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All about Open Heart Surgery

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If you are suffering from heart disease, Dr. Sarita Rao is one of the Best cardiac surgeons in Indore. If you are looking for the Best cardiologist in Madhya Pradesh for heart treatment, then come to Hridayam Heart Care Center, Dr. Sarita Rao's clinic in Indore. Call now us for an appointment at 9893925000 or online visit our website for more information - – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: All about Open Heart Surgery


1
ABOUT DOCTOR
Interventional Cardiologist Apollo Hospitals,
Indore
Dr. Sarita Rao is a Sr. Interventional
Cardiologist at Apollo Hospitals, Indore. She is
the first female Interventional Cardiologist in
Central India. She is Fellow of American College
of Cardiology(FACC) and Fellow of European
Society of Cardiology(FESC)
For OPD Appointments Contact 91
9893925000 OPD Timing at Apollo Hospitals,
Indore 1100 AM to 400 PM Location Apollo
Hospitals, Indore Sector D Rd, Scheme No 74C,
Vijay Nagar, Indore. OPD Timing at Clinic 630
PM to 800 PM Location 303, Third Floor, Vishal
Astra, Opp. Satya Sai School, A.B Road, Indore,
MP.
2
All about Open Heart Surgery
Open heart surgery is a type of cardiac
surgery in which coronary bypass is done around a
section of blocked or any partially blocked
artery in the heart, this surgery include the cut
open chest and the surgery is performed on the
muscles valves or the arteries of the heart.
Coronary artery bypass grafting CABG is the most
common type of open heart surgery that is done.
During the surgery any healthy artery or vein is
attached to the blocked coronary artery , in this
procedure the surgeon take a healthy vessel from
the leg arm or the chest  region, which
afterwards supply the blood flow to the heart
muscles through a new pathway.
Coronary bypass surgery generally does not cure
heart disease that cause blockages like coronary
artery disease and atherosclerosis, but can ease
the symptoms such as pain in chest,  shortness of
breath and fatigue, this surgery is generally
done to improve functioning of the heart  and to
reduce the risk factor of dying or demise due to
heart diseases..
When it is needed-
Open heart surgery can be done to perform a CABG,
it is necessary for the people with coronary
heart disease. Coronary Heart disease occurs when
the blood vessels that supplies the oxygen and
provide blood to the heart muscles narrowed and
hardens down this is called hardening of the
arteries. This can be due to fatty plague 
deposits on the wall of coronary arteries which
causes blockage and due to the blockage the blood
can't flow properly and a heart attack can occur.
3
The main aim of open heart surgery is to -
  • Repair or replace the heart valves which allow
    proper blood flow through the heart.
  • To repair abnormal areas of the heart that are
    being damaged
  • Attain or implant medical devices that helps the
    heart beat properly in cases of arrythmias

Open heart surgery is also done if
  • There is severe chest pain that is caused due to
    narrowing of arteries
  • You have had previous angioplasty or placement of
    stent to hold the arteries that hasn't been
    successful
  • In case of archery blockage that can't be treated
    with any other procedure

Coronary bypass surgery is all to performed in
emergency situations like heart attack and for
blocked arteries of the heart.
4
Risks-
As the following procedure is an open heart
surgery there are certain complications which can
be seen during or after the procedure most common
complications and risk factors include - 
  • Kidney problems
  • Heavy bleeding
  • Stroke
  • Infections that can be at site of wound
  • Arrythmias ( irregular heart beat)
  • Memory loss which can last within 6 to 12 months
  • Chances of heart attack
  • Blood clot
  • Chest pain
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Pneumonia
  • Lung failures

5
Well the risk off developing any complication is
very low but it also depends on the overall
health of the individual on which the surgery is
performed, generally this risk factors are more
prominently seen in emergency procedures or in
cases of comorbidity.
Results-
It can't take up to 6 to 12 weeks to fully
require after the surgery, After the surgery
people feel better and the outcome is good for
many people, and remain symptom free as long as
10 to 15 years, however it is also possible that
other arteries or even the new grafted artery
used in the bypass surgery can become clogged and
can require another bypass or angioplasty. The
results and the outcome will depend on blood clot
prevention and the care, it is advised that after
the open heart surgery patient should always
follow some rules like- 
6
  • Control blood pressure
  • Control or lower down cholesterol levels
  • Control diabetes
  • Quit smoking
  • Exercise regularly
  • Active lifestyle
  • Cutting on high fat food, sugar and salt
  • Manage stress
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Taking proper nutrition and diet

7
Along with these getting enough sleep play and
important role in recovery period, there are many
patients that experience trouble while sleeping
after the open heart surgery but it is very
important to get appropriate amount of sleep for
a healthy recovery and outcome, try to take
medications on time and maintain a healthy
lifestyle with proper diet and proper water
intake, also especially you should limit alcohol
stop using illegal drugs and avoid caffeine
especially in the evening.
8
If you are suffering from heart disease, Dr.
Sarita Rao is one of the Best cardiac surgeons in
Indore. If you are looking for the Best
cardiologist in Madhya Pradesh for heart
treatment, then come to Hridayam Heart Care
Center, Dr. Sarita Rao's clinic in Indore. Call
now us for an appointment at 9893925000 or online
visit our website for more information -
https//drsaritaraocardiologist.com/
9
Please go visit our social media Facebook -
https//www.facebook.com/Dr-Sarita-Rao-Cardiologis
t-101841215429014 Please do follow on Instagram
Instagram - https//www.instagram.com/drsarita
_rao/ To More Post - All You Should Know About
Cardiac Arrest
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