Rev.Dr.I.JESU DOSS,SJ-NTA-UGC- NET- PAPER-I-UNIT-I-TEACHING APTITUDE - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Rev.Dr.I.JESU DOSS,SJ-NTA-UGC- NET- PAPER-I-UNIT-I-TEACHING APTITUDE

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Title: Rev.Dr.I.JESU DOSS,SJ-NTA-UGC- NET- PAPER-I-UNIT-I-TEACHING APTITUDE


1
UNIT-ITEACHING APTITUDE
  • Dr.I.JESUDOSS,SJ
  • Associate Professor in Education
  • SXCE-PALAY-TN-627002
  • dasjesu6_at_gmail.com
  • Cell no 91 9489485809

2
UNIT-I-TEACHING APTITUDE-SYLLABUS
ij
  • Teaching Nature,Objectives,Characteristics and
    basic requirements.
  • Learners Characteristics
  • Factors affecting teaching
  • Methods of teaching
  • Teaching aids
  • Evaluation systems

3
  • Aptitude-
    ij
  • Aptitude refers to ones promise, probability of
    success or failure upon training.
  • It is predictive and prospective( can be
    foretold and future-oriented)
  • The higher the aptitude, the higher the chances
    of success.

4
  • What is Process of teaching?
    ij
  • Any process of teaching comprises the answers
    for the following questions
  • Who is to teach?
  • Whom to teach?
  • Why to teach?
  • What to teach?
  • How to teach?
  • When to teach?

5
  • Important characteristics of teaching
    ij
  • Teaching is
  • an art and a science
  • tri polar process (Teacher.Teaching methods
    with aimsStudents)
  • an interactive process,
  • a conscious and unconscious process, (Subject
    Value induction indirectly)
  • a dynamic, task-oriented process (aiming at the
    growth of students)
  • Teaching comprises of Content and
    communication skills,
  • It facilitates learning,
  • It is therapy to learners (helps to remove
    obstacles,confusion in life)
  • It is measurable (Through psychological
    methods,teaching learning can be assessed)
  • It helps the child to respond to his
    environment, stimulates and
  • guides the child,
  • Teaching is profession ( 24-hours job,fully
    service-oriented,social
  • engineer)
  • It trains the emotions of child.

6
  • Basic requirements in Teaching
    ij
  • The three variables in teaching includes
  • The teacher, Student Environmental factors.
  • Professionalism - (Teacher professionalism is
    defined as the knowledge, skills,and good
    practices that teachers must have in order to be
    effective educators )
  • Suitable environment
  • Teacher-Student Relationship
  • Students discipline
  • Teacher students devotion to teaching and
    learning.

7
  • Important competencies required for a teacher
    ij
  • Subject matter competency
  • Presentation competency
  • Decision making competency
  • Social consciousness competency
  • ( A teacher is a master of the subject-content.
  • He is an expert in teaching methods,techniques,mic
    ro-macro teaching skills.
  • He is the leader and controller of the classroom
    situation who will decide on teaching-learning
    process in his class teaching
    methods,evaluative procedures for his students.
  • He is also a social engineer who makes students
    conscious on the demands and needs of the
    society)

8
  • Components of the teaching process
    ij
  • Instructional goals (Objectives of teaching )
  • ii) Entering behaviour (Assessing the existing
    knowledge,skills of students and teachers,audio
    visual aids,facilities etc.)
  • iii) Instructional procedures (Using proper
    methods,techniques etc.for teaching students at
    different levels gifted,average,poor students )
  • iv) Performance assessment (Evaluation methods
    for assessing how far the goals of education have
    been achieved)

9
  • Maxims of Teaching
    ij
  • Proceed from the known to unknown
  • Proceed from simple to complex
  • Proceed from easy to difficult
  • Proceed from concrete to abstract
  • Proceed from particular to general
  • (Teaching from known to unknown facts simple to
    complex,easy to difficult,concrete to
    abstract,particular to general is called
    INDUCTIVE METHOD in teaching.The reverse of the
    above facts - namely,from unknown to known is
    called DEDUCTIVE METHOD.)

10
  • Proceed from empirical to rational
    ij
  • Proceed from psychological to logical
  • Proceed from whole to parts
  • Proceed from near to far
  • Proceed from analysis to synthesis
  • Proceed from actual to representative
  • ( All the above maxims of teaching indicate
    inductive methods of teaching)

11
  • Learner Characteristics
    ij
  • Personal Characteristics of Learners
  • This can be defined as demographic information
    about the learners such as age,gender,cultural
    background,maturation,language,social economic
    status etc.
  • Academic Characteristics of Learners
  • These are learning-related such as i.Learning
    goals, prior knowledge(previous), educational
    type and educational level.
  • Social / emotional Characteristics of Learners
  • These relate to the group or to the individual
    with respect to the group.

12
  • Qn1
  • Which of the following statements is not true?
  • a) Teaching is an art
  • b) Teachers can be trained
  • c) Teachers are born
  • d) Teachers are NOT born (
    NET,June,2001)
  • (Teachers can be given training for their
    effectiveness. So teachers are born is false.
  • Also teaching can be both art and science
    because teachers, due to their personal talents,
    are creative and teaching follows with a
    scientific procedure having methods,strategies
    models,principles etc.)
    ij

13
  • Qn 2
    ij
  • Which of the following set of statements best
    describes the nature and objectives of teaching?
    (NET-JULY-2018)
  • Teaching and learning are integrally related.
  • There is no difference between teaching and
    training.
  • Concern of all teaching is to ensure some kind of
    transformation in students.
  • All good teaching is formal in nature
  • A teacher is a senior person
  • Teaching is social act whereas learning is a
    personal act.
  • Code
  • (a),(b) and (d) ii. (b),( c) and (e)
  • iii. (a), ( c) and (f) iv. (d),(e) and
    (f)

14
  • Qn3
    ij
  • If students do not understand what is taught in
    the classroom, the teacher should feel
  • a) terribly bored
  • b) to explain it in a different way
  • c) that he is wasting time
  • d) pity for the students (NET-june,2002)
  • ( Ultimately teachers should teach in such a
    manner that even the weak students in the class
    could be able to understand the lesson)

15
  • Qn 4

    ij
  • From the following list of statements, select
    those which indicate the characteristics and
    basic requirements of teaching.
  • (i) Teaching implies communication.
  • (ii) Teaching is like selling goods.
  • (iii) Teaching means managing and monitoring.
  • (iv) Teaching implies influencing others.
  • (v) Teaching requires convincing others.
  • (vi) There can be no teaching without
    infrastructural support.
  • Choose the correct answer from the code given
    below (NET-JULY-2018)
  • Code
  • (1) (i), (iii) and (iv)
  • (2) (i), (ii) and (iii)
  • (3) (iv), (v) and (vi)
  • (4) (ii), (v) and (vi)
  • (The  options ii,v and vi do not indicate the
    characteristics and basic requirements of
    teaching.)

16
  • Qn5
    ij
  • Effectiveness of teaching has to be judged in
    terms of
  • (A) Course coverage
  • (B) Students interest
  • (C) Learning outcomes of students
  • (D) Use of teaching aids in the classroom
    (NET-2014..)
  • (There is a nice saying in the world The proof
    of the pudding is in the eating-Likewise,the
    effective teaching has to result in the growth of
    students in learning)

17
  • Qn6
  • Which one of the following is the most
    important quality of a good teacher ? (NET -
    2012)
  • (A) Punctuality and sincerity
  • (B) Content mastery
  • (C) Content mastery and reactive
  • (D) Content mastery and sociable

18
  • Qn7
    ij
  • The most important skill of teaching is
    ( NET-Dec, 2003)
  • a) Making students understand what the teacher
    says
  • b) Covering the course prescribed in his
    subject
  • c) Keeping students relaxed while teaching
  • d) Taking classes regularly

19
  • Qn8
    ij
  • A good teacher is one who is capable of
    (NET-June, 2004)
  • a) finishing the course in time
  • b) inducing the students to learn
  • c) giving a good result
  • d) helping students in preparing good notes
  • (A good teacher inspires and motivates the
    students to learn better.)

20
  • Qn9
    ij
  • Which of the following combination of subjects
    would help a teacher to develop good pedagogical
    methods? (NET-June, 2004 )
    a) Sociology and Philosophy
  • b) Philosophy and Psychology
  • c) Psychology and Sociology
  • d) None of these
  • (Psychology helps a teacher to understand the
    different stages and levels of students.Sociology
    helps a teacher to become a social engineer in
    order to make students socially productive which
    is the ultimate goal of education ).

21
  • Qn10
    ij
  • While delivering lecture if there is some
    disturbance in the class, a teacher should
  • (A) keep quiet for a while and then continue.
  • (B) punish those causing disturbance.
  • (C) motivate to teach those causing disturbance.
  • (D) not bother of what is happening in the class
  • ( Interacting with the students outside the class
    and motivating them to get involved in learning
    a teacher should do )

22
  • Qn 11
    ij
  • Effective teaching is a function of
  • (A) Teachers satisfaction.
  • (B) Teachers honesty and commitment.
  • (C) Teachers making students learn and
    understand.
  • (D) Teachers liking for professional excellence
  • (NET-Dec,2013)
  • (Effective teaching should result in effective
    learning by the students)

23
  • Qn12
    ij
  • To gain popularity among students, teacher
    should (NET-June, 2004)
  • a) Personally help them in their studies
    b) frequently organize tours
  • c) dictate notes while teaching
  • d) maintain good social relations
  • (Rapport with the students is very essential for
    any successful teacher)

24
  • Qn13
    ij
  • A student tries to solve a problem without any
    help from a teacher. The teacher should

  • ( NET-June, 2004) a) advise him/ her
    to take help from his/her colleagues
  • b) pay no attention to him/her
  • c) scold him/her for foolishness
  • d) appraise his/her individual effort
  • ( Teacher should recognize the creative effort
    and independent inquiry of the student and should
    encourage him and guide him)

25
  • Qn14
    ij
  • The main purpose of teaching is-
    ( NET-Dec, 2004)
  • a) Development of thinking power
    b) Development of reasoning power
  • c) Both AB
  • d) Giving information only
  • (No doubt, the main aim of teaching is
    development of thinking and reasoning power of
    students.)

26
  • Qn15
    ij
  • Listening to the lecture delivered by the
    lecturer in the classroom is
  • a) Informative audition
  • b) assessed audition
  • c) added audition
  • d) none of the above
  • ( Audition means listening. In lectures, the
    teacher gives some new ideas on the topic)

27
  • Qn16
    ij
  • The most important cause of failure for a
    teacher lies in the area of
  • a) Inter- personal relationship
  • b) lack of command over the knowledge of
  • the subject
  • c) Verbal ability
  • d) strict handling of the students (NET-qn)
  • ( Mastery over the content is a must for any
    teacher to impress the students for their
    effective learning )

28
  • Qn17
    ij
  • The teacher has been glorified by the
    phrase-Friend, philosopher and Guide because
  • a. He has to play all these vital roles in
    context of the society
  • b. He transfuses the high values of the humanity
    into young ones sitting in the class-room
  • c. He is the great reformer and patriotic saviour
    of a nation
  • d. All the above statements are true (NET-qn)
  • (a,b,c -all these are the qualities of an ideal
    teacher)

29
  • Qn18

    ij
  • Which of the following set of statements
    represents acceptable propositions in respect of
    teaching-learning relationships?
  • Choose the correct code to indicate your Answer.
  • (i) When students fail in a test, it is the
    teacher who fails.
  • (ii) Every teaching must aim at ensuring
    learning.
  • (iii) There can be teaching without learning
    taking place
  • (iv) There can be no learning without teaching.
  • (v) A teacher teaches but learns also.
  • (vi) Real learning implies rote learning
    (NET-Aug -2016)
  • (A) (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
  • (B) (i), (ii), (iii) and (v)
  • (C) (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi)
  • (D) (i), (ii), (v) and (vi)
  • ( iv vi options have no teaching-learning
    relationships)

30
  • Qn19

    ij
  • Which of the following factors affect teaching ?
  • Choose the correct code to indicate your answer.
  • (i) Teachers internal locus of control.
  • (ii) Learner-motivation.
  • (iii) Teachers biographical data.
  • (iv) Teachers self efficacy.
  • (v) Learners interest in co-curricular
    activities.
  • (vi) Teachers skill in managing and monitoring.
  • (vii) Teachers knowledge of the subject
    including general knowledge.
  • Codes
  • (i), (ii), (iv), (vi) and (vii)
  • (i), (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
  • (C) (iii), (iv), (v), (vi) and (vii)
  • (ii), (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi) (NET-Aug,2016)
  • ( Teachers biographical data and Learners
    interest in co-curricular activities have NO
    direct relationship with the characteristics of
    teaching )

31
  • Qn20
    ij
  • Pedagogy means
  • a) The art of teaching of Adults
  • b) The art of teaching children
  • c) The art of preparing curriculum
  • d) The art of collecting records




32
  • Qn21
    ij
  • When a normal student behaves in an erratic
    manner in the class, you would
  • Pull up the student then and there
  • talk to the student after the class
  • c) Ask the student to leave the class
  • d) ignore the student
    (NET-qn)
  • ( Students are in the process of growth.A teacher
    needs to care for them for the all round
    development of the students)

33
  • Qn22
    ij
  • Androgogy means
  • The art of teaching children
  • The art of teaching adults
  • c) The art of planning curriculum
  • d) None of these


34
  • Qn23
    ij
  • In order to understand his students, a teacher
    should be well versed in which of the following-
  • a) Child psychology
  • b) Inclination towards understanding the
    children
  • c) Opinion of the students towards the subject
    matter
  • d) All of the above
  • (Within Child psychology,a teacher should be
    inclined to know the process of growth and the
    ways and means to teach them according to their
    psychological nature )

35
  • Qn24
    ij
  • Effectiveness of teaching depends on (NET-qn)
  • A) Qualification of teacher
  • B) Personality of teacher
  • C) Hand writing of teacher
  • D) Subject understanding of teacher
  • ( If a teacher does not have the mastery of the
    content, the students in his class cannot
    understand the topic. Hence,in the absence of
    mastery of the subject content, his
    qualification,personality,beautiful handwriting
    will not help him at all for his effectiveness)

36
  • Qn25
    ij
  • Dynamic approach to teaching means
  • (A) Teaching should be forceful and effective
  • (B) Teachers should be energetic and dynamic
  • (C) The topics of teaching should not be static,
    but dynamic
  • (D) The students should be required to learn
    through activities (NET-qn)
  • (Dynamic teaching means task-oriented,
    activity-oriented teaching.)

37
  • Qn26
    ij
  • If whole class absents during your teaching
    period, then what will be the suitable solution
    of this situation
  • a) Inflicting punishment on some mischievous
    students
  • b) Inflicting punishment on the whole class
  • c) Giving a warning to the student leaders
  • d) Finding out the reason behind this act of
    students
  • (NET-qn)
  • Introspection( looking into oneself) of the
    teacher is necessary on this occasion. To check
    whether his teaching is understandable as per
    the level of the students

38
  • Qn27.

    ij
  • Which of the following set of statements
    reflects the basic characteristics of teaching ?
  • Select the correct alternative from the codes
  • (i) Teaching is the same as training.
  • (ii) There is no difference between instruction
    and conditioning when we teach.
  • (iii) Teaching is related to learning.
  • (iv) Teaching is a task word while learning is
    an achievement word.
  • (v) Teaching means giving information.
  • (vi) One may teach without learning taking place.
  • Codes
  • (i), (ii) and (iii)
  • (iii), (iv) and (vi)
  • (C) (ii), (iii) and (v)
  • (D) (i), (iv) and (vi) (NET-Aug,2016)
  • (Teaching ,training,instruction, conditioning
    are very different to each other with regard to
    their unique functions. Hence the options
    iii,iv,vi reflect the basic characteristics of
    teaching. The option teaching means giving
    information is wrong)

39
  • Qn28
    ij
  • A good teacher should have which of the
    following attributes?
  • a) Should be very intelligent
  • b) should lead a simple life
  • c) Should be well-versed in the subject
    matter d) should have real affection for his


    Students.
    (NET-qn)

  • ( Love for teaching profession and affection
    for the students is needed more than other
    attributes)

40
  • Qn29
  • The education acquired without any specific
    purpose,fixed period and place is called
  • A. Individual education
  • B. Informal education
  • C.Indirect education
  • D. Formal education
  • (Informal learning is also called incidental
    learning.
  • Learning occurs very spontaneously without any
    pre-planning.)




41
  • Formal Education

    ij
  • Formal learning is education normally
    delivered by trained teachers in a
    systematic,intentional way within a school,higher
    education or university.
  • Non formal Education (Adult education)
  • Education is given to community groups and
    other organisations according to their
    conveniences.Flexible timetable.
  • Informal Education
  • This covers learning from several life
    experiences.Informal education is gained under
    the influence of society and the community.
  • Individual Education
  • Individual Education is a school system
    rooted in the individual psychology of Alfred
    Adler. Individual Education programme consists
    of the basic principles of three components-
    academic,creative/applied and socialization.

42
  • Qn30
    ij
  • Education is a powerful instrument of
  • Social transformation
  • Personal transformation
  • (C) Cultural transformation
  • (D) All the above (NET-June-2008)
  • (Education helps students develop their
    potentialities,makes them builders of the society
    being aware of the ills of the society,makes
    them cultured human beings with good manners)

43
  • Qn31
    ij
  • The primary responsibility for the teachers
    adjustment lies with
  • (A) The children
  • (B) The principal
  • (C) The teacher himself
  • (D) The community
  • (The success of his teaching profession lies in
    his hands to cope up with the tasks in the
    classroom, school and society)

44
  • Qn32
    ij
  • Research has shown that the most frequent
    symptom of nervous instability among teachers is
  • (A) Digestive upsets
  • (B) Explosive behaviour
  • (C) Fatigue
  • (D) Worry
  • (Teachers should be freed from psychological
    maladjustments. He needs to be a well-integrated
    person for guiding students).

45
  • Qn33
    ij
  • Which one of the following statements is correct
    ? (NET-qn)
  • (A) Syllabus is an annexure to the curriculum.
  • (B) Curriculum is the same in all educational
    institutions.
  • (C) Curriculum includes both formal and informal
    education.
  • (D) Curriculum does not include methods of
    evaluation.
  • ( Syllabus is a part of Curriculum. Curriculum
    comprises of academic and non-academic activities
    in the school for giving all round development of
    the students )

46
  • Qn34
    ij
  • A successful teacher is one who is
  • (A) Compassionate and disciplinarian
  • (B) Quiet and reactive
  • (C) Tolerant and dominating
  • (D) Passive and active (NET-qn)
  • (Loving, at the same time , having full control
    over the classroom activities)

47
Teaching


Post active (Evaluation)
Pre-active (Planning)
Interactive (Implementation)
Fixing goals strategies
Real interative teaching Diagnosis action,
reaction
Testing feed back to teaching
48
3 domains of Learning
  • 1. Cognitive domain (related to brain
    functions)
  • a. Knowledge (memory,recall of facts etc )
  • b. Comprehension (Understanding the facts)
  • c. Application (Applying them in specific
    situations)
  • d. Analysis (Putting them separately and
    assessing them )
  • e. Synthesis (Putting them
    together,summarising )
  • f. Evaluation (Problem-solving,the highest
    ability in the cognitive-mental,intellectual-
    domain.)
  • (These are also called Blooms Taxonomy of
    Objectives)

49
3 domains of Learning
  • 2. Affective domain (related to heart,value
    education)
  • Step by step process
  • Receiving (Listening to or getting value-based
    truths)
  • Responding (Taking an intense liking for it)
  • Valuing (Appreciating making them ones own)
  • Organizing (Acting them out in concrete
    situations)
  • Characterizing (Living it out as ones second
    nature)

50
3 domains of Learning
  • 3. Psychomotor domain (related to mental
    -physical activities-skill-oriented)
  • Step by step process
  • Imitation (Observing intensely the experts in
    their skills)
  • Manipulation (Trying to attain those skills shown
    by the experts)
  • Precision (Attaining clarity and thoroughness)
  • Articulation (Exibiting the skills in concrete
    situations)
  • Naturalisation ( Attaining mastery over the skill
    with ease of execution )

51
  • Qn35
  • 1. Which one of the following is NOT the
    educational implication of the learning process?
  • ( a ) Memory
  • (b) Interests
  • ( c ) Curiosity
  • ( d) Unreadiness
  • (Readiness or basic disposition for learning is
    a must for learning process to be effective)

52
  • Qn36
    ij
  • Teaching is done in sequential steps. These steps
    are called (NET-qn)
  • A. Processes
  • B. Programmes
  • C. Phases
  • D. Vaues
  • ( Phases Carrying out teaching in gradual
    stages steps one after another)

53
  • Qn37



    ij
  • A college level assistant professor has planned
    his/her lectures with an intent to develop
    cognitive dimensions of students centered on
    skills of analysis and synthesis. Below, given
    are two sets of items Set - I consisting of
    levels of cognitive interchange and Set - II
    comprising basic requirements for promoting them.
    Match the two sets and indicate your answer by
    choosing the correct alternative from the code
  • Set - I

    Set - II
  • (Levels of Cognitive Interchange)
    ( Basic requirements for promoting cognitive
    interchange)
  • a. Memory level and non-examples of a point.
    i. Giving opportunity for



  • discriminating examples
  • b. Understanding level during the presentations.
    ii. Recording the important points


  • made
  • c. Reflective level items of information.
    iii. Asking the students to discuss
    various points

  • iv.
    Critically analyzing the points to be made and


  • discussed.
  • Codes
  • a
    b
    c
  • (A) ii
    iv
    i
  • (B) iii
    iv
    ii
  • (C) ii
    i
    iv
  • (D) I
    ii
    iii
  • (NET-June,2016)
  • ( Memory -? Recalling of facts,information,forula
    e etc.

54
  • Qn37
  • The most appropriate meaning of learning is
  • (A) Acquisition of skills
  • (B) Modification of behaviour
  • (C) Personal adjustment
  • (D) Inculcation of knowledge (NET-Dec,2013)
  • (Learning for students is the modification or
    change in their behaviour. This means students
    develop their intellectual,physical,moral,aestheti
    c,social and life skills through learning)

55
  • Qn38
  • Arrange the following teaching process in order
  • (i) Relate the present knowledge with previous
    one
  • (ii) Evaluation
  • (iii) Reteaching
  • (iv) Formulating instructional objectives
  • (v) Presentation of instructional materials
  • (A) (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v)
  • (B) (ii), (i), (iii), (iv), (v)
  • (C) (v), (iv), (iii), (i), (ii)
  • (D) (iv), (i), (v), (ii), (iii)
  • (Steps in teaching first,formulation of
    objectives,motivation-from known to unknown,
    then actual teaching,after teaching evaluation or
    feedback,after corrections,reteaching )

56
  • Objectives of Teaching
  • To acquire knowledge
  • To develop skills abilities
  • To develop interest
  • To develop attitudes
  • (Skill involves some kind of performance. Skill
    means the ability to perform a given act with
    ease and precision-Psychomotor activity)

57
  • Qn39
    ij
  • The main purpose of teaching is-
  • Development of thinking power
  • b) Development of reasoning power
  • c) Both AB
  • d) Giving information only ( NET-Dec, 2004)
  • ( It is not merely giving information, but the
    development of thinking,reasoning
    ability,problem-solving ability is the purpose of
    teaching)

58
  • Qn40
  • Teachers role at higher education level is to
  • provide information to students.
  • promote self learning in students.
  • (C) encourage healthy competition among students.
  • (D) help students to solve their problems.
  • (NET-Dec,2013)
  • ( At higher education level,teachers role is to
    make them discoverers in learning and help them
    to learn how to learn.)

59
  • Qn41
    ij
  • Which of the following comprise teaching skill?
  • a. Black Board Writing
  • b.Questioning
  • c. Explaining
  • d. All of the above (NET-2006)
  • (All of the above are some of the teaching
    skills of a teacher to be used in his teaching)

60
  • Qn42
    ij
  • For formulating the curriculum, which factor is
    most important?
  • A. Teachers ability
  • B. Childrens capabilities and needs
  • C. National ideologies
  • D. Social and cultural ideals
  • ( In modern education,students are at the centre
    of teaching-learning process. Hence Curriculum
    should revolve around their needs and abilities
    to develop their all round personality.)

61
  • LEARNING
  • It is relatively, progressive and enduring
    changes in behaviour, resulted through
    Interaction with the environment.
  • Learning is an adaptation process. Enrichment of
    experience.
  • Learning is modification of behaviour- J.F.
    Travers
  • Learning is change in insights, behaviour,
    perception, motivation or a combination of
    these- M.L. Bigge.
  • Learning is adjustment, active, intelligent,
    purposeful, organizing experience, individual
    social.
  • Learning is growth, product of environment.

62
  • Pillars of learning acc.to UNESCO (Education
    towards 21st.century)
  • 1. Learning to know (More information due to
    Knowledge explosion)
  • 2. Learning to do (Learning proper skills for
    employability and productivity)
  • 3. Learning to live together (Unity in
    diversity)
  • 4. Learning to be (Not to be greedy, but caring
    and sharing as nice humanbeings)

63
  • Factors that affect teaching
  • a) Teacher factor Sex, age, personality,
    socio-economic status, knowledge, ability,
    Language, instruction,
    attitudes, experience, qualification and
    training.
  • b) Student factor Fatique, family back
    ground, juvenile delinquency, poor IQ, etc.
  •  c) School factors Location of the school,
    types of school, management, subject matter,level
    taught, source and social status of teacher.

  • ij

64
  • Internal classroom factors affecting learning
  • Goals
  • Motivation
  • Interest
  • Attention
  • Practice
  • Fatigue
  • Aptitude (Liking to learn )

  • ij

65
  • Factors affecting learning..
  • Attitude
  • Emotional factors
  • Speed, Accuracy
  • Age
  • Learning activities
  • Testing
  • Guidance
  • Materials

66
  • Factors affecting learning
  • Age
  • Attentiveness
  • Concentration
  • Physiological conditions
  • Unexpected tragedy in life
  • Knowledge of success failure
  • Significance of task
  • Absence of worry irrelevant emotional
    excitement

  • ij

67
  • Herbartian steps in teaching
  • In colleges, Herbartian steps were considered to
    be the effective method of teaching. Following
    are the FIVE steps (sequential-one after
    another)
  • Preparation
  • Presentation
  • Association
  • Assimilation
  • Application


  • ij

68
  • Qn 43
  • The fist important step in teaching is-
  • a) planning before hand
  • b) organizing material
  • c) knowing the background of students
  • d) none of these
  • ( NET-June, 2003)
  • (Only if the teachers know the background of the
    students,accordingly objectives, teaching
    process can be planned out )

69
  • Qn44

    ij
  • Which set of learner characteristics may be
    considered helpful in designing effective
    teaching-learning systems?
  • Select the correct alternative from the codes
    given below
  • (i) Prior experience of learners in respect of
    the subject.
  • (ii) Interpersonal relationships of learners
    family friends.
  • (iii) Ability of the learners in respect of the
    subject.
  • (iv) Students language background.
  • (v) Interest of students in following the
    prescribed dress code.
  • (vi) Motivational-orientation of the students.
    (NET-June,2016)
  • Codes
  • (i), (ii), (iii) and (iv)
  • (i), (iii), (iv) and (vi)
  • (C) (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)
  • (D) (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi)
  • ( The options (ii) (v) are not related to
    teaching-learning systems.Bur other options have
    direct relationship with the teaching-learning
    process).

70
  • The method of teaching should have the following
    purposes
  • To inculcate love of work
  • To develop reflective power and critical thinking
  • To discourage cramming (rote memory or memory
    without understanding)
  • To expand the range of interest of the students
  • To make the students highly efficient in their
    work
  • To teach the students to apply knowledge in their
    daily work
  • To develop the capacity for personal effort
    -initiative- and independent work

  • ij

71
  • Qn45
    ij
  • The main objective of teaching at Higher
    Education level is
  • A. To prepare students to pass examination
  • B.To develop the capacity to take decisions
  • C.To give new information
  • D. To motivate students to ask questions during
    lecture

72
  • Qn46
    ij
  • Which one of the following is a good method of
    teaching?
  • A)Lecture and Dictation
  • b) Seminar and Project
  • c) Seminar and Dictation
  • d) Dictation and Assignment
  • (For the depth of what they are learning.
    Intense participation of students from seminar
    and project)

73
  • Different forms of teaching
  • Teaching To bring changes in the behaviour of
  • students
  • Conditioning To improve the learning skills of
  • students
  • Training Shaping the behaviour and conduct
  • Instruction Acquisition of knowledge
  • Indoctrination Formation of beliefs

  • ij

74
  • Modes of Teaching
    ij
  • 1. Training helps to shape conduct and various
    skills
  • 2. Instruction Indoctrination work on a higher
    footing than conditioning training
  • 3. Instruction is concerned with the development
    of knowledge understanding in an individual
  • 4. Teaching is aimed towards the shaping of a
    total individual
  • 5. Indoctrination is a high level of teaching,
    shaping beliefs ideals

75
  •   Objectives of Teaching
  • To bring desired changes in pupils
  • To  shape behaviour conduct
  • To acquire more knowledge
  • To improve learning skills
  • For the formation of a belief system
  • To provide a social efficient member to the
    society

  • ij

76
  • Qn47
    ij
  • Which area of education should be the sole
    responsibility of Government?
  • A. Primary education
  • B. Educating the physically challenged
  • C. Educating SCs and STs.
  • D. All of the above
  • ( Government is responsible for the education
    of normal children as well as special children-
  • Inclusive education catering to the
    educational needs of all types of children
    including disadvantaged and differentially abled
    or handicapped )


77
  • Qn48
    ij
  • Which of the following is NOT a type of learned
    motive?
  • (a) Reflexes
  • (b) Habits
  • ( c ) Attitudes
  • (d ) Interest
  • ( Reflexes are inborn gift of God or Nature-
  • Instincts . But Habits, attitudes and
    interest these are all learned out of
    motivation by significant others )

78
  • Qn49
    ij
  • Good teaching is a function of
  • a) sincerity and devotion to the
    profession of teaching
  • b) high academic qualification of
    the teachers
  • c) principals powerful leadership
    in the college
  • d) high level scholarship of the
    teachers
  • ( NET-Dec,2001)
  • ( All personal merits of the teachers should be
    useful to develop the personality of the
    students. Hence above all the personal merits,
    sincerity,love,commitment for the teaching
    profession are very essential)

79
  • Qn50
    ij
  • One will have more chances of being successful as
    a teacher, if
  • a) he belongs to the family of
    teachers
  • b) he is trained in teaching
  • c) he has ethical values and a
    good
  • character
  • d) he can organize his teaching
    material
  • systematically and conveys the
    same
  • effectively
  • ( What would be the use of his personal
    qualitiesmerits, if a teacher does not have his
    content mastery and communicative abilities?)

80
  • Qn51
    ij
  • Effective teaching is a function of
  • a) clear and precise communication
    b) perfect classroom discipline
  • c) regular teaching
  • d) studentsself-learning (NET-Dec,2001)
  • ( Content mastery and clear communication are the
    essentials for the success and effectiveness of
    teaching.)

81
  • Qn52
    ij
  • Which of the following is most desirable for a
    teacher?
  • a ) To be punctual in the class
  • b) Clear, precise and systematic presentation
  • c ) To be strict disciplinarian
  • d) To be permissive in the class
  • (NET-Dec,2001)
  • ( Content mastery and clear communication are the
    essentials for the success and effectiveness of
    a teacher.)

82
  • Qn53
    ij
  • Which of the following teachers will you like
    most?
  • a) a loving teacher
  • b) a teacher of highly idealist philosophy
  • c) a teacher who often amuses his students
  • d) a disciplined teacher (
    NET-June,2002)
  • (A teacher with love and care for the students
    will be very much liked by the students.To such
    teachers, students will be approachable.)

83
  • Qn54
    ij
  • Which of the following teachers will you like
    most?
  • a) one who uses board occasionally
  • b) one who uses chart and maps
  • c) one who uses film projector along with the
  • proper use of the board
  • d) one who uses motion picture as a last
  • resort ( NET-June,2002)
  • (Senses are the gateways of knowledge. If a
    teacher engages the students with more number of
    senses in his teaching,students will nicely
    understand the concepts and so they will like
    such teachers immensely.)

84
  • Qn55
    ij
  • A new teacher to start with will have to
    a) enforce discipline in the class
  • b) establish rapport with the students
    c) cut jokes with
    the students
  • d) tell the students about his
    qualifications
  • ( NET-June,2002)
  • (A new teacher in the beginning of his career
  • should establish good relationship with the
    students.Students should percieve him as an
    approachable person)

85
  • Qn56
    ij
  • For better interaction with the students, the
    teachers objective should be the
  • (a ) Equitable distribution of response time
  • (b) Proximity
  • (c ) Affirm or correct students performance
  • (d) All of the above
  • ( All the above are the good principles for
    better interaction with the students)



86
  • Qn57
    ij
  • Which of the following is most important for a
    teacher?
  • classroom discipline
  • subject he is teaching
  • c) students of the class
  • d) time available for teaching
  • ( Students are at the centre of teaching-learning
    process. Around them only, all other aspects of
    teaching are built upon).

87
  • Qn58
    ij
  • Who has the least chance of becoming an
    effective teacher?
  • One who is a strict disciplinarian
  • One who knows his subject well
  • One who is no interest in teaching
  • d) One who teaches moral values
  • ( NET-Dec,2002)
  • (Least chance means no chance at all.)

88
  • Qn59
    ij
  • For presenting new material effectively, the
    teacher should
  • (a ) Establish a focus for the lesson
  • (b) Relate lesson to what students already know
  • (c ) Summarize main points of the lesson
  • (d ) All the above
  • ( The principles of motivation, from known to
    unknown facts, summary of the points given at
    the end for recapitulation memory revival)



89
  • The education acquired without any specific
    purpose,fixed period and place is called
  • A. Individual education
  • B. Informal education
  • C.Indirect education
  • D. Formal education
  • ( Formal education in classroom situations.
  • Informal education can happen outside the
    classrooms from friends, family
    functions,societal programmes etc.)
    ij

90
  • Qn60.
    ij
  • Which of the following factors does not impact
    teaching?
  • (A) Learning through experience
  • (B) Teacher's knowledge
  • (C) Class room activities that encourage learning
  • (D) Socio-economic background of teachers and
    students (NET-Dec,2016)
  • (Socio-economic background has no direct
    connection with effective teaching-learning
    process)

91
  •  Modern Concepts of Teaching
  • a. Questioning By the teacher to the student and
    student to the teacher
  • b. DiscussionClears doubts of students
  •  for  expression of thought
  •  Teacher directs discussion
  • c.  InvestigationEither individual or group
    after the teacher presents the information.
  • It Can be followed by expression of
    thoughts of the students
  • d. Expression  Can be in the form of practical
    activities


  • ij

92
  • Qn61
    ij
  • Forwarding students contribution, the teacher
    should
  • A) make eye contact and use the students name
  • B) put students comments on the Chalk board
  • C ) invite other students to add their reactions
    to build further on the original point
  • D ) only (A) (B)
  • (When a student answers a difficult
    question,certainly he should be recognised by the
    teacher through mentioning his name in
    appreciation or writing his response on the black
    board)

93
  • Basic Requirements in Teaching
    ij
  • a. Three variables in teaching Teacher,
    Student Environmental factors
  • b. Professionalism (A Specialized body of
    knowledge commitment to the job serviceable
    mind 24 hours)
  • c.Suitable Environment (proper facilities in the
    class room and the school, dynamic management
    that gives growth to the students )
  • d.Teacher Student Relationship (good rapport with
    the students)
  • e. Students Discipline
  • f. Teachers Students devotion to teaching
    learning

94
  • Qn62
    ij
  • A teacher is said to be fluent in asking
    questions, if he can ask
  • (A) meaningful questions
  • (B) as many questions as possible
  • (C) maximum number of questions in a fixed time
  • (D) many meaningful questions in a fixed time

  • (NET-qn)

95
  • Qn63
    ij
  • Which of the following qualities is most
    essential for a teacher ?
  • (A) He should be a learned person.
  • (B) He should be a well dressed person.
  • (C) He should have patience.
  • (D) He should be an expert in his subject.
  • (The correct answer normally should be for the
    gain of the students. Mastery of the content
    along with some desirable teaching techniques is
    very essential for a successful and effective
    teacher)

96
  • Qn64
    ij
  • Teachers who are enthusiastic in the class-room
    teaching
  • often lack proficiency in the subjects which
    stays hidden under their enthusiasm
  • b) simply dramatize to hold the students
    attention
  • c) involve their students in the
    teaching-learning process
  • d) all of the above ( NET-Dec, 2003)
  • (An enthusiastic teacher naturally involves his
    students in the teaching-learning process. An
    ideal teacher is a creative person with
    enthusiasm. )

97
  • Qn65
    ij
  • Some students in a class exhibit great curiosity
    for learning. It may be because such children
  • (A) Are gifted
  • (B) Come from rich families
  • (C) Show artificial behaviour
  • (D) Create indiscipline in the class
  • (Curiosity, a desire for experiments, a desire
    for doing things in a strange, novel ways are
    all characteristics of a gifted child IQ
    normally greater than 140.)

98
  • Qn66
    ij
  • The most important quality of a good teacher is
  • (A) Sound knowledge of subject matter
  • (B) Good communication skills
  • (C) Concern for students welfare
  • (D) Effective leadership qualities
  • (The first and foremost quality for any teacher
    is care and concern for the growth of students.
    Sound knowledge,communication skills and
    effective leadership qualities are the normal
    part of any ideal teacher personality- supposed
    to have )

99
  • Qn67
    ij
  • Which one of the following is appropriate in
    respect of teacher-student relationship ?
  • (A) Very informal and intimate
  • (B) Limited to classroom only
  • (C) Cordial and respectful
  • (D) None of the above
  • ( Loving and caring,cordial and respectful always
    inside and outside the classroom.
  • Very informal and intimate- teachers will
    lose their respect and command)

100
  • Qn 68
    ij
  • In a lively classroom situation, there is likely
    to be
  • (A) occasional roars of laughter
  • (B) complete silence
  • (C) frequent teacher-student dialogue
  • (D) loud discussion among students
  • (Modern education is student-centered and
    teaching is an interactive process.)

101
  • Qn 69
    ij
  • A competent teacher is one who can
  • a) help all students to pass the examination
  • b) create interest in the subject among the
    students
  • c) maintain silence in the class room
  • d) keep students engaged
    ( NET-June,2001)
  • (If interest in the subject is created,all other
    things will follow automatically)


102
  • Qn70
    ij
  • A teacher's most precious item is this
  • (a) job
  • (b) pay
  • (c) pride
  • (d) students faith (NET-qn)
  • ( Teachers credibility is very important. Only
    when the students accept him and have faith in
    him, he can become a successful teacher.)

103
  • Qn 71
    ij
  • A teachers major contribution towards the
    maximum self-realization of the student is
    affected through
  • (A) Constant fulfilment of the students needs
  • (B) Strict control of class-room activities
  • (C) Sensitivity to students needs, goals and
    purposes
  • (D) Strict reinforcement of academic standards
  • (NET-June,2008)

104
  • Qn72
    ij
  • According to Swami Vivekananda, teacher's
    success depends on
  • (A) His renunciation of personal gain and service
    to others
  • (B) His professional training and creativity
  • (C) His concentration on his work and duties with
    a spirit of obedience to God
  • (D) His mastery on the subject and capacity in
    controlling the students (NET-Dec,2008)

105
  • Qn73
    ij
  • When some students are deliberately attempting to
    disturb the discipline of the class by making
    mischief, what will be your role as a teacher ?
  • (A) Expelling those students.
  • (B) Isolate those students.
  • (C) Reform the group with your authority.
  • (D) Giving them an opportunity for introspection
    and improve their behaviour.
  • (Students are in the growth process. They may
    behave negatively due to some personal
    situations. They need some guidance )

106
  • Qn74
    ij
  • The competency of a teacher can be judged on the
    basis of
  • a) publication of books
  • b) length of service
  • c) meeting needs of students
  • d) personality of students
  • ( NET-June, 2001)
  • ( Care and concern is the first and foremost
    quality of a teacher)

107
  • Qn75
    ij
  • Why is a teacher called the leader of the class?
  • a)He is the mentor of student's future
  • b)He is the master of the art of speech.
  • b)He is an autocratic person
  • d)He is a member of a trade union of
    teachers.
  • ( As a true leader in the class, he serves the
    students for their personal growth and thus for
    th
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