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Exodus and the exodus

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2) Desert: The Covenant is made between God and his People (Hebrews) and an ... 1000-960 BCE, fights Goliath, plays music, composes Psalms, sins with Bathsheeba ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Exodus and the exodus


1
Exodus and the exodus
2
Three Geographical/Spiritual Stages of Exodus
  • 1) Egypt The Exodus begins in Slavery
  • 2) Desert The Covenant is made between God and
    his People (Hebrews) and an Identity is formed
  • 3) Promised Land The land of milk and honey

3
Three Stages of Egyptian Oppression in Exodus
  • 1) Egyptians Dealt Shrewdly with the Hebrews
    (Contemporary Example Illegal immigrants today
    in the United States--low wages/ no rights)
  • 2) Egyptians Forced Labor (Contemporary Example
    Prison system???? Today?)
  • 3) Egyptians commit Genocide (Contemporary
    Example E. Timor, Bosnia, Rwanda,
    Hitler--Germany)

4
Moses THEOPHANY-Burning Bush
  • Theophany an appearance of God
  • Take your shoes off because you are on holy
    ground.
  • HolinessBeing at Home/Being yourself
  • YahwehI am who am
  • Lesson/Moral If we are to be who we are (to be
    ourselves), that task is intimately linked with
    our relationship with God.

5
Passover Story of Liberation
  • Jewish Story
  • 1) Lamb without blemish
  • 2) First Born dies of Egyptian
  • 3) Sacrifice to liberate the Hebrews from Slavery
  • Christian Story
  • 1) Jesus is the sacrificial lamb without blemish
  • 2) Gods only son dies
  • 3) Sacrificed to liberate humans from sin (i.e.,
    human slavery)

6
Covenant
A Covenant is a promise, commitment, testament
and loving relationship between two or more free
persons
  • God/Yahweh
  • 1. Bring them to the promised land
  • 2. Protect them from enemies
  • 3. Progeny many children (as many as the stars
    in the sky)
  • Hebrews
  • 1) Follow the Law
  • (Decalogue 10 commandments)
  • 2) Treat one another justly (JUSTICE)

7
The Four Stages of Sacred Space in Exodus,
Judges, Kings
  • 1) Ten Commandments These two stones with the
    summarized Laws were sacred as they represented
    the Covenant
  • 2) Arc of the Covenant This was the beautifully
    constructed vessel which carried the ten
    commandments and was brought out to battle by the
    Hebrews--considered sacred

8
Stages of Sacred Space (continued)
  • 3) Tabernacle This was the tent that was made to
    keep the arc of the covenant in when they were
    traveling in the desert
  • 4) Temple Built by King Solomon this held the
    arc until it disappeared had successive rooms
    which were considered holier than the one prior
    to it. The holiest place was called the holiest
    of holies where only the high priest was allowed
    to enter (where the arc of the covenant and ten
    commandments were kept)

9
Characters and Events in Judges
  • Joshua Leader that takes over for Moses and
    leads them into the promised land--Wins battle of
    Jericho
  • Samson Famous judge strong man weak heart
    (fooled by Delilah)
  • Samuel Last judge/first prophet--warns Israel
    about Kings (1 Sam. 8)
  • David and Goliath (1 Sam. 17)

10
Biblical Characters to Know in Judges, 1 2
Samuel
  • Joshua Moses General who leads the Israelites
    into the promised land wins battle of Jericho
  • Samson Judge in Israel, very strong, falls to
    Delilah (Judges 13-16)
  • SamuelLast Judge, first prophet, appoints Saul
    the first king
  • Saul First King--rules from 1020-1000 BCE
  • David Second King, rules from 1000-960 BCE,
    fights Goliath, plays music, composes Psalms,
    sins with Bathsheeba
  • Solomon Davids son who builds the temple, rules
    960-920 BCE

11
Cycle of Relationship in Judges
12
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13
2) Punishment The Israelites must suffer the
consequences for the violation
14

2) Punishment The Israelites must suffer the
conse-quences for the violation (usually
conquered by neigh boring power)
3) Repentance The Israelites repent of their
evil ways (worshipping baal/asherah, etc.)
15
4)Deliverance/Rec- onciliation Yahweh saves the
Israelites, gives them back their land, covenant
renewed

2) Punishment The Israelites must suffer the
conse-quences for the violation (usually
conquered by neigh boring power)
3) Repentance The Israelites repent of their
evil ways (worshipping baal/asherah, etc.), turn
back to Yahweh
16
Contrasting the Leadership of the Judges with the
Kings
  • Judges (1250-1020)
  • 1) Were very charismatic
  • 2) Faithful to Yahweh and the Covenant
  • 3) Military leaders that united the tribes
    temporarily
  • Kings (1020-920)
  • 1) They were skilled diplomats
  • 2) Faithful to Yahweh and the Covenant
  • 3) Lived in Jerusalem, built a Kingdom, all the
    tribes stayed united

17
The Sin of King David Love Behind the Temple
Walls (2 Sam. 11-1214)
  • David King who committed the sins of desire,
    adultery, cover-up, and murder
  • Bathsheeba The bodacious vixen David lusted
    after
  • Uriah Bathsheebas faithful husband, soldier in
    Joabs army
  • Joab Davids General, puts Uriah on front line
    for David
  • Nathan The prophet that tells David the parable
    of the rich man, the poor man, and the sheep

18
Types of Leadership in Ancient Israel
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