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Elevator car types & components

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In this article, we have learned precisely about all the basic components or parts of elevators particularly designed by elevators parts India that will benefit beginners learning simply about elevators. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Elevator car types & components


1
Guide On Basic Components Of The Elevator
2
  • An elevator is a permanent lifting vehicle
    assisting two or more landing levels. It
    comprises a car for transportation of goods or
    passengers, running at least partly between rigid
    guide rails, vertical or biased to the vertical
    by less than 15 degrees.
  • Elevator parts India is highly in demand, and
    manufacturers fabricate these different elevator
    parts with keeping all guidelines in mind.
  • All elevators are not designed in the same way.
    Elevator function and features may differ from
    one elevator to another
  • Below, we will discuss the basic parts for a
    conventional elevator included in all traction
    elevator types.

3
Basic elevator components
  • The conventional elevators include the following
    essential components
  • Car
  • Machine system
  • Hoistway
  • Control system
  • Safety system
  • Elevator car
  • The elevator car is the conveyance that moves
    between the different elevators and stops
    carrying goods and passengers it is typically a
    massive steel structure encircling a cage of wood
    and metal panels.
  • Elevator car types
  • Conventional elevator cars can be categorized as
    per the number of locations and their entrances
    which are as follows
  • Open through cabin
  • Normal cabin
  • Diagonal cabin

4
Elevator Car Components
  • Elevator parts India manufacturers fabricate
    elevator car that comprises these following
    parts
  • Car sling (a metal substructure joined to the
    means of suspension)
  • The elevator cabin and
  • Mechanical accessories that include guide shoes,
    car door and door operator, and door protective
    device

5
  • 1. Car sling
  • In the elevator, the car sling is the load
    carrier, and its isolating vibrations function
    due to running.
  • Car sling types
  • The suspension (1-1) and (2-1) are the two main
    types of car sling. However, they may come with
    or without the breaking system.
  • Car sling primary components
  • Upper transom
  • The upper transom is the respite element of the
    car. It can be either (1-1) or (2-1) type by
    using 360mm polyamide pulleys. It is also
    fabricated to support roller guides or sliding
    shoes. Braking system catch clamps are also
    installed in the upper transom.
  • Lower transom
  • The lower transom is the car flooring carrier by
    way of the precisely assembled pressure springs
    installed in the more insufficient isolation
    unconventionally. Safety gear catch clamps are
    also installed in the lower transom, and a
    shearing linkage system performs their impelling
    action.
  • Side frame
  • The convertible height side frame is connected
    together and secured to both the lower and upper
    transom.

6
  • 2. The elevator cabinet
  • Ceiling, walls, and floors shall completely cover
    elevator cabinets the only admissible opening is
    the emergency trap door, car door, and
    ventilation apertures.
  • Car floor
  • Car floor possess adequate mechanical strength to
    retain forces which will be exercised during
    safety gear operation, regular operation, and the
    act of the car to its buffers
  • Floor size is the exact size of the car in width
    and depth. The floor extension determines side
    portal depth, door opening, and location. The
    floor will be adjourned and protected by PVC
    covering or granite or marble stone, and it can
    also be personalized according to the client's
    requirements.
  • Car ceiling
  • The purpose of car ceiling fabrication is to
    support two individuals at the time of
    maintenance operation without permanent
    distortion. Car ceiling is also prepared to
    support the balustrade, emergency trap door, and
    blower fan.
  • Front panels
  • The front panel construction determines door
    opening location and height. Mainly there are two
    front panels types, upper and side panels.
  • Car operating panel (COP)
  • A car operating panel is a panel installed in the
    car comprising the car operating controls like
    door open and close, call register buttons, alarm
    emergency stop, and other vital buttons or
    switches necessary for operation.

7
  • Handrail
  • The handrail is of two types, the flat type
    handrail and the cylindrical handrail. The
    purpose of the handrail within the elevator car
    is to offer a support element for the passengers.
    In most cases, an elevator car is offered by a
    handrail at one, two sides, or on all sides of
    the camp.
  • Anyhow one side of the car consists of a handrail
    installed to use the elevators for passengers,
    including disabled persons. Every handrail has
    its finishing style like painted in chosen color
    as per the client's needs or stainless steel
    styles.
  • False ceiling
  • The primary lighting source in the elevator car
    is indeed a false ceiling multiple designs for
    elevator lighting are available.
  • However, the most common lighting elements used
    in elevator lighting are spotlights and
    fluorescent lighting. It is a combination of two
    types and can also be used as well.
  • Emergency trap door assembly
  • Emergency trap door can be conveniently unbolted
    from inside the car by employing a triangular key
    from the outside of the car, by turning the link
    without a key.
  • Electrical safety switches joined to the side
    frame of the trap door provoke the elevator to
    stop if the locking ended to be effective
    restoring the elevator to service will only be
    feasible after willingly relocking.
  • 600x400 mm is the emergency trap door size to
    enable the rescue and departure of passengers.
  • Balustrade
  • A car roof will be offered along with a
    balustrade or railing where the free distance
    between the shaft wall and the car ceiling will
    increase to 0.3m.

8
  • Car apron
  • A car apron is located at the bottom of some
    cars. This apron shields the travelers from being
    revealed to the open hoistway under the car if
    the car doors are open when it is not deplaning
    therefore, the apron is between 21 and 48 long.
  • 3. Mechanical accessories
  • Car door and door operator
  • It has four common types single slide door,
    two-speed side opening, single-speed center
    opening, and two-speed center opening doors.
  • Door operation method
  • Elevator doors are typically unbolted by a power
    unit that is presented on top of the elevator
    car. When an elevator car is a level with a floor
    landing, the power unit proceeds the car door
    open or closed. The power unit unbolts the car
    door, which sequentially opens the hoistway door.
  • Door operator
  • Motor-driven equipment installed on the elevator
    car that opens and closes the car doors
  • Guide shoes
  • Guide shoes are appliances utilized primarily to
    guide the car and balance along the path of the
    guide rails.

9
Conclusion
  • In this article, we have learned precisely about
    all the basic components or parts of elevators
    exclusively designed by elevators parts India
    that will help beginners learn clearly about
    elevators.

10
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(Gujarat) INDIA.
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