Coronary Artery Disease (1) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Coronary Artery Disease (1)

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Title: Coronary Artery Disease (1)


1
Coronary Artery Disease
2
What is Coronary Artery Disease?
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a state which
    affects the arteries that supply blood to the
    heart. It is generally caused by atherosclerosis w
    hich is a made up of plaque inside the artery
    walls. This causes the inside of the arteries to
    become narrower and slows down the flow of
    blood.

3
Causes of Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary artery disease is caused by a
    combination of genetic and lifestyle factors.
    These are also called risk factors. The following
    risk factors are important to be aware of, but
    are not considered to be controllable
  • Age As you get older, your risk of having a
    heart disease increases
  • Men Men over the age of 55 are at higher risk of
    having a heart disease
  • Women After menopause, a womans risk of getting
    a heart disease increases
  • Heredity Your risk of having a heart disease is
    increased if your close family membersa parent,
    brother or sister had developed heart disease
    before the age of 55 or, in the case of female
    relatives, before menopause.

4
The risk factors that you can control are
  • Smoking
  • Excess body weight, especially around your waist
  • Diabetes
  • High blood pressure (hypertension)
  • Abnormal blood cholesterol levels
  • Lack of regular exercise
  • Excessive stress levels
  • Depression

5
Symptoms of Coronary Artery Disease
  • Coronary artery disease (CAD) generally has no
    symptoms for several years during its early
    stages. Eventually, the disease progresses until
    the symptoms of angina or heart attack occur.
    These symptoms can be experienced during activity
    or at rest
  • Chest pain, or a feeling of heaviness in the
    chest
  • Pain in the arm, neck or jaw
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Nausea
  • Heart palpitations (a racing or irregular
    heartbeat)
  • Loss of consciousness

6
Treatment of Coronary Artery Disease
  • Treatments for Coronary artery disease (CAD)
    generally include lifestyle changes and
    medications, sometimes in combination with
    cardiac procedures or surgery. The best treatment
    combination will be determined based on your
    individual circumstances.

7
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