the center of the universe
  • And a womans place is in the kitchen!

191
BORING EXPERTS
  • Think with the wrong end of their bodies

192
A BACK END THINKER…
1. A CUP 2. A BUCKET 3. A FOOT PUMP 4. AN
ELECTRIC PUMP
193
A FRONT END THINKER…
194
Our only hope to move towards sustainability in
time, is to move to the front end of the problem
195
THE BACK END OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
NO to INCINERATORS
NO to LANDFILLS
196
THE BACK END OF WASTE MANAGEMENT
THE FRONT END OF RESOURCE MANAGEMENT BETTER IN
DUSTRIAL DESIGN
NO to INCINERATORS
NO to LANDFILLS
197
Conclusions
  • We do not need mega-landfills or incinerators!
  • There is a better strategy which is
  • Better for our health,
  • Better for the local and national economy,
  • Better for our children, and
  • Better for the planet!

198
Three final messages
  • 1. To citizens - dont let the experts take your
    common sense away
  • 2. To politicians - put your faith back in people
  • 3. To activists -
  • HAVE FUN!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

199
God recycles, The devil burns
200
6. Postscript
201
Detoxifying our lives
  • Get lead out of gasoline
  • Get mercury out of products, vaccines and our
    mouths
  • Get PVC out of commerce
  • Get incineration out of waste management
  • Get waste out of the dictionary
  • Get aspartame out of soft drinks
  • Get soft drinks out of our schools
  • Get scientific integrity back into our regulatory
    agencies
  • Get fluoride out of our water

202
www.FluorideALERT.org
203
Staying in contact
204
Staying in contact
  • www.AmericanHealthStudies.org
  • www.FluorideALERT.org
  • pconnett_at_gmail.com
  • And on the Second Sunday of each month 7-8 pm PT
    (4-5 pm EST)
  • SECOND SUNDAY CLASSICS at
  • www.NCPR.org
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