A Quick Guide to Back, Neck & Knee Pain Management - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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A Quick Guide to Back, Neck & Knee Pain Management

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Back pain. Neck pain. Knee pain. How Are The Back, Neck, And Knee Pain Connected? Common Back, Neck & Knee Pain Treatment Mistakes. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Date added: 14 January 2019
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Title: A Quick Guide to Back, Neck & Knee Pain Management


1
A Quick Guide to Back, Neck Knee Pain Management
2
Introduction
  • Feel pain when you exercise, climb the
    stairs, get out of bed or walk? Something could
    be seriously out of balance and you are probably
    wrong about it. The human body is connected in
    more ways than one. There are muscles, nerves,
    ligaments, and bones that join everything up
    promoting normal functioning of the body.
  • Thanks to the wrong information out there,
    people are now more informed about joint pain
    than ever before. The flipside, however, is a
    growing mass of untrue and non-evidenced
    information that only misleads patients about how
    to manage joint pain. When you have back pain,
    for instance, dont be in a rush to think that
    the back muscles are responsible for it. In most
    cases, this is not actually the case.
  • Follow through as we discuss neck, back
    knee pain management in detail.

3
Table of Contents
  • Back pain.
  • Neck pain.
  • Knee pain.
  • How Are The Back, Neck, And Knee Pain Connected?
  • Common Back, Neck Knee Pain Treatment Mistakes.

4
Back pain
  • If you have suffered from back pain in the
    past, you know finding relief is a tough battle.
    A simple exercise such as sitting down can send
    pain signals all over your brain. When you have
    back pain, it simply means you back is taking
    more weight than its ability.

5
  • The biggest culprit for back pain is habitual
    poor posture. Think of the posture you assume
    when typing away in front of the computer at
    work. You tend to lean forward, slouch on your
    chair with a hunched back, or poke your chin
    because thats your most comfortable position,
    right? Well, this is probably what is making that
    back hurt day in day out. Causes of back pain
    include the following
  • Muscle or ligament strain as a result of repeated
    heavy lifting, a sudden awkward movement or a
    poor physical condition
  • Ruptured or bulging discs
  • Osteoarthritis
  • Skeletal irregularities
  • Osteoporosis

6
  • Risk factors
  • Back pain is not a reserve for the old and obese
    anyone can develop it. However, there are certain
    risk factors that increase your chances of
    developing it. These include
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Medical conditions such as cancer and arthritis
  • Age
  • Improper lifting of heavy objects
  • Smoking
  • Psychological conditions

7
  • Symptoms
  • Symptoms associated with back pain include the
    following
  • Burning, dull, or sharp pain in your back that is
    either confined to one spot or one that covers a
    large area
  • Achiness or stiffness anywhere along the spine
    (starting from your neck to the tailbone)
  • Shooting pain on your lower back to the buttock
    area down to the back of your thigs and into your
    calf and toes.
  • Steady pain in your lower or middle back
    particularly after sitting and standing for a
    long period of time.

8
  • Management
  • Back pain will typically improve within a couple
    of weeks or months. Here are a few things you can
    do to manage and alleviate the pain while at it.
  • Increase your physical activity
  • Carry out simple back exercises and stretches
  • Use non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like
    ibuprofen to relieve the pain.
  • Use hot and cold packs on the painful area to
    help in the short-term

9
  • Specialized treatments
  • Rare and severe conditions require specialized
    treatments such as
  • Exercise classes sometimes doctors recommend
    attending a NHS group exercise programme. Here,
    you will be a part of a class led by a qualified
    instructor who is a master at teaching different
    aerobic and stretching exercises aimed at
    improving your back.
  • Manual therapy manual therapy treatments have
    found use in the treatment of back pain for many
    years. Usually carried out by osteopaths,
    chiropractors, and physiotherapists, this is the
    process of using hands to massage, move and apply
    adequate force to the joints, muscles, and bones
    around the spine to alleviate pain.

10
  • Surgical procedures albeit not recommended by
    doctors, surgery is sometimes the only treatment
    option for back pain. This is particularly true
    if you have sciatica or a prolapsed disc. The
    common procedure used is radiofrequency
    denervation and it involves using radio waves to
    heat nerves of affected joints causing them to
    stop sending pain signals.
  • Other treatments acupuncture, traction, belts,
    corsets, transcutaneous electrical nerve
    stimulation, foot orthotics, and therapeutic
    ultrasound, spinal fusion, painkilling spinal
    injections are alternative treatments that are
    least recommended by the medical fraternity for
    lack of evidence to deal with back pain.

11
  • When to see the doctor
  • Back pain almost always disappears after a few
    weeks of doing home treatments and other
    self-care routines. It can, however, be a sign
    that things are not okay with your spine. Seek
    the opinion of a medical professional if your
    back pain is accompanied by fever and unexplained
    weight loss, causes a string of bladder or bowel
    issues, causes tingling, numbness in the legs,
    spreads down to the knees, becomes severe even
    after plenty of rest, and if it follows a blow or
    fall to your back.

12
Neck pain
  • The neck is an integral part of the body for
    the simple fact that it solely supports a bowling
    ball the head. It does this with the assistance
    of the bones located at the top of the spine and
    other muscles and ligaments. Maintaining a
    balance of everything can be a tough job. More
    than one-quarter of the entire american
    population suffers from neck pain.
  • Symptoms of neck pain include headaches,
    shoulder pain, tingling or numbness of the arms,
    and dull aches or sharp shooting pains around the
    neck area.

13
  • Causes of neck pain
  • Poor posture
  • Bad sleeping habits
  • Repetitive motion
  • Heavy lifting
  • Pinched nerves

14
  • Gritting your teeth
  • Injuries from such things like sports and
    exercise
  • Tumors
  • Infection
  • Arthritis

15
  • Management
  • Most patients with neck pain respond to
    selfcare pretty well within a maximum of three
    weeks. If symptoms persist, however, the doctor
    may recommend any of the following treatments.
  • Physical therapy this is where a therapist
    teaches you good posture, neck-strengthening
    exercises, correct alignment, use of ice and
    electrical stimulation to alleviate neck pain.
  • Traction traction employs weights, air bladders,
    and pulleys to gently stretch your neck. This
    treatment helps alleviate back pain greatly
    especially the kind related to irritation on the
    root of the nerve.

16
  • Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation
    (tens) a doctor places electrodes on the skin
    near the affected area that release electrical
    impulses that take the pain.
  • Short-term immobilization this uses a soft
    collar to support your neck hence relieving you
    of the pain therein.
  • Surgery surgery is rarely used unless the
    situation is extremely severe. Spinal cord
    compression and surgery aimed at relieving nerve
    root are two major treatment options for neck
    pain.
  • Steroid injections your doctor may also inject
    corticosteroid medications around the nerve roots
    of the joints in the bones of your neck muscles
    or the cervical spine to relieve back pain.

17
  • When to see the doctor
  • For the most part, neck pain can be dealt
    with using over the counter drugs and simple neck
    exercises. However, certain cases may be serious
    to warrant medical attention. You may want to
    call the doctor if the pain on your neck becomes
    severe, doesnt improve after treatment, or
    becomes worse in the course of time.
    Additionally, if the pain is accompanied by
    numbness, tingling or weakness in the legs and
    arms, you may want to have it checked by a
    medical professional.

18
Knee pain
  • Knee pain is one of the leading
    musculoskeletal issues in todays world. The knee
    essentially carries the weight of the entire body
    around along with bending and straightening the
    body. Knee pain results from an issue with any of
    the four bones that make up the knee joint
    (tibia, femur, and fibula), the cartilage and
    ligaments (meniscus), or the kneecap (patella).
    Physical activity such as sports and obesity are
    risk factors for knee pain.

19
  • Knee pain varies depending on the structure
    involved. For instance, an inflammatory or an
    infection might cause the entire knee to be
    swollen while a fracture or a torn meniscus on
    the bone will concentrate the pain in a single
    location. A knee joint pain can manifest as a
    minor ache or a serious and disabling pain. Some
    of the symptoms of knee pain include the
    following
  • Limping caused by discomfort in the pain
  • Challenges with walking and weight bearing led by
    knee instability
  • Difficulty when climbing stairs
  • Inability to bend, extend, or lock the knee
  • Swelling and redness of the knee
  • Weight shifting to the other foot

20
  • Causes of knee pain
  • The knee is a rather complex structure
    consisting of three bones namely the kneecap, the
    upper thighbone and the lower shinbone along with
    tendons, ligaments, and cartilage. Damage to any
    of these structures would cause knee pain.
  • Here are some of the most common causes of
    knee pain
  • Injuries such as torn ligaments, broken bones, or
    meniscal tear
  • Medical conditions such as osteoarthritis,
    rheumatoid arthritis, gout, and other infections
  • Chronic overuse conditions such as patellar
    syndromes, chondromalacia, osteoarthritis,
    bursitis, tendinitis, and IT band syndrome
  • Dislocating kneecap
  • Plica syndrome
  • Kneecap fracture
  • Bone tumor

21
  • Management
  • Depending on the exact cause and condition of
    your knee pain, the doctor will recommend
    different treatment options. These include the
    following
  • Medications these will not only help relieve
    pain but will address underlying medical
    conditions such as gout and arthritis.
  • Therapy therapy is a collective term for a group
    of exercises that focus on stabilizing your knee
    muscles. Some of the therapy options include arch
    supports, braces, training for both hamstrings
    and quadriceps, exercises aimed at improving
    balance and correction of suboptimal movement
    patterns.

22
  • Injections once in a while, the doctor may
    recommend injections like hyaluronic acid,
    corticosteroids and platelet-rich plasma (prp) to
    help clear knee pain symptoms.
  • Surgery your options include arthroscopic
    surgery (use of fiber optic treatment to repair
    joint damage), total knee replacement, or partial
    knee replacement. Like always, this should be
    your very last resort.

23
  • When to see a doctor
  • Knee pain treatment is more effective if the
    exact cause has been determined. If you do not
    know the cause of your pain, it is prudent to
    book an appointment with a doctor. In addition,
    if you have any of the signs below, you should
    see a doctor
  • Knee pain attacks at night or during rests
  • Locomotion challenges on the affected knee
  • Persistent knee pain

24
  • Swelling and redness of the knee joint
  • Signs of infection such as redness, fever, and
    warmth
  • Inability to bend the knee
  • Deformity of the knee as a result of an injury

25
How Are The Back, Neck, And Knee Pain Connected?
  • The nerves that operate the knee muscles are
    located on the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th lumbar vertebral
    levels on your lower back area. Therefore, when
    there is an issue with the nerves such as a disc
    or arthritic joint compressing the nerves, the
    symptoms will most likely be on the knee region.
    The lower extremities nerves branch off from the
    lower spine hence a pinched nerve in the lower
    back will direct that pain down the branch into
    the knee. You may not notice low-level nerve
    irritations as back pain because these just cause
    the muscles to misfire a little. The serious
    nerve issues, however, may present themselves as
    acute knee pain, sometimes accompanied by back
    pain. If the specific nerve that travels to your
    knee or thigh is pinched, you may feel such
    symptoms including knee pain, front thigh pain,
    tingling/numbness in your thigh and weakness in
    your hip.

26
  • Neck pain and back pain also go hand in hand.
    It all goes back to the spine. The neck and the
    lower back have been designed to mirror each
    other. Both have similar degree of the spinal
    curves and align on top of each other. If this
    balance is disrupted, the spines ability to
    effectively transfer weight across the lower back
    and neck is compromised. This often happens due
    to poor sitting posture that throws the lumbar
    curve out of balance.

27
Common Back, Neck Knee Pain Treatment Mistakes
  • 1 Avoiding exercise altogether you must
    have come across some information on the internet
    purporting that exercise and joint pain are like
    water and oil. Well, this couldnt be further
    from the truth. Unless you have acute back pain,
    regular exercise is bound to help you deal with
    chronic back pain. The secret here is to focus on
    low-moderate exercises that work to strengthen
    your muscles.
  • 2 Overusing pain medications when back,
    neck, and knee pain attacks, all you care about
    is alleviating the pain by all means possible.
    This is however not the best card to pull out.
    The outcome is that the meds will stop being
    effective afterall.

28
  • 3 Ignoring self-care techniques pain meds
    only deal with 60 of the pain the rest relies
    on self-care technique. Watch your posture,
    exercise, avoid carrying heavy weights, take
    rests, worry less about the pain and just stay
    positive.
  • 4 Self-diagnosis many people suffering from
    joint problems prefer carrying out self-diagnosis
    rather than enlisting the help of a medical
    professional. Again, this is a recipe for
    disaster. You might cause a string of problems in
    the future that may become permanent.
  • 5 Resorting to spine surgery before
    exhausting all the safe remedies to be safe,
    wait it out. Let surgery be your last option, not
    your first.

29
  • Joint pain can steal the joy of even the
    most carefree and happy individual on the face of
    the planet. The pain is unlike any other which is
    why you should take good care of your body to
    avoid it. Granted, you can develop it as a result
    of unpredictable events such as injuries and
    medical complications but take care that you
    dont give yourself over to it by being not
    watching your weight and posture.
  • Holistic healthcare center have a wide
    range of practitioners that work together as a
    team to help you and your loved ones accomplish
    optimal health. Whether it is back, neck, or knee
    pain, the practitioners at the facility will help
    you find the root cause of your symptoms and
    arrange for apt treatment that allows different
    systems in your body to work together in the most
    appropriate way possible. Contact them at
    (905)553-9255 for a free consultation.

30
The end
  • For more details, please visit-
    http//www.hhccentre.com/back-neck-knee-pain/
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