Indigestion: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Indigestion: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment

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Title: Indigestion: Causes, Symptoms, Daignosis, Prevention and Treatment


1
Indigestion
2
Indigestion
  • Indigestion is a kind of pain or a burning
    feeling that is caused in your upper belly or
    abdomen. This condition is very common in adults.
    Indigestion and heartburn are not similar
    conditions and is not related to stomach
    acid.Heartburn is occurred when stomach acid
    goes out of your stomach and back into your food
    pipe (esophagus). One can probably have symptoms
    of both indigestion and heartburn at the similar
    time.

3
What causes indigestion?
  • Health problems, lifestyle issues, or medicines
    can be the possible cause of Indigestion.Health
    problems or diseases involve
  • Ulcers or sores in your small intestine or
    stomach
  • Redness and swelling or inflammation in your
    stomach (gastritis)
  • Acid flowing back from your stomach into your
    esophagus (GERD or Gatroesophageal reflux
    disease)
  • Infection caused by bacteria in your stomach (H.
    pylori or Helicobacter pylori )
  • Inflammation of your gallbladder (cholecystitis)
  • Lumps of solid material (gallstones) in your
    gallbladder
  • Swelling of your pancreas (pancreatitis)
  • Food moving too slowly out of your stomach
    (gastroparesis) (common in people with diabetes)

4
What causes indigestion?
Continue
  • Lifestyle issues involve
  • Smoking
  • Consuming too much caffeine
  • Taking too much alcohol
  • Eating too fast
  • Eating too much
  • Eating spicy, fatty, or greasy foods
  • Eating high-fiber foods
  • Feeling very stressed
  • Medicines involve
  • Bacteria-fighting medicines (antibiotics)
  • Aspirin and fever medicines (NSAIDs or
    non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs)

5
How is indigestion diagnosed?
  • Your doctor will look at your past health and
    give you a physical exam.To make sure other
    health problems arent causing indigestion, you
    may have tests including
  • Blood tests
  • Stool or breath tests - These are done to check
    for a stomach bacteria (H. pylori)
  • X-rays of your stomach and small intestine
  • Upper endoscopy - This test uses a long, thin,
    flexible tube called an endoscope. It has a light
    and small camera on the end. The tube is placed
    into your mouth, down your food pipe (esophagus),
    and into your stomach. It examines for any
    problems in the esophagus or stomach
  • Ultrasound of your gallbladder
  • Stomach emptying scan

6
What are the symptoms of indigestion?
  • Each persons symptoms may differentiate.
    Symptoms may include
  • Feeling full too soon while eating
  • Pain, burning, and discomfort in your upper belly
    or abdomen
  • Feeling bloated
  • Burping and loud stomach gurgling
  • Having an upset stomach or vomiting
  • Having diarrhea
  • Having gas
  • The symptoms of indigestion may look like other
    health problems. Always see your doctor to be
    sure.

7
How is indigestion treated?
  • Your symptoms may feel better if you
  • Quit smoking
  • Take medicines that weaken or neutralize stomach
    acid (antacids)
  • Your doctor may advise you take medicines that
  • allows your stomach to move food more quickly
    into your small intestine
  • reduce the amount of acid in your stomach
  • Kill bacteria (antibiotics) if tests show you
    have the H. pylori (Helicobacter pylori) bacteria
    in your stomach
  • Help calm the gut's nervous system

8
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