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Types of Foundations for Building - ARCHITECA

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Are you going to build your new house, office, etc. and want to know about the different types of foundations for building? Then you are at the right presentation where you will get detailed information for your residential or commercial buildings. Our builders depict the structural view in front of you that will help you in choosing the right type of foundation in your building. A strong base is very important in the today era as everyone wants the best and safe foundation while building their houses and for this ARCHITECA is the leading construction company in Kanyakumari that offers the different types of foundation for houses. Get More: – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Types of Foundations for Building - ARCHITECA


1
Types Of Foundation
  • By Architeca Designers and Builders

2
Introduction
  • Are you going to build your new house, office,
    etc. and want to know about the different types
    of foundations for building? Then you are at the
    right place where you will get accurate
    information for your residential or commercial
    buildings. Our builders depict the structural
    view in front of you that will help you in
    choosing the right type of foundation in your
    building. A strong base is very important in the
    today era as everyone wants the best and safe
    foundation while building their houses and for
    this ARCHITECA is the leading construction
    company that offers the different types of
    foundation for houses. Before discussing the
    types of foundation everyone must have knowledge
    about the basic definition of the foundation

3
Definition with Types of Foundation in
Construction
  • Where it means a lower structural part of the
    building that allocates its gravity loads to the
    ground. A big building must have a strong basis
    if it is a standpoint for a long period. It also
    considers the two types of foundation shallow
    foundation and deep foundation. As you already
    read ARCHITECAs previous blog post or webpage
    content like types of stairs, here in this blog
    our construction company comes up with new ideas
    and information about the types of foundation
    that is todays most significant information for
    the users, builders, architectures those commence
    with new construction in the requisite area.

4
Benefits of A Strong Foundation
  • When building a strong foundation, firmness is
    everything. More than just plot a house above the
    soil, it offers the following benefits
  • It supports the building.
  • It repels the movement of soil beneath the
    building.
  • It offers protection against cold.
  • It prevents the destruction of any sort happening
    due to water or dampness.

5
1. Shallow Foundations
  • It is the foundation places nearby the surface of
    the ground which transmits the loads from deep
    shallow where the depth is about 3m less than its
    width where soil supports the structural loads. A
    shallow foundation is inexpensive, easy to build,
    requires less labor and ARCHITECA Designers and
    Builders follow the simple process at an
    affordable cost. The only cons are that it is
    suitable for lightweight constructions because it
    is weak against sideways loads etc.

6
a) Individual/Isolated Foundation
  • The isolated footing is also known as Pad or
    spread footings that carry and spreads the
    intense loads either in rectangular form or in
    the square form on the single columns or pillars.
    These loads are depended upon the size or
    capacity of the soil used to make the basis of
    the building. It consists of a reinforced or non-
    reinforced material. If you want to spread the
    weight for reinforced foundation then the height
    has to be bigger in levels.

7
b) Combined Foundations
  • A combined footing works on two columns. It is
    useful when the two columns are very close to
    each other that connect their individual
    footings. A column is close to the boundary of
    the site that an isolated foundation will
    eccentrically load and where the basics of
    adjacent columns are linked to resisting uplift,
    spillover or opposition forces. A combined
    footing may be in rectangular or trapezoidal form.

8
C) Spread Foundations
  • The spread footing is also known as strip footing
    and wall footings. It works as a beam and applies
    the loads on the upward direction. The base is
    wider than the wall footings which help in
    spreading the weight from the building structure
    above the large areas to maintain the solidity.
    These footings use the single columns, walls and
    bridge pier where the levels of the soil from the
    earth shallow are about 10 feet

9
D) Raft/Mat Foundations
  • Mat footings are useful to carry the heavy loads
    of the building from the columns and walls. A mat
    is vital when the admissible soil pressure is low
    or where the columns and walls are very close
    that connects the individual footings. It is
    designed like the combined footings/single mat to
    bear the load of the building and fit for the
    spread-out soils. It is not suitable where the
    groundwater is above the surface of the soil.

10
2. Deep Foundations
  • Deep foundation is founded at the depth of the
    ground surface. This foundation transfers the
    loads from the surface areas which has weak soil
    or fills it in the strong or less compress soils
    or rocks deeply. It is expensive than shallow
    foundations and the process is very difficult. It
    requires more labor, skills and time-consuming
    task as it is not flexible. The further types are
    as below-

11
a) Basement Foundations
  • It consists of a full structural foundation wall
    that bears the footing run along the boundary of
    the basement. These foundations use the concrete
    slabs, crawl space to make the modern types of
    foundation for houses.

12
b) Pile Foundation
  • It is footing which transmits the heavy loads
    from the building to a hard soil that is deeper
    below the ground levels. This type of foundation
    protects the uplift of the buildings from the
    sideways loads like earthquakes and high storm
    winds.

13
c) Drill Shaft Foundations
  • It is also referred to as drilled piers, caissons
    or bored piles that support the sideways loads by
    digging cylindrical shafts into the earth surface
    and fill with it concrete. It works similar to
    pile foundation but it handles the high capacity
    on the soil. It is useful where the hard
    rock/soil is deeper the ground level from 10m to
    100m.

14
d) Hollow box foundation
  • It is also known as Buoyancy rafts or floating
    foundation which is designed as a hollow box
    structure. It is useful where the soil of the
    surface is weak and soft to construct the
    building.

15
e) Cylinders Foundations
  • It is a small single cell caisson which is useful
    for water crossings and other aquatic
    applications the needs building basis with high
    load resistance to erosion.

16
Architeca Designers and Builders
17
Contact Us
  • Architeca Designers and Builders
  • 3-267B, SMS Garden, Alamparai Road, Kanniyakulam
    (P.O),
  • Nagercoil -629003.
  • 91 7094491151, 91 7094491152
  • www.architeca.in
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