Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Causes - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Causes


Why Is Early Diagnosis Important? The exact cause of polycystic ovary syndrome is unknown. Early diagnosis and treatment along with weight loss may reduce the risk of long-term complications, such as Type 2 Diabetes and heart disease. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Causes

Conquer PCOS
What is polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) or
polycystic ovarian disease (PCOD)?
  • Polycystic ovarian syndrome or disease
    (PCOS/PCOD) is a hormonal disorder that disturbs
    women in their reproductive age.
  • PCOS is a common health condition that affects
    teen and young women, it is realized that 1 out
    of 10 women in their childbearing age. 
  • The reproductive system of women is measured by
    the complex interplay of primarily five
    reproductive hormones namely estrogen,
    gonadotropin-releasing hormone, follicle
    stimulating hormone, progesterone and luteinizing
  • An imbalance within these hormones leads to a
    hormonal disorder called the polycystic ovary
    syndrome (PCOS) or polycystic ovarian disease
    (PCOD) in the middle women of reproductive age.

What are the causes of PCOS or PCOD?
  • There are no certain causes of PCOS, however the
    contributing factors include
  • Excess androgen Overproduction of androgen by
    ovaries causes may lead to hirsutism and acne.
  • Excess production of insulin Insulin hormone
    controls the blood sugar levels in human body.
    When human cells become resistant to the action
    of insulin, the blood sugar level increases.
  • Heredity Certain genetic correlation may exist
    with PCOS in women.

What are the signs and symptoms of PCOS or PCOD?
  • Some women start suffering symptoms around the
    time of their first period.
  • Signs and symptoms of PCOS may vary however, the
    symptoms are usually more severe in obese
  • Some of the normally reported signs and symptoms
    of PCOS include
  • Acne
  • Darkening of skin
  • Hirsutism
  • Irregular menstrual cycle
  • Skin tags
  • Thinning hair

What are the possible complications of PCOS or
  • Some of the possible complications of PCOS are
  • Abnormal uterine bleeding
  • depression and eating disorders
  • Endometrial cancer
  • Pregnancy induced or Gestational diabetes and/or
  • Infertility
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Miscarriage or premature birth
  • Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis
  • Sleep apnoea

How is PCOS or PCOD treated?
  • Treatment of PCOS primarily focuses on management
    of underlying issues like
  • infertility,
  • obesity etc.
  • Management is primarily with medications or
    lifestyle changes for
  • Regulation of menstrual cycle
  • Promoting ovulation
  • Reduction of excessive hair growth

What lifestyle modifications could be beneficial
for women with PCOS?
  • Some lifestyle changes that can help in reducing
    the effects of PCOS include
  • Maintenance of a healthy weight.
  • Diet management and limitation in consumption of
  • Exercise regularly.

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