Everything You Need To Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Everything You Need To Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome


Everything You Need To Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Everything You Need To Know About Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Everything You Need To Know About Carpal Tunnel

  • Youre working trying to focus and ignore the
    feeling of numbness and tingling sensation in
    your hand or wrist. The numbness remains there
    for sometime and suddenly a sharp excruciating
    pain shoots through your wrist and travels up
    your arm.  Sometimes it feels like needles or
    pins are continuously pricking you. The sensation
    is extremely uncomfortable and hinder your day to
    day activities if the condition persists.
    Luckily, the treatment for Carpal Tunnel can
    resolve the issue that causes this syndrome in
    first place. So, if you are experiencing the
    symptoms or you are just reading to get your
    hands on every bit of information, this article
    summarizes everything for you.
  • What Is Carpal Tunnel Syndrome?
  • Carpus a word derived from a Greek word Karpos
    meaning wrist. Carpal tunnel is a narrow tube in
    the wrist. This part of the wrist connects median
    nerve and tendons with hands and forearms. This
    part includes
  • Carpal Bones that make up the bottom and sides of
    the tunnel and form a semi-cricle.
  • Ligament, a strong tissue holding the tunnel
    together that makes up the top of the tunnel.
  • Inside the tunnel are the median nerve and
  • Median nerve is responsible for receiving
    sensations from thumb, index and middle fingers
    of the hand and also giving strength to the base
    of thumb and index finger.
  • Tendons are rope like structures which are
    responsible for connecting muscles in forearm to
    bones in hand and also allow the bending of
    fingers and thumbs.

  • Carpus Tunnel Syndrome is one of the most common
    issue affecting hand function which is caused
    when median nerve is compressed. This occurs when
    the median nerve suffers from inflammation when
    faced by constant repetitive movements such as
    long typing hours on keyboard, holding something
    for a long time etc. Anything that causes
    swelling or change in positioning of the tissue
    within carpal tunnel irritates median nerve and
    this leads to the development of sensations like
    tingling and numbness of thumbs and fingers. The
    small finger is usually not affected.
  • Who Are At Risk?
  • People who perform activities that involve
    repetitive use of finger. Activities that makes
    one more prone to carpal tunnel syndrome include
  • High force activities
  • Extreme movements of wrist
  • Vibrations
  • Many other factors can contribute to development
    of the syndrome
  • Deformities of hand or wrist
  • Wrist dislocation or fracture
  • Tumor in carpal tunnel
  • Arthritis
  • Diabetes

  • Older age
  • Pregnancy
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Thyroid abnormalities
  • Lifestyle factors that can contribute to the
    progression of the symptoms include
  • Smoking
  • High salt intake
  • High body Mass index
  • Symptoms Of Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
  • Symptoms usually occur at the nerve path because
    median nerve is squeezed. Your hand may feel like
    it is has slept and you constantly drop objects.
    Other prominent symptoms include
  • Numbness and tingling in thumbs and first three
  • Pain and burning sensation that travels up to the
  • Wrist pain at night that interferes with your
  • Weakness in the hand muscles

  • If you feel like you are experiencing above
    symptoms, consult the best neurophysician to rule
    out the symptoms.
  • Diagnosis
  • It is very important to consult the doctors when
    you first notice continuous symptoms. One
    shouldnt wait for the symptoms or conditions to
    get worse because pain would become intolerable.
  • Early detection and proper diagnosis are
    important to prevent lasting damage to median
  • Diagnosis is done by following ways
  • Doctor would ask for your medical history and
    physical examination of hands, arms, and
    shoulders help in determining if the discomfort
    the person is feeling is due to any strenuous
    daily activities or due to some underlying
    disorder. The wrist is examined for swelling,
    discoloration and tenderness. Each finger is
    examined for sensation and muscles are tested for
  • X-ray can also help in revealing the fractures,
    dislocations, arthritis and can detect other
    issues too which cause the nerve damage. 
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome may be diagnosed by
    electrodiagnostic test. This measures the
    electrical activity of the nerves and muscles by
    simply assessing if nerves are able to send
    signals along other nerves or muscles.
    Electromyography is a special technique that is
    used in detection of electrical conduction of
    muscle fibers and it helps in determining any
    damage to median nerve. 
  • Ultrasound may also be used to see the anomaly in
    the size of the median nerve.

  • Treatment Of Carpel Tunnel Syndrome
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome should be treated as early
    as possible. Consult the best neurophysician for
    the effective treatment.
  • There are two types of treatments.
  • Surgical treatments
  • Non-surgical Treatments
  • Non-surgical Treatments
  • These include noninvasive processes.
  • Splinting is an initial treatment that is taken. 
    A splint is usually worn at night. Splint is a
    medical equipment that is worn to keep the
    injured or effected body part to keep form moving
    and protect it from further damage.
  • Avoiding such activities that may provoke
    symptoms. Take break during physical activities
    involving wrist and if your wrist is swollen,
    apply cool pack.
  • Pain relieving drugs can ease drugs but wont
    treat the CTS itself.
  • Your neurophysician can also prescribe you
    medicines for the treatment.
  • Alternative therapies like Yoga can also help in
    reducing the pain and improve your symptoms.

  • Surgical treatment
  • Sometimes when noninvasive procedures dont help,
    then doctors opt for the surgical procedures.
    Generally, surgery involves cutting the ligament
    surrounding the wrist to lessen pressure on the
    median nerve.
  • Surgery is usually done under local or regional
    anesthesia. As cutting the ligament is required
    to lessen the pressure on the median nerve, there
    are two types of surgical procedures.
  • Open release surgery is a traditional procedure.
    An incision is made in wrist and carpal ligament
    is cut to enlarge carpal tunnel. This procedure
    is usually done under local anesthesia. 
  • Endoscopic surgery is a faster way and has less
    post-operative uneasiness than open surgery, but
    it poses further risks and complications. In this
    two incisions are made in wrist and palm, a
    camera is inserted which observes the nerve,
    ligament and tendons and then carpal ligament is
    cut. The ligament when grows back, it allows more
    space than before. Symptoms are relieved
    post-surgery, but full recovery from carpal
    tunnel surgery can take months. For healing, you
    may also need to modify your work pattern for
    weeks after the surgery.
  • Recurrence of CTS after surgery is very rare.
    People usually have reported to feel completely
    normal post-surgery.
  • To wrap up
  • If you feel like you have symptoms of CTS,
    consult the doctor right away to rule out the
    symptoms. Dont wait for the pain to become
    aggressive or condition to get worsen.  Hayaat.pk
    can assist you in finding the best neurophysician
    in Lahore.  
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