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SUGAR IN THE EVERGLADES

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Mash pressed for sugar juice. Pulp sold as fuel ... Molasses is too hard to process. Florida's Sugar. Grown in Florida since 1920's ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: SUGAR IN THE EVERGLADES


1
SUGAR IN THE EVERGLADES
  • By Alex Hudgins

2
Sugar Cain/ Beets
  • Sugar Cain
  • Labor intensive
  • Ready for harvest in 18 months
  • Burnt, what is left over is cut and taken to be
    processed

3
Continued
  • Leaves striped
  • Cane mashed
  • Mash pressed for sugar juice
  • Pulp sold as fuel
  • Lime added to juice and boiled to remove
    impurities
  • Bleached with sulfur dioxide
  • Vacuumed, leaving crystals and molasses
  • Separated molasses sold for baking or Rum
  • Sugar sent to refinery

4
Beets
  • Similar to Sugar Cain, but grown in more
    temperate climates
  • Molasses is too hard to process

5
Floridas Sugar
  • Grown in Florida since 1920s
  • -next to citrus most economically important to
    Fl
  • 450,000 acres are grown annually around lower
    half of Lake Okeechobee
  • - 17,000,000 tons of sugar cane
  • - 2,000,000 tons of raw sugar
  • - 100,000,000 gallons of molasses

6
Article
  • Examines the history of Floridas Sugar
  • What effects the industry has on the Everglades
  • The governments involvement
  • A proposed remedy

7
Floridas assault on Everglades
  • Began in 1918 with new rail road
  • Early farmers found the terrain extreemly
    difficult
  • -scarcity of trace elements, burned down to the
    underlying rock, winter freeze, and inadequate
    drainage

8
continued
  • The article argues that farming the Everglades
    should have been forgotten because it was not
    economically viable
  • Govt. steeped in
  • - Hoover Dike
  • - Drainage system

9
What happened to the Glades?
  • Since the peat soil is mostly water
  • - saltwater intrusion, soil fires, habitat loss,
    and drastically reduced soil depth
  • - in 13 years of farming, Moore Haven
    experienced about a 50 loss of soil depth.

10
Pros n Cons
  • Only positive economically according to the
    article

11
Government
  • Made farming possible
  • - created the environment
  • Created a protectionist regime
  • - tariffs and loans
  • Brought workers

12
  • In 2001 the US sugar was 21.16 cents/ lb
  • - the rest of the world was 7.65

13
Conclusion
  • If the protectionist regime would drop all of its
    support, the everglades could begin to heal.
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