Cataract Surgery In Mumbai - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Cataract Surgery In Mumbai

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The earliest surgery treatment was started in India, by Maharshi Sushruta. It was known as ‘couching’, where the cataractous lens was dislocated backward into the bottom of the eye and out of visual axis. This procedure was performed for more than two thousand years until the mid-eighteenth century. Great progress in cataract surgery has been made in recent years with the introduction of micro-surgical instruments, microscope and modern surgical techniques like phacoemulsification, which has made couching obsolete. In the early stages of cataract development, all that is needed to correct your vision with glasses is a change in prescription. As the cataract develops and begins to affect your lifestyle, it needs to be removed. Cataract surgery, the most commonly performed operation, is safe and effective in 95% patients with enhancement in vision. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Cataract Surgery In Mumbai


1
Eye Hospital In Mumbai
  • Ojas Eye Hospital is an advanced ophthalmic
    clinic that offers a variety of high end medical
    solutions to people requiring correction in
    vision. Ojas, which comprises a dedicated team of
    ophthalmic specialists led by Dr. Niteen C
    Dedhia, has brought leading technology for
    ophthalmic treatment to India.

2
Dr. Niteen Dedhia
  • Dr. Niteen Dedhia set up Ojas Eye Hospital in
    January of 1987 with the aim to serve people in
    their quest for health and well-being
    specifically in the field of Advanced
    Ophthalmology. Located in a small clinic, called
    Elite Nursing Home, Bandra, it represented the
    first step of a long journey. Befitting its lofty
    goals, the first center was inaugurated by Dr.
    Chandrika Kenia, the then Health Minister of the
    Government of Maharashtra. The endeavor was
    blessed by Smt. Naliniben (visionary social
    activist) and Dr. Chhaganlal Dedhia (renowned
    Urosurgeon), the venerated parents of Dr. Niteen
    Dedhia.
  • https//www.ojaseyehospital.com

3
Ojas Services
  • Cataract Treatment
  • Refractive Surgery or Lasik Treatment
  • Cornea or Keratoconus Treatment
  • Glaucoma Treatment
  • Retina Treatment
  • Dry Eye Treatment
  • Paediatric Opthalmology Squint Treatment
  • Oculoplasty Treatment
  • Contact Lenses

4
Cataract Surgery In Mumbai
  • The opacification of the normal transparent lens
    is called cataract. The Latin word cataracta
    means waterfall. Imagine trying to peer through
    a sheet of falling water or through a frosted or
    fogged-up window. Development of Cataract varies
    from person to person but as a general rule, most
    cataracts develop slowly over a period of time. A
    cataract can take months or even years to reach a
    point where it adversely affects vision.

5
Causes of cataract
  • Age-related cataract
  • The cataract occurs as a result of the natural
    aging process of lens fibres which become opaque
    over a period of time.
  • Traumatic cataract
  • Due to a direct penetrating injury.
  • Concussion- Electric shock and lightning.
  • Ionizing radiation done as treatment for ocular
    tumors.
  • Surgical trauma
  • Metabolic cataract Defect in body
    metabolism
  • Diabetes
  • Galactosaemia -inborn error of metabolism
  • Calcium disorders
  • Steroid-induced cataract
  • This occurs as a result of excess intake of oral
    steroid or putting steroid drops in the eye.
  • Secondary cataract
  • Here, cataract develops as a result of some other
    primary ocular disease such as chronic eye
    inflammation or glaucoma.

6
History of Cataract treatment
  • The earliest surgery treatment was started in
    India, by Maharshi Sushruta. It was known as
    couching, where the cataractous lens was
    dislocated backward into the bottom of the eye
    and out of visual axis.
  • This procedure was performed for more than two
    thousand years until the mid-eighteenth century.
    Great progress in cataract surgery has been made
    in recent years with the introduction of
    micro-surgical instruments, microscope and modern
    surgical techniques like phacoemulsification,
    which has made couching obsolete.
  • In the early stages of cataract development, all
    that is needed to correct your vision with
    glasses is a change in prescription. As the
    cataract develops and begins to affect your
    lifestyle, it needs to be removed. Cataract
    surgery, the most commonly performed operation,
    is safe and effective in 95 patients with
    enhancement in vision.

7
Methods of evaluation of cataracts
  • Visual acuity Checking vision of both eyes
    unaided and aided with glasses and pin-hole
    vision to know the improvement as well as to get
    the general idea about the macular function of
    the eyes. This will help in prognostic evaluation
    of visual recovery after cataract surgery.
  • Intra ocular pressure If intra-ocular pressure
    increases as a secondary to cataract, surgery is
    needed to prevent further complications.
  • Slit-lamp examination To know the type of
    cataract along with its opacity, morphology and
    etiology or any associated ocular pathology.
  • Direct and indirect ophthalmoscopy for complete
    retinal evaluation. Dense cataract will prevent
    retinal evaluation and such cases need B-scan for
    retinal evaluation.
  • A-scan biometry To calculate the AL and IOL
    power for implantation in cases of mature
    cataract the posterior segment of the eye is
    evaluated.
  • Optical biometry this is an advanced non contact
    method to measure IOL power. It is patient
    friendly and highly precise

8
Treatment Options Available For Cataract
  • Extra Capsular Cataract Extraction (ECCE) is a
    conventional technique.
  • ECCE requires an incision of 10-12mm
  • The doctor removes the clouded lens in one piece.
  • Multiple stitches are required.
  • Doctor implants a non-foldable lens

9
Phacoemulsification A Micro Incision Cataract
Surgery
  • Phacoemulsification is latest technology
    in Cataract surgery. It is a micro-incisional
    stitch less operation where cataract
    is emulsified by ultra sound energy, liquefied
    sucked through the phacoemulsifier probe. A
    foldable intra- ocular lens is then implanted in
    the eye permanently.
  • Vision restoration is possible in a short period
    of time is least traumatic with early
    rehabilitation recuperation.

10
Advantages of cataract surgery in Mumbai
  • It is Stitchless. Hence healing is very fast.
  • It is done under Topical anaesthesia (by putting
    drops.) So no need to patch the eye except in
    special circumstances
  • Vision correction for far near is possible
  • Patient can get back to work in the shortest
    possible time

11
Lens implants
  • During cataract surgery, the natural lens of the
    eye that has turned opaque is removed, resulting
    in loss of focusing power of the eye. This
    situation would be parallel to clicking a
    photograph without a camera lensthe picture
    would be extremely blurred. When the natural lens
    of the eye is removed an artificial implant is
    placed in the eye.

12
Contact us
https//www.ojaseyehospital.com
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