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Drug Rehabilitation Treatment

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Drug rehabilitation is the process of liberating the user from active addiction and includes two stages - physical detoxification and psychological detoxification. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 30 June 2020
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Title: Drug Rehabilitation Treatment


1
Drug Rehabilitation Treatment
2
Table of contents
  • Introduction
  • Physical Detoxification
  • Psychological Detox
  • Treatment on an external basis, without
    medication
  • Therapeutic communities
  • Methadone Assisted Detox

3
Introduction
  • Drug rehabilitation is the process of liberating
    the user from active addiction and includes two
    stages - physical detoxification and
    psychological detoxification.

4
Physical Detoxification
  • Chronic drug use causes a person to have an
    increasing need to take the substance of their
    choice. Physical dependence / addiction is the
    condition in which the user cannot control the
    drug use, but rather, when the user is controlled
    by the substance. In other words, a person loses
    control of their actions as well as the
    consequences produced by them. Abrupt cessation
    of use results in painful withdrawal symptoms,
    both physical and psychological. Detoxification
    due to the severity of the risks must be
    performed in a controlled drug rehab environment
    by properly trained staff and varies in length
    depending on the case, but usually takes about a
    week.

5
Psychological Detox
  • The growing use of drugs, in addition to physical
    dependence, creates in the abusive user a
    psychological powerlessness in managing feelings
    and way of thinking. Their only concern is
    finding and taking the substance of choice, as
    well as the money for its acquisition.
    Psychological detoxification follows physical,
    and can last up to a few years due to the fact
    that its process puts itself directly against
    very strong defence mechanisms such as denial,
    fear of change and distorted way of thinking.

6
  • Drug addiction is treatable. In order for this to
    happen, it is imperative users receive bespoke
    treatment, specific to their needs. Treatment
    enables them to manage their problem in order to
    lead a normal life. As part of any treatment to
    long-term health problems, drug addicts often
    need to both change their behaviour and take
    medication. Behavioural therapies include
    psychotherapy, counselling, as well as family
    therapy. Medications on the other, help users
    overcome the uncontrollable desire to take drugs,
    and the neutralization of drug action in the
    body.

7
  • In general, the results are better the more the
    treatment given. Patients receiving longer
    treatment have better results and progress,
    compared to those receiving treatment for a
    shorter period of time. Many patients in addition
    to detoxification treatments need other care from
    physical and mental health services in addition
    to AIDS prevention tips. Research in recent
    decades have shown that treatment can help clear
    drug addiction and reduce the risk of the user
    relapsing. In addition, it is more likely for
    users who have received treatment to reintegrate
    in society, i.e. get employed.

8
  • Detox programs can be either short-term or
    long-term. Short-term methods include treatment
    on an internal basis in a therapeutic community
    with the use of drugs, and treatment on an
    external basis without drugs, and have a duration
    of up to 6 months.
  • Long-term treatment includes treatment within the
    therapeutic community and may involve methods of
    drugs administration to individuals addicted to
    externally based opioids. This type of treatment
    lasts between 6 and 12 months.

9
Treatment on an external basis, without medication
  • Outpatient treatment without medication may
    include various detoxification programs for users
    who visit specialized clinics regularly. Most
    programs offer individual or collective
    counselling.
  • These programs are for aimed at users with a
    stable and integrated life in society, and a
    short-lived drug addiction.

10
Therapeutic communities
  • Therapeutic communities (TCs) are focused on
    users with a serious history of drug addiction.
    These are usually users that problems functioning
    in society and have a history of criminal
    activity. Therapeutic communities aim for
    patients to become productive members of society,
    without having to depend on drugs. Long-term
    programs in these communities usually involve
    patients staying in residential units between 6
    and 12 months. Short-term programs include an
    internal therapy period of about a 3 to 6 weeks.
    This is followed by external treatment based on
    participation in counselling programs or support
    groups.

11
Methadone Assisted Detox
  • In maintenance therapy for heroin addicts, a
    synthetic opioid, usually methadone, is given
    orally. A dose capable of suppressing the effects
    of heroin is administered, creating a steady
    non-euphoric state that relieves the user of the
    uncontrollable craving for opioid drugs. Among
    methadone administration programs, it has been
    proven that doses of methadone of at least 60 mg
    have better participation rates. Also, when
    methadone programs are accompanied with
    counselling and medical care, they have better
    results than when the programs offer the bare
    minimum services.

12
  • Methadone assisted programs are more successful
    in opioid dependence compared to therapeutic
    communities. TCs in turn are more effective than
    externally based programs that offer
    psychotherapy and counselling.

13
  • With the help of these drugs, the user is
    relieved of the need to search for drugs, this
    way also suppressing the criminal behaviour
    involved. With the right counselling and support
    from social services, the user can ultimately
    reintegrate into society. Research shows that
    treatment for heroin addiction with the help of
    methadone in appropriate doses coupled with
    behavioural therapy reduces the frequency of
    deaths and many other health problems associated
    with heroin use.

14
Contact details
  • Inspire Change Wellness Addiction Treatment
    Centre for Men
  • Address 15216 north bluff road suite 509a
    white rock, bc v4b 0a7
  • Phone 888.508.9802
  • Email info_at_addictionhealingcentre.ca
  • Visit https//addictionhealingcentre.ca/
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