TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Loading...

PPT – TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 10e88d-ZDc1Z



Loading


The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content

Get the plugin now

View by Category
About This Presentation
Title:

TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN

Description:

Hanne Lorimer Aamodt, Nursing, Norway 'Trafficking in persons' shall mean the recruitment, ... Exploitation shall include, at a minimum, the exploitation ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

Number of Views:92
Avg rating:3.0/5.0
Slides: 33
Provided by: cohe9
Category:

less

Write a Comment
User Comments (0)
Transcript and Presenter's Notes

Title: TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN


1
TRAFFICKING IN WOMEN
Hande Yagcan, Nursing, Turkey Katrien Bruneel,
Occupational Therapy, Belgium Sherlylynn Laban,
Nursing, Denmark Stine Thomsen, Occupational
Therapy, Denmark Kirsten Andersen, Midwifery,
Denmark Hanne Lorimer Aamodt, Nursing, Norway
2
(No Transcript)
3
  • 'Trafficking in persons' shall mean the
    recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring
    or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or
    use of force or other forms of coercion, of
    abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse
    of power or of a position of vulnerability or of
    the giving or receiving of payments or benefits
    to achieve the consent of a person having control
    over another person, for the purpose of
    exploitation. Exploitation shall include, at a
    minimum, the exploitation of the prostitution of
    others or other forms of sexual exploitation,
    forced labour or services, slavery or practices
    similar to slavery, servitude or the removal of
    organs (Article 3,UN Protocol to Prevent,
    Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons,
    especially Women and Children, supplementing the
    United Nations Convention Against Transnational
    Organized Crime)

4
Fact Sheet
12.3 million people working as slaves at any
given time 4 million people are victims of
trafficking every year 3.2 within national
borders 800.000 over international
borders 500.000 people are traded into Europe
per year
5
80 are women and underaged girls 80 of these
are traded for prostitution purposes 3. most
money making form of organized crime passed
only by trade in weapons and drugs. annual
profit of 1 billion euro Source
www.kvindehandel.dk
6
Trafficking and Poverty
  • Main causes. Why does trafficking exist?
  • Demand growing market
  • Supply economical and social inequality
  • also
  • prostitution is legal
  • forced prostitution by western husbands
  • Poverty ? Trafficking

7
Health Problems of Trafficking Women
Psychlogical Health Problems
Physical Health Problems
8
Psychological Health Problems
9
Psychlogical Health Problems
  • Anxiety disorders
  • Traumatic stress disorders
  • Fear-fobia
  • Mood disorders
  • Depression
  • Sleeping disturbance-disorders
  • Eating disturbance-disorders
  • Drug or alcohol abuse

10
Traumatic Stress Disorders
  • Severe traumatic event
  • Avoiding any thoughts  
  • Can not recall important details
  • Feelings of no real future
  • Flashbacks, hallucinations, illusions
  • Sleeping Problems
  • Irritability or outbursts of anger
  • Concentrating problems.
  • Source DSM IV(Diagnostical and Statistical
    Manual of Mental Disease)

11
Depression
  • Loss of interest in daily activities
  • Significant weight loss or gain
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia
  • Psychomotoric agitation or retardation
  • Risk of committing suicide
  • Source DSM IV (Diagnostical and Statistical
    Manual of Mental Disease)

12
Physical Health Problems
13
Sexually transmitted diseases (STD)
  • group of contagious conditions whose principal
    mode of transmission is by intimate sexual
    activity

14
Sexually transmitted diseases(STD)
  • Bacterial infections
  • - Syphilis
  • - Gonorrhoea
  • - Chlamydial infection
  • - Organisms associated with bacterial
    vaginosis
  • Viral infections
  • - Genital herpes
  • - Genital warts
  • Protozoal infections
  • - Trichomoniasis
  • Fungal infections
  • - Vaginal candidosis
  • Ectoparasites
  • - Scabies
  • - Pubic lice
  • Others eg. HIV, Hepatitis A B

15
Chlamydial infection
  • Infect mucosal areas with resulting submucosal
    inflammation and marked neutrophil responses
  • Coexistion with gonnorhea
  • Treatment antibiotics

16
Hepatitis
  • 400-5OO million people
  • He patitis BVirus a developped DNA virus
  • Virus found in body fluids
  • HAV
  • -spread from the stool to the mounth
  • - symptoms poor appetite, feeling ill,
    nausea, fever
  • HBV
  • - spread through contaminated blood
  • - symptoms joint pains , wheals( itchy red
    hives on the skin), dark urine
  • HCV

17
Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
  • Symptoms
  • fever, swollen, lymph nodes and general
    discomfort 3-14 days.
  • symptoms disappear, lymphs may stay enlarged,
    may have no other symptoms for years

18
What is being done to prevent Trafficking?
19
UN on trafficking
  • The Global programme against trafficking was
    launched by UN,UNODC, and UNICRI
  • GPAT assist in covering the organized crime
    groups in human trafficking and promotes other
    effective ways to track down these prepetrators.

20
GPAT
  • At national level the program aims
  • - promote public awareness campaign
  • - train lawenforcement, judges and
    procecuters
  • - advise in revising and drafting relevant
    legislation
  • - strenghten victim and witness support
  • At international level the program aims
  • - provide assistance to agencies, institutions
    and governments as part of an interdisciplinary
    effort to design effective measures against
    trafficking in human beings

21
The most important bills launched by the EU
  • Since 1996 the EU has had a common strategy as a
    countermeasure against human trafficking

22
The strategy is based on three main principles
  • Prevention of illegal acts of human trafficking
  • Providing protection and support to the victims
  • Prosecution of the perpetrators

23
Reden Stop Kvindehandel
  • 2006 Report on human trafficking
  • Why the phenomenon exist?

24
What can we do?
  • Legalization
  • Criminalization

25
Conclusion
  • There is no evidence to prove that legalization
    of prostitution reduces the number of traded
    women
  • On the other hand, it is indicated that the main
    effect of legalized prostitution is an increase
    in the demand for prostitutes, and a subsequent
    increase of human trafficking

26
How Reden thinks that human Trafficking can be
stopped
  • Ban on buying sexual services
  • - Signal non-acceptance
  • The high profit / low risk for perpetrators must
    be changed
  • Establish more social initiatives in the
    countries of origin
  • Enhance international cooperation between police
    and social organizations

27
  • Our professions in context

28
Midwives
The Patient a traded woman
Occupational Therapists
Nurses
Other health care personnel
29
Professions
  • Multidisiplinary activities
  • Harm reduction
  • Empowerment
  • Wellbeing programs
  • Job rehabilitation
  • Medical treatment

30
What to do about STD?
  • Accurate diagnosis
  • Effective treatment
  • Finish treatment before resumption of sexual
    activity
  • Partner notification to prevent further
    transmission
  • Counseling on safe sexual practices
  • The exhibition of a confidential, friendly, well
    advertised and accessible environment for patient
    care

31
What to do about the mental suffering?
  • Show empathy
  • Create an atmosphere of respect and trust
  • Encourage the women to take an active part in the
    rehabilitation
  • Humour and spontaneity create a relaxed and
    lively atmosphere- when the situation allows it
  • An open dialogue
  • An interpreter facilitates this communication and
    acts as a cultural mediator

32
Discussion
  • What do you think will help the women traded?
    Legalization, criminalization.
  • Who makes the market? What can one do about this?
About PowerShow.com