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Synthetic base oils and their pros and cons


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Title: Synthetic base oils and their pros and cons

Synthetic base oils and their pros and cons
  • Those substances which are artificially made can
    all be called as synthetic products. Actually,
    the chemical compound of such lubricant is
    artificially manufactured.
  • Even though all sorts of petrochemical products
    like base stock or Base oil Sn500 are all
    produced and refined from crude oil processes but
    some lubricants are not a pure form of crude oil
  • These are made from modified components of
    petroleum and all such products can be termed as
    synthetic oil. Often synthetic oil is used as a
    substitute of petroleum refined oils. It is
    different from those petroleum based mineral base
    oils and Base oil Sn600 is one of its type.

Some advantages of synthetic base oil 150
  • Synthetic oils have high viscosity indexes and
    higher flash points this makes them valuable
    blending components.
  • They have lower pour points and thus are useful
    when compounding for extreme service
  • They have very low volatility and thus have
    tendency to evaporate at higher temperatures.
  • They can be used at both high and low

Some disadvantages of synthetic base oil
  • Synthetic lubricants are more expensive
    inherently than general available mineral oils.
  • The main disadvantage of such oil is that they
    are limited in supply.
  • The specialty synthetic oils are only used for
    specific purposes like greasing but are available
    only at premium prices.
  • It has further greater seal-swelling tendencies
    because of which esters suffer.
  • People need to be cautious for using them in
    applications where they may get into contact with
    elastomers designed for use with mineral oils.

Is white spirit can also be referred as synthetic
Even when just like other products they are also
derived from petroleum but White spirit cannot be
called as synthetic unless the molecule of this
substance is manufactured in the similar ways
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