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Acid Reflux - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

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1. Acid Reflux - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options 2. Acid Reflux - Acid reflux is a fairly common disease, and more than 10 million cases are reported each year in India. It is technically known as GERD or ‘gastroesophageal reflux disease’. Acid reflux results in the backing up of stomach acids and bile into the food pipe in a reverse upward direction. An abnormal functioning of the LES (lower oesophageal sphincter), which connects the food pipe with the stomach results in acid reflux disease. It causes a burning pain in the chest, and irritation in the lining of the oesophagus (food pipe). 10. If you are struggling with Acid Reflux or GERD, take an appointment with GERD Specialist - Dr. Chirag Thakkar at Adroit Centre for Digestive and Obesity Surgery. 11. Consult us for GERD Treatment - For Appointment Call - 079-29703438 Or Visit:- www.drchiragthakkar.com – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Acid Reflux - Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options


1
Acid Reflux
  • Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options

2
Acid Reflux
  • Acid reflux is a fairly common disease, and more
    than 10 million cases are reported each year in
    India. It is technically known as GERD or
    gastroesophageal reflux disease. Acid reflux
    results in the backing up of stomach acids and
    bile into the food pipe in a reverse upward
    direction. An abnormal functioning of the LES
    (lower oesophageal sphincter), which connects the
    food pipe with the stomach results in acid reflux
    disease. It causes a burning pain in the chest,
    and irritation in the lining of the oesophagus
    (food pipe).

3
As it is a common disease, diagnosing acidic
refluxes do not require a medical professional at
all times. One can discern the presence of
refluxes, based on symptoms experienced by
oneself. Also laboratory testing is generally not
required to diagnose acid refluxes. Let us study
the symptoms, causes and various options for
treatment of acid reflux in detail.
4
 Symptoms of Acid Reflux / GERD
  • The patient may feel bloated a lot of the time,
    due to uneasiness in the stomach, especially
    after meals.
  • Excessive burping is a common sign of the
    presence of acid reflux. When the acids start
    moving upwards, this is an unnatural movement for
    the body. It reacts by burping.
  • Blood may appear in stool or in vomiting by the
    patient.

5
  • A chronically sore throat or dry cough could be a
    symptom of GERD.
  •  
  • The patient may experience continual hiccups and
    nausea due to the stomach lining being irritated
    by acids from the stomach.
  • A sudden loss of weight by the patient, without
    any reason is a symptom of chronic acid refluxes.
  •  

6
Causes of Acid Reflux / GERD
  • Hiatal hernia It is also known as stomach
    hernia, and results in the pushing up of the
    stomach towards the diaphragm. Hiatal hernia can
    be the reason for intestinal diseases and
    discomfort like acid reflux, and heartburn. When
    the stomach pushes through towards the chest
    cavity, the functioning of the LES gets affected
    negatively.
  • Obesity Carrying extra pounds on your body could
    be another reason for acid reflux. Todays
    lifestyle has incorporated more junk food and
    less exercise. It is a sedentary lifestyle which
    involves minimum activity. This has led to the
    steady weight gain and obesity among many people
    across the world. Being overweight brings with it
    many associated risks like heart problems,
    intestinal discomfort, acid refluxes and BP
    problems as well.

7
  • Food habits A major reason for gastroesophageal
    reflux disease is adverse eating habits that
    affect the normal functioning of the body. Habits
    like eating large meals, or lying down
    immediately after eating, or having snacks close
    to the time of sleeping lead to acidic refluxes.
    Our body is naturally not tuned to this
    lifestyle. It needs smaller and sensible meals,
    and an adequate gap between eating and resting.
  • Specific foods We need to analyse what kind of
    foods do not suit our body and avoid these
    completely to avoid acid reflux. Foods like
    citrus fruits, tomatoes, garlic, mint, onion or
    spicy foods may have a negative impact if
    consumed by some individuals.

8
Treatment Options for Acid Reflux
  • Lifestyle Change A sure fire way of treating
    acid reflux is changing a sedentary lifestyle
    into a more active one. Regular exercise and a
    healthy diet with occasional junk food would
    definitely help in curing acid reflux naturally.
    Also, one should avoid eating very late at night,
    or right before sleeping.
  • OTC medicines There are various over the counter
    medications available for acid reflux, as it is a
    fairly common ailment. Drugs like antacids
    neutralize the effect of the acids from the
    stomach. Other medicines like laxatives aid in
    regular bowel movements, to counter the strain on
    the stomach.

9
Lose weight Aiming for a healthy weight will put
you at lesser risk of acid reflux. Also you would
put less pressure on your stomach for digesting
food. Losing abdominal fat is sure to make you
feel lighter and healthier. A steady weight loss
is recommended. Crash dieting or avoiding
exercise will increase the severity of heartburn
and acid refluxes, and most probably cause
irreparable damage to the system.   Eat healthy
Although there is no magic diet for GERD
patients, there are certain foods that help in
reducing the intensity and effects of acid reflux
like fibrous foods and high protein foods. Also
avoiding junk and fast food would greatly help
your body heal itself in a natural
manner.   Alternate medicine Certain supplements
aid in relieving the pain from acid reflux like
chamomile, marshmallow, liquorice and slippery
elm. Research is still ongoing to test the exact
effect of these alternate medicines in treating
acid reflux. However, there have been
testimonials from patients claiming that these
have helped them in relieving GERD issues.
10
If you are struggling with Acid Reflux or GERD,
take an appointment with GERD Specialist - Dr.
Chirag Thakkar at Adroit Centre for Digestive and
Obesity Surgery.
11
Consult us for GERD Treatment
For Appointment Call 079-29703438 Or
visit- www.drchiragthakkar.com
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