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Hospital Construction: Top Regulations And Codes To Remember

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Provision Of A Therapeutic Environment Is Crucial. Efficient And Cost-Saving Spaces. The Design Should Allow For Controlled Movements. Implementation Of the Appropriate Security And Safety Measures. Cleanliness And Sanitation Are Critical Aspects. Common Healthcare Construction Challenges and How to Overcome Them. Increasing Costs of Healthcare Construction. Rising Demand for Medical Office Spaces. Working Smoothly With a General Contractor: Top Secrets You Need To Know.  – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 26 August 2019
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Title: Hospital Construction: Top Regulations And Codes To Remember


1
Hospital Construction Top Regulations And Codes
To Remember
2
  • The hospital is the most regulated and one of the
    most complex of all buildings in the construction
    sector. A hospital building comprises several
    functional units tailored to specific services
    such as hospitality, diagnosis and treatment,
    in-patient care, and administrative functions.

3
Table of contents
  • Provision Of A Therapeutic Environment Is Crucial
  • Efficient And Cost-Saving Spaces
  • The Design Should Allow For Controlled Movements
  • Implementation Of the Appropriate Security And
    Safety Measures
  • Cleanliness And Sanitation Are Critical Aspects
  • Common Healthcare Construction Challenges and How
    to Overcome Them
  • Increasing Costs of Healthcare Construction
  • Rising Demand for Medical Office Spaces
  • Working Smoothly With a General Contractor Top
    Secrets You Need To Know 

4
  • As a hospital construction contractor, it is your
    responsibility to ensure that the prescribed
    standards and best practices are adhered to when
    building a hospital regardless of the location,
    size, and the number of its functional units.
  • Here are 5 top regulations you should keep in
    mind when constructing a hospital

5
Provision Of A Therapeutic Environment Is Crucial
  • Loneliness, fear, and confinement are some of the
    factors that make a hospital environment more
    stressful for patients, and they may hinder quick
    recovery. The use of appropriate, cheerful colors
    in the interior is highly recommended but note
    that some colors can distress the staff and
    patients. The building should also allow for the
    entry of sufficient natural light where possible.
    Otherwise, install appropriate lighting in the
    interior. Ensure that the environment less
    stressful by making the spaces easy for patients,
    staff, and visitors to find and use.

6
Efficient And Cost-Saving Spaces
  • Even as contractors look into building hospital
    spaces to accommodate patients, equipment, and
    staff, it is wise to come up with cost-effective
    and efficient layouts. Distances between areas
    frequently used by staff should be small. Save on
    space by combining functional units with similar
    requirements and ensure that there are no
    redundant spaces in the building.
  •  
  • Additionally, constructors should install
    efficient logistics systems such as manual or
    automatic carts, elevators, and pneumatic chutes
    to allow for efficient handling of supplies,
    food, and trash. Closely related functional units
    such as the operating theatre and the surgical
    intensive care unit should be adjacent to each
    other.

7
The Design Should Allow For Controlled Movements
  • Hospitals are characterized by the constant flow
    of goods and people, and this is a significant
    factor to consider when putting up a hospital
    building. Out-patients pathways should be defined
    and the visitors' routes should direct them to
    the nursing units without causing distractions to
    other units in the building. The movement of
    clean supplies and food should be on a separate
    path from that of soiled materials and trash. The
    inflow and outflow materials should also be
    separated from the visitors and patients
    pathways. Additionally, the transfers of cadavers
    to and from the morgue should not be seen by the
    visitors and patients.

8
Implementation Of the Appropriate Security And
Safety Measures
  • The implementation of security and the safety
    measures during construction of a hospital
    requires electrical, structural, and mechanical
    expertise. A qualified electrical technician
    should be able to design and coordinate the
    installation of comprehensive security and
    lighting systems in the building. Necessary
    structures and systems should be put in place to
    protect the hospital assets and property,
    including drugs, motor vehicles, machines, etc.
  •  
  • The control of unstable or psychotic and violent
    patients, as well as the safety of the patients
    and the staff is essential aspects to consider in
    hospital construction. The construction should be
    durable enough and up-to-standards to span
    several years and also mitigate damage from
    potential terror attacks and natural disasters
    such as earthquakes and flooding.

9
Cleanliness And Sanitation Are Critical Aspects
  • The use of safe materials in the construction of
    health centers is a statutory requirement. Hence,
    you might want to do away with lead-based and
    asbestos materials. Additionally, consider
    installing antimicrobial surfaces in the right
    spaces and ensure that housekeeping facilities
    are accessible and sufficient. Provision of
    adequate water, bathing facilities, and toilets
    accompanied by optimized sewage and drainage
    facilities are also fundamental aspects to
    consider when establishing a hospital.
  • Hospital design and construction is an intensive
    process that requires the involvement and
    supervision by highly trained and experienced
    contractors. Most importantly, contractors should
    ensure that all codes and standards are adhered
    to in all phases of construction. A
    well-constructed hospital is clean, safe,
    efficient, cost-saving, and has seamless and
    controlled movements to and from various
    functional units.

10
Common Healthcare Construction Challenges and How
to Overcome Them
  • Among the most complex endeavors in the
    construction industry is healthcare construction.
    Why is it so? Well, it is a very highly regulated
    industry since it is one of the most fundamental
    sectors. Not only are several stakeholders such
    as architects, owners, local community and staff
    involved but it also has many authorities
    imposing ethics and standards. Each of the
    parties has their ideas and many regulatory
    bodies might have conflicting codes and
    standards. These make the entire process very
    challenging. Here are some of the common
    healthcare construction challenges and how you
    can overcome them.

11
Increasing Costs of Healthcare Construction
  • Healthcare construction costs have been
    increasing incredibly over the years. But, why is
    this so? There are many contributing factors,
    including buying new equipment technology,
    equipping hospitals with patient monitoring
    systems, investing in security and constructing
    modern structures. What is more, the increased
    demand for sophisticated hospitals has been on
    the rise causing construction costs to skyrocket.
  •  
  • Solution
  • To cut costs, hospital owners are encouraged to
    make use of collaborative teams to come up with
    innovative techniques and plans that can reduce
    cost construction time. Such teams may include
    the hospital owners, architecture,
    subcontractors, staff, and even members of the
    public. One such innovative idea is a combination
    of the 3-D modeling and project components
    prefabrication.

12
Rising Demand for Medical Office Spaces
  • Currently, the human population is rising
    steadily in most parts of the globe. As the
    population keeps on rising, so does the demand
    for medical space. An increase in the number of
    people will definitely lead to an increase in
    numbers going to hospitals. This leads to
    increased need for hospital offices. Besides,
    more medical practitioners keep on graduating and
    joining the market. These new practitioners will
    need offices to practice.
  • Solution
  • Whenever you are building hospital units, ensure
    you have enough funds and build many units at
    that particular time. If you wait to build later,
    construction prices will also be increasing and
    it may end up being too expensive to afford.
    Always keep in mind that the health industry is
    dynamic and keeps on changing as new innovations
    are made. Treat any healthcare construction
    project as a long-term project and remember to
    create flexible and highly adaptable spaces that
    will be able to accommodate changes as they come.

13
Bottom-line
  • Before a heath care facility is constructed,
    there are many aspects that must be put into
    consideration. Its design is dictated by several
    factors like patient safety, capacity, finances,
    patient satisfaction, and technological
    advancement. All these factors make the entire
    process complicated.
  •  
  • That not all many stakeholders have to be
    involved making it even more complex. However, if
    you want to construct a health care facility, do
    not be discouraged as all these challenges have
    solutions. Plan in advance putting every tiny
    detail into consideration and you will be good to
    go. Despite the challenges, health care centers
    must be constructed because at the end of the
    day, we all need medical attention.

14
Working Smoothly With a General Contractor Top
Secrets You Need To Know 
  • So you have identified an amazing general
    contractor that has visited your home and even
    given you a quote. You have gone as far as
    calling 5 referees all of whom have nothing but
    kind words for the contractor. So how do you work
    with your contractor to ensure that what you get
    in the end is what you envisioned? Here are
    secrets for successful management of your project
    and how to build rapport with your contractor.
  •  
  • Be Flexible
  • You need to be always ready for unexpected
    things. Sometimes, you cannot know what is on the
    other side of the door until you open it. It
    could mean that the doorway cannot be moved some
    feet without impacting on your pocket. Therefore,
    even though you require a design plan, be ready
    for plan B design.

15
  • Ensure The Contract Has Expressly Defined the
    Scope Of Work
  • It is in the best interest of both parties to
    have a clear and strong contract. It is important
    to ensure that the details are clear. For
    instance, you need to know the exact number of
    recessed lights that are covered in the cost, and
    who is tasked with buying what. Do not make
    assumptions. Make sure that the contract clearly
    describes roles, responsibilities, and the scope
    of work. It needs to be clear who will clean the
    job site, and how long the job is expected to
    take.
  •  
  • Insist On Project Plan With Key Milestones
  • It is critical to know what to expect from your
    contractor, and who will be coming to your place
    each day. For instance, is the electrician coming
    today or the plumber? What are some of the issues
    that could arise today or questions that might
    need answers? You may also want to be present
    when some special items are being installed, for
    instance, a light fixture or a handmade tile.
    Having a project plan helps to manage your
    expectations and you will know when things are
    not going to plan. Additionally, you will be on
    the same wavelength as you go to the next
    milestone regarding where you currently are in
    the work.

16
  • Discuss How Your Communication Will Be
  • Will you be requiring updates daily or do you
    only want to be informed once a milestone is
    attained? Are you the type that prefers asking
    their questions over the phone as opposed to
    through email? Your preferred style
    notwithstanding, it is important to inform your
    contractor of your preferred communication
    plan.  These people are busy and could be on-site
    all day, which is why you need to clarify to them
    the kind of updates you like. This will enable
    the two of you to determine how best you can
    communicate.
  •  
  • What You Pay For Is What You Get
  • Good contractors do not come easily. If you want
    a general contractor who is insured and licensed,
    guarantees their work, has a strong crew and that
    consistently pays taxes, you need to understand
    that all this costs money. So, you will most
    likely get what you pay for.

17
Bottom-line
  • Most contractors are generally honest people that
    just want a chance to do the things that you want
    to be done. The good majority of them want you to
    have a great experience with their work. The
    whole livelihood of a general contractor depends
    on how satisfied you are. However, sometimes
    things might not work out as intended, which is
    why you want to establish the best way of working
    with your contractor. A written agreement or
    contract will guide your operations with a
    general contractor. Make sure the scope of work,
    duties, and responsibilities are clearly defined
    and have an elaborate communication plan in
    place. With these, you will have a smooth working
    relationship with your contractor.
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