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All You Should Know About Cardiac Arrest


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Title: All You Should Know About Cardiac Arrest

Interventional Cardiologist Apollo Hospitals,
Dr. Sarita Rao is a Sr. Interventional
Cardiologist at Apollo Hospitals, Indore. She is
the first female Interventional Cardiologist in
Central India. She is Fellow of American College
of Cardiology(FACC) and Fellow of European
Society of Cardiology(FESC)
For OPD Appointments Contact 91
9893925000 OPD Timing at Apollo Hospitals,
Indore 1100 AM to 400 PM Location Apollo
Hospitals, Indore Sector D Rd, Scheme No 74C,
Vijay Nagar, Indore. OPD Timing at Clinic 630
PM to 800 PM Location 303, Third Floor, Vishal
Astra, Opp. Satya Sai School, A.B Road, Indore,
All You Should Know About Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac arrest is mainly caused due to heart
attack, it is a sudden abrupt loss of heart
functioning consciousness and breathing, cardiac
arrest generally results due to rhythmic
functions for the electrical system of the heart
which lead to disrupt hearts pumping action and
stop the blood flow from the heart to the body.
Cardiac arrest as a major cause of death
nowadays, it can come suddenly or in the wake of
other symptoms, cardiac arrest can be very fattal
if appropriate steps are not taken immediately on
time. Cardiac arrest is caused when the
electrical system malfunctions and the heart
stops beating properly due to this in appropriate
breathing the heart stops pumping or is arrested,
stops working that is why it is called as
cardiac arrest. 
Symptoms of cardiac arrest-
There are many signs and symptoms of cardiac
arrest that can not be clearly defined as
symptoms of cardiac arrest, the most common
symptoms are immediate and drastic it includes-
  • Loss of breathing
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Disturbance in pulse
  • Sudden collapse
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Shortness of breath fatigue
  • Weakness
  • Fainting
  • Dizziness
  • Irregular heartbeat

It is very important to urgently seek medical
help if any of the symptoms are experienced.
Causes Of cardiac arrest-
The main cause of a cardiac arrest is Arrythmias
that is abnormal heart beat or rhythm which
occurs when the hearts electrical system does not
work properly. The electrical system of the heart
is responsible to control the rate and rhythm of
heartbeat if there is any disturbance in heart
beat it may result in to beating too fast or too
slowly, which may lead to sudden cardiac arrest.
The most common rythm that may result into
cardiac arrest is arrhythmia in the lower chamber
of the heart that is ventricle. 
There are also many heart conditions that can
lead to sudden cardiac arrest, these include
1) Coronary artery disease- mostly cardiac arrest
cases are seen in the people who have coronary
artery disease coronary artery is the main artery
that supplies the heart if there is any e
cholesterol or other deposit present in the
artery it becomes clogged which reduces the blood
flow to the heart and cause cardiac arrest.
2) Heart attack- if the heart attack occurs it
can result in to severe coronary artery disease
which can lead to trigger sudden cardiac arrest
and ventricular fibrillation, Heart Attack can
also leave scar tissue into the heart which can
lead to electrical short circuits in the scar
tissue leading to abnormality in the heart rhythm
and arrhythmia.
3) Congenital heart diseases- generally in
children's for adolescents when there is sudden
cardiac arrest it can be due to congenital heart
disease, congenital heart diseases are the
diseases which are present by birth in to the
4) Valvular heart diseases- if there is any
leakage or narrowing of the valves of the heart
it can lead to stretching and thickening of the
heart muscles, if the chambers become enlarged or
weakens due to the stress caused by tight walls
there are increased chances of developing
arrhythmias which can lead to sudden cardiac
Risk factors- 
Sudden cardiac arrest is linked to coronary
artery disease there are many risk factors that
can lead to coronary artery disease which can
also increase the risk of cardiac arrest, here
are the most common risk factors which increases
the risk of cardiac arrest-
  • Smoking
  • Obesity
  • High blood pressure
  • High blood sugar level
  • Diabetes

  • High blood cholesterol
  • Past history of coronary artery disease or
    cardiac arrest
  • Inactive lifestyle
  • Along with this there are other factors that may
    increase the risk of cardiac arrest that include
  • Any previous history of cardiac arrest or any
    family history of coronary artery disease
  • Using illegal drugs
  • Chronic kidney disease
  • Sleep apnea
  • Any previous heart attack

Here are the risk factors that may lead to
cardiac arrest, it is very important to maintain
healthy stress free lifestyle to avoid any kind
of heart related problems which can cause death. 
Preventing any heart diseases means saving life
there are many simple ways to prevent cardiac
arrest that include Lifestyle changes,
exercising, losing weight and more . Here are
some of the tips that can help you to prevent
cardiac arrest and other heart diseases.
Common complications-
The formation of blood clots is the most
dangerous complication of atrial fibrillation
which can lead to stroke. The irregular heart
rhythm in atrial fibrillation can cause blood to
collect in the upper chambers of the heart and
the formation of clots. If the blood clots, it
can travel to the brain which can cause a stroke.
Other common complications or conditions which
can increase the risk of stroke due to atrial
fibrillation are -
  • High blood pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Heart failure
  • Valvular heart diseases

Blood thickening medications are commonly
prescribed in people with atrial fibrillation to
prevent these blood clots and the risk of stroke.
The only prevention is to maintain a healthy
lifestyle which can reduce the risk of heart
diseases and also help you to prevent atrial
fibrillation, the most common tips for prevention
are -
1) Stay active- exercising play a major role in
preventing heart diseases, exercising play a
major role in strengthening of heart and to
increase the cardio pulmonary activity of body.
Exercising 15 to 20 minutes a day can help you to
prevent arrhythmias, blockage and other problems
that can lead to heart attacks and Cardiac Arrest.
2) Heat healthy diet- try to eat healthy as much
as possible avoid foods that are high in
cholesterol, carbohydrates,oils, sugar and trans
fat. This type of foods can increase the bad
cholesterol levels of the body which can clog the
arteries and can abrupt the blood flow of the
heart which can lead to cardiac arrest.
3) Maintain healthy weight- maintaining a healthy
weight can help heart to pump and function
easily, obesity can lead to oo blockage of
arteries and vessels which can cause abruption of
the blood flow and can lead to serious health
problems in future.
4)Manage diabetes- At least 68 of people gt65
years of age with Diabetes are at high risk of
dying of some form of Heart Disease and  16 die
of stroke . Other risk factors, such as high
blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking,
obesity, and lack of physical activity can
greatly increase a person with diabetes chance
of developing cardiovascular disease.
Dr. Sarita Rao is one of the Best cardiologists
in Indore and ranked amongst the Top cardiologist
in MP. Book your appointment now for your heart
disease treatment with Best cardiac surgeon in
Indore. For call on 919893925000 or visit our
site for more details - https//drsaritaraocardiol
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_rao/ To More Post - All You Need to Know
About Atrial Fibrillation
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