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Title: Gold Shovel Standard (GSS) 2019


1
Global Underground
  • Presents

2
Dig-In Prevention Training
Utility Damage Prevention Avoidance
3
2019
4
Gold Shovel Standard
Gold Shovel Standard (GSS) is a nonprofit
organization committed to improving workforce and
public safety and the integrity of buried
infrastructure. GSS believes that greater
transparency in all aspects of damage prevention
among buried-asset operators, locators and
excavators is essential to drive continuous
improvement, and vital to increasingly safe
working conditions and communities.
5
Goals of the Organization
  • 50 reduction over 2015 levels in the frequency
    of damages in North America on professional
    excavation sites by the end of 2025
  • More than half of North American municipalities
    rely on GSS metrics when hiring, establishing or
    renewing franchise rights and offering permits by
    the end of 2025
  • More than 100 Gold Shovel Standard Communities
    have been established throughout North America by
    the end of 2025
  • More than 75 of insurance companies consider
    GSS supported metrics on policies for excavators
    or locators by the end of 2025

6
References
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.651(b) Underground installations
  • PHMSA 49 CFR 196 Protection of Underground
    Pipelines from Excavation Activity
  • CRS Title 9 Safety- Industrial and Commercial
    Excavation Requirements
  • Colorado SB184 9-1.5-102
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • Colorado 811
  • Common Ground Alliance (CGA) Best Practices Guide
    March, 2019
  • Gold Shovel Standard (GSS)

7
Striking Utilities Is Dangerous Costly
8
Laws and Regulations
  • Colorado One-Call Law 811
  • Title 9 Safety- Industrial and Commercial
  • Article 1.5 C.R.S. Excavation Requirements
  • UNCC (Utility Notification Center of Colorado)
  • Colorado SB184 9-1.5-102
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.651(b) Underground installations
  • PHMSA 49 CFR 196 Protection of Underground
    Pipelines from Excavation Activity

9
Laws and Regulations
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • Current law requires a person, before conducting
    an excavation, to contact a nonprofit
    notification association (comprised of all owners
    and operators of underground facilities) by
    dialing "811" to learn the location of
    underground facilities in the excavation project
    area. The owners and operators must then
    accurately mark the location of their facilities.
  • Violations of the excavation damage prevention
    law are enforced exclusively through civil
    actions initiated by damaged parties to collect
    specified civil penalties and damages.

10
Laws and Regulations
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • Excavators (Thats Us)
  • The bill requires excavators to keep all
    underground facility location documents on the
    job site. Excavators are also required to notify
    the owner or operator of the underground facility
    and call 911 for any incident involving natural
    gas, other gas, or hazardous liquid.

11
Laws and Regulations
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • The bill creates the
  • Underground Damage Prevention Safety Commission
  • The commission has rule-making and enforcement
    authority regarding the excavation damage
    prevention law.
  • A review committee of the commission initially
    determines whether a violation of the law has
    occurred and, if appropriate, recommends remedial
    action, potentially including a fine.

12
Laws and Regulations
  • Colorado SB 18-167
  • Enforcement Underground Damage Prevention Safety
    Commission
  • 15 member commission appointed by the governor
  • Creates Best Practices and Training to prevent
    damage
  • Adheres to Marking and Documentation standards
  • Reviews complaints related to the law
  • Orders remedial actions or penalties
  • Fines range from 250 for a single minor
    violation within the previous 12 months to
    75,000 for a fourth major violation within the
    previous 12 months.

13
Laws and Regulations
  • OSHA 29 CFR 1926.651(b) Underground
    Installations
  • The estimated location of utility installations,
    such as sewer, telephone, fuel, electric, water
    lines, or any other underground installations
    that reasonably may be expected to be encountered
    during excavation work, shall be determined prior
    to opening an excavation.
  • Utility companies or owners shall be contacted
    within established or customary local response
    times, advised of the proposed work, and asked to
    establish the location of the utility underground
    installations prior to the start of actual
    excavation. When utility companies or owners
    cannot respond to a request to locate underground
    utility installations within 24 hours (unless a
    longer period is required by state or local law),
    or cannot establish the exact location of these
    installations, the employer may proceed, provided
    the employer does so with caution, and provided
    detection equipment or other acceptable means to
    locate utility installations are used.
  • When excavation operations approach the estimated
    location of underground installations, the exact
    location of the installations shall be determined
    by safe and acceptable means.
  • While the excavation is open, underground
    installations shall be protected, supported or
    removed as necessary to safeguard employees.

14
Laws and Regulations
  • PHMSA 49 CFR 196 Protection of Underground
    Pipelines from Excavation Activity
  • Prescribes the minimum requirements that
    excavators must follow to protect pipelines
    subject to PHMSA or State pipeline safety
    regulations from excavation-related damage.
  • Requirements for what an excavator must do if a
    pipeline is damaged by excavation activity.
  • Procedures if a pipeline operator fails to
    respond to a locate request or fails to
    accurately locate and mark its pipeline.
  • Administrative process that PHMSA will use to
    conduct enforcement proceedings for alleged
    violations.
  • Penalties, citations, fines, and criminal
    charges.

15
Enforcement, Fines and Penalties
  • Under certain circumstances the facility owner
    can pursue an award of civil penalties against an
    excavator who fails to operate in accordance with
    the statute. These situations include
  • Failing to call Colorado 811 and request a
    locate ticket
  • Excavating outside the original reported dig
    area
  • Excavating prior to the ticket locate date
  • Excavating on another excavator's requested
    locates
  • Excavating more than 30 days after the locate
    date
  • The civil penalties can be significant, including
    court costs and reasonable attorney fees.

16
Enforcement, Fines and Penalties
Fine Structure Under SB 18-167 Fine Structure Under SB 18-167 Fine Structure Under SB 18-167 Fine Structure Under SB 18-167 Fine Structure Under SB 18-167
per number of violations in a 12-month period per number of violations in a 12-month period per number of violations in a 12-month period per number of violations in a 12-month period per number of violations in a 12-month period
  One Violation Two Violations Three Violations Four Violations
Minor 250.00 500.00 1,000.00 5,000.00
Moderate 1,000.00 2,500.00 5,000.00 25,000.00
Major 5,000.00 25,000.00 50,000.00 75,000.00
17
Enforcement, Fines and Penalties
OSHA Penalties OSHA Penalties
Type of Violation Maximum Penalty
Other than Serious Violations Up to 12,471 per violation
Serious Violation Up to 12,471 per violation
Failure to Abate Up to 12,471 per violation per day beyond the Abatement date
Willful Violation Up to 124,709 per violation
Repeat Violation Up to 124,709 per violation
18
The 811 Process
19
Overview
  • Delineate your excavation
  • Call 811 to get your ticket
  • Wait the required time
  • Confirm utilities positive response
  • Requirements once excavation begins
  • Managing your ticket

20
Delineate Your Excavation
  • With white paint, stakes, flags, other suitable
    material
  • Limit the site to manageable sizes
  • Take a physical inventory of subsurface
    facilities such as meters, vaults, manhole
    covers, utility risers, cuts in pavement, etc.

21
Delineate Your Excavation
22
Calling / Contacting 811
Call 811 before you plan to dig, regardless of
the depth or familiarity with the property.
Determine your dig area so that you can be
specific when calling for your locate
request. Colorado 811 will notify all Tier I
companies (ex Springs Utilities, phone, cable,
etc.) who may have underground lines in your
area. If there are Tier II members who own lines
in your area (ex utility lines that were
privately installed), they will give the caller
the phone number for Tier II members that the
excavator will need to notify.
23
Calling / Contacting 811
Project Managers or Foreman are to call or send
in their locate requests to their Project
Coordinator, who will then access the Colorado
811 website and request their locates.
24
Wait the Required Time
  • Within 3 business days including the day you call
    in, locate crews will mark utility lines on the
    property.
  • Other locators may respond to mark phone and
    cable, and there may be private utility lines on
    the property.
  • If there is no response within the 3 business day
    window, you are to contact your Project
    Coordinator who will continue to make follow-up
    calls to 811. Digging will NOT be permitted and
    we will only proceed when we know that all
    utilities have been clearly marked or a Locate
    Ticket has been provided

25

The property or jobsite MUST be accessible
  • The property must be accessible, including having
    gates unlocked.
  • If there is a problem with access, a scheduled
    meeting may be required.
  • When you call Colorado 811, be prepared to set a
    time and date for an appointment if necessary.

26
Confirm utilities Positive Response
When your Project Coordinator receives a
Positive Response from the 811 center, they
will add a print copy of the locate ticket to the
job folder and send an electronic copy to the
Project Manager. Note You MUST have a print or
electronic copy of the locate ticket on the
jobsite at all times while work is being
performed.
27
Utility Response Marking Utilities
28
Excavator (Thats Us) Confirming Positive
Response
Identify physical evidence of utilities Meters,
vaults, manhole covers, utility risers, cuts in
pavement, sewer cleanouts, etc.
29
Requirements once excavation begins Overview
  • Approximate Location
  • Hand digging requirements
  • Use of power operated equipment
  • Protecting exposed facilities
  • When to call 911 or 811 again

30
The Job Site Has Been Marked
Once Positive Response has been confirmed for
all notified utilities, you are now ready to
begin your excavation.
You must have a valid and current 811 ticket
physically present (electronic or paper) on all
excavation sites.
31
Youre Doing it Wrong!
A STOP work condition is dictated by any act or
condition that can cause a threat to the safety
of an employee, property, quality of work or
threat to the environment or public.
Every worker on the jobsite has the right, and is
expected to STOP any activity observed which may
violate safety policies or procedures or create
an unsafe, hazardous, or dangerous condition to
workers, the public, or the environment.
32
Maintaining Marks on site
  • If unmarked utility is found during excavation
  • Stop all excavation activities in the area near
    the unmarked utility and notify the operator and
    contact 811 or your PC. Do not resume excavation
    until the utility has been located and marked.
  • If utility cannot be found as marked
  • Stop all excavation activities in the area of the
    utility and request that the operator provides to
    you additional information, to the extent that
    information is available to the operator, to
    enable the excavator to determine the exact
    location of the installation.
  • If marks are no longer visible on your jobsite
  • Stop all excavation activities and contact 811 or
    your PC and request a refresh of the marks.

33
Approximate location ofsubsurface
installations
18 tolerance zone (Colorado Requirement)
34
Global Underground Policy
24 tolerance zone
35
Approximate location ofsubsurface
installations
36
Global Underground Policy
24 tolerance zone
24 Buffer
24 Buffer
24 Buffer
24 Buffer
50 Approximate Location
37
Nondestructive methods to verify location and
elevation of existing utilities

Hydro-Excavating
Hand Digging
38
Hydro-Excavating

39
Hand Digging and Power Operated Equipment
  • Power-operated or power-driven
  • excavating or boring equipment
  • Only for the removal of any pavement if there are
    no subsurface installations contained in the
    pavement.
  • Power Operated or Power Driven Excavation
    equipment tools will NOT be used within the
    tolerance zone.
  • Hand digging requirement
  • Utilize hand tools within the area of the
    approximate location to determine the exact
    location of subsurface installations.
  • Only hand tools will be used within the 18
    tolerance zone (Colorado)
  • 24 tolerance zone (Global Underground Policy)

40
Hand Digging within Approximate Location
OSHA 29 CFR 1926.651(b) The excavator shall
determine the exact location of subsurface
installations
41
Trenchless Excavation
When using trenchless excavation methods, the
excavator shall expose underground facilities and
visually observe the safe crossing of marked
underground facilities when requested to do so by
the underground facility owner or operator.
42
What to do if you damage an underground utility
line
  1. Stop work immediately. Dont attempt to shut off
    service or repair, clamp or bury the damaged
    line.
  2. If you know youve hit a natural gas line, or if
    youre unsure, warn others around you and leave
    the area immediately. Natural gas is extremely
    dangerous and flammable when it leaks and a line
    is exposed.
  3. If an injury has occurred, call 911.
  4. Call 811 to inform the Colorado One Call center
    of the damage - have your original locate request
    ticket number available. They will dispatch the
    proper crew to repair the damaged line.
  5. Wait for proper crews to make repairs, they will
    inform you when its safe to continue your
    project.

43
Safety around Natural Gas
Natural gas is colorless and is odorized to smell
like rotten eggs or skunks. Natural gas is
combustible, and may become explosive when
trapped in an enclosed space. Some ignition
sources are light switches, garage door openers,
pagers, cell phones, vehicles and other running
equipment.
  • If you hit a natural gas line
  • Leave the area and warn others.
  • Call 911.
  • Remove ignition sources, such as cell phones and
    cigarettes.
  • Do not shut off, squeeze or clamp the gas line.
  • Do not bury the broken or damaged line.
  • Do not return until the area is declared safe.


44
Safety around Electricity
  • Electricity always seeks a path to ground. When
    you become a part of this path you can be injured
    or killed. Conductors include water, your body,
    tree branches, poles and ladders. Insulators
    isolate electricity, but they can also become a
    conductor if they're contaminated or broken.
  • Assume all electric lines are energized overhead
    and in ground.
  • Never touch any utility wire and do not touch
    anyone who is in contact with an electric wire.
  • Survey the site for overhead power lines
  • Point out the power lines to all of your crews.
  • Clearly mark your boundaries to keep people and
    equipment a safe distance away. Federal law
    requires at least 10 feet of clearance for
    voltages under 115,000 - the higher voltage the
    greater the distance.
  • If you must work closer, contact the utility
    owner for safety arrangements.


45
Safety around Electricity (Cont.)
  • Always use a spotter. It is difficult for
    equipment operators to judge safe distances by
    themselves. Dedicate a person to keep employees
    and equipment safe.
  • Never enter substations.
  • Never disconnect or reconnect electric service
    lines.
  • If equipment comes in contact with an electric
    line
  • Move the equipment away from the line if you can
    do so safely
  • Warn others to stay away anyone on the ground
    who touches the equipment is in danger of being
    killed or injured
  • Stay on the equipment until an emergency
    responder indicates it is safe to get off
  • Jump clear without touching the ground and
    equipment at the same time if fire forces you off
    the equipment and hop away with both legs together


46
When to Call 811 and or 911
  • Notify 811 if
  • Damage occurs
  • Breaks, leaks, nicks, dents, gouges, grooves, or
    other damages.
  • Contact with electrical conduits.
  • Coatings or cathodic protection.
  • Unable to locate utilities as marked.
  • Unknown utilities are exposed/discovered.
  • Marks are no longer visible.

47
When to Call 811 and or 911 (Cont.)
  • Notify 911immediately from a safe distance, then
    811 if
  • Contact with any facility resulting in a leak or
    break causing the release of any flammable, toxic
    or corrosive gas or liquid.
  • Contact with any live (Energized) power.
  • Injuries to personnel which resulted from
    exposure to the above.
  • Utility disruption to any critical facility
    Hospital, Airport, Fire Dept., Govt. Facility,
    etc.

48
Call the Global Underground Corp. Safety
Manager
Following any type of utility strike or damage,
you must notify your Project Manager and the
Safety manager. When it is safe to do so, begin
gathering information, statements, photographs,
measurements, and other data which will be used
to investigate the incident.
49
Investigation of a Utility Strike
All utility damages and strikes will be
thoroughly investigated by the Management team to
determine
  • Root causes
  • Contributing Factors
  • Policy and procedure deficiencies
  • Corrective actions
  • Training effectiveness
  • Other factors

50
Investigation of a Utility Strike
The CGA Damage Investigation Reporting Tool
D.I.R.T. Form will be used for ALL utility strike
incident investigations.
51
Some Utilities May Have Additional Requirements
  • Gas Sitters
  • Standby Personnel to be on-site during Excavation
    or Boring Operations
  • Special permits to Cross Easements
  • Special Requirements to Support Facilities
  • Special Backfill Requirements
  • Special Excavation Requests

52
Managing Your Ticket
  • Locate tickets are good for 30 days.
  • Must be refreshed before expiration.
  • Must be kept on the jobsite at all times while
    work is being performed.
  • Only good for a single contractor and at the
    location specified.

53
Subcontractors
  • All Global Underground Corp. Subcontractors will
    be required to follow all established policies,
    procedures, regulations, and training
    requirements as outlined in the Global
    Underground Corp. Accident Prevention Program
    Manual in order to qualify to perform any type of
    excavation work on any of our projects.
  • Any Subcontractors performing any excavation
    activities must be Gold Shovel Standard Certified
    or will be required to attend the Global
    Underground GSS Training.

54
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