antimicrobial agents - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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antimicrobial agents

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Title: antimicrobial agents


1
Antimicrobial agents
  • Brand name, generic name, use and side effect of
    following drugs,
  • Penicillin
  • Tetracycline
  • Quinolones
  • Cephalosporin
  • Sulfas
  • Macrolide

2
PENICILLIN
  • BRAND          GENERIC              
  • veetids             penicillin V-K, PCN, VK
  • amoxil             amoxicillin
  • moxatag           amoxicillin / clavulanate
  • Augmentin
  • USE use as a antibacterial , to prevent growth
    of bacteria
  • SIDE EFFECT nausea, vomiting, epigastric
    distress, diarrhea, and black hairy tongue

3
TETRACYCLINE
  • BRAND             GENERIC
  • minocin              minocycline
  • dynacin               tetracycline
  • sumycin              
  • vibrramycin,
  • ORACEA, periostat
  • doxycycline
  • USE  treat many different bacterial infection of
    skin, intestines, respiratory track, urinary
    tract, lymph nodes. 
  • SIDE EFFECT nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, upset
    stomach, loss of appetite 

4
QUINOLONES
  • BRAND                GENERIC
  • avelox                   moxifloxacin
  • cipro                     ciprofloxacin 
  • floxin                    ofloxacin
  • Levaquin                levofloxacin
  • USE  effective against wide range of bacterial
    disease. 
  • SIDE EFFECT GI reactions, CNS reaction

5
CEPHALOSPORIN
  • BRAND              GENERIC
  • Keflex                   cephalexin
  • duricel                  cephadroxil
  • Ceftin, zinacef       cefuroxime
  • Omnicef                cefpodoxime
  • USE bone infections, ear infection, skin
    infection
  • SIDE EFFECT stomach discomfort, nausea,
    vomiting.

6
SULFAS
  • BRAND             GENERIC
  • Bactrim               SMP/TMX
  • trimethoprim/
  • sulfamethoxazole
  • USE treat bacterial infection, used as a UTI,
    bronchitis, eye infection, bacterial meningitis,
    pneumonia, ear infection. 
  • SIDE EFFECT skin rashing, itching, headache,
    diarrhoea, tiredness, dizziness

7
MACROLIDE
  • BRAND             GENERIC
  • ery-tab                erythromycin base
  • erythromycin     erythromycin stearate
  • Zithromax          azithromycin
  • dificid                fidaxomicin
  • USE use against gram positive bacteria and
    limited gram negative bacteria and some
    respiratory track 
  • SIDE EFFECT nausea, vomiting. diarrhoea and
    ringing or buzzing in the ear.

8
Thank you
  • Read other medicine related article visit this
    site uvmedicine
  • Antimetabolites click here
  • Tetracycline click here
  • aminoglycoside antibiotics click here
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