Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Plantar Fasciitis is known to be one of the most common cause of heel pain, and is characterized by pain and degeneration on the flat band of tissue, the plantar fascia, that connect your heel bone to your toes. – PowerPoint PPT presentation

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Title: Plantar Fasciitis: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Plantar Fasciitis
2
Plantar Fasciitis
  • Plantar Fasciitis is known to be one of the most
    common cause of heel pain, and is characterized
    by pain and degeneration on the flat band of
    tissue, the plantar fascia, that connect your
    heel bone to your toes. The plantar fascia exists
    to support the arch of the foot.If strained,
    the plantar fascia becomes weak or degenerates
    and causes the bottom of the foot to hurt at the
    time of standing or walking.Plantar fasciitis
    is common in runners, as well as those who spend
    extended periods of time on their feet. This
    condition is very common in people who are
    overweight and people who wear shoes or boots
    without proper arch support.However, the
    disease may happen to anyone. Plantar fasciitis
    is known to cause stabbing pains that can often
    come and go throughout the day depending on a
    persons level of activity. The pain is usually
    the worst in the mornings or after sitting for a
    long period of time.

3
What causes Plantar Fasciitis?
  • The exact cause of plantar fasciitis is not
    completely known, but is attributed to repeat
    tearing of the plantar fascia. The plantar fascia
    acts as a shock absorber that supports the arch
    of the foot under normal conditions.With
    increased tension, small tears can develop, which
    can cause irritation and inflammation if as
    tension and tearing continue over time. Plantar
    fasciitis can be caused by some specific
    conditions of the feet or activities that create
    tension or strain on the plantar fascia may
    include
  • Biomechanical problems like abnormal twisting or
    rolling of the foot, high arches or flat feet
  • Repeating activities like running or walking for
    extended periods of time during the workday
  • Increased stress on the foot due to weight
    problems or poorly cushioned shoes

4
Diagnosis
  • In order to properly diagnose plantar fasciitis,
    your doctor can perform a short test to examine
    for pain points and tenderness in your foot.In
    addition, they'll raise questions about the
    symptoms youre experiencing, and therefore the
    activities you were doing throughout the time
    that the symptoms presented.In most cases, the
    doctor can create a diagnosing based on your
    history of symptoms and a physical examination
    alone.There are often some possible cases
    wherever an X-ray or magnetic resonance imaging
    is recommended to make sure that the pain youre
    experiencing isnt the results of a different
    condition. An X-ray isn't needed to diagnose
    plantar fasciitis because it won't show the
    ligaments clearly.However, it'll show inner a
    part of the foot clearly and can also enable your
    doctor to examine a spur if you've got one. A
    magnetic resonance imaging will very simply show
    the connective tissue.

5
What are the symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis?
  • In most of the cases, plantar fasciitis causes
    serious pains in the bottom of the foot, usually
    near the inside part of the heel. These symptoms
    can be present when you are taking your first
    steps of the day or after sitting for an extended
    period.In addition, people suffering from
    plantar fasciitis may suffer from
  • Stiffness and pain after sleeping or resting may
    come and go throughout the day.  Sometimes
    activity improves the pain
  • Pain when standing for extended periods
  • Pain after prolonged activity

6
Treatments Medicines
  • Treatment for plantar fasciitis has many goals
    including relieving inflammation and pain within
    the heel enable any microscopic tears within the
    plantar fascia to heal, and to enhance the
    strength and adaptability of the foot to stop
    more harm to the plantar fascia.There are a
    number of different treatments to assist relieve
    symptoms of plantar fasciitis, including
  • Physical Therapy physical therapy for plantar
    fasciitis includes a range of exercises designed
    to stretch the plantar fascia, Achilles tendon
    and to strengthen muscles within the foot and
    lower leg. The most aim of the physical therapy
    is to increase strength and adaptability within
    the foot, ankle joint and heel to extend
    stability. Also, a good physiotherapist can
    address any associated hip or knee dysfunction.

7
Treatments Medicines
Continue
  • Splints Taping In several of the cases,
    splinting and taping would be utilized in
    combination with physical therapy. Splints and
    taping are done to stretch the calf and therefore
    the arch of the foot, holding the plantar fascia
    and tendons during a stretched position.
    Sometimes, your doctor can suggest that splints
    are often used overnight. Taping provides support
    throughout activity.
  • Orthotics There are many sorts of orthotics
    offered to treat region fasciitis offered.  Your
    doctor could order a heel cup, orthotic insert or
    cushion to assist support your foot and
    distribute pressure more equally.
  • When traditional ways aren't providing results,
    your doctor could recommend more medical
    treatments to assist reduce pain and proper
    issues. Treatments like these could include
    steroid injections, shock wave therapy and in
    rare cases surgery. Some doctors additionally
    supply newer regenerative techniques for the
    treatment of region fasciitis.

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