Everything you need to Know about Autoimmune Disease | Plexus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Everything you need to Know about Autoimmune Disease | Plexus


Autoimmune diseases corrupt our healthy immune system and make them attack healthy cells. Most are degenerative and life-threatening. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Everything you need to Know about Autoimmune Disease | Plexus

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What are autoimmune diseases?
  • Autoimmune diseases corrupt our healthy immune
    system and make them attack healthy cells.
  • Most are degenerative and life-threatening.

Types of Autoimmune Diseases
Autoimmune diseases of joints and muscles
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis
  • Immune system attacks the joints
  • Symptoms soreness, stiffness, redness, and
    warmth in joints
  • Psoriasis
  • Skin cells multiply at a rapid pace leading to
    extra build-up
  • Symptoms inflamed, red/purple patches with
    silver white/brown/gray scales all over the body
  • 30 of psoriasis patients also experience
    swelling, stiffness, and pain in their joints.
    This condition is called psoriatic arthritis.

Autoimmune diseases of joints and muscles
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Affects joints, kidneys, heart, brain, among
    other organs
  • Earliest symptoms Rashes
  • Sjörgens Syndrome
  • Affects glands that secrete lubrication for the
    eyes and mouth
  • Symptoms Dry mouth, dry eyes, dry skin,
    muscle/joint pain, rashes, fatigue, vaginal

Autoimmune diseases of the nervous system
  • Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)
  • Disrupts nerve impulses that help the brain to
    control muscle and movement
  • Symptoms Drooping eyelids, speech trouble,
    dysphagia, double vision, limb weakness,
    inability to hold neck up
  • Multiple Sclerosis
  • Attacks the central nervous system by damaging
    the myelin sheath
  • Symptoms Fatigue, vision problems, numbness,
    tingling, muscle weakness, osteoporosis

Autoimmune diseases of the skin
  • Dermatomyositis
  • Affects skin and weakens muscle
  • Type of myopathy
  • Leads to severe respiratory problems
  • Symptoms Dysphagia, reddish purple skin,
    shortness of breath, stiffness, weakness,
  • Psoriasis (refer to slide 4)

Autoimmune diseases of the digestive tract
  • Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD)
  • Inflammation along the lining the intestinal wall
  • Symptoms Diarrhoea, rectal bleeding, fever,
    weight loss, anaemia, abdominal pain,
    malnutrition and delayed growth (in children)
  • Crohns disease - inflammation along any part of
    the GI tract (from mouth to anus)
  • Ulcerative colitis - inflammation along the
    lining of the large intestine and rectum
  • Celiac Disease
  • Attacks small intestine
  • Triggered by gluten
  • Symptoms Diarrhoea/ constipation, recurrent
    stomach ache, cramping, bloating, anaemia,
    fatigue, nausea, vomiting, folic acid deficiency

Autoimmune diseases of the endocrine system
  • Graves Disease
  • Attacks the thyroid gland
  • Results in hyperthyroidism
  • Symptoms Mood swings, fatigue, irregular
    heartbeat, weight loss, profuse sweating,
    frequent bowel movements
  • Hashimotos Thyroiditis
  • Slows down the secretion of thyroid hormone
  • Leads to hypothyroidism
  • Symptoms Mild weight gain, constipation, dry
    skin, lethargy, joint stiffness, muscle pain,

Autoimmune diseases of the endocrine system
  • Addisons Disease
  • Attacks the adrenaline glands
  • Disrupts production of cortisol, aldosterone, and
    androgen hormones
  • Symptoms Lethargy, muscle weakness,
    irritability, unintentional weight loss, salt
    cravings, increased thirst
  • Other autoimmune diseases
  • Type 1 Diabetes
  • Autoimmune Vasculitis Caused by inflammation
    that narrows veins and arteries
  • Pernicious Anaemia Disturbs stomachs lining,
    leads to vitamin B12 deficiency

Risk factors of autoimmune diseases
  • Family history
  • Smoking
  • Exposure to toxins
  • Obesity
  • Side effects of certain medications
  • Being female - nearly 78 of autoimmune disease
    patients are women
  • Already having one type of autoimmune disease

Diagnosing autoimmune diseases
  • Based on your symptoms, age, and medical history,
    the following tests may be advised by your
  • Antinuclear Antibody Test (ANA)
  • Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate (ESR)
  • Complete Blood Count (CBC)

Stem cell therapy for autoimmune diseases
  • Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) immunomodulatory,
    tissue-protective and repair-promoting properties
    have helped improve the quality of life of
    patients with autoimmune conditions, manage their
    symptoms, and also regulate the immune system.
  • Plexus uses either autologous mesenchymal cells
    or cord cells depending upon the patient's
  • To know more, reach out to us today.
  • WhatsApp 91 89048 42087
  • Call 91 78159 64668 (Hyderabad) 91 82299
    99888 (Bangalore)
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