Kidney Failure Prevention (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kidney Failure Prevention (1)


Renal failure treatment is primarily based on preventing and treating its effects. Prevention is the primary mediation, then treatment as required. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Kidney Failure Prevention (1)

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Kidney Failure Prevention
updated on April 2, 2021
by Aakask K Leave a Comment
Renal failure treatment is primarily based on
preventing and treating its effects. Prevention
is the primary mediation, then treatment as
required. Renal failure could even be a medical
condition during which the kidneys fail to
adequately filter waste products from the blood.
There are two main forms of renal failure. The
first form is acute kidney injury, which may be
reversible with adequate treatment. The second
form is chronic kidney disease, which is often
not reversible. There are numerous causes of
renal failure, and treatment of the underlying
disease could also be the primary step in
correcting the kidney abnormality. The diagnosis
of renal failure usually is formed by blood tests
measuring BUN, creatinine, and glomerular
filtration rate. GFR is that the rate at which
blood is filtered within the glomeruli of the
Symptoms can vary from person to person. Someone
with the early-stage renal disorder might not
feel sick or notice symptoms as they occur. When
kidneys fail to filter properly, waste
accumulates within the blood and therefore the
body, a condition called azotaemia. Low levels of
azotaemia may not produce any symptoms. If the
disease progresses, symptoms may become
noticeable. Renal failure amid noticeable
symptoms is termed uraemia. High levels of urea
within the blood, which may end in symptoms of
Vomiting or Diarrheal, Nausea, Weight loss,
Nocturnal urination, More frequent urination, or
in greater amounts than usual, less frequent
urination, or in smaller amounts than usual, with
dark coloured urine, blood within the urine,
Pressure, or difficulty urinating, Unusual
amounts of urination, usually in large
quantities When diseased kidneys can no longer
adequately filter out phosphates several possible
symptoms may occur Itching, Bone damage,
Non-union in broken bones, Muscle cramps (caused
by low levels of calcium which may be related to
hyperphosphatemia) When diseased kidneys can no
longer adequately filter out potassium in the
blood possible symptoms of abnormal heart rhythms
or muscle paralysis may occur. When kidneys fail
to remove excess fluid swelling of the face,
ankles, legs and hands may occur. Good health
produces the hormone erythropoietin, which
stimulates the bone marrow to stimulate
oxygenated red blood cells. When the kidneys
fail, they produce less erythropoietin, which
reduces the assembly of red blood cells to
exchange them with the traditional breakdown of
old red blood cells. As a result, the blood
carries less haemoglobin, a condition referred to
as anaemia.
Anaemia symptoms may include Feeling tired or
weak, Memory problems, Difficulty concentrating,
Dizziness, Low blood pressure Treatment of the
underlying explanation for renal failure may
return kidney function to normal. Lifelong
efforts to regulate vital sign and diabetes could
also be the simplest thanks to preventing chronic
renal disorder and its progression to renal
failure. Usually, kidney function gradually
decreases over time. For the treatment of acute
renal failure, the disease or injury that first
damaged the kidneys is identified. Your treatment
options will depend upon what's causing your
renal failure. If the kidneys fail, the sole
treatment options available could also be
dialysis or transplant. Dietary intervention is
vital with deterioration of renal function and
includes careful regulation of your protein
intake, fluid intake to balance fluid losses,
sodium intake to balance sodium losses and some
restriction of potassium. At an equivalent time,
adequate caloric intake and vitamin
supplementation must be ensured. The allowed
protein intake that you simply consume must be of
high biologic value (dairy products, eggs,
meats). High biologic value proteins mean people
who are complete proteins and provide the
essential amino acids necessary for growth and
cell repair. There is much renal disorder diet
out there that will also assist you to identify
foods that are of high biologic value. The fluid
allowance is usually around 500 mL more than the
previous day's 24- hour urine output. Calories
are supplied by carbohydrates and fat to stop
wasting. Vitamin supplementation is important
because a protein-restricted diet doesn't provide
the required complement of vitamins. A patient on
dialysis may lose water-soluble vitamins from the
blood during the dialysis treatment.
Vitamin and mineral supplement may not be
necessary but may be given to individuals on
reduced-calorie diets. There is not one specific
diabetic diet that will suit anyone individual
specifically and the special need of a person
with diabetes. The diet for an individual with
diabetes should be based on an individual
assessment with specific treatment goals in
mind. Dietary modifications are the key to
preventing or managing kidney failure. There are
many different methods and options to be found on
the internet.
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