Environmental Impact Assessment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


Title: Environmental Impact Assessment


1
Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Myriam Raiche
  • November 8, 2007

2
What is an EIA?
  • Simplified EIA considers an action and its
    possible consequences
  • A process and planning tool used for data
    gathering and decision making (public and
    private)
  • Identifies, predicts, and assesses the likely
    consequences of proposed development activities
    on the surrounding environment
  • Idealistically, process should be comprehensive
    and objective

3
Canadian Environmental Assessment Research
Council Definition
  • Process which attempts to identify and predict
    the impacts of legislative proposals, policies,
    programs, projects and operational procedures on
    the biophysical environment, on human health and
    well-being. It also interprets and communicates
    information about those impacts and investigates
    and proposes means for their management. (Dearden
    and Mitchell, 2005, 171)

4
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency
  • Purpose of EIA
  • Minimize or avoid adverse environmental effects
    before they occur
  • Incorporate environmental factors into decision
    making

5
Examples for Use of EIA
  • Physical projects
  • Hydroelectric dam, wind farm, waste facility
  • Programs
  • Renewable energy development scheme, recycling
    program
  • Policies
  • Energy policy, waste management policy

6
Types of EIA
  • Progression of EIA, from 1970s, into various
    environmental focuses
  • Cumulative impact assessment
  • Social and economic assessment
  • Strategic impact assessment

7
Jurisdictions Regulations
  • Public
  • Federal level CEAA administered by the Canadian
    Environmental Assessment Agency
  • Provincial/Territorial level Provincial acts
    such as BCs EAA administered by the BC
    Environmental Assessment Office
  • Inter-jurisdictional agreements between federal
    and provincial/territorial authorities Canada-BC
    EA Cooperation Agreement

8
Jurisdictions Regulations
  • Local level Regional and municipal regulations
    administered by local government and planning
    departments
  • Private
  • Consultants, resource managers, planners,
    engineers, etc sub-contracted or hired directly
    by developer and subject to same regulations

9
EIA Approval
  • 4 assessment types described in the CEAA
  • Screening class screening
  • Comprehensive study
  • Mediation
  • Review panel

10
Summary of Steps in EIA Process
  • Proposal
  • identify basic concept of project
  • Screening
  • Is an EIA legally required?
  • legalities (permits, legislation), scale (size,
    cost), nature of project (public/private, type)
  • Scoping
  • identify issues and impacts to be addressed

11
Summary of Steps in EIA Process
  • Assessment
  • data collection, impact prediction, evaluation
  • Preparation, Submission, Review of EIA report
  • Decision/Recommendation
  • approval or rejection based on EIA report
    recommendations
  • Monitoring Compliance
  • Parameters for maintaining and enforcing
    recommend

12
Benefits
  • Protection and/or improvement of human and
    environmental health
  • Maintenance of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of natural resources
  • Minimized risks of environmental disasters
  • Opportunity for public participation
  • Fewer conflicts between users

13
Challenges
  • Early involvement of EIA process in project
    planning and development
  • Threshold of environmental impact finding the
    acceptable level of environmental impact
  • Lack of black and white in decision-making need
    to balance subjective judgments and cultural
    values with scientific studies

14
Challenges
  • Every project is unique standard format is not
    always available but allows for creativity and
    project-specific measures
  • Data collection lack of data and imperfect data
    (leads to guesswork and unknowns)

15
References
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency website
    at http//www.ceaa.gc.ca/index_e.htm
  • Dearden, Philip and Mitchell, Bruce. (2005).
    Environmental Change and Challenge. A Canadian
    Perspective. 2nd ed. Canada Oxford University
    Press.
  • Environmental Assessment Office website at
    http//www.eao.gov.bc.ca
  • Environmental Impact Assessment. Urban
    Environmental Management. Global Development
    Research Center website at http//www.gdrc.org/uem
    /eia/impactassess.html
  • Hanna, Kevin S. (Ed). (2005). Environmental
    Impact Assessment. Practice and Participation.
    Canada Oxford University Press.

16
Questions?
  • Do you think EIAs have been successful in their
    mandate or are economic issues still at the
    forefront? What about in the future
  • Are they empty statements?
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Environmental Impact Assessment

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Title: Environmental Impact Assessment


1
Environmental Impact Assessment
  • Myriam Raiche
  • November 8, 2007

2
What is an EIA?
  • Simplified EIA considers an action and its
    possible consequences
  • A process and planning tool used for data
    gathering and decision making (public and
    private)
  • Identifies, predicts, and assesses the likely
    consequences of proposed development activities
    on the surrounding environment
  • Idealistically, process should be comprehensive
    and objective

3
Canadian Environmental Assessment Research
Council Definition
  • Process which attempts to identify and predict
    the impacts of legislative proposals, policies,
    programs, projects and operational procedures on
    the biophysical environment, on human health and
    well-being. It also interprets and communicates
    information about those impacts and investigates
    and proposes means for their management. (Dearden
    and Mitchell, 2005, 171)

4
Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency
  • Purpose of EIA
  • Minimize or avoid adverse environmental effects
    before they occur
  • Incorporate environmental factors into decision
    making

5
Examples for Use of EIA
  • Physical projects
  • Hydroelectric dam, wind farm, waste facility
  • Programs
  • Renewable energy development scheme, recycling
    program
  • Policies
  • Energy policy, waste management policy

6
Types of EIA
  • Progression of EIA, from 1970s, into various
    environmental focuses
  • Cumulative impact assessment
  • Social and economic assessment
  • Strategic impact assessment

7
Jurisdictions Regulations
  • Public
  • Federal level CEAA administered by the Canadian
    Environmental Assessment Agency
  • Provincial/Territorial level Provincial acts
    such as BCs EAA administered by the BC
    Environmental Assessment Office
  • Inter-jurisdictional agreements between federal
    and provincial/territorial authorities Canada-BC
    EA Cooperation Agreement

8
Jurisdictions Regulations
  • Local level Regional and municipal regulations
    administered by local government and planning
    departments
  • Private
  • Consultants, resource managers, planners,
    engineers, etc sub-contracted or hired directly
    by developer and subject to same regulations

9
EIA Approval
  • 4 assessment types described in the CEAA
  • Screening class screening
  • Comprehensive study
  • Mediation
  • Review panel

10
Summary of Steps in EIA Process
  • Proposal
  • identify basic concept of project
  • Screening
  • Is an EIA legally required?
  • legalities (permits, legislation), scale (size,
    cost), nature of project (public/private, type)
  • Scoping
  • identify issues and impacts to be addressed

11
Summary of Steps in EIA Process
  • Assessment
  • data collection, impact prediction, evaluation
  • Preparation, Submission, Review of EIA report
  • Decision/Recommendation
  • approval or rejection based on EIA report
    recommendations
  • Monitoring Compliance
  • Parameters for maintaining and enforcing
    recommend

12
Benefits
  • Protection and/or improvement of human and
    environmental health
  • Maintenance of biodiversity
  • Sustainable use of natural resources
  • Minimized risks of environmental disasters
  • Opportunity for public participation
  • Fewer conflicts between users

13
Challenges
  • Early involvement of EIA process in project
    planning and development
  • Threshold of environmental impact finding the
    acceptable level of environmental impact
  • Lack of black and white in decision-making need
    to balance subjective judgments and cultural
    values with scientific studies

14
Challenges
  • Every project is unique standard format is not
    always available but allows for creativity and
    project-specific measures
  • Data collection lack of data and imperfect data
    (leads to guesswork and unknowns)

15
References
  • Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency website
    at http//www.ceaa.gc.ca/index_e.htm
  • Dearden, Philip and Mitchell, Bruce. (2005).
    Environmental Change and Challenge. A Canadian
    Perspective. 2nd ed. Canada Oxford University
    Press.
  • Environmental Assessment Office website at
    http//www.eao.gov.bc.ca
  • Environmental Impact Assessment. Urban
    Environmental Management. Global Development
    Research Center website at http//www.gdrc.org/uem
    /eia/impactassess.html
  • Hanna, Kevin S. (Ed). (2005). Environmental
    Impact Assessment. Practice and Participation.
    Canada Oxford University Press.

16
Questions?
  • Do you think EIAs have been successful in their
    mandate or are economic issues still at the
    forefront? What about in the future
  • Are they empty statements?
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