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Meditation in Theravada Buddhism

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equanimity. perception of loathsomeness of food ... K. of reflective contemplation. K. of equanimity towards all formations. K. of conformity. Q&A ... – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Meditation in Theravada Buddhism


1
Meditation in Theravada Buddhism
  • Introduction to Thai Buddhism
  • by Venerable Mettanando Bhikkhu

2
Mental Defilement/ Roots of Un-wholesome Actions
  • Greed (lobha)
  • Hatred (dosa)
  • Delusion (moha)

3
The Four Noble Truths
  • Dukkha (Suffering, rather dissatisfaction)
  • Dukkha-samuddaya (Rising of Dissatisfaction)
  • Dukkha-nirodha (Cessation of Dissatisfaction)
  • Magga (Path for Cessation of Dissatisfaction)

4
Dukkha (Suffering, rather dissatisfaction)
  • birth, the source of other forms of
    dissatisfaction
  • aging,
  • illness,
  • death, end/beginning of a new life

5
Dukkha-samuddaya (Rising of Dissatisfaction)
  • Craving for sensual pleasure
  • Craving for becoming
  • Craving for non-becoming

6
Dukkha-nirodha (Cessation of Dissatisfaction) n
irodha in Sanskrit stillness
Pali cessation
7
Magga (Path for Cessation of Dissatisfaction)
  • Right View
  • Right Thinking
  • Right Speech
  • Right Action
  • Right Livelihood
  • Right Effort
  • Right Mindfulness
  • Right Mental Concentration

8
Remedies (1)
  • Morality
  • Mental concentration
  • Wisdom

9
Remedies (2)
  • Charity
  • Morality
  • Meditation

10
Mind/body known as the Five Aggregates
  • 1.materiality
  • 2.sensation
  • 3.memory/perception
  • 4.mental formation
  • 5.consciousness

11
Mantra
  • literally, tool of thought
  • Sanskrit verb root man to think
  • repeated utterance of a word, or series of words
  • grounded in believe in sacredness of the language

12
Object of meditation nimitta
  • visualized sign or image which facilitates the
    cultivation of inner peace
  • an image appears in meditation

13
Two schools of meditation
  • The Cultivation of Inner Peace (samatha)
  • The Cultivation of Insight (vipassan?)

14
The Cultivation of Inner Peace (samatha) 40
techniques
  • 10 physical contemplations
  • 10 reflections/recollections
  • 10 foulness
  • 4 immaterial
  • 4 sublime stages
  • 1 perception of loathsomeness of food
  • 1 analysis of four elements

15
The Cultivation of Insight (vipassana)
  • Realization of the three characteristics in all
    things
  • Impermanence
  • Dissatisfaction
  • Non-selfness

16
Kasina (Kasin) 10 physical contemplations
  • material earth, water, air, space, fire
  • color red, blue, yellow, green, light

17
Anusati 10 reflections/recollections
  • Buddha, Dhamma, Sangha
  • Morality, Generosity,
  • Deity, Death
  • Breathing,
  • Ultimate peace

18
Asubha 10 foulness of corpses
  • bloated corpse, livid corpse, festering corpse,
  • dismembered corpse, gnawed corpse, scattered
    corpse,
  • mutilated corpse, bloody corpse, worm-infested
    corpse,
  • skeleton

19
Arupa 4 immaterial contemplation
  • infinite space
  • infinite consciousness
  • emptiness
  • neither perception/non-perception

20
Brahmavihara 4 sublime stages
  • loving kindness
  • compassion
  • empathic joy
  • equanimity

21
perception of loathsomeness of food
  • nutrients for physical body, sensation, memory,
    thought, and consciousness are all defiled and
    should not be attached to

22
analysis of four elements
  • all physical objects, living or non-living, are
    composed on the four basic elements earth,
    water, wind, fire
  • in reality, all things should not be attached to

23
4 stages of contemplation (jh?na)
  • 1.discursive thought, joy, happiness ,
    one-pointedness
  • 2.joy, happiness one-pointedness
  • 3.happiness one-pointedness
  • 4.one-pointedness equanimity

24
4 contemplations on immateriality
  • 1.Sphere of infinite space
  • 2.Sphere of infinite consciousness
  • 3.Sphere of emptiness
  • 4.Sphere of neither perception/non-perception

25
Four Stages of Enlightenment
  • 1.Stream-enterer (sot?-panna)
  • 2.Once-returner (sakd?g?mi)
  • 3.Non-returner (an?g?mi)
  • 4.Worthy One (arahant)

26
Direct Knowledge (1)
  • 1.Knowledge of the Truth
  • 2.Knowledge of Action
  • 3.Knowledge of Accomplishment

27
Direct Knowledge (2)
  • 1.Knowledge of the past
  • 2.Knowledge of the future
  • 3.Knowledge of present

28
nirodhasam?patti
  • only attainable by arahants
  • complete cessation of mental activities
  • no physical movement
  • secure and safe from all danger

29
Difference between nirodha and a dead man
  • physical functions
  • verbal functions
  • mental functions
  • vitality
  • heat

30
Nibbana/ Nirvana
  • Nir prefix away, out
  • va verb blowing
  • summum bonum of Buddhist Practices

31
The Insight Knowledge Vipassana-nana.
  • K. of contemplation on rise and fall
  • K. of contemplation on dissolution
  • K. of the appearance and terror
  • K. of contemplation on disadvantages
  • K. of contemplation on dispassion
  • K. of the desire of deliverance
  • K. of reflective contemplation
  • K. of equanimity towards all formations
  • K. of conformity

32
QA
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